Presentation on theme: " If an employer has 320 employees, statistically speaking: 220 employees are overweight 115 employees are obese 39 employees are diabetic (and."— Presentation transcript:
If an employer has 320 employees, statistically speaking: 220 employees are overweight 115 employees are obese 39 employees are diabetic (and 10 do not know it) 124 employees are pre-diabetic 105 have high blood pressure 54 have high cholesterol 106 have high triglycerides 304 don’t get enough exercise 61 smoke Annual cost of Health Care per person: Without Diabetes $2,669 With pre-diabetes $5,000 With Diabetes $10,000
26 million are diabetic 79 million have prediabetes CDC projects that by 2050, 1 in 3 adults could have diabetes Centers for Disease Control, 2011
80% of CVD and diabetes 60% of all cancers 90% of obesity 74% of all healthcare costs are confided to these 4 conditions
Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood glucose, commonly called blood sugar. Glucose is vital to your health because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It's also your brain's main source of fuel.
If you have diabetes, no matter what type, it means you have too much glucose in your blood, although the reasons may differ. Too much glucose can lead to serious health problems
Chronic diabetes conditions include type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Potentially reversible diabetes conditions include: Pre-diabetes -when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes Gestational diabetes - which occurs during pregnancy but may resolve after the baby is delivered
Type 1 diabetes, once known as juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas produces little or no insulin, a hormone needed to allow sugar (glucose) to enter cells to produce energy. The far more common type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or doesn't make enough insulin › Body Fat increases insulin resistance
Various factors may contribute to type 1 diabetes, including genetics Although type 1 diabetes typically appears during childhood or adolescence, it also can develop in adults.
Despite active research, type 1 diabetes has no cure, although it can be managed. With proper treatment, people who have type 1 diabetes can expect to live longer, healthier lives than they did in the past.
Type 2 diabetes, once known as adult- onset or noninsulin-dependent diabetes, is a chronic condition that affects the way your body metabolizes sugar (glucose), your body's main source of fuel.
With type 2 diabetes, your body either resists the effects of insulin — a hormone that regulates the movement of sugar into your cells — or doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level. Untreated, type 2 diabetes can be life- threatening
More common in adults, type 2 diabetes increasingly affects children as childhood obesity increases. There's no cure for type 2 diabetes, but you can manage the condition by: Eating well, exercising and maintaining a healthy weight. If diet and exercise don't control your blood sugar, you may need diabetes medications or insulin therapy.
Fruits and Vegetables Beans and Legumes Low Fat Dairy Products
Around 110 calories Has more potassium than a banana or broccoli Provides 35% of the daily value of Vitamin C Has 10% of the daily value of B6 Contains 2 grams of sugar Fat-free Sodium free Cholesterol-free A good source of fiber
20% of the Daily Value of Vitamin B6 15% of the Daily Value of Vitamin C. 13% of the Daily Value of Potassium. A single serving also contains 12% of the daily-recommended dietary fiber intake for a normal adult.
Generally low in fat with little or no cholesterol, Rich in complex carbohydrates, including dietary fiber Contain important vitamins and minerals Sources of antioxidant nutrients, including vitamin E and selenium, zinc, copper, iron and vitamins B6, A, and E.
Dietary fiber is the term for several materials that make up the parts of plants your body can't digest. Fiber is classified as soluble or insoluble. soluble fiber › decreased risk of cardiovascular disease. › Soluble or viscous fibers modestly reduce LDL (“bad”) cholesterol › Oats have the highest proportion of soluble fiber of any grain. › Foods high in soluble fiber include oat bran, oatmeal, beans, peas, rice bran, barley, citrus fruits, strawberries and apple pulp.
Insoluble fiber has been associated with decreased cardiovascular risk Dietary fiber can make you feel full, so you may eat fewer calories. Pulls water into stools, softening and adding bulk, which allows waste to pass through the intestines quickly. Foods high in insoluble fiber include whole-wheat breads, wheat cereals, wheat bran, rye, rice, barley, most other grains, cabbage, beets, carrots, Brussels sprouts, turnips, cauliflower and apple skin.
Keep us energize and feeling great throughout the day!
Eat the same number of carbs at each meal and include snacks 3-4 carb choices at each meal (45-60g) (rice, cranberries, pomegranates, squash, bread, pie) 1-2 carb choices at a snack › Include protein, fat, and fiber with those carbs
15 grams of carbs per serving Don’t forget to look at the serving size
½ cup of cooked rice or pasta - Tennis ball 1 medium potato - Size of a computer mouse ½ average bagel - Size of hockey puck 1 cup of raw fruits or vegetables – Size of a baseball ½ cup of cooked fruit or vegetables – Size of a tennis ball
Low fat unsweetened yogurt with granola Low fat unsweetened yogurt and nuts Whole grain crackers with low fat cheese Apple with peanut butter A ½ bagel with peanut butter Low fat cottage cheese with peaches Unsalted, low fat butter popcorn Black bean salad with avocado Guacamole with unsalted tortilla chips Hummus and veggies Yogurt dip and veggies
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