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Housing, Household Tenure Choice, and the Locations We Choose A Home for Everyone Conference 2014 Presented by: Mark J. Eppli Interim Keyes Dean and Bell.

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Presentation on theme: "Housing, Household Tenure Choice, and the Locations We Choose A Home for Everyone Conference 2014 Presented by: Mark J. Eppli Interim Keyes Dean and Bell."— Presentation transcript:

1 Housing, Household Tenure Choice, and the Locations We Choose A Home for Everyone Conference 2014 Presented by: Mark J. Eppli Interim Keyes Dean and Bell Chair in Real Estate Marquette University July 16, 2014

2 GDP and Jobs

3 The U.S. has maintained historically weak GDP growth in the 2000s at 1.83%, versus 3.25% for the period Source: Federal Reserve of St. Louis.

4 .... which bring us to jobs.... Source: St. Louis Federal Reserve.

5 .... however, the unemployment rate is not the whole story, labor force participation rates are a concern.... Source: St. Louis Federal Reserve

6 .... and the U.S. labor force participation rate declines are in the young adult cohorts.... Source: Vanguard’s Economic and Investment Outlook, January 2014, 16.

7 .... unemployment is not an equally distributed.... Source: St. Louis Federal Reserve

8 GDP and employment take-aways: U.S. GDP growth is slowly growing; Unemployment rate declines overstate the health of the jobs market; Much labor force slack exists; High school graduates struggle to find family- supporting job; and Without solid job growth there will not be household growth

9 Wealth and Income

10 Net worth is back. Home prices were up 13.6% in 2013 and stocks had their best year since 1997 with a 31.9% total return increasing household wealth.... Source: WSJ, December 10, 2013, A2.

11 .... however the net worth of U.S. families is highly concentrated.... Source: Marty Hart-Landsberg, Lewis and Clark University.

12 .... Net worth of the bottom portion of the wealth spectrum is heavily house- wealth dependent and 18.8% of houses are underwater... Source: Pew Research Center.

13 % of households have less than $25,000 in net worth....

14 .... making a 20% house down payment is unreachable for 39% of households.... Source: National Association of Realtors

15 ....which limits existing home sales.... Source: National Association of Realtors

16 Source: Lawrence Mishel, Economic Policy Institute, April 26, real compensation has been stagnant since 1973, making debt service payments more difficult....

17 Wealth and income take-aways: Net worth of U.S. households now exceeds 2007 in real and nominal terms; 28% of the U.S. net worth is held by the bottom 90% of the population; 39% of households have a net worth of less than $25,000; Real compensation has stagnated; Which limits housing sales and house price growth.

18 Interest Rates and Inflation

19 Mortgage interest rates remain low.... Source: St. Louis Federal Reserve

20 .... due to low inflation in the U.S. Over the past 20 years inflation averaged 1.88%..... Source: Federal Reserve of St. Louis.

21 .... with ample labor, unit labor costs are well- behaved.... Source: Federal Reserve of St. Louis.

22 .... and commodity prices are relatively stable.... Source: Federal Reserve of St. Louis.

23 .... longer-term interest rate should remain range bound in the +/-2.54% 10-UST rate given the generally slack labor markets and continued productivity that generate low global and U.S. inflation.

24 Mortgage Underwriting

25 Underwriting standards have not eased.... Source: Wall Street Journal, March 22, 2014.

26 .... a closer look at recent tightening of underwriting standards.... Source: Wall Street Journal, June 9, 2014.

27 .... more evidence of tight lending markets.... Source: Federal Reserve of St. Louis.

28 .... which ultimately limits new entrants to the market....

29 Source: Research by Shilling and Hendershott, Washington Post, March 22, with the lock-in effect limiting new home sellers willing to list their homes for sale.... Household mobility falls by 7.5 percent for every percent increase in interest rates.

30 .... however, household debt service as a percent of disposable income remains very low.... Source: Federal Reserve of St. Louis.

31 Mortgage underwriting take aways: Mortgage underwriting standards tightened in ; Underwriting standards have not eased much since; Limiting new entrants to the housing market.

32 Single-Family Housing Market Fundamentals

33 Home prices are at pre-bubble levels....

34 Source: Federal Reserve of St. Louis..... with the excess supply of homes absorbed....

35 .... and a dearth of new single-family housing coming to the market.... Source: Federal Reserve of St. Louis.

36 .... homeownership rates have fallen back to pre-bubble levels as well.... Source: Federal Reserve of St. Louis.

37 .... household formation has significant pent up demand.... Source: Joint Center for Housing Studies, State of the Nation’s Housing: 2013.

38 .... minorities and seniors will drive most all household demand growth in the coming decade.... Source: Joint Center for Housing Studies, State of the Nation’s Housing: 2013.

39

40 .... “married couple” households have declined dramatically over time.... Source: Census and Marquette University.

41 .... the supply of mu ltifamily starts averaged 360,000 since 1956, a level we are now reaching replacement equilibrium rates.... Source: Federal Reserve of St. Louis.

42 Housing market fundamentals take-aways: Prices are at pre-bubble levels; Market supply and demand are in equilibrium; Pent up demand exists for new households; However, new household formation skews toward rental housing.

43 Challenges of the First-time Homebuyer

44 Employment growth for the first-time homebuyer’s lags.... Source: St. Louis Federal Reserve

45 ....unemployment rates for high school graduates remaining high.... Source: St. Louis Federal Reserve

46 Source: Wall Street Journal, June 14, and the average college graduate with the average student loan debt is straddled with $366 per month (assumes a 6% rate, 10 year term)

47 .... many high school and college graduates living at with their parents....

48 .... and marriage is coming later in life.... Source: U.S. Census.

49 .... which leaves the housing market prospects for the first-time homebuyer challenged.... Source: WSJ May 24-25, 2014, p. A2.

50 First-time homebuyer take-aways: Employment growth for the age cohorts has been non-existent; The high school graduate continues to struggle with employment and real wage growth; College graduates face of growing student loan payments; Leaving the first-time homebuyer market tenuous.

51 The owner-occupied market has both headwinds/tailwinds: Headwinds Owning a home may no longer be the American Dream; GDP growth and labor force participation rate concerns remain; Stagnant wealth and income levels for most; Tighter underwriting – higher FICO scores; First-time homebuyers remain challenged; Increasing house prices Tailwinds Single-family market fundamentals are solid Markets are at pre-bubble levels Markets are in equilibrium Mortgage interest rate remain low

52 Housing, Household Tenure Choice, and the Locations We Choose A Home for Everyone Conference 2014 Presented by: Mark J. Eppli Interim Keyes Dean and Bell Chair in Real Estate Marquette University July 16, 2014


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