Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Medical Terminology A Word-Building Approach Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach,

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Medical Terminology A Word-Building Approach Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach,"— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Medical Terminology A Word-Building Approach Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice CHAPTER Seventh Edition Prefixes 3

3 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Learning Outcomes Recognize how prefixes are used when building medical words. Identify prefixes that are commonly used in medical terminology. Recall prefixes that have more than one meaning.

4 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Learning Outcomes Recognize prefixes that pertain to position or placement. Identify selected prefixes that pertain to numbers and amounts. Analyze, build, spell, and pronounce medical words.

5 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Overview of Prefixes Prefix means to fix before or to fix to the beginning of a word. Prefixes can be a syllable or a group of syllables placed at the beginning of words to alter or modify their meanings or to create entirely new words.

6 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Insert table 3-1

7 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Table 3.1 (continued) Selected Prefixes for General Use

8 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Insert table 3-1

9 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Table 3.1 (continued) Selected Prefixes for General Use

10 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Prefixes that have more than one meaning Just like suffixes, many prefixes have more than one meaning. To be able to identify the correct meaning of the prefix, you will need to analyze the definition of the medical word. As you learn the various component parts that are used to build medical words, you will acquire the knowledge to select and use the correct meaning for each word.

11 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Insert table 3-2

12 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Insert table 3-3

13 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Insert table 3-3

14 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Table 3.3 (continued) Prefixes That Pertain to Position or Placement

15 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Table 3.3 (continued) Prefixes That Pertain to Position or Placement

16 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Insert table 3-3

17 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Insert table 3-4

18 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Insert table 3-4

19 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Audio Pronunciations Afebrile Anicteric Arrest Bifurcate Binary bin- -ary = twice = pertaining to

20 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Audio Pronunciations Concentration Decompensation Enucleate Extraocular

21 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Audio Pronunciations Hyperactive Hypoplasia Insomnia Intermediary inter- medi -ary = between = towards the middle = pertaining to

22 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Audio Pronunciations Latent Lumen Multifocal Occlusion Parasternal

23 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Audio Pronunciations Patent Pericardial Polydactyly Premenstrual

24 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Audio Pronunciations React Regurgitation Sign Subacute Superinfection sub- acute = below = sharp

25 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Audio Pronunciations Symptom Unconscious

26 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Prefix Match Up Quiz 1.brady-a. backward 2.dys- b. three 3.hetero-c. painful 4.retro- d. different 5.tri- e. slow

27 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Review Quiz

28 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice A prefix that means without is: A.an- B.ant- C.anti- D.auto-

29 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice A prefix that means without is: A.an- B.ant- C.anti- D.auto-

30 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix de- means: A.apart, separate B.difficult, painful C.down, away from D.outside, outer

31 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix de- means: A.apart, separate B.difficult, painful C.down, away from D.outside, outer

32 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix bi- means: A.with B.two C.away from D.up

33 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix bi- means: A.with B.two C.away from D.up

34 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice What is a prefix that means difficult? A.di- B.dia- C.dis- D.dys-

35 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice What is a prefix that means difficult? A.di- B.dia- C.dis- D.dys-

36 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix peri- means: A.around B.away from C.beyond D.down

37 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix peri- means: A.around B.away from C.beyond D.down

38 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix nulli- means none. A.True B.False

39 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix nulli- means none. A.True B.False

40 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Hypoplasia means underdevelopment of a tissue, organ, or body. A.True B.False

41 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Hypoplasia means underdevelopment of a tissue, organ, or body. A.True B.False

42 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Bifurcate means separating into two branches. A.True B.False

43 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Bifurcate means separating into two branches. A.True B.False

44 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The process of closing or state of being closed is called occlusion. A.True B.False

45 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The process of closing or state of being closed is called occlusion. A.True B.False

46 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix multi- means many. A.True B.False

47 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix multi- means many. A.True B.False

48 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix oligo- means all. A.True B.False

49 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix oligo- means all. A.True B.False

50 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice A prefix that means beneath is retro-. A.True B.False

51 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice A prefix that means beneath is retro-. A.True B.False

52 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Poly- is a prefix that means many, much, and excessive. A.True B.False

53 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Poly- is a prefix that means many, much, and excessive. A.True B.False

54 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice A prefix modifies the meaning of a word. A.True B.False

55 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice A prefix modifies the meaning of a word. A.True B.False

56 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix circum- means above. A.True B.False

57 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The prefix circum- means above. A.True B.False

58 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Chapter 3 Scenario You are a ward clerk in the ER. A 56-year- old male patient comes in with chest pain. The patient complains of tachypnea, is afebrile, and goes into cardiac arrest.

59 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice What does the word tachypnea mean? A.difficult breathing B.excessive breathing C.rapid breathing D.lack of breathing

60 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice What does the word tachypnea mean? A.difficult breathing B.excessive breathing C.rapid breathing D.lack of breathing

61 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The term afebrile means: A.pertaining to a fever B.pertaining to without fever C.pertaining to pain D.pertaining to without pain

62 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The term afebrile means: A.pertaining to a fever B.pertaining to without fever C.pertaining to pain D.pertaining to without pain

63 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Cardiac arrest means the patient: A.had a heart attack B.had his heart stop C.had chest pain D.had a stroke

64 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice Cardiac arrest means the patient: A.had a heart attack B.had his heart stop C.had chest pain D.had a stroke

65 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The patient’s chest pain would be considered a ________ of the cardiac arrest. A.diagnosis B.prognosis C.sign D.symptom

66 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice The patient’s chest pain would be considered a ________ of the cardiac arrest. A.diagnosis B.prognosis C.sign D.symptom

67 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice In the word tachypnea, tachy- means: A.difficult B.good C.rapid D.slow

68 Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach, Seventh Edition Jane Rice In the word tachypnea, tachy- means: A.difficult B.good C.rapid D.slow


Download ppt "Medical Terminology A Word-Building Approach Copyright ©2012 by Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. Medical Terminology: A Word-Building Approach,"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google