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Dr. J.S. Sandhu Agriculture Commissioner Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture FEBRUARY 26-27, 2014, NEW DELHI NATIONAL CONFERENCE.

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Presentation on theme: "Dr. J.S. Sandhu Agriculture Commissioner Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture FEBRUARY 26-27, 2014, NEW DELHI NATIONAL CONFERENCE."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dr. J.S. Sandhu Agriculture Commissioner Department of Agriculture & Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture FEBRUARY 26-27, 2014, NEW DELHI NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR KHARIF CAMPAIGN 2014 RABI REVIEW AND KHARIF PROSPECTS

2 CHANGE IN AREA AND PRODUCTION OF RABI CROPS DURING AND NAME OF CROPS Area (MHA) Production (MT) change change Wheat Rice (Rabi) Sorghum Maize Barley Total coarse cereals Gram Urad Moong Total Pulses Total food grains Groundnut Rapeseed &Mustard Total Rabi Oilseeds Total Area /Production RABI Good Climatic conditions  Good water storage  conducive temperature regime Higher Area coverage wheat, rice, maize, gram, mustard Low- sorghum Yellow rust on wheat- sporadic spread – under control Advisories issued To watch for terminal heat stress Light irrigation Better harvest of Rabi crops

3 PRODUCTION TARGETS AND ACHIEVEMENT DURING Target (MT)Achievement (MT) KharifRabiTotalKharifRabiTotal Rice Wheat Coarse cereals Total Pulses Total Foodgrains Total oilseeds Cotton (Bales)* Jute & Mesta (Bales)** Sugarcane (Cane) *Lakh bales of 170 kg each ** Lakh bales of 180 kg each

4 Area of Foodgrains and Kharif Oilseeds Crops over IX, X, XI plans & and

5 Production of food grains in MT (Kharif & Rabi) over IX, X, XI Plans and &

6 Productivity of food grains in Kg/ha (Kharif & Rabi) over IX, X,XI Plans and &

7 PLANNING FOR KHARIF 2014 Likely Monsoon scenarios  Forecast of India Metrological Department by March 2014  Plan for all the possible scenarios ready Delayed onset Prolonged dry spells - Early withdrawal, Less rainfall & Excessive rainfall Less Rainfall in NE Region  Contingent plans for 23 states of 449 districts ready  Raising of community nursery of rice  Advance procurement of seed of short duration varieties – rice/other crops  Follow up advisory issued by CRIDA

8 Occurrence of droughts in different states StatesFrequency of occurrence Karnataka, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Once in 1.5 to 2 Years Jharkhand, Odisha, Bihar, Kerala, Uttarakhand Once in 3 to 4 Years Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh Once 4 to 5 Years West Bengal, ChhattisgarhOnce 6 or more Years

9 EXPECTATIONS Timely placement of inputs  Arrangement for seeds, fertilizers, nutrients, chemicals, program funds  Coordination meeting across Department of credit, power, irrigation  Weekly video conferencing for regular liaison and follow up Mobilizing extension staff for field deployment  Pooling contractual staff under ATMA, NFSM, and other schemes Active involvement of SAUs/KVKs  Technical backstopping  Monitoring

10 SUMMER MOONG Summer moong - Bihar, Haryana, Punjab, UP and MP Short duration varieties –SML -668, SAMRAT, IPM 02-01, Pusa Vishal etc. –mature in days Seed treatment, inoculation with Rhizobium and PSB cultures Weed Management Control of thrips, Irrigation at critical stages Additional funds -to expand area under summer pulses Intercrop with Sugarcane

11 Rice Mechanical/Line Transplanting – Direct seeded Rice (DSR) Drum seeder for wet bed Seed drill for dry bed Weed management Promoting Hybrid and stress tolerant Varieties – Popular public/private hybrids – Swarna-sub-1 for flash flood – Sahbhagi dhan for drought/low rainfall areas – Salt tolerant varieties System of Rice Intensification Nutrient and pest Management Focus in Eastern India – CRRI led regular crop monitoring &Technical backstopping – Promotion of stress tolerant varieties in partnership with STRASA, IRRI

