Presentation on theme: "MARC for Documents Beth Picknally Camden University of Virginia GODORT/ALCTS Preconference June 2004."— Presentation transcript:
MARC for Documents Beth Picknally Camden University of Virginia GODORT/ALCTS Preconference June 2004
MARC is an assemblage of formats, publications, procedures, people, standards, systems, equipment, etc., that has evolved over the years stimulating the development of library automation and information networks. Henriette D. Avram
MARC Machine Readable Cataloging USMARC + CanMARC + UKMARC => MARC21 Other flavors: UniMARC Communications format (raw MARC) vs. display
02355cam a ‑ ocm ‑ OCoLC ‑ ‑ s2003 dcu b f001 0 eng c ‑ a ‑ aSENcSTFdSENdDLCdGPOdOCLCQ ‑ a ‑ a ‑ apcc ‑ an-us--- ‑ 00aKF26b.A ‑ a1033 ‑ a1033 (online) ‑ a1033-A (MF) ‑ a1033-A (online) ‑ 0 aY 4.AP 6/2:S.HRG zY 4.AP 6/2:S.HRG ‑ ‑ 1 aUnited States.bCongress.bSenate.bCommittee on Appropriations.bSubcommittee on Military Construction. ‑ 10aMilitary construction appropriations for fiscal year 2004 :bhearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate, One Hundred Eighth Congress, first session on H.R. 2559/S. 1357, an act making appropriations for military construction for the Department of Defense for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2004, and for other purposes. ‑ aWashington :bU.S. G.P.O. :bFor sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.,c2003. ‑ aiii, 240, v p. ;c24 cm. ‑ 1 aS. hrg. ;v ‑ a"Printed for the use of the Committee on Appropriations." ‑ aDistributed to some depository libraries in microfiche. ‑ aShipping list no.: P. ‑ aIncludes bibliographical references and index. ‑ aAlso available via Internet from the GPO Access web site. Addresses as of 12/8/03: & docid=f:85938.wais (text version), bin/getdoc.cgi?dbname=108senatehearings & docid=f:85938.pdf (PDF version); current access available via PURLS. ‑ 0aUnited StatesxArmed ForcesxMilitary construction operationsxLaw and legislation. ‑ 10aUnited States.bDept. of DefensexAppropriations and expenditures. ‑ 0aUnited StatesxAppropriations and expenditures, ‑ 1 aUnited States.bCongress.bSenate.tS. hrg. ;v ‑ 413Text version:uhttp://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS40430 ‑ 413PDF version:uhttp://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS40431 ‑ ‑
MARC terminology Tag, indicator, delimiter |a The MARC standard : |b a report Field, subfield Fixed and variable fields Shorthand (1XX)
Why worry about MARC? Indexing issues OPAC display issues Docs. vs. rest of collection Information gathering/Reports
MARC vs. other metadata tagging schemes Numeric no language barrier Mature Methodology for updating Ubiquitous Content standards (AACR) Character based easier to learn Emerging Flexible Multiple standards Tagging standards but not content standards
Fields for documents (general) Fixed field: GovPub Values indicate type of doc (federal,state…) 074 GPO Item Number 086Gov. Doc. Classification no. 500Includes shipping list no.
Ports of Southeast Alaska /|cprepared by Navigation Data Center. 250 Rev Alexandria, Va. :|bU.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Institute for Water Resources :|bFor sale by the Center ;|aWashington, DC :|bU.S. G.P.O. :|bFor sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S., G.P.O.,|c vi, 165  p. :|bill., maps ;|c28 cm Port series ;|vno "Supersedes a similar report revised in 1995." 500 Shipping list no.: P. 500 Three folded maps in pocket. 500 Chiefly tables. 500 "NDC-03-P-5"--Cover Harbors|zAlaska Navigation Data Center (U.S.)|?UNAUTHORIZED United States.|bGovernment Printing Office Port series (United States. Army. Corps of Engineers) ;|vno. 38.|?UNAUTHORIZED
Electronic resources 530Additional form available note 538Systems details note 856URL
001 ocm OCoLC cr cn (OCoLC) |bPaper version available from: NRCS Chicago Metro Office, 603 E. Diehl Rd., Suite #131, Naperville, IL GPO|cGPO|dMvI 042 lcd 043 n-us-il G-01 (online) A 57.75: 099 A 57.75: Conservation and your community (Online) Conservation and your community|h[electronic resource]. 260 Champaign, IL :|bUSDA NRCS,
310 Quarterly Electronic coverage as of Sept. 18, 2002: Vol. 4, issue 2 (spring 2000)- 538 System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader. 538 Mode of access: Internet from the NRCS web site. Address as of 9/18/02: gov/NRCShome/PAS/nwsletrs.htm; current access is available via PURL. 500 Distributed to depository libraries in paper, ending with v. 3, issue 4 (fall 1999). 500 Description based on: Vol. 4, issue 2 (spring 2000); title from caption (viewed on Sept. 18, 2002). 530 Online version of print version. 550 Issued by: U.S.D.A. Natural Resources Conservation Service, Chicago Metro Urban & Community Assistance Office, -winter 2001.
