Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

MLA. This tutorial covers: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College 1. General document formatting 2. Avoiding plagiarism: Citing sources - using.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "MLA. This tutorial covers: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College 1. General document formatting 2. Avoiding plagiarism: Citing sources - using."— Presentation transcript:

1 MLA

2 This tutorial covers: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College 1. General document formatting 2. Avoiding plagiarism: Citing sources - using quotes and paraphrases - identifying sources - integrating sources into your paper Documenting sources on a Works Cited page

3 What is MLA? Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College MLA provides standards for: - General document formatting - Avoiding plagiarism by citing and documenting sources MLA (Modern Language Association) style formatting is often used in various humanities disciplines.

4 Format: General Guidelines  Type on white 8.5“ x 11“ paper  Double-space everything  Use 12 pt. Times New Roman font (or similar font)  Leave only one space after punctuation  Set all margins to 1 inch on all sides  Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch

5 Formatting the 1st Page  No title page  Double space everything  In the upper left corner of the 1st page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and date  Center the paper title (use standard caps but no underlining, italics, quote, or bold)  Create a header in the upper right corner at half inch from the top and one inch from the right of the page (include your last name and page number)

6 The Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Sample 1st Page

7 Why use MLA? Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Reason #2: Avoiding plagiarism The guidelines for citing and documenting sources help you to avoid plagiarism.

8 2. Avoiding Plagiarism Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Plagiarism can happen whenever you use words, information, or ideas from a source. Sources can include books, articles, web pages, interviews, films, advertisements, etc. Oh yeah! This is good stuff for my paper.

9 2. Avoiding plagiarism Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Avoid plagiarism by identifying your sources. Identify your sources by citing and documenting them. Do this in two places: A) Cite your sources in the text of your paper B) Document your sources on a Works Cited page

10 A) Citing sources in the text of your paper Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Identify sources in the text of your paper by: - using quotes and paraphrases - adding author name and page number

11 A) Citing sources in the text of your paper - Using quotes & paraphrases: a quick review Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Quotes use the exact words found in a source. “tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights” Quotations marks show where the exact words begin and end.

12 A) Citing sources in the text of your paper - Using quotes & paraphrases: a quick review Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Paraphrases tell your readers what the source said, but in your own words. stricter gun control laws would affect our constitutional rights Quotations marks are not needed.

13 Are quotes and paraphrases enough? Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College “Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights.” Stricter gun control laws weaken our constitutional rights guaranteed in the Second Amendment. No! Quotes and paraphrases alone are not enough. Click! The quote is plagiarism because the source is not identified. The paraphrase is also plagiarism because the source is not identified. (The words were changed, but the idea came from a source)

14 A) Citing sources in the text of your paper Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Quotes and paraphrases alone aren’t enough to avoid plagiarism. Identify sources in the text of your paper by: Using quotes and paraphrases - Adding author name and page number. *** When an author’s name is not provided, use the title of the article, book or website and the page number

15 You have two options for adding author name and page number: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Earp points out that “tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights” (25). Opponents agree that “tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights” Option 1Option 2 Author name in front of the quote; page number in back. Author name and page number all in back. (Earp 25). Note: The citation is in parentheses and the end punctuation follows!!!!!

16 The same two options apply to paraphrases: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Earp argues that stricter gun control laws would affect our constitutional rights (25). Opponents argue that “stricter gun control laws would affect our constitutional rights” (Earp 25). Option 1Option 2 Click!

17 Option 1: Using signal phrases to smoothly integrate sources into your paper Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Signal phrase Author last name(s)Verb of attribution – past tense verbs Quote or paraphrase Smith and Wessonargued believed claimed described explained observed pointed out reported said suggested thought wrote “tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights." Tougher gun control weakens our rights guaranteed in the Second Amendment. Smith and Wesson believed that “tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights” (76). Smith and Wesson argued that tougher gun control weakens our rights guaranteed in the Second Amendment (76).

18 Activity: A) Citing sources in the text of your paper Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Select two of the sources on the next slide and cite the source: 1) Quote or paraphrase the words. 2) Identify the source by adding author name(s), and page number. Use Option 1 (name in front, page in back). 3) Write down your result.

