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The Holy Spirit Prepared by Chris Reeves for the Memorial Bvd. church of Christ Fall Quarter 2004.

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1 The Holy Spirit Prepared by Chris Reeves for the Memorial Bvd. church of Christ Fall Quarter 2004

2 2 Why Study the Holy Spirit? He is the neglected member of the Godhead Neglected in preaching and study (Ac. 19:2)  “Holy Spirit” is found 94 times in the Bible  God (18 th c.) and Jesus (19 th c.) have been given attention, but what about the H.S.?  “Holy Ghost” vs. “Holy Spirit” (see KJV on Lk. 4:1; Jn. 7:39; Acts 2:4; 1 Cor. 2:10-14)  “Ghost” (A.S. gast) originally meant “soul,” but could be thought of as a pale, shadowy apparition

3 3 Why Study the Holy Spirit? He is the neglected member of the Godhead Neglected in preaching and study (Ac. 19:2)  “Spirit” comes from the Heb. ruach, and the Gr. pneuma, meaning breath; wind  “Spirit” used in different ways: human spirit, angels, demons, attitude, and the Holy Spirit  “Spirit” with a capital “S” or small “s”? The context determines!

4 4 Why Study the Holy Spirit? He is the neglected member of the Godhead Neglected in preaching and study (Ac. 19:2) Neglected in prayer (Jude 20)

5 5 Why Study the Holy Spirit? He is the misunderstood member of the Godhead Misunderstood as to who he is Misunderstood as to what he does, and how he does it  Denominationalism (direct operation today)  Pentecostalism (miraculous gifts today)  Modernism (denied today)

6 6 Why Study the Holy Spirit? He is the misunderstood member of the Godhead Some pray to the Holy Spirit, and worship the Holy Spirit, but without Bible authority Others claim baptism in the Holy Spirit (FGCBMF), but are not unified (1 Cor. 12:13)

7 7 Why Study the Holy Spirit? To Understand His Presence (from Gen. 1:2 to Rev. 22:17) To Appreciate More His Mission (Jn. 16:8) To Speak Correctly of Him (Tit. 2:1,8) To Be Able to Refute Errors Taught About Him (Ac. 8:17-20) To Accept His All-Sufficient Word (Jn. 14:26) To Be His Temple (1 Cor. 6:19)

8 8 Who is the Holy Spirit? He is a real being He is not just a human emotional feeling; a “better-felt-than-told” experience. He is real What we know about the Holy Sprit is determined by Scripture, not by feeling (Rom. 10:17; Heb. 1:1-2)

9 9 Who is the Holy Spirit? He is a spirit being He is not a physical being (Lk. 24:39), though he may indwell a bodily form (Lk. 3:22; Jn. 1:33). He is a spirit (Gen. 1:2)

10 10 Who is the Holy Spirit? He is a personal being He is not an “it;” an impersonal force, energy or influence that pervades the universe (popular in ancient Greek philosophy). He is a person (Jn. 16:7-8,13-14, etc.) He has personal traits (Rom. 15:30; etc.) He has personal actions (Ac. 13:2,4; etc.) He shares personal relations (Mt. 28:19; etc.) He suffers personal injury (Mt. 12:32; Ac. 7:51; Eph. 4:30, etc.)

11 11 Who is the Holy Spirit? He is a divine being He is not an angel, or God’s “power” but a separate member of the Godhead (Lk. 1:35). He possesses the name of deity (Ac. 5:3-4) He possesses the attributes deity (Heb. 9:14) He performs the works of deity (Gen. 1:1-2; Jn. 3:5)

12 12 Who is the Holy Spirit? The Holy Spirit Is … Real Spirit Divine Personal

13 13 Who is the Holy Spirit? Man-made arguments against the personhood of the Holy Spirit… “The word for spirit (Gr. pneuma) is neuter (Rom. 8:16,26)”  Answer: A neuter word is determined by the context The term “Holy Spirit” is not a name  Answer: A name is not necessary to be a person