550 Issued by: U.S.D.A. Natural Resources Conservation Service, Chicago Metro Urban & Community Assistance Office, -winter Conservation of natural resources|zIllinois|zChicago Metropolitan Area|vPeriodicals United States.|bNatural Resources Conservation Service.|bChicago Metro Urban & Community Assistance Office|vPeriodicals.|?UNAUTHORIZED |tConservation and your community|w(DLC)sn |w(OCoLC) United States.|bNatural Resources Conservation Service United States.|bNatural Resources Conservation Service.|bChicago Metro Urban & Community Assistance Office.|?UNAUTHORIZED |uhttp://purl.access.gpo.gov/GPO/LPS22289
Serials Linking fields 776 Additional Physical Form Entry 780/785 Earlier/Later titles 780Title one 245 Title two 785 Title three 77X-78XOther linking fields
Rec_Type :a Bib_Lvl :s Enc_Lvl : Desc :a TypeCtrl : Entrd : Dat_Tp :c Date1 :1986 Date2 :9999 Ctry :dcu Lang :eng Mod_Rec : Source :d Frequn :m Regulr :r ISDS : Ser_Type :p Phys_Med : Repr : Pub_Type :s Cont : GovtPub :f ConfPub :0 Alphabt : S/L_Ent :0 001 ocm OCoLC sn (OCoLC) GPO GPO MvI 042 lcd 043 n-us HB235.U6 S B L 2.61/10-2: L 2.38/10:993/ L 2.61/10-2: Summary data from the producer price index news release.
260 Washington, D.C. : U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, [ v. ; 28 cm. 310 Monthly Began with Feb. 1986?. 500 Address: U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, D.C Issues for Feb May 1986 lack title and date. 500 Description based on: June 1986; title from cover American statistics index Expanded versions also issued monthly under titles: Producer price indexes (Expanded version); and: Producer price indexes (Condensed version) Prices--United States--Statistics--Periodicals Producer price indexes (Condensed version) Producer price indexes (Expanded version) United States. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Issues for libraries using aggregator services Ease of batch loading vs. local holding information Multiple records vs. one record “Aggregator neutral” records
Other formats (videos, microforms) 007Physical Desc. Fixed Field 508Credits (video) 533Reproduction note (micro, etc.) 538System details (video, elec.)
260 [Washington, D.C.?] :|bU.S. Dept. of Education, |c videocassette (14 min.) :|bsd., col. ;|c1/2 in. 508 Directed by Mustapha Khan ; produced by C. Ralph Adler, Mustapha Khan ; written by C. Ralph Adler ; edited by David Peterson ; director of photography, Marc Kroll. 500 Shipping list no.: E. 538 VHS. 520 An introduction to the Blue Ribbons Schools Program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Education. 500 "ORAD g"--Cassette label Blue Ribbon Schools Program (U.S.) School improvement programs|xAwards|zUnited States Public schools|xAwards|zUnited States Khan, Mustapha Adler, C. Ralph United States.|bDept. of Education.
Anglo American Cataloging Rules (AACR ) AACR is the content standard for MARC Recent updates Major/minor changes
Future directions AACR3 Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) Other metadata formats METS MODS
Links MARC21 Understanding MARC OCLC Biblio. Formats and standards Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) FRBR & MARC analysis/frbr.htmlhttp://www.loc.gov/marc/marc-functional- analysis/frbr.html
More Links Anglo American Cataloging Rules (AACR) AACR Joint Steering Committee MARC outline This presentation may be found at: ons.html
One can hardly underestimate the significance of the MARC format. Without this communications format for bibliographic data, we would not have had automated library systems, bibliographic utilities, shared cataloging, resource sharing, and networking as we know them today. Ling-yuh W. (Miko) Pattie