19 Activity: Option 1 Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College My window is a grave, and all that lies within it’s dead. William Gass Page 213 The secret of getting ahead is getting started. Mark Twain Page 141 I’m not a very good writer, but I’m an excellent rewriter. James Michener Page 25 Tattoos and piercings can be seen as bodily aids in the inner struggle toward identity. Andres Martin Page 79 We have an oversimplified perspective of why children develop as they do. Elissa Allen Page 8 The lack of success of recent initiatives suggests that medication might not be the answer for the escalating problem. Luisa Mirano Page 3

20 2. Avoiding plagiarism Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Avoid plagiarism by identifying your sources. Identify your sources by citing and documenting them. Do this in two places: A) Cite your sources in the text of your paper B) Document your sources on a Works Cited page You’ve seen how to do A) So now, let’s do B)

21 B) Documenting sources on a Works Cited page What is a Works Cited page? It’s a bibliography of all the sources you used in your paper. It includes author names, dates, titles, book titles, names of journals or magazines, names of publishers, page numbers, etc. Its entries are alphabetized by author’s last name and formatted using hanging indentation. It’s the last page of your paper, and it stands alone as its own page.

22 Works Cited Page Entries Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, andMethod. Berkeley: U of California P, Print. Book with one author Smith, Albert, Kim Yang and Brain Moore “Guns are for Soldiers, Not Civilians: Time 20 Nov. 2000: Print. Article with several authors “The Impact of Global Warming in North America.” Global Warming: Early Signs Web. 23 Mar Article with no known author (Burke, 32). (Smith, Yang, and Moore 76). (“Impact of Global Warming” 6). Type of source Works Cited Entry In text Citation Visit the following page: MLA basics: https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/05/https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/05/ Everything you need to know about documentation and citation can be found here depending on the type of source you use.

23 2. Avoiding plagiarism Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Now you’ve seen it all, right? You’ve seen how to avoid plagiarism by identifying your sources in two places: A) Cite your sources in the text of your paper B) Document your sources on a References page You’ve tried A) Now, try B)

24 Activity: B) Documenting sources on a Works Cited page Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Source type: Book William Gass 1977 In the Heart of the Country New York Pocket Books Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature, and Method. Berkeley, CA: U of California P, Print. Model #6: Basic format for a book with one author. Let’s say you’re using this book in your paper. Here’s all the info you need to create a Works Cited page entry. Your task is to make this info match the model below. Write down your result. Click!

25 Activity: B) Documenting sources on a References page Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Article from an online periodical Andres Martin Teenagers and Tattoos Journal of the AACAP 2010 Issue 45, Pages Model #48: Article from an online periodical (with one author). Let’s say you’re also using this article from an online periodical in your paper. Here’s all the info you need to create a Works Cited Page entry. Your task, again, is to make this info match the model below. Write down your result. Bagchi, Alaknanda. "Conflicting Nationalisms: The Voice of the Subaltern in Mahasweta Devi's Bashai Tudu." Tulsa Studies in Women's Literature 15.1 (1996): www.nationalisminthenews.org. Click!

26 MLA-- how it all works Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Earp points out that “tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights” (25). Works Cited Earp, W. “Frontier Justice: your rights, your gun.” Tombstone Law Journal 40.4, (2008): 10 – 52. Print. Wyatt Earp Frontier Justice Tighter gun control in the United States erodes Second Amendment rights. 25 Earp’s bookMy paperWorks Cited Page 1.Use a source2. Cite the source3. Document the source

27 The Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Match-Up Game: Match each in-text citation to the correct References entry. A Niven states, “violent video games greatly contribute to a cultural devaluation of life” (23). B Proponents of the death penalty cite the effectiveness of this method in discouraging repeat offenses (Eastwood 10). C According to Connell, “depictions of wafer- thin celebs in the media distort the self- perceptions of many women” (Allen 17). 1 Allen, N. Model Media. Chicago, IL: Print. 2 Eastwood, C. “The death penalty in a humanitarian world.” Journal of Law and Justice, 22.1(2007) Print 3 Niven, D. (2009). “Licensed to kill?” Journal of SPECTRE,35.1(2009) Print

28 REVIEW: MLA & Avoiding Plagiarism Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College Whenever you use words, information, or ideas from a source…. …you must identify the source. Oh yeah! This is good stuff for my paper. Identify your sources by citing and documenting them: A) Cite your sources in the text of your paper B) Document your sources on a References page

29 To Know for Quiz  Formatting your paper.  What is plagiarism?  Difference between paraphrase and quoting.  Two types of internal citations  Formatting a Works Cited page  Know what is included in a Works Cited entry: author, title, publication city, year of publication and type of media.


Download ppt "MLA. This tutorial covers: Writing Center - Yakima Valley Community College 1. General document formatting 2. Avoiding plagiarism: Citing sources - using."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google