14 14 Who is the Holy Spirit? Man-made arguments against the personhood of the Holy Spirit… The Holy Spirit is not a “family” member like “Father” or Son”  Answer: “Father” and “Son” are not strict biological family terms when applied to deity The Holy Spirit has not been manifest as a person  Answer: Jesus was not manifest as a person prior to his incarnation, yet he was a person

15 15 Who is the Holy Spirit? Man-made arguments against the personhood of the Holy Spirit… The Holy Spirit was “poured out” (Joel 2:28)  Answer: The Greek is “I will pour out from (apo) the Holy Spirit…” The Holy Spirit is the power of God (Lk. 1:35)  Answer: The context show the H.S. working along side of God

16 16 Who is the Holy Spirit? Let us have a greater appreciation for the Holy Spirit’s interest in us If the Holy Spirit is striving for us to be saved, let us put forth greater effort in our own behalf

17 17 Why Study the Godhead? All that we know about the Godhead comes from the Bible Because we must instruct others about who is divine (Mt. 22:41-46)

18 18 The Godhead Defining the Godhead English term: the word “Trinity” (three-in- one) is not in the Bible, but the doctrine is Hebrew terms: “God” (El and Elohim) = strength; mighty; deity; God

19 19 The Godhead Defining the Godhead Greek terms:  “God” (theos) = the person of God (Mt. 1:23; etc.)  “Godhead” or “Divine” (theios) = the quality of deity (Ac. 17:29; NASV; 2 Pet. 1:3,4)  “Godhead” (theotes) = the essence of deity (Col. 2:9)  “Divinity” (theiotes) = the attributes of deity (Rom. 1:20)

20 20 The Godhead Three Truths of the Godhead 1. Unity: one Godhead (Deut. 6:4; Isa. 45:5; Jas. 2:19) 2. Individuality: one Godhead in three persons (e.g., one humanity made up of many persons; and one deity made up of three persons)  Gen. 1:26-27  Lk. 3:21-22  Jn. 14:16-17; 15:26; 16:14  Acts 7:55

21 21 The Godhead Three Truths of the Godhead 3. Divinity: three persons who are fully divine, same in nature and essence (like H 2 0 as a solid, liquid and vapor)  the Father is “God” divine (Eph. 4:6)  God the Son is “God” divine (Heb. 1:8)  God the H.S. is “God” divine (Ac. 5:3-4)

22 22 The Godhead

23 23 The Godhead Denials of the Godhead Denials of the unity of the Godhead (Polytheism, Tritheism, Mormonism) Denials of the individuality of the Godhead (Gnosticism, Monarchianism, Sabellianism, Marcellianism, United Pentecostals) Denials of the divinity of the Godhead (Subordinationism, Arianism, J.W.s, Unitarians)

24 24 The Godhead Revelation of the Godhead The doctrine of the Godhead is found only in the Bible… Mt. 28:19; Lk. 1:35; 1 Cor. 12:4-6; 2 Cor. 13:14; Eph. 4:4-6; Tit. 3:4-6; 1 Pet. 1:2; Jude 20-21; Rev. 1:4-5

25 25 The Godhead Works of the Godhead Creation (Gen.1:1-2) Incarnation (Lk. 1:35) Identification (Mt. 3:16-17) Redemption (Tit. 3:4-6) Propitiation (Heb. 9:14) Works of the Godhead Resurrection (Rom. 8:11) Inspiration (Jn. 15:26) Delegation (Jn. 20:21-22) Sanctification (Jude 20-21) Benediction (2 Cor. 13:14)

26 26 The Godhead Man-made Arguments Against the Godhead “The Bible says God is ‘one’ (Deut. 6:4; Jn. 10:30)” Answer: Both passages refer to unity, not the numeral one (see Jn. 17:11,21; 1 Cor. 3:8; 6:16). Deut. 6:4 teaches that God is united, not that God is one (singular) person

27 27 The Godhead Practical Lessons from the Godhead All three created us because they wanted to (Gen. 1:1-2; Jn. 1:1-3), so we should be honored (Psa. 8:4-5) All three sustain us, so we should be thankful (Ac. 17:25; Col. 1:17; Psa. 104:30)

