Presentation on theme: "Technical Analysis of Equity Markets Tridib Chatterji Al Akhawayn University, Ifrane, Morocco April 2004."— Presentation transcript:
Technical Analysis of Equity Markets Tridib Chatterji Al Akhawayn University, Ifrane, Morocco April 2004
Objectives Learn a little about: Technical Analysis (TA) the relationship between TA and FA types of graphs Indicators TA vocabulary Trends
What I want From You Participation Ask questions Answer MY questions Keep your eyes open Laugh at my jokes To have fun
Let’s talk a little about… Sheep
Fundamental Analysis Ratio Analysis Analysis of Balance Sheet Analysis of Income Statements SEC Form 10K Sector Analysis Analysis of Indices (NYSE, FTSE, NASDAQ, etc)
Is that all there is? You have identified the companies that you want to invest in. Now what?
Fundamental Analysis (FA) vs. Technical Analysis (TA) FA = WHAT TA = WHEN Two sides of the same coin TA = Stock graphs, timeframes and indicators TA = Looking at past and present stock prices to forecast future prices
Graphing prices Which would you rather see? ** Historical price from
Graphing prices (#2) Which would you rather see? #2
Types of Graphs (1) Line Graph
Types of Graphs (2) OHLC (Open, High Low, Close)
Types of Graphs (3) Candlesticks
Types of Graphs – Candlesticks 1 Developed by Japanese rice traders in the 17 th century: Price action is more important than news (What vs. Why) All news is factored into the price Buying and selling happens through expectations and emotions Price may not reflect actual value
Types of Graphs – Candlesticks 2 White body = Up day Black body = Down day
Types of Graphs – Candlesticks 3
What do OHLC and Candlesticks Show? Opening price Closing price Low of the day (LOD) High of the day (HOD) What’s missing?
More Graphs… What’s missing?
Volume (Very Important!!)
Indicators – Moving Averages Simple/Exponential Moving Averages: Building blocks for other indicators Calculated using CLOSING prices Smoothes a data series to spot trends Used over various time periods (5,10,20,50,200) SMA vs. EMA SMA gives equal weight to ALL prices EMA gives more weight to RECENT prices
Indicators – Moving Averages (2)
Indicators – Bollinger Bands Envelope indicator Developed by John Bollinger Used to compare volatility and prices over a time period 20-period SMA in the middle of the band 20-period SMA + 2 standard deviations (Upper) 20-period SMA - 2 standard deviations (Lower)
Indicators – Bollinger Bands (2)
Trends (Dow Theory) Primary Trends: Can last from a few months to a few years Not usually affected by news Secondary Trends: Few weeks to a few months Goes against the primary trend Daily Fluctuations: Affected by news Usually unreliable Used as a building block for longer trends
Trends – Primary Trend
Other indicators Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) Relative Strength Index (RSI) On Balance Volume (OBV) Stochastics Williams %R Money Flow Index (MFI) And many, many more….