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FREQUENCY REUSE Mr. S. K. KIBE Director/Frequency Spectrum Management Communications Commission of Kenya Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010 ITU-T Workshop.

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Presentation on theme: "FREQUENCY REUSE Mr. S. K. KIBE Director/Frequency Spectrum Management Communications Commission of Kenya Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010 ITU-T Workshop."— Presentation transcript:

1 FREQUENCY REUSE Mr. S. K. KIBE Director/Frequency Spectrum Management Communications Commission of Kenya Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010 ITU-T Workshop on Delivering Good Quality Telecommunication Service in a Safe Environment in Africa (Nairobi, Kenya, 26 July – 27 July 2010 )

2 Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010 2 SCOPE 1. What is frequency reuse 2. Examples of frequency reuse 3. Coverage versus capacity 4. Spectrum efficiency versus system performance 5. Strategies to improve frequency reuse

3 3 What is frequency reuse Ability to re-use frequencies to increase both coverage and capacity Example of a frequency reuse plan for cluster size N = 3, with hexagonal cells Reuse distance and cluster size indicates extent of frequency reuse Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010

4 4 Examples of frequency reuse In UMTS Frequency reuse factor is 1, neighbouring cells can operate on the same frequency band UMTS LTE uses fractional reuse. Users near base stations reuse the same frequencies (OFDM subcarriers), while users at the cell border are allocated to subcarriers in a coordinated manner between base stations in order to minimize interferences Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010

5 5 Coverage versus capacity In an initial network, planners typically aim at maximum coverage As subscribers increase, planners need to optimize the capacity of the network. Cell size should be as small as possible to accommodate additional capacity Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010

6 6 Spectrum efficiency Spectrum efficiency S E in erlang/MHz/km 2 can be defined as follows:A c S E = ----------- B T N M S u M is the number of channels per base station B T is occupied bandwidth per channel N is the cluster size A c is the carried traffic per cell in Erlangs S u is the area of a cell Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010

7 7 Spectrum efficiency versus system performance Spectrum efficiency decreases with increasing reuse distance and cluster size System performance improves with increasing re-use distance and cluster size Achieving high system performance and efficient use of the spectrum are conflicting objectives Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010

8 8 Strategies to improve frequency reuse Use synthesised frequency hopping. Allows a greater number of radio channels to operate in each sector. Use AMR adaptive Multi Rate to improve network resilience on interference. Defines multiple voice encoding rates each with its level of error control. Dynamically responds to radio conditions using the most effective mode of operation at each moment in time. Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010

9 9 Strategies to improve frequency reuse Use dynamic frequency and channel allocation based on the current radio environment. Chooses a channel with most suitable C/I for new connections without increasing interferences on existing connections. Implement hierarchical structure Macro layer Micro layer: Indoor micros for hot spots and tall indoor buildings, and street micros for high traffic spots Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010

10 10 Strategies to improve frequency reuse Use dynamic power control. By using the minimum transmission power possible for the terminal and base station, interference in neighbouring cells can be minimised Use discontinous transmission. Minimises transmission when a person is not talking. On average conversation, each user speaks less than 50% of the time. Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010

11 11 Strategies to improve frequency reuse Use real measurements. Expensive but allows tighter frequency reuse Uplink interference cancellation. Uplink interference is reduced allowing for tighter frequency reuse Update geodata information, network planning data and calibration of propagation models Build new sites Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010

12 12 Q&A Thank you Nairobi, Kenya, 26 – 27 July 2010


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