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Report on GEOGLAM Selma Cherchali – CNES Bradley Doorn - NASA SIT-30 Agenda Item 15 30 th CEOS SIT Meeting CNES Headquarters, Paris, France 31 st March.

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Presentation on theme: "Report on GEOGLAM Selma Cherchali – CNES Bradley Doorn - NASA SIT-30 Agenda Item 15 30 th CEOS SIT Meeting CNES Headquarters, Paris, France 31 st March."— Presentation transcript:

1 Report on GEOGLAM Selma Cherchali – CNES Bradley Doorn - NASA SIT-30 Agenda Item th CEOS SIT Meeting CNES Headquarters, Paris, France 31 st March – 1 st April 2015 Committee on Earth Observation Satellites

2 Agenda Governance GEOGLAM Crop Monitor (G20-AMIS)  GEO Global Agriculture Monitoring Asia-RiCE Crop Estimation and Monitoring JECAM  Joint Experiment for Crop Assessment and Monitoring New Activities Acquisition Update Way Forward 2

3 GEOGLAM Governance GEOGLAM Governance is composed of: Advisory Committee Implementation Team Advisory Committee High-level members with ability to identify donors and fundraise oPreliminary list of members has been developed, first round of invitations sent out at the end of March 2015 oFirst meeting will be held at GEO Plenary in Mexico, November 2015 Terms of Reference are nearly finalized, based on GFOI CEOS will have a position on this Committee oMost likely the CEOS SIT Chair, rotating every 2 years TBD Implementation Team Meeting again at IGARSS 2015 to finalize AC preparations Holding more frequent telecons to maintain momentum 3

4 Advisory Committee ToRs Provide technical and policy advice to GEOGLAM on its activities: provide advice on long term strategy of GEOGLAM in terms of direction & objectives advise GEOGLAM on how to ensure that its activities meet the G20 objectives advise the Implementation Team and GEOGLAM Office on how best to ensure the widest possible participation to GEOGLAM; help in identifying and mobilizing potential funding opportunities for GEOGLAM activities; respond to requests for advice from the GEOGLAM Implementation Team (IT). Review the GEOGLAM Implementation Plan and annual progress report and provide guidance to Implementation Team; May also be associated on an Ad-hoc basis by the Impl. Team in the promotion of GEOGLAM in international and wide public community 4

5 GIP Meeting Governance Actions 5 GOV #1. GEOGLAM Implementation Leads will have more frequent telecons GOV #2. Advisory Committee membership is nearly complete GOV #3. GEOGLAM Advisory Committee meeting planned during GEO-XII (November 2015). GOV #4. Implementation Team side meeting planned during IGARSS-Milan for Advisory Committee Meeting planning.

6 GEOGLAM Achievements & 2015 Plans 1. Global / Regional System of Systems main producer countries, major commodities 2. National Capacity Building for agricultural monitoring using earth observation 3. Monitoring countries at risk food security assessment 4. EO data coordination 5. Method improvement through R&D coordination 6. Data products and information dissemination Global Crop Monitor (UMD) Early Warning Crop Monitor (FEWSNET) Joint Experiment for Crop Assessment & Monitoring – JECAM (AAFC – UCL) Rangelands & Pasture Productivity (RAPP-CSIRO) CB projects in Argentina, Mongolia, Pakistan, Ukraine… Close links with Committee of Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) EC FP7 SIGMA project Stimulating Innovation for Global Monitoring of Agri- culture and its Impact on the Environment in support of GEOGLAM (VITO) STARS (BM Gates) Spurring a Transfor- mation for Agricul- ture through Remote Sensing (ITC-UMD) Asia-RiCE reporting to GCM (JAXA- ASEAN) Asia-RiCE develop and transfer of methods (JAXA-ASEAN) GEONetCast Satellite Broadcasting Data services prototypes developed/ tested NASA/CEOS SEO Mature / On going Emerging or R&D ESA projects: SEN2-FOR-AGRI (UCL) 4 Agri. Products + Software + 4 Use cases GEORICE (CESBIO) Radar for Rice growth monitoring