12 KHARIF PULSES Improved varieties/Planting Methods – Ridge/furrow method – Improved varieties of Pigeonpea/Urd/Mung/Moth/Cowpea Area expansion – Intercropping – Planting on rice bunds – NFSM-pulses extended to NE states Integrated crop management – Seed treatment, inoculation with Rhizobium and PSB culture – Balanced application of fertilizers – Amelioration of acidic soils with lime – Gypsum or Bentonite Sulphur with micro nutrients and biofertilizers – Weed management with recommended chemicals – Pest surveillance and integrated pest management

13 COARSE CEREALS Maize - Single cross maize hybrids Popularization of Quality Protein Maize (QPM Weed Control Pearl Millet suitable hybrids - Gujarat, Rajasthan, UP and Maharashtra Promotion and timely seed availability of improved varieties of small millets Creating awareness on the nutritional value of millets

14 Soybean Seed treatment - Rhizobium, PSB &Fungicid e Planting of soybean on BBF and ridge-furrow system Balanced use of nutrients - 20:60:40:20 kgN:P 2 O 5 :K 2 O:S/ha. Weed management - Physical, cultural and chemical Need based spray of bio- insecticides (Beauveria bassiana, B. Thruigiensis, NPV and chemical insecticides Intercropping - pigeon pea, maize, and other kharif crops. Broad Bed Furrow Method Weeding

15 Groundnut  Use of improved varieties for higher productivity  Adoption of region specific IPM practices  Adoption of intercropping (pigeonpea, castor, sesame, peal millet etc.)  Use of biocontrol agents (Trichoderma and Pseudomonas) and bio- fertilizers  use of micro-irrigation systems  Promotion of mechanization of cultivation Intercropping Broad Bed Ridge Method

16  Timely pre-positioning of agricultural Inputs;  Seeds,  Seed treating bio-agents/ chemicals,  Soil amendments,  Fertilizers,  Micro-nutrients,  Weedicides & Pesticides;  Timely sowing;  Seed inoculation with Rhizobium culture/ PSB/Trichoderma;  Weed Management (Pre/Post-emergence);  Integrated Nutrient Management – Sulphur, Molybdenum, Zinc, Boron & soil test based major nutrients;  Pest Surveillance and Integrated Pest Management;  Timely pre-positioning of agricultural Inputs;  Seeds,  Seed treating bio-agents/ chemicals,  Soil amendments,  Fertilizers,  Micro-nutrients,  Weedicides & Pesticides;  Timely sowing;  Seed inoculation with Rhizobium culture/ PSB/Trichoderma;  Weed Management (Pre/Post-emergence);  Integrated Nutrient Management – Sulphur, Molybdenum, Zinc, Boron & soil test based major nutrients;  Pest Surveillance and Integrated Pest Management; STRATEGIES

17 REQUIREMENT & AVAILABILITY of SEEDS KHARIF CROPS CropRequirementAvailabilityDeficit/Surplus PADDY TOTAL PULSES TOTAL CEREALS TOTAL OILSEEDS * Lakh Qtls *Additional Seed Production of Oilseeds expected from Rabi Season

18 REQUIREMENT & AVAILABILITY OF FERTILIZERS for KHARIF: Fertilizers KHARIF: 2013 (Lakh Tonnes)KHARIF: 2014 Assessed requirement Total salesAssessed requirement Urea DAP MOP NPK SSP Enhanced Use Bio-fertilizers, Use of Micro nutrients Source: INM & FMS, DAC, GOI

19 SCHEMES & PROGRAMS  National Food Security Mission (NFSM);  National Mission on Oilseeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)  National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture ( NMSA) including micro irrigation  National Mission on Agricultural Extension and Technology (NMAET)  Sub Mission Farm Mechanization  Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojna (RKVY)  Sub-schemes of RKVY BGREI Crop Diversification (Punjab, Haryana & Western Uttar Pradesh)

20 SUMMING UP India is set to post its highest ever food grains production likely of MT Highest record production of pulses (19.77 MT) Oil seeds production in likely to be MT Planning for kharif 2014 should be focused on – Eastern India development – Crop diversification in North western Region – Pulses and oilseeds Adequate administrative and financial backup

21 WAY FORWARD  Linkages with SAU/ICAR Institutes/KVKs for technical backstopping;  Timely crop tracking & close monitoring of weather situation; and  Timely implementation & monitoring of crop development programs.

22 THANK YOU


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