Presentation on theme: "The paddy thresher and zero tillage drill – Experience from Pakistan"— Presentation transcript:
1The paddy thresher and zero tillage drill – Experience from Pakistan Usman Mustafa and S. G. AbbasPakistan Institute of Development Economics (PIDE)Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC)
2Format Pakistan, agriculture and economy Need of the technology MethodologyZero tillage seed drill import, designing and manufacturingTechnical specifications of ZT drillPT import, designing and manufacturingTechnical specifications of PT drillThe Road to SuccessZT Drill and PT Units Manufactured & Area Covered/year (Million ha)Financial Impact of ZT & PT (Million Rs.)Technology Development ProcessConclusion and recommendations for the Promotion of Mechanized farming in Pakistan
3Pakistan, agriculture and economy Principal natural resources are arable land and water.About 25% of total land area under cultivationAgric. accounts for about 21% of GDP and employs about 43% of the labor force.Wheat and rice are the major crops as well as the cropping systems of Pakistan’s agriculture.
4Need of the technology The Green Revolution - 1965 to 1985. Boost in production did not keep pace with the population growth.Stagnation particularly of rice-wheat productivity and environmental changes required - new resource conserving production techniquesChallenge of productivity enhancement - ensure environmental safety and conserve natural resources, time, money, and energy
5Methodology The study is a review work Special meetings with Director, ABEI and other engineers engaged in designing and development of ZT drill and PT. Also with social scientists at NARC/PARC.Anthers are also engaged with these machines
6Zero tillage seed drill import, designing and manufacturing Land preparation for wheat in rice-wheat rotation is an energy and cost intensive, time consuming practice – delay in wheat sowingLow yield - the concept of zero-tillage sowing method was consideredEarly 1980 New Zealand Pakistani origional agri. Engineer brought ZT drill idea and machineFirst prototype ZT drill was imported from Aitcheson Industries from New Zealand, during mid-1980.Efforts by FMI/AEBI, CIMMYT – local industries” Joint Venture” –
8Pedy thresher import, designing and manufacturing After harvest, rice threshed with manual beating, bullock/tractor treading and by manual cleaning.With this conventional system, the rice threshing season continues for 3 to 4 months in Sindh and Balochistan provincesHighly laborious, time consuming, deteriorates rice quality and exposed to bad weather conditions.IRRI/PAK farm machinery project during late seventies and early eightyA tractor PTO operated high capacity (throw-in type) rice thresher was imported from Thailand
10The Road to SuccessABEI, Islamabad has designed and developed ZT drill and PR to suit farming conditionsZT manufactured and marketed >35 local manufacturers > 5,500 units available with the farmers.ZT drill used on m.ha out of 2.0 m.ha for wheat sowing during the year 2010.Recently the price has been decreased to Rs 25, 000, mainly due to higher production and improvement in design and material from the imported Rs 2.5 million.
11The Road to SuccessThere are Rs million saving due to the introduction of his machine in the rice-wheat rotation from 2002 toPT is popular in Sindh and Balochistan province under IRRI rice cultivation.The net saving from one machine is Rs. 0.5 million per season. Six manufacturers are manufacturing this machine mainly in Punjab. The overall net saving to national exchequer due to the adoption of ZT drill is Rs million during
12ZT Drill and PT Units Manufactured & Area Covered/year (Million ha) Units Manufactured/yearArea Covered/year (Million ha)Zero-tillage DrillPaddy Thresher2012150020000.3250.2862011180022000.3201025000.262009350028000.2750.2082008340017000.250.13
14Technology Development Process FMI (ABEI)Design/Febri., Testing (lab/field)Demonstration (Exp. Station & Farmer Field)NARS/PARSIARSNARS - SSIPARSFarmersPrivate Manu.AgreementPrototypeDrawingFabricationM&E (SSI)Feed BackAdoption ImpactDemonstrationFarmersExtension/PARS/Projects
15Conclusion and Recommendations Development is a continue process and need close collaboration and cooperation (International, national, local and also among all stake holders).Farm mechanization is an important sub-sector for the national economy. Farm mechanization involves introduction of suitable farm machines and their availability either through import or local manufacturing.AEBI of NARC ,PARC played a pivotal role in development and dissemination of local demanded machines
16Recommendations for the promotion of farm machines The existing capabilities of public sector Research and Development (R&D) institutions be strengthenedA national network for agricultural mechanization needs to be established to coordinate farm machinery R&D activities for efficient utilization of available resources along with new proposals to meet the farmers needsThe scope of R&D be extended to farm level processing for value addition to agricultural produce
17Recommendations for the promotion of farm machines Print and electronic media be used for promotion of farm mechanization technologies.Private sector be in particular encouraged to contribute towards mechanization of agriculture sector and:- initiate in-house R&D activities- improve quality and standard of their products- improve their manufacturing set-ups to meet the local demand at competitive price- establish customer hire services for costly agricultural machinery.