7 7 Crop Monitor for AMIS Upcoming AMIS Meeting in Rome/FAO in May 2015; side meeting at IGARSS 2015 On-going internal review in process of GEOGLAM Preparation of GEOGLAM community for the exploitation of the Sentinel-2 mission  Demonstration of national agricultural monitoring capacity for three GEOGLAM countries  Development of an open source processing system validated over 12 JECAM sites  Spot5-Take5 includes all JECAM sites with current active phenology in preparation of Sentinel-2 Next Steps: Quantitative basis for Qualitative Indicators No direct impact to CEOS

8 8  More Useful/Interesting Feature Article in FAO Food Outlook (May 2014) User Evaluation & Visibility Crop Monitor for AMIS

9 Asia-RiCE Continued Success Successful rice monitoring in Asia-RiCE areas enabled by CEOS-GEOGLAM partnership: SCOPE-Phase I ( ) Demonstration and Feasibility Indonesia (Subang, West Java Island) Thailand (Suphan Buri Province) Vietnam South (An Giang) Main Accomplishments (2014) Acquisition and provision of Radarsat-2 data (CSA/MDA) Proposal for ALOS/ALOS-2 to JAXA Arranged 42 TerraSAR-X datasets from DLR Established a Mekong Delta Sentinel-1A Reference Site Collected RISAT-1 data from ISRO JAXA/RESTEC teams developed tools NASA/CEOS SEO developed and tested SAR cloud computing platform Provided support to AFSIS for GEOGLAM AMIS Rice outlooks Ref: Asia-RiCE 2014 Implementation Report Lead - Shin-ichi Sobue, Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan

10 Yellow: Rice in Winter-Spring 2014 only Red: Rice at both seasons Blue: Water Green: built areas and trees Rice Map of Autumn-Winter 2013 and Winter-Spring 2014 The An Giang province, Mekong delta Asia-RiCE technical demonstration site Mapping of rice cropping system

11 30 Oct VH Middle of Autumn-Winter crop End of Autum-Winter crop Inundated fields for Winter-Spring crop 11 Nov VH 23 Nov VH 05 Dec VH 17 Dec VH Achievements: GEOGLAM & CEOS Collaboration Rice growth monitoring with Sentinel-1 time series (Oct.2014-Jan.2015) Asia-RICE Technical Demonstration Site: An Giang (Mekong River Delta, Vietnam) 10 Jan VH Bouvet & Le Toan 11 / 12 New Collaborations and Developments: Coordination between CSA and ESA to cover all JECAM (Minimum Data Set) and Asia-RiCE sites with Radarsat and Sentinel-1 Sentinel-1 (since March) covers most SE-Asia in dual- pol every 2nd cycle (24 days) which allows for the first time national wall-to-wall rice monitoring

12 Creation of Minimum Dataset Sites CEOS SEO and CSA have completed a Multi- User License Agreement (MURF) to host Radarsat-2 data for all JECAM sites to use and share methods. Guidelines for JECAM site definition and minimum EO data sets. Guidelines for in situ data collection and cropland definition. R&D & JECAM Activities 12

13 13 R&D Activities Current Research Foci

14 RAPP – Rangeland and Pasture Productivity Monitoring 2 nd Workshop in Paris, July rd Workshop in Brazil, July 2015 (TBC) Australian leadership (CSIRO) New Activities & Funded Projects 14

15 GEOGLAM – AgMIP (Agriculture Model Intercomparison & Improvement Project) collaboration Test Site Synergies – including a few AgMIP Sentinel sites in JECAM EWCM ( Early Warning Crop Monitor ) Workshops 31 March (DC, USA) and 13 May (Rome, IT) Preliminary interface developed, prototype with FEWSNET New Activities & Funded Projects 15 Synthesis Condition Map

