Presentation on theme: "111 Dr. Nihad Almughany University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture Summer Semester 2009 -2010 Introduction."— Presentation transcript:
111 Dr. Nihad Almughany University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture Summer Semester 2009 -2010 Introduction to Interior Design ( EAGD 3217 ) Lecture 3 STYLES OF INTERIOR DESIGN
22 CONTENTS –1- AIMS. –2- REVIEW OF LAST LECTURE ( HISTORY OF INTERIOR DESIGN ). –3- Interior Design Profession –4- STYLES OF INTERIOR DESIGN 4.1- CLASSICAL STYLE. 4.2- ART NOUVEAU. 3.3- ART DECO. 4.4- THE BAUHAUS. 4.5- MODERN ( INTERNATIONAL STYLE ). 4.6- POST MODERN. 4.7- TRADITIONAL ARABIC / ISLAMIC. 4.8- LOCALITY STYLES. –5- CONCLUSION.
33 1- AIMS This lecture aims to: –Review of the last lecture ( History of Interior Design). –Highlight the styles and theories of interior design. –Learn about some famous names of interior designers through the ages. 3
44 2- REVIEW OF THE LAST LECTURE History of interior design. – ANCIENT TIMES. –THE RENAISSANCE –THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. –ART NOUVEAUE. –THE MODERN MOVEMENT
5 3- Interior Design Profession Interior design as we now know it emerged as a formal profession in the late Nineteenth Century. Bolstered by patronage and newfound respect for their professions, artists and craftspeople made tighter and tighter distinctions between their trades. As middle classes emerged in Europe and North America, citizens of all economic categories started to take action to improve their living quarters. The actual profession of interior designer is credited to a woman named Dorothy Draper, who was commissioned to decorate all thirty-seven floors of the Hampshire House hotel in 1937 Manhattan. Even though renowned architect Frank Lloyd Wright called her an "inferior desecrator," Ms. Draper had decorated scores of offices, restaurants, hospitals, and even a car for Packard (in 1952) and an airplane interior for Convair.
6 The styles of interior design are constantly changing as new ideas take hold and new types of materials are developed to accentuate the interior spaces. A number of basic design styles apply to everything from furniture to interior and exterior design. In general, we can classify the interior design most significant styles as follows: –CLASSICAL STYLE. –ART NOUVEAU. –ART DECO. –THE BAUHAUS. –MODERN ( INTERNATIONAL STYLE ). –POST MODERN. –TRADITIONAL ARABIC / ISLAMIC. – LOCALITY STYLES. In each of the mentioned styles there are many ideas and sub- styles. 4- STYLES OF INTERIOR DESIGN 6
7 Use of classic elements and motifs in different interior elements. Classic orders and organization : symmetry, proportion, styles,…etc. Classic colors : tend to use natural / dark colors. Use of traditional materials or modern materials in the shape of traditional ones. 77 4.1- CLASSICAL STYLE:
11 A very decorative style with many design ideas being taken from nature and using new materials of steel and glass. It was the main form of design that broke the barrier and history of the divide between decorative arts and fine arts. Wall designs, lamps, furniture and decorative elements. 11 4.2- ART NOUVEAU
16 4.3- ART DECO Art Deco style of interior design is a streamlined, geometric style which often includes furniture pieces with curved fronts, mirrors, clean lines, chrome hardware, and glass. This elegant style began as a Modernist response in opposition to Art Nouveau style which featured elaborate, flowing natural forms. Art Deco makes use of angular, balanced geometric shapes. Renowned artists that helped to define Art Deco style include Erte, Adolphe Mouron and Tamara de Lempicka. The atmosphere of pre-World War I Europe was a major influence on this style which was a reaction to the societal and industrial advances of the early 20th century. Paris was the hub of Art Deco style. After a 1926 hurricane ravaged Miami, Florida, architects designed whole city blocks in the Art Deco style. 16
17 Dr Nihad Almughany- Introduction to Interior Design- 2008
20 This style was based on simplicity and the colors tended to be neutral (white, grey etc). Any colors that were used tended to be primary colors such as red and used only in splashes. The main materials used were glass, steel and thin layers of concrete. Standardization and prefabrication 20 4.4- THE BAUHAUS
22 4.5- MODERN ( INTERNATIONAL STYLE) Avoid ornaments. Simplicity in design and construction. Use of colors. Use of modern materials and techniques. Free space. Complementarily between architecture, arts and industry. 22
27 4.6- THE POST MODERN Beginning in the 1960’s and lasting through today, the post-modern movement took root as a response to modernist design. Another key theme in post-modern design is borrowing from the past to create eclectic designs in architecture, furnishings, and interiors. Wit and humor are also common elements in post-modern buildings and homes. Post-modernists seek to create comfortable spaces for the body, mind, and soul. Notable post-modern designers include Robert Venturi, Michael Graves, Philip Johnson, and Robert A.M. Stern, Judy McKie ( furniture designer) and others. Different styles such as classic modernism, deconstructivism,..etc.
30 4.7- Traditional Arabic / Islamic Style Use of traditional Arabic or Islamic features and elements. Use of Arabesque ornaments and calligraphy. Privacy in interior spaces. Handicrafts ( wood, copper, etc.). 30
42 5- CONCLUSION -There are many interior design styles and ideas. Of the famous styles are: -Classical -Art Nouveau -Art Deco -Bauhaus -Modern -Post Modern -Traditional Arabic/ Islamic -Locality styles: Italian, Gulf,…etc. -A specific style is applied to different interior design aspects and elements such as: arrangement of spaces, furniture, decoration elements, lighting, curtains and others. -The interior designer must choose the appropriate style depends on the place, the users and other factors, and matches that to all themes of the design.