# CASTLE DEFENSE By Clayton Nylander and Amy Gordon.

## Presentation on theme: "CASTLE DEFENSE By Clayton Nylander and Amy Gordon."— Presentation transcript:

CASTLE DEFENSE By Clayton Nylander and Amy Gordon

Questions to be answered 1. How much will pouring hot oil/water really hurt? 2. Which type of armor protects you best? 3. What conditions would cause the liquid to be cooled?

Background  Machicolations were holes through which boiling liquids (water, oil, pitch) were poured  Castle walls typically 30-80 ft high

1. How much will pouring hot oil/water really hurt?  Assumptions Forced convection over flat plate Liquid travels through holes, so flow has tight diameter (0.04m) 20 m drop Neglect evaporation (evaporation would decrease final temperature)  Fundamental Relationships

1. How much will pouring hot oil/water really hurt?  Temperature at bottom of fall (beginning at boiling temp) Water, Tbottom: 372.999928 K Oil, Tbottom: 429.9997304 K  Conclusion: Third degree burns occur instantaneously without protection

2. Will any type of armor save you more than the other? Heat transfer due to free convection regarded negligible  Fundamental Relationships

2. Will any type of armor save you more than the other?  Water Leather (0.005 m thickness) T i = 329.075 K Steel (0.002 m thickness) T i = 372.386 K  Oil Leather (0.005 m thickness) T i = 346.208 K Steel (0.002 m thickness) T i = 428.829 K  Conclusion: Leather is better protection against boiling liquid

3. What conditions would cause the liquid to be cooled?  Increase Height Water At 20 m, T bottom = 372.999928 K At 200 m, T bottom = 372.98128 K Oil At 20 m, T bottom = 429.9997304 K At 200 m, T bottom = 429.929911 K  Conclusion: Cooling is not enhanced, even after absurdly large distances.

3. What conditions would cause the liquid to be cooled?  A windy or extra cold day  Cooling of liquid before pouring  Scattering of droplets  Evaporation

References  http://www.sapiensman.com/conversion_tables/sp ecific_weights.htm  http://www.cqc.state.ny.us/newsletter/estime.htm  http://www.hp-lexicon.org/images/rj/rj_castle.gif  http://www.richmondancestry.org/images/castle_s unset.jpg  http://dictionary.reference.com/illus/illustration.ht ml/ahd4/Machicolations/machic