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Presentation Title Goes Here …presentation subtitle. Innovative Rice Production Technologies for Food Security and Rice Production In Bangladesh Dr. M. Zainul Abedin IRRI Representative for Bangladesh & Team Leader, FoSHoL-Coordination Project Prepared for discussion in the LCG meeting held on 24 April 2008
:: color, composition, and layout Outline What is happening Why it is happening What could be done
:: color, composition, and layout What is happening? We all know Rice price has gone up, and may not come down significantly soon Poor farmers are suffering the most Due to the floods and sidr, there is a shortage of about 2 million tons
:: color, composition, and layout World rice prices are jumping up like mad horse
:: color, composition, and layout Why it is happening: Our domestic production is low and we are consuming more World stock and supplies of rice are also in precarious condition, and may not ease in the next few years Range of multiple factors are contributing to uncertainty in availability of enough rice at reasonable price from global market
:: color, composition, and layout Rising oil price is also contributing to increasing input prices Cost of production is going to be higher, and days for cheaper rice is not expected soon
:: color, composition, and layout The current sharp increase in rice price is a major cause for concern. Even a small increase in price can seriously affect the household food security of poor people. For example, a 25% increase in rice price translates into a 7–10% drop in the real income of poor consumers, as rice purchases often constitute 30–40% of their total expenditures. This makes vulnerable more vulnerable
:: color, composition, and layout What could be done Ensuring sufficient supplies of rice that is affordable for the poor is thus crucial to poverty reduction. The best strategy for keeping the price of rice low is to ensure that production increases faster than demand. Although some increase in cropping intensity and growing rice on current fallows are still possible, rice land otherwise is being lost to industrialization, urbanization, or conversion to other crops.
:: color, composition, and layout The main source of additional production will, therefore, have to be yield growth. Productivity growth through the development and dissemination of improved technologies is the only long-term viable solution for bringing prices down, preventing future increases in price, and ensuring that affordable rice is available to poor rice consumers. Needs An Agronomic Revolution: Reducing yield gap through improved skills in management of resources and technologies farmers use Expand rapidly, use of recently developed technologies and HYVs Develop technologies to enhance productivity, particularly of the unfavourable – floodprone, droughtprone and salinity prone – ricelands Policies to improve input and output marketing system
:: color, composition, and layout IRRI, in partnership with BRRI, can offer a range of technologies to increase domestic production at a faster speed and enhance farmers’ income. Successful adoption of these options can easily eliminate the shortfall, rather can have surplus production And, are capable of developing technology choices for the future Investments are needed to make these technologies available to rice farmers in the short to medium term, and to develop new technologies in the medium to long term
:: color, composition, and layout Promising options and technologies Enhancing skills and capabilities of farmers in using recommended technologies to harvest the potential yield Speed-up adoption of recently developed technologies suitable for various agro-ecosystems o HYVs – BRRI Dhan 44, 47, 33, BR11 sub1 and Swarna sub1 o Improved seed and seedling management o Direct wet and dry seeding using drum seeder and lithao o Use of leaf color chart (LCC) for real time N management o Growing of rice and other food crops in the tidal saline areas with sweet water harvesting o Alternate wetting and drying (AWD) o Integrated crop and resource management o Reduce post harvest losses
:: color, composition, and layout Validate to Scale up adoption of varieties BRRI Dhan 44 has potential to be a mega variety BRRIdha47 for saline areas BRRI Dhan 33 for monga areas and in areas where short durated rice varieties are needed BR11 sub1 and Swarna sub1 can withstand submergence for up to 14 days New variety coming up with salt tolerant (Saltol) gene
:: color, composition, and layout Improved seed production and preservation at farm level, and seedling raising Can increase the yield by about 5 -10%
:: color, composition, and layout Direct seeding by Drum Seeder Direct wet seeding of sprouted seeds in paddled lands by using Drum Seeder increases yield by about 10- 15%, saves costs and ensures early harvest.
:: color, composition, and layout Leaf Colour Chart (LCC) for N Management LCC is usually a plastic ruler- shaped strip containing four panels, clors matching the paddy Reduces N use by up to 30% and enusres discipline in N application LCC helps improve yield by maximizing crop N uptake and reducing N losses.
:: color, composition, and layout Technology are seen in the field Alternate Wetting and Drying (AWD) AWD is a technology for water saving for rice production. A simple device has been designed to observe water level in the ground to decide time & amount of irrigation water. Saves water by about 30- 45% and has tendency to increase yield
:: color, composition, and layout Integrated Rice-Fish Culture Integrated Rice-Fish culture is a high potential farming in Bangladesh during monsoon (on flood-free land) and boro seasons. However, this practice is yet to gain wide popularity, as it deserves.
:: color, composition, and layout Rice-fish culture offers the following benefits: Increase income from increased production of both rice by about 10% and additional production of fish; Recycles nutrients by fish through feeding and depositing fish faces in the soil; Provides protein to members of farmer’s family; Reduces insect pest (leaf hopper, stem borer, aphid etc.) and weed infestation as they are consumed by fish and Reduces the amount of chemical fartilizers needed for rice cultivation
:: color, composition, and layout Growing of rice and other food crops in the tidal saline areas with sweet water harvesting Boro rice or other crops can be irrigated by utilizing gravity flow of tidal water directly from the river during high tide from mid-November to mid-February. Before it becomes saline, river water can be conserved in natural canals at the beginning of February to irrigate rice or other crops from mid- February to end of March with a low lift pump.
:: color, composition, and layout Integrated Rice-Duck farming system The system of rice cultivation along with duck is know as Intenerated Rice-duck Farming System. It is a form of organic farming that facilitates the poor farmers/households to obtain two crops (rice as the main crop and ducks is the subsidiary crop) simultaneously utilizing same natural resources. In rice-duck system agro- chemicals and chemical fertilizers are not applied. So this system is cost-effective and environment friendly.
:: color, composition, and layout Rice and rice-based technology information and communication materials are available in the BRKB website (www.knowledgebank-brri.org )www.knowledgebank-brri.org Fact sheets on Rice Production Technology More information and IRRI’s suggested solutions to present crisis are available at http://solutions.irri.org