28 28 The Godhead Practical Lessons from the Godhead All three desire our salvation, so we should be obedient (Tit. 3:3-4; Mt. 28:19) All three work together in unity for our good, so we should be unified in the home (Gen. 1:26-27; 2:24; Eph. 5:31), and in the church (Eph. 4:1-6)

29 29 The Holy Spirit and Jesus The Holy Spirit and the Coming of Jesus (Isa. 11:2; 61:1) The Holy Spirit and the Birth of Jesus (Mt. 1:18,20; Isa. 7:14; Lk. 1:35) The Holy Spirit and the Baptism of Jesus (Mt. 3:13-17; Lk. 3:21-22; Mk. 1:10; Jn. 1:31-34; 3:34)

30 30 The Holy Spirit and Jesus The Holy Spirit and the Temptation of Jesus (Mt. 4:1ff; Mk. 1:12; Lk. 4:1ff,14) The Holy Spirit and the Ministry of Jesus (Isa. 11:1-2; 42:1-2; 48:16; 59:21; 61:1- 3; Mt. 12:18-21,28; Lk. 4:14-15,18-21; 10:21; Ac. 1:2; 4:27; 10:38) The Holy Spirit and the Death, Resurrection, & Ascension of Jesus (Heb. 9:14; Rom. 1:4; 8:11; Ac. 2:32-36; Jn. 16:14)

31 31 The Holy Spirit and Jesus The H.S. gave witness to Jesus (1 Jn. 5:6-8) Those who are led by the H.S. recognize Jesus (1 Cor. 12:3) Jesus was under the complete control and influence of the Holy Spirit … how about you today (Rom. 8:4ff)? Facing temptation today? Going about doing good today? Life from the dead today?

32 32 Direct Line of Divine Revelation from God to Man God Holy Spirit Prophets Apostles Scripture All Mankind

33 33

34 34 Holy Spirit Revelation Scripture is the mind of God revealed through the H.S. (1 Cor. 2:9-13; 2 Tim. 3:16) Scripture is not the private and personal opinions of man (2 Pet. 1:20-21) Scripture contains all the truth, past- present-future, given by the H.S. (Jn. 14:26; 15:26; 16:8-14)

35 35 Holy Spirit Revelation Prophets spoke by the H.S. (2 Sam. 23:2; 1 Chron. 28:12; Neh. 9:30; Mt. 22:43; Mk. 12:36; 13:11; Lk. 2:25-26; 12:12; Ac. 1:2,16; 2:4; 4:25; 20:23; 21:11; 28:25; Rom. 9:1; 1 Cor. 12:7-11; 1 Thess. 1:5; Heb. 3:7; 9:8; 10:15-16; 1 Pet. 1:10-12; 1 Tim. 4:1; Rev. 2:7; 14:13) Resisting the Scripture is resisting the H.S. (Neh. 9:30; Isa. 63:10; Ac. 7:51-52)

36 36 Holy Spirit Revelation The Truth of the Holy Spirit Is Now … Revealed to Us – We should study and know it (Ephesians 3:3-5) Confirmed for Us – We can believe and trust it (Hebrews 2:3-4) Completed for Us – We must not add to it or take from it (John 16:13) Life-giving in Us – We must obey it and apply it (John 6:68)

37 37 Holy Spirit Baptism Mainline denominations following Calvinism refer to it as an “experience of grace” Pentecostal churches refer to it as a “second work of grace” What does the Bible teach?

38 38 Holy Spirit Baptism Who administered Holy Spirit baptism? Jesus (Mt.3:11; Mk.1:8; Lk.3:16; Jn.1:33; Ac. 2:33)

39 39 Holy Spirit Baptism To whom was Holy Spirit baptism promised? Holy Spirit baptism was promised by…  the prophets (Joel 2:28-32; cf. Ac.2:17-18)  John the Baptist (Mt.3:11; Mk.1:8; Lk.3:16; Jn.1:33; cf. Ac.1:4-5)  Jesus (Lk.24:48-49; Jn.14-16; 20:22; Ac.1:4-5,8; 2:33)

40 40 Holy Spirit Baptism To whom was Holy Spirit baptism promised? Holy Spirit baptism was promised to the Apostles only (Ac.1:2-8,11-13,17,20,21- 25,26; 2:1-4,7,14-15,32,37,42-43; 4:8,31). It was promised to a few men, not to all men for all time

41 41 Holy Spirit Baptism To whom was Holy Spirit baptism promised? Wasn’t Holy Spirit baptism promised to “all flesh” (Joel 2:28)? Yes, but this was fulfilled when the Holy Spirit came upon the Apostles (Jews) in Acts 2, and the household of Cornelius (Gentiles) in Acts 10. No other case of Holy Spirit baptism is recorded in the New Testament!

