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November 20, 2003University of Colorado The Off-Plane Option Study Results Potential Capabilities Webster Cash University of Colorado.

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Presentation on theme: "November 20, 2003University of Colorado The Off-Plane Option Study Results Potential Capabilities Webster Cash University of Colorado."— Presentation transcript:

1 November 20, 2003University of Colorado The Off-Plane Option Study Results Potential Capabilities Webster Cash University of Colorado

2 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Off-plane Mount In-plane Mount

3 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Radial Groove Gratings

4 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Off-plane Resolution At typical values of off-plane angles and 15” telescope resolution R ~ several hundred → thousand Sub-Aperturing improves it further

5 November 20, 2003University of Colorado An Off-plane X-ray Spectrum

6 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Packing Geometry +1 0 Central grating must be removed. Half the light goes through Gratings may be packed optimally In-plane Off-plane

7 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Throughput L. Goray -- SPIE 2003 Off-plane 60% In-plane 17%

8 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Internal Structure of Telescope Blur Favors Dispersion in Off-plane Direction Spectral line of HeII 304Å displaying In-plane scatter Data from a radial grating in the off-plane mount, Wilkinson

9 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Subaperture Effect

10 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Grating Modules R450.0mm Inner Mirrors High Energy R151.4mm Off-plane Grating Module Locations on Envelope R770.0mm Outer Mirrors Grating Area

11 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Can Improve Performance

12 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Can Improve Performance

13 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Raytracing – Arc of Diffraction

14 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Raytrace – 35 & Å

15 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Raytracing of Wavelength Pairs and +.028Å 10Å 90Å 80Å 70Å 60Å 50Å 40Å 35Å30Å 25Å 20Å15Å

16 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Difficulties of High Resolution ( /Δ >1200) flatter gratings tighter alignment tighter focus telescope depth of focus adjustment zero order monitor essential to aspect solution more difficult calibration greater astigmatism –higher background –more source overlap

17 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Tolerances Where d =allowable linear error, f =allowable angular error, w = telescope resolution, q = graze angle, e=fractional limit, n=# of waves in surface error, w = grating width, h=grating height, and F=distance from gratings to detector, R=resolution (l/dl), s=telescope spot size, ds=sub-apertured image width, y=azimuthal position of grating on telescope. Quantified tolerances assume: w=15arcsec, q = 2 , w=h=110mm, n=1, F=9.5m, s=750um, ds=60um, y=30 

18 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Wavefront Error: Resolution 1000 Total allowable error 21  m Fabrication 2.87  m (rss) Substrate Figure (3 ) 1.9  m (requirement) Replication Epoxy cure strain 1.0  m (calc) Replicate Separation Strain 1.9  m (WAG/3 ) Mount 10 um (WAG) Test ( /50).013  m Stability 6.23  m (rss) Creep 0.5  m (WAG) Water absorption (assume 0.3%) 1.6  m (calc) Thermal gradient (0.5°C) 6  m (calc) Jitter (on orbit).0003  m (WAG/calc) Alignment 10  m (estimate) 1g Sag.09  m (calc) Temp (bulk) ±2.5°C 2.02  m (rss) Mount 2  m (WAG) Reflective coating bimetallic effect 0.3  m (calc) Replication epoxy bimetallic effect  m (calc) Spare (rss) Constellation X Off-plane Grating Mount rms Wavefront Error Budget (15 arcsec max) All errors are presented as rms wavefront error

19 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Off-Plane Lab Demonstrations ● Efficiency – Holographic Grating – Ion-etched blaze ● Resolution – Sub-aperture – Holographic coma control

20 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Efficiency Testing Facility Used for COS and FUSE

21 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Grating #1 Jobin-Yvon, radial grooves, 4246 g/mm, γ = 2º Absolute Efficiency: strongest order = 13% Sum orders = 29%

22 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Grating #2 Jobin-Yvon, radial grooves, 4246 g/mm, blazed γ = 2º Absolute Efficiency: strongest order = 6.4% Sum orders = 11% 30% (w/ scatter)

23 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Grating #3

24 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Grating #3 ● MIT, parallel rulings, 5000 g/mm, blazed 7º Groove eff. = Abs. eff./Reflectivity (a.k.a. Relative eff.)

25 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Resolution Testing 3602mm 750mm 109mm 1439mm 900mm 41mm above center line Rotated 7 degrees wrt to center line 52mm below center line

26 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Resolution of 500 Limited by telescope (dispersion limited): 3mm image from hole telescope 0.2mm image subapetured 1m focal length

27 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Off-plane Flight Demonstration New Sounding Rocket Program Radial Gratings Grid Collimator Detector Side View Top View Spectroscopy of Highly Extended X-ray Sources  ~ 100 SNR Superbubbles Soft X-ray Background

28 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Performance

29 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Expected Results

30 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Off-Plane Potential ● Higher Resolution ● Higher Collecting Area ● Spectro-photo-polarimetry ● Lower Cost ● Lower Mass Some Combination of These

31 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Resolution Energy (keV) ,000 E/  E Calorimeter – 2eV I-P n=1 I-P n=2 Primary Response ASSUMPTIONS: 5500g/mm 15” SXT 2” gratings 2” alignment <35% Response Extended CCD Mission Requirement Mission Goal O-P n=1 O-P n=2 O-P n=3 Mission Requirement

32 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Effective Area Energy (keV) cm 2 ASSUMPTIONS: Coverage 40% of outer envelope Off-Plane Groove Efficiency 80% of theoretical 85% Structure Transmission CCD thin Al filter only off-plane baseline  Goal Mission Requirement

33 November 20, 2003University of Colorado Cost/Risk Curve 1, ,000 Easy ($) Moderate ($$) Difficult ($$$) Grating Flatness/Alignment Tolerances Tighten SXT to 5 Arcsec Start Impacting SXT Astigmatism Needed


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