3Archeologists make an interesting discovery. A giant Greek vase was uncovered at a dig site recently and is believed to be over 2,000 years old. It is engraved with the year it was made, 17BC. The inscription also reads “This vessel is the property of Pylos, King of Corinth”. It contains the strongest chemical on earth, so powerful that it will dissolve anything that it comes in contact with. Archeologists at Maryville University in St. Louis declined any further questions about the find.
4Analyzing Documents:Directions: Read the following two documents and identify statements as either fact or opinion.Primary Source – “LBJ’s State of the Union Address” (1966)Secondary Source – “Vietnam Topples Johnson” from the American Pagaent (AP textbook).
5U.S. Escalation of the Vietnam War (1965-69) Election of 1964LBJ soundly defeated RepublicanBarry Goldwater due to Goldwater’swar-like language causing many to fearhe’d lead us into war with U.S.S.R.Even after Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1964 LBJ opposed further involvement making him look moderate.Goldwater was anti-communist.
7Escalation in the Vietnam War (1965-68) However, LBJ did escalateUS involvement in Vietnamstarting in March, 1965Secretary of Defense RobertMcNamara and Secretary ofState Dean Rusk pushed LBJfor more troops in Vietnam.1965 Opinion poll showed 61%supported war, 24% opposed.Some thought this contradictedLBJ’s campaign promises.Undersecretary of StateGeorge Ball disagreed,warned about escalation.Typical US platoon in Vietnam
8Escalation in the Vietnam War (1965-68) Undersecretary of StateGeorge Ball disagreed,warned about escalation.General Westmoreland wasnot impressed with ARVNtroops (Army of Republic ofVietnam) and requested moretroops.,000,000Typical US platoon in Vietnam
9Why was Vietnam such a difficult war to fight? Difficult conditions and an elusive (hard to find) enemy:Vietcong used guerrilla tactics of “hit and run” to ambush.TrapsEnemy knew the jungle terrain better than US troops.Blended in and lived with the civilian population, no uniforms.Sweltering heat.Vietcong could hide in underground tunnels for weeks (illus.)US underestimated enemy strength/resolve to fight.Vietcong could afford to lose 10 to our 1 soldier and still win.Enemy was well supplied by the Soviets and the Chinese.
12Why was Vietnam such a difficult war to fight? U.S. failed to “win the hearts and minds of the people”since the American tactics hurt the civilian population.NapalmAgent OrangeSearch and Destroy methodsAgent OrangePart of the “Strategic Hamlet Program”
13Why was Vietnam such a difficult war to fight? Low morale among the troopsFrustrations of fighting aguerrilla type war increasedLeader of South VietnamNguyen Cao Ky was verycorrupt (like Ngo Diem).U.S. began negotiating forpeace while still fightinginstead of calling for acease-fire.
14Why was Vietnam such a difficult war to fight? War grew too costly and hurt the economy:Inflation increased 3-fold by 1969 to 6%LBJ had to increase taxes and cut funding ofhis Great Society by $6 billion!Critics attacked the war as diverting moniesfrom LBJ’s “Great Society” domestic program.Heightened television coverage of the “living-room war” showed the “credibility gap” by 1967.former LBJ supporter Senator Fulbright evensuggested there was a “lack of candor”(honesty) about what we are being told andwhat was actually happening…Anti-War Protest grew throughout the country…