42 42 Holy Spirit Baptism When and where did Holy Spirit baptism take place? There are only two recorded cases of Holy Spirit baptism in the New Testament, Acts 2 and Acts 10. The household of Cornelius was baptized in the Holy Spirit, and the Holy Spirit baptism on that occasion was just like that of the Apostles in Ac.2:1-4 (see Ac.10:44-45; 11:15-17; 15:7-11).

43 43 Holy Spirit Baptism Why was Holy Spirit baptism given? Demonstration – To demonstrate that the kingdom of God had come with power (Mk.9:1; Ac.1:8; 2:1-4) Inspiration – The Apostles received all the promises of Jesus in Jn when they received Holy Spirit baptism in Ac.2:1-4 Confirmation – The Apostles were able to confirm their message with miracles because of their Holy Spirit baptism (Mk. 16:20; Heb. 2:3-4) Reception – Holy Spirit baptism upon the household of Cornelius showed the Jews that Gentiles can be saved and accepted by God just as the Jews (Ac.10:34,44- 45,47; 11:3,14,17-18; 15:7-11)

44 44 Holy Spirit Baptism What happened at Holy Spirit baptism? Holy Spirit baptism was always accompanied by miraculous manifestations that could be verified by the senses – both audible and visible (Ac.2:1-4; 10:46)

45 45 Holy Spirit BaptismWater Baptism 1. A Promise1. A Command 2. By Christ Only2. By Anyone 3. In the Holy Spirit3. In Water 4. Not Into Christ4. Into Christ 5. Did Not Save5. Does Save 6. Not Into the Name6. Into the Name 7. To Inspire/Confirm7. To Forgive Sins 8. Limited to Apostles/Cornelius8. For All Penitent Believers 9. Man Passive9. Man Active 10. God Chose the Candidates10. Whosoever Wills 11. Tongue Speaking Followed11. Rejoicing Followed 12. No Prerequisites12. Hear, Believe, Repent, Confess 13. Ended by A.D Unto the End of the World

46 46 New Testament TonguesAlleged Tongues Today 1. Holy Spirit-induced1. Self-induced 2. Unlearned by the speaker2. Learned by the speaker 3. Foreign language3. Unknown babbling, gibberish 4. Produced rational truth4. Produces an emotional frenzy 5. Given for a sing to unbelievers5. Given for a sign to believers 6. Used with regulations6. Used without regulation 7. Last until complete truth7. Last until the 2 nd Coming

47 47 New Testament MiraclesAlleged Miracles Today 1. Objective, observable sickness1. Questionable sickness 2. Objective, undeniable cure2. Questionable cure 3. Performed without preparation3. Performed after screening 4. All cases healed4. Selective healings 5. All cases healed5. Many failures 6. Faith not always demanded6. Faith always demanded 7. Instantaneous7. Time allowed for “recovery” 8. Complete healing8. Partial healing 9. A “sign” to observers9. “Take my word for it” 10. Confirmed the word of truth10. “Proves” true belief 11. No publicity11. Much fanfare, workers exalted 12. No money solicited12. Donations encouraged

48 48 No Holy Spirit Miraculous Gifts Today No Purpose. We don’t have miraculous gifts today because the Word of Truth has already been confirmed by miracles (Heb. 2:4). No Means. We don’t have miraculous gifts today because there is no means by which to receive them. No Continuance. We don’t have miraculous gifts today because Paul said that they would pass away in 1 Cor.13:8-12 when “that which is perfect” is come.

