INFANT FORMULA infant feeding Infant feeding Rotherham Paediatric Dietitians 2011 Sarah Milnes BSc (Hons) RD
Whats in cow’s milk Protein composition Whey Alpha -lactablumin Beta –lactaglobulin Most likely to cause production of IgE antibodies Heat sensitive - therefore may be able to tolerate evaporated, boiled or sterilised milk, UTH and milk powder Casein Heat stable Sugar Lactose Iron
Additions to formula LCP (long chain Polyunsaturates) Omega-3 DHA Omega-6 AA Brain development, nervous system, eyesight PrebioticAlso known as Oligosaccharides or polysaccharides Non-digestible carbohydrates Nutrients for gut flora such as Bifidobacteria lactobacilli Examples as FOS( fructo-oligosaccharides), GOS (galacto- oligosaccarides), inulin, transgalacto-oligosaccharides and lactulose NucleotidesSupport Immune system Improve growth Improve gut bacteria Alpha- LactalbuminWhey protein Reduced beta proteins therefore more like breast milk
Cow & GateMilupa AptamilSMA Breastmilk fortiferNutriprem Breast milk fortifier Breast milk Fortifier Preterm – under 2000g Nutriprem 1Aptamil PretermSMA Gold Prem 1 Preterm -above 2000g Nutriprem 2SMA Gold Prem 2 Ex-prems discharged from RFT SCBU that have not had catch up growth are discharged on Nutriprem 2, with progress monitored by Rotherham paediatric dietitians. It should only be used until 26 weeks actual age.
Cow & GateMilupa AptamilSMAHIPP First milk (whey dominant) First Infant MilkAptamil First Milk SMA First Infant milk Hipp Organic First milk First milks/Stage 1 used for the first year - no need for stage 2, stage 3 …… Second Milks “Hungry Baby” (Casein Dominant) Infant milk for the hungrier babies Hungry milkSMA Extra Hungry Infant milk Hipp Organic Hungry Infant
Cow & GateMilupa Aptamil SMAHIPP Follow on From 6 months onwards Follow on milkAptamil Follow on Milk SMA Follow on Milk Hipp organic follow on Milk One year plus When all you need is cow’s milk Growing up milk for toddlers / milk for 2-3 years Aptamil Growing Up milk +1 year / +2 years SMA Toddler Milk Hipp Organic Growing up
Cow & GateMilupa AptamilHIPP Good night milkHiPP Organic Good night milk Contains rice & buckwheat High calorie 100% whey milksCow & Gate ComfortAptamil Comfort
Other milks – all not recommend Soya infant formula only for over 6 month of age but ideally not before 12 months therefore no need for soya formula Goats milk NEVER as banned in EU and UK Rice Milk Not to be used in under 5’s due to high level of arsenic
Formula Feeding Problems ConstipationCheck it is constipation Return to whey dominant formula Check feed concentration* Advise extra cooled boiled water Refer to GP Sugar should not be added to drinks or feed Take care not to compromise growth by giving too much cooled water ColicCheck bowels Check feeding position Check feed concentration* Check winding method Check over feeding Check teat size observe a feed (HV or Midwife) Offer support/self help groups Feeding diary Some parents find colic preparations helpful Excessive possetting Check for over feeding Support and reassure Observe feed Review weight gain Examine feeding position Feeding Diary Refer to GP if possetting is excessive and weight gain is inadequate Poor weight gain Check formula preparation* Check amount and frequency of feeds Observe feeds Refer to GP/CMO if appropriate * Care should be taken to ensure that a good standard of hygiene is maintained when making up feeds, and that manufacturers guidance is followed to ensure the correct concentration of feeds once reconstituted (usually 1 scoop of powder per 1 fluid ounce / 30mls water).
Kcal in 1/4Kcal in ½Kcal in an apple Apple15 kcal30kcal60kcal Kcal in 2 teaspoonKcal in 3 tblespoonsKcal in 6 tblespoons Baby rice15kcal56kcal112kcal Kcal in 30mlKcal in 90ml kcal in 120ml Formula20 kcal60kcal80kcal
Weaning update Exclusive breastfeeding from birth until weaning is the optimal way to feed young infants. Continuing breastfeeding throughout weaning may reduce the risk of coeliac disease and allergy, and gives ongoing protection against infection even with 2 feeds a day. Term infants should begin weaning around 6 months (26 weeks) but never before 4 months (17 weeks). Baby – led weaning is popular with some parents. Infants should all be considered individually as they develop at different rates. Potentially high allergen foods such as egg, fish, milk used in foods and cooking, cheese, yoghurt, wheat and other gluten containing cereals do not need to be delayed until a certain age. Preterm infants need special consideration and are not included in government weaning guidelines. Signs of readiness to start weaning are usually present between 5 and 7 months after their actual birth date (BLISS 2008).
2 years 6 months 1 year weaning Birth Breast milk Cow’s milk as a drink, 500 -600ml/day First milk Family food 17 weeks the earliest for weaning Fe rich foods 7/12 ‘Sour ‘ veg and finger foods around 8- 9/12 Vit D supplements for all– Abidec, Healthy start Vitamins, OTC till 5 3 meals & 3 snacks Progress on to lumpier food faster when solids introduced nearer 6/12 95% of infants should be 100% happy on the above Preterm Formula till 26 wks actual age or stopped earlier if growth between 25-50 th C First milk can be used till 1 yr corrected Cow’s milk as a drink, 500 - 600ml/day