Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Richard Thomson DAZ 3D www.daz3d.com. Direct3D 11  CTP in November 2008 DirectX SDK  Vista (and beyond) only, not on XP  Evolution of Direct3D 10 

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Richard Thomson DAZ 3D www.daz3d.com. Direct3D 11  CTP in November 2008 DirectX SDK  Vista (and beyond) only, not on XP  Evolution of Direct3D 10 "— Presentation transcript:

1 Richard Thomson DAZ 3D

2 Direct3D 11  CTP in November 2008 DirectX SDK  Vista (and beyond) only, not on XP  Evolution of Direct3D 10  Compatible with D3D 10 cards

3 Evolution of Direct3D  Direct3D 9 Stable, been around for a while Last version to be deployed on Win XP  Direct3D 10 First Vista-only version Big change from D3D 9  Direct3D 10.1 Incremental tweak to D3D 10

4 Direct3D 10/10.1/11 vs. 9  Enumeration factored out to DXGI  Same DXGI used for 10, 10.1 and 11  Divide render/texture states into chunks  Chunks of state are immutable objects  “Device state” consists of set of assigned state chunks  Introduces new shader stages beyond vertex and pixel shaders  Tighter API specification => no CAPS

5 Direct3D 11 Focus  Scalability and performance  Improving the development experience  Extending the reach of the GPU

6 Direct3D 11 New Features  Tessellation  Compute Shader  Multithreading  Shader Subroutines  Improved Texture Compression  Other Features

7 Tessellation Direct3D 10 pipeline Plus Three new stages for Tessellation Input Assembler Vertex Shader Pixel Shader Hull Shader Rasterizer Output Merger Tessellator Domain Shader Geometry Shader Stream Output

8 Hull Shader Tessellator Domain Shader HS output: Patch control pts after Basis conversion HS output: TessFactors (how much to tessellate) fixed tessellator mode declarations HS input: patch control pts One Hull Shader invocation per patch

9 Hull Shader Syntax [patchsize(12)] [patchconstantfunc(MyPatchConstantFunc)] MyOutPoint main(uint Id : SV_ControlPointID, InputPatch InPts) { MyOutPoint result; … result = TransformControlPoint( InPts[Id] ); return result; }

10 Tessellator Hull Shader TS input: TessFactors (how much to tessellate) fixed tessellator mode declarations TS output: U V {W} domain points TS output: topology (to primitive assembly) Note: Tessellator does not see control points Tessellator operates per patch

11 Domain Shader Hull Shader Tessellator DS input: U V {W} domain points DS input: control points TessFactors DS output: one vertex One Domain Shader invocation per point from Tessellator

12 Domain Shader Syntax void main( out MyDSOutput result, float2 myInputUV : SV_DomainPoint, MyDSInput DSInputs, OutputPatch ControlPts, MyTessFactors tessFactors ) { … result.Position = EvaluateSurfaceUV( ControlPoints, myInputUV ); }

13 Single Pass Example displacement map Evaluate surface including displacement domain shader patch control points Animate/skin Control Points transformed control points vertex shader Transform basis, Determine how much to tessellate control points in Bezier patch U V {W} domain points Sub-D Patch Bezier Patch hull shader Tess Factors Tessellate! tessellator

14 Current Authoring Pipeline (Rocket Frog Taken From Loop &Schaefer, "Approximating Catmull-Clark Subdivision Surfaces with Bicubic Patches“) Sub-D Modeling AnimationDisplacement Map Polygon Mesh Generate LODs

15 New Authoring Pipeline (Rocket Frog Taken From Loop &Schaefer, "Approximating Catmull-Clark Subdivision Surfaces with Bicubic Patches“) Sub-D Modeling AnimationDisplacement Map Optimally Tessellated Mesh GPU

16 Tessellation Summary  Helps us get closer to eliminating “pointy heads”  Scales visual quality across PC hardware configurations  Supports performance increases Coarse model = compression, faster I/0 to GPU Rendering tailored to each end user’s hardware  Better cross-platform (Windows + Xbox 360) development experience Xbox 360 has a subset of D3D11’s tessellation Parity = ease of cross-platform development Extra features = innovation for Windows gaming  Render content as the artist created it!