49 49 No Holy Spirit Miraculous Gifts Today No Evidence. We don’t have miraculous gifts today because there is no objective proof of their existence. No Distinctiveness. We don’t have miraculous gifts today because the so-called “miracles” performed are the same as those performed by non-Christians. No Truth. We don’t have miraculous gifts today because there is a vast difference in doctrine and practice among the churches which allegedly perform “miracles” today.

50 50 When That Which Is Perfect Is Come This phrase does not refer to… Heaven The inclusion of the Gentiles in the church Individual spiritual maturity The second coming of Christ This phrase refers to… Complete revelation (knowledge, 13:9,12) Paul uses three sets of two to make his point: two facts, two reasons, two illus.

51 51 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner The Holy Spirit convicts the world (Jn.16:8-11) The Gr. word used for “convict” is elencho meaning “confute, refute, reprove.” The Holy Spirit would use words to convict the world (cf. 2 Tim.4:2; Tit.1:9,13; 2:15)

52 52 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner The Holy Spirit plays a central role in the conviction and conversion of the sinner (Jn.3:3-8; 16:8-11; Rom.8:1-2; 1 Cor.6:11; 12:13; Tit.3:5) The issue is not: “Does the Holy Spirit work today in the conviction and conversion of the sinner?” “Is the Holy Spirit real?” “Is the Holy Spirit powerful?” “What can the Holy Spirit do?”

53 53 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner The issue is: “How or by what manner does the Holy Spirit work today, directly (without means) or indirectly (through means)?” “Does the Holy Spirit work in and through the Word of Truth, or does He work in addition to and distinct from the Word of Truth?” “What does the Holy Spirit do according to the Bible?”

54 54 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner Go back to the original promise of the Holy Spirit working in the world to convert them (Jn.16:8-11) How was this promise fulfilled? Look at the five events that surround this promise to find the answer:

55 55 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner 1. Holy Spirit guidance for the Apostles (Jn.14:16,26; 15:26-27; 16:12-15). 2. Holy Spirit promised by Jesus (Lk.24:49; Ac.1:4-5,8). 3. Holy Spirit baptism upon the Apostles (Ac.2:1-4). 4. Holy Spirit preaching by the Apostles (Ac.2:4,14-36). 5. Holy Spirit conviction and conversion of sinners (Ac.2:37-41).

56 56 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner How then did the Holy Spirit convict sinners? Through the preaching of the Word of Truth. The Apostles’ words were the words of the Holy Spirit (1 Pet.1:12). What caused these people to be “pricked in their heart”? Did they “hear” something, or “feel” something (v.37)? What did they receive, Peter’s “word” or “the direct operation of the Holy Spirit” (v.41)?

57 57 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner You can find many references to preaching the Word of Truth in the other cases of conversion in the book of Acts. See Acts 4:4; 6:7; 8:4-12; 8:13; 8:26-40; 9:1-18 [22:1-16]; 10:1-48 [11:1-18; 15:7- 11]; 13:44-52; 14:1,7,21; 16:14-15; 16:25-34; 17:1-9; 17:10-12; 18:1-8; 19:1- 10,20; and 28:23-30

58 58 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner Everything said to be necessary for man’s part of salvation is produced by the Word of Truth: faith (Rom.10:17) repentance (Lk.24:47) confession (Rom.10:6-15) baptism (Eph.5:26)

59 59 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner We are: Instructed by the Spirit (Neh.9:30) and instructed by the Word (2 Tim.3:16-17) Convicted by the Spirit (Jn.16:8-11) and convicted by the Word (Tit.1:9) Born of the Spirit (Jn.3:5) and born of the Word (1 Cor.4:15; Jas.1:18; 1 Pet.1:22-23) Sanctified and cleansed by the Spirit (1 Cor.6:11) and sanctified and cleansed by the Word (Jn.15:2; 17:17) Saved by the Spirit (Tit.3:5) and saved by the Word (Jas.1:21)