16 16 Archive Data for Baseline Product Generation The accuracy of baseline datasets (e.g. crop type & calendars) could be improved through the use of fine to moderate resolution (<100-meter) archive data. Benefits for progress toward implementation: Establishes data request process Facilitates evaluation of new data streams Supports future data acquisition planning. How? 1. Obtain direct access to archive metadata (via COVE tool) STATUS: Ongoing; Links to Landsat, SPOT, Radarsat, Pleaides already in place; Sentinel-1, RapidEye (late 2015) upcoming 2. Request access to those which comprise a sufficient data record for baseline dataset generation (e.g., crop maps, crop calendars) STATUS: Upcoming once archive links are complete - will be evaluated for JECAM/SIGMA sites first Acquisition Strategy: Archival Data Links Update

17 17 Data Services Prototypes JECAM SAR Intercomparison Data Services Project o Sites (8 total): Argentina, Belgium/France, Canada (Red River), Canada (South Nation), China (Heilongjiang), China (Jiangsu), China (Shandong), Ukraine o Datasets: Radarsat-2, Sentinel-1A o Dedicated and cloud-based storage and SAR processing capabilities. Secure access and data sharing within guidelines of license agreements o STATUS: Data Sharing MURF completed in Nov First release in Aug Asia-RiCE Data Services Project for Indonesia o Secure access for JAXA and Indonesia Asia-RiCE science users. o Dedicated storage for up to 35 Radarsat-2 images (provided by CSA) and cloud processing of SAR datasets using INAHOR tool. o STATUS: Datasets and processing tools installed. Initial tests in Indonesia showed poor processing performance due to poor internet and graphics demands of INAHOR processing tool. Server moved to Asia to improve performance. The Asia-Rice team is planning a meeting in April 2015 to review progress. CSA has asked to expand the project to include Radarsat-2 datasets for all Asia-Rice sites.

18 18 Primary Data Streams from Agencies Status summary from Plenary through SIT-29 (2014)

19 19 Secondary Data Streams from Agencies Status summary from Plenary through SIT-29 (2014) SPOT Take 5 Venus by AO

20 20 Current Mission Portfolio for Crop Monitoring: Venµs mission due to be launched early 2016 –Resolution: 5m (L1) - 10m (L2, L3) –Field of View: 27 km –12 spectral bands from 412 to 910 nm –Geometric revisit frequency: 2 days  1 useful product per 10 days –Systematic acquisition: 100 sites –2 stereoscopic bands with a low angle difference : cloud and surface altitudes –Constant viewing angle : minimization of directional effects, easier images registration  A major improvement of geometric and radiometric quality of the images products results from the acquisition of time series at constant view angle Call for proposals now closed. More than 400 sites requested included JECAM sites and ASIA rice needs Example of Mission Capacity to Meet JECAM/GEOGLAM Needs

21 21 Way Forward (actions from 2014 Plenary) Endorse the CEOS Acquisition Strategy for GEOGLAM - COMPLETE Endorse the proposed co-leads for CEOS-GEOGLAM leadership - COMPLETE Endorse a CEOS candidate for the GEOGLAM Advisory Committee (postpone to mid-2015) – IN PROGRESS Test data services prototypes and report lessons learned – IN PROGRESS Define JECAM data requests to CEOS Agencies – ON-GOING Finalize a Common Data Sharing strategy for JECAM based on the CSA Multi-User License for Radarsat. - COMPLETE Report on the progress of new missions (Sentinel) and new programs (SIGMA) and the impact to GEOGLAM. – IN PROGRESS

22 22 Way Forward Endorse a CEOS candidate for the GEOGLAM Advisory Committee Report on the progress of new missions (Sentinel) and new programs/partnerships (SIGMA, RAPP, AgMIP) and the impact to GEOGLAM - (in progress)  EWCM partnership and implementation strategy meetings Press on with archival data connections, query, and data requests Continue developing strategy to engage non-traditional space agencies Further testing of data delivery prototypes (SDMS) Assess potential impact of crop modeling and AgMIP international organization on GEOGLAM requirements and capabilities  Proposed synergy between AgMIP test sites and JECAM sites IGARSS, July 2015 – GEOGLAM Side Meetings (TBC) 1. Crop Monitor (0.5-1 day) 2. Implementation Team leads (component leads; day) Considering a potential GFOI/GEOGLAM Co-Community Meeting in 2015


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