17 More on Tessellation  GameFest 2008 Slides and Audio “Direct3D 11 Tessellation” ○ Kev Gee, Microsoft “Advanced Topics in GPU Tessellation” ○ Natasha Tatarchuk, AMD/ATI “Water-Tight, Textured, Displaced Subdivision Surface Tessellation Using Direct3D 11” ○ Ignacio Castano, NVIDIA

18 General Purpose GPU  Data Parallel Computing  GPU performance continues to grow  Many applications scale well to massive parallelism without tricky code changes  Direct3D is the API for talking to GPU  How do we expand Direct3D to GPGPU?

19 Compute Shader Direct3D 10 pipeline Plus Three new stages for Tessellation Plus Compute Shader Input Assembler Vertex Shader Pixel Shader Hull Shader Rasterizer Output Merger Tessellator Domain Shader Geometry Shader Stream Output Compute Shader Data Structure

20 Integrated with Direct3D  Fully supports all Direct3D resources  Targets graphics/media data types  Evolution of DirectX HLSL  Graphics pipeline updated to emit general data structures…  …which can then be manipulated by compute shader…  And then rendered by Direct3D again

21 Target Applications  Image/Post processing: Image Reduction Image Histogram Image Convolution Image FFT  A-Buffer/OIT  Ray-tracing, radiosity, etc.  Physics  AI

22 Computing a Histogram Histogram() { shared int Histograms[16][256];// array of 16 float3 vPixel = load( sampler, sv_ThreadID ); float fLuminance = dot( vPixel, LUM_VECTOR ); int iBin = fLuminance*255.0f; // compute bin to increment int iHist = sv_ThreadIDInGroup & 16; // use thread index Histograms[iHist][iBin] += 1; // update bin // enable all threads in group to complete SynchronizeThreadGroup;

23 Computing a Histogram 2 // Write register histograms out to memory: iBin = sv_ThreadIDInGroup.x; if (sv_ThreadID.x < 256) { for (iHist = 0; iHist < 16; iHist++) { int2 destAddr = int2(iHist, iBin); OutputResource.add(destAddr, Histograms[iHist][iBin]); // atomic }

24 Compute Shader Summary  Enables much more general algorithms  Transparent parallel processing model  Full cross-vendor support  Broadest possible installed base  GameFest 2008: “Direct3D 11 Compute Shader – More Generality for Advanced Techniques” ○ Chas Boyd, Microsoft

25 Multithreading  Enables distribution across threads of Application code Runtime Driver  Device: free threaded resource creation  Immediate Context: your single primary device for state & draws  Deferred Contexts: your per-thread devices for state & draws  Display Lists: Recorded sequence of graphics commands  Requires a driver update

26 Shader Subroutines  Details Calls must be fast Binding applies to all primitives in a Draw call Binding operation must be fast Need parameter passing mechanism Need access to textures, samplers, etc.  Advantages Reduce register usage in Über-shaders ○ Not worst case of all if statements Allows specialization of subroutines

27 Improved Texture Compression  Why?  Existing block palette interpolations too simple  Results often rife with blocking artifacts  No high dynamic range (HDR) support

28 New Texture Formats  BC6 (aka BC6H) High dynamic range 6:1 compression (16 bpc RGB) Targeting high (not lossless) visual quality  BC7 LDR with alpha 3:1 compression for RGB or 4:1 for RGBA High visual quality

29 Compression of New Formats  Block compression (unchanged) Each block independent Fixed compression ratio  Multiple block types (new) Tailored to different types of content Smooth gradients vs. noisy normal maps Varied alpha vs. constant alpha  Decompression results must be bit- accurate with spec

30 Comparison Results 1 OrigBC3 OrigBC7 Abs Error

31 Comparison Results 2 OrigBC3 OrigBC7 Abs Error

32 Comparison Results 3 Abs Error HDR Original at given exposure BC6 at given exposure

33 Other Features  Addressable Stream Out  Draw Indirect  Pull-model attribute eval  Improved Gather4  Min-LOD texture clamps  16K texture limits  Required 8-bit subtexel, submip filtering precision  Conservative oDepth  2 GB Resources  Geometry shader instance programming model  Optional double support  Read-only depth or stencil views

34 Thanks Allison Klein Senior Lead Program Manager Direct3D Microsoft Chas. Boyd Architect Windows Desktop & Gaming Technology Microsoft

35 Thank you to our Sponsors!


Download ppt "Richard Thomson DAZ 3D www.daz3d.com. Direct3D 11  CTP in November 2008 DirectX SDK  Vista (and beyond) only, not on XP  Evolution of Direct3D 10 "

Similar presentations


Ads by Google