60 60 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner “Irresistible Grace” is the doctrine about the Holy Spirit’s work of conversion believed by most Protestant denominations. The background to this doctrine goes back to John Calvin who taught that each person is born totally depraved and needs a direct operation of the Holy Spirit to “be converted.” Calvin’s doctrine was systematized into five points by the Synod of Dort in The five points of Calvin are: Total hereditary depravity; Unconditional election and reprobation; Limited atonement; Irresistible grace; Perseverance of the saints (the first letter of each point put together spells TULIP)

61 61 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner Calvin’s fourth point, “Irresistible Grace,” pertains to this lesson. According to Calvinism, the Holy Spirit works directly upon the heart of the depraved sinner, apart from the Word of Truth to make the sinner “born again.” Supposedly, the sinner cannot resist the Holy Spirit’s work and that is why it is called “Irresistible Grace,” or “the direct operation of the Holy Spirit.” According to this doctrine, man is passive in his conversion while the Holy Spirit is active doing the work of conversion for him.

62 62 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner The King James translators aided this doctrine, whether knowingly or unknowingly, by translating an active verb (“turn”), as a passive verb (“be converted”) in Mt.13:15; Mk.4:12; and Ac.3:19; 28:27 The thought is that the H.S. operates directly upon the heart to cause one to “be converted” The NKJV corrects this except at Ac.3:19

63 63 “The gospel invitation extends a call to salvation to every one who hears its message … But this outward general call, extended to the elect and non-elect alike, will not bring sinners to Christ. Why? Because men are by nature dead in sin and under its power … Consequently the unregenerate will not respond to the gospel call to repentance and faith … Therefore, the Holy Spirit, in order to bring God’s elect to salvation, extends to them a special inward call in addition to the outward call contained in the gospel message … The inward change wrought in the elect sinner enables him to understand and believe spiritual truth … Thus the once dead sinner is drawn to Christ by the inward supernatural call of the Spirit who through regeneration makes him alive and creates within him faith and repentance … This special call is not made to all sinners but is issued to the elect only!” (The Five Points of Calvinism by David N. Steele and Curtis C. Thomas, 48-49).

64 64 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner “Irresistible Grace” has led to the practice of “praying through” at the “mourner’s bench” or “alter call.” It has also led to such expressions as “better felt than told,” “a warm inner feeling,” “getting religion,” and “having an experience of grace.”

65 65 The Holy Spirit and the Sinner Answering an argument in favor of “Irresistible Grace”: What about Lydia (Ac.16:14-15)? Did God not “open” her heart? Yes, He did, but consider the background to this event (Ac.16:10ff). Her heart was “opened” by the preaching of the Word of Truth.

66 66 “Irresistible Grace” vs. the Bible It bypasses and overrides the free-will of man (Rom.2:6; Rev.20:12) It makes God a respecter of persons (Ac.10:35; Rom.2:11) It makes God personally responsible for those who are lost (1 Tim.2:4; 2 Pet.3:9) It proposes to save man without the preaching of the gospel (1 Cor.1:21) It denies the all-sufficiency of the gospel to save (Rom.1:16; see also Mt.13:15; Lk.8:11; Jn.5:24; 6:44- 45,63; Mt.28:19-20; Mk.16:15-16; 1 Thess.2:13-14) It denies the fact that the Holy Spirit can be resisted (Ac.7:51; 13:46; Neh.9:30) It has God’s grace appearing to man without God’s word (Tit. 2:11-12; Ac. 14:3; 20:24,32)

67 67 The Holy Spirit and the Christian There are disagreements among brethren over how the Holy Spirit dwells in the believer What is the disagreement over? The disagreement is not over the fact of the Spirit’s indwelling. All Christians believe that the Holy Spirit dwells in the believer. The Scriptures are clear on this point (Rom.8:9- 11). The disagreement is over the manner, method or mode of the indwelling. How does the Spirit dwell in the believer?

68 68 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Two positions held by brethren: Position A – The Holy Spirit dwells in the believer literally, personally and directly, apart from (without intermediation of) the Word of Truth  Position A1 – The Holy Spirit personally indwelling the believer guides the believer apart from the Word of Truth through additional revelation or miracles (the denominational position, and some brethren)  Position A2 – The Holy Spirit personally indwelling the believer guides the believer apart from the Word of Truth through providence (a position of some brethren)  Position A3 – The Holy Spirit personally indwelling the believer does not guide the believer apart from the Word of Truth (a position of some brethren)

69 69 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Two positions held by brethren: Position B – The Holy Spirit dwells in the believer representatively through the Word of Truth  First, it is a fact that all three members of the Godhead dwell in the believer – God (2 Cor.6:16; 1 Jn.3:24; 4:12-16), Jesus (Jn.6:56; Rom.8:10; 2 Cor.13:5; Gal.2:20; 4:19; Col.1:27; Eph.3:17; 1 Jn.3:23-24) and the Holy Spirit (Rom.8:9,11; 1 Cor.3:16; Gal.4:6; 2 Tim.1:14). These passages affirm the fact of the indwelling of Deity, but not the mode of indwelling. We must look elsewhere to find the mode of indwelling.

70 70 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Two positions held by brethren: Position B – The Holy Spirit dwells in the believer representatively through the Word of Truth  Second, it is a fact that all believers dwell in God (1 Jn.4:13,16), and Jesus (Jn.6:56; 2 Cor.5:17; 1 Jn.3:23-24). Question: Do believers literally and personally dwell inside of God and Jesus?  Third, “dwell” comes from the Gr. words oikeo, enoikeo, katoikeo and meno. These words do not demand a literal, personal, supernatural indwelling. It is an assumption to say that “dwell” means a “literal, personal indwelling.”

71 71 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Two positions held by brethren: Position B – The Holy Spirit dwells in the believer representatively through the Word of Truth  “Dwell” is often used to mean a relationship (fellowship) that a person has with someone or something as a result of the influence of someone or something. Consider how these words are used of things dwelling in a person: sin (Rom.7:17); Satan (Rev.2:13); word of Christ (Col.3:16); truth (2 Jn.2); faith (2 Tim.1:5); love of God (1 Jn.3:17); and eternal life (1 Jn.3;15). Consider also how a person can dwell in some things: darkness (Jn.12:46); light (1 Jn.2:10); and doctrine of Christ (2 Jn.9). Question: Is the believer literally dwelling inside of the doctrine of Christ?

72 72 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Two positions held by brethren: Position B – The Holy Spirit dwells in the believer representatively through the Word of Truth  Fourth, the mode of indwelling is explained in such passages as Eph.3:17: “that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith…” (cf. 1 Pet.3:15). Christ (or any personality of Deity) dwells in us through or by means of “faith” which comes from hearing the Word of Truth (Rom.10:17).

73 73 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Two positions held by brethren: Position B – The Holy Spirit dwells in the believer representatively through the Word of Truth  Fifth, both Christ (Eph.3:17) and the Spirit (Gal.4:5- 6) are said to be in the “heart” of the believer. The “heart” of the believer in these verses and elsewhere in the Bible refers to the “intellect,” “emotions,” “will” or “mind” of man, not the physical muscle that pumps blood. As the Spirit’s Word of Truth enters the “heart” or “mind” of the believer, the Spirit dwells in the believer.

74 74 The Holy Spirit and the Christian There are disagreements among brethren over the “gift of the Holy Spirit” in Acts 2:38. The four positions held by brethren are: Position A – The “gift of the Holy Spirit” is the Spirit Himself dwelling in the believer representatively through the Word of Truth. Position B – The “gift of the Holy Spirit” is the Spirit Himself dwelling in the believer literally, personally and apart from the Word of Truth.

75 75 The Holy Spirit and the Christian There are disagreements among brethren over the “gift of the Holy Spirit” in Acts 2:38. The four positions held by brethren are: Position C – The “gift of the Holy Spirit” is the miraculous gifts given by the Spirit, passed on to the believer through the laying on of the Apostles hands in the 1 st Century and limited to that time. Position D – The “gift of the Holy Spirit” is the gift of salvation given by the Spirit to the believer upon obedience to the gospel.

76 76 The Holy Spirit and the Christian While there is evidence given by good brethren for each position stated above, the evidence that best fits the context of Acts 2 favors “Position D.” First, grammatically, “the gift” may be the Holy Spirit Himself, or a gift that the Holy Spirit gives. The immediate and remote context will have to be consulted to determine which is meant here.

77 77 The Holy Spirit and the Christian While there is evidence given by good brethren for each position stated above, the evidence that best fits the context of Acts 2 favors “Position D.” Second, in the immediate context the word “For” in v.39 explains what has just been said in v.38: “For to you is the promise…” The promise to whom, and of what? The promise to Jews and Gentiles of salvation. Look back to Ac.2: Three blessing would come from the Holy Spirit: prophecy (vv ), miracles (vv.19-20) and salvation (v.21).

78 78 The Holy Spirit and the Christian While there is evidence given by good brethren for each position stated above, the evidence that best fits the context of Acts 2 favors “Position D.” Third, Ac.2:38 is parallel with Ac.3:19 (see also Ac.26:18). The “gift of the Holy Spirit” is the same as “seasons of refreshing from the presence of the Lord.” In other words, salvation. Fourth, “the promise” (v.39) is the “promise of the Spirit” in Gal.3:14 (see also Gal.3:16,22,29). This was the seed promise, or the promise of salvation through Christ. “The promise” of Ac.2:39 and Gal.3:14 goes all the way back to Abraham (Gen.12:1-3).

79 79 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Blessings of Holy Spirit Indwelling We are comforted by the Spirit (Ac.9:31) We are made alive by the Spirit (Rom.8:11,23) We are led by the Spirit (Rom.8:14; Gal.5:18) We are given testimony by the Spirit (Rom.8:16) We are helped in prayer by the Spirit (Rom.8:26-27; cf. Phil.1:19)

80 80 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Blessings of Holy Spirit Indwelling We are filled with hope by the power of the Spirit (Rom.15:13; Gal.5:5) We are sanctified by the Spirit (Rom.15:16; cf. 2 Thess.2:13; 1 Pet.1:2) We are transformed by the Spirit (2 Cor.3:18) We are sealed and given an earnest by the Spirit (2 Cor.1:22; 5:5; Eph.1:13-14; 4:30) We are given access to God by the Spirit (Eph.2:18)

81 81 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Blessings of Holy Spirit Indwelling We are strengthened by the Spirit (Eph.3:14-19) We are proved to be sons of God by the Spirit (Gal.4:6) We are fellowshipped by the Spirit (2 Cor.13:14; cf. Phil.2:1; Heb.6:4)

82 82 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Responsibilities of Holy Spirit Indwelling We must live and walk by the Spirit (Rom.8:1,4-5; Gal.5:16-17,25; cf. Jude 19) We must have the mind of the Spirit (Rom.8:6; cf. Jude 19) We must not destroy the temple of the Spirit (1 Cor.3:16-17; 6:19-20) We must bear the fruit of the Spirit (Gal.5:22- 23; cf. Ac.13:52; Rom.5:5; 14:17; 15:30; Col.1:8; 1 Thess.1:6)

83 83 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Responsibilities of Holy Spirit Indwelling We must sow to the Spirit (Gal.6:7-8) We must preserve the unity of the Spirit (Eph.4:1-4) We must be filled with the Spirit (Eph.5:18-19) We must use the sword of the Spirit (Eph.6:17)

84 84 The Holy Spirit and the Christian Responsibilities of Holy Spirit Indwelling We must pray in the Spirit (Eph.6:18; Jude 20) We must worship by the Spirit (Phil.3:3) We must obey the words of the Spirit (Rev.2:7,11,17,29; 3:6,13,22) We must accept the invitation of the Spirit (Rev.22:17)

85 85 Eight Sins Against the Holy Spirit Blaspheme the Spirit (Mt. 12:31-32; Mk. 3:28- 30; Lk. 12:10) Lie to, and make trial of the Spirit (Ac. 3-4,9) Resist the Spirit (Ac. 7:51; cf. Rev. 22:17) Buy the Spirit (Ac. 8:18-24) Destroy and defile the temple of the Spirit (1 Cor. 3:16-17; 6:19-20) Grieve the Spirit (Eph. 4:30) Quench the Spirit (1 Thess. 5:19) Despise the Spirit (Heb. 10:29)


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