Presentation on theme: "Social Studies Monday September 24, 2012 WARM UP—News Notes KEY QUESTION—Why were the colonists disagreeing with the British Parliament? We will."— Presentation transcript:
Social Studies Monday September 24, 2012 WARM UP—News Notes KEY QUESTION—Why were the colonists disagreeing with the British Parliament? We will come back to this page and answer the KQ after taking notes Tape or glue your handout notes on page
Tighter British Control After the French & Indian War, the relationship between the colonists and the British started to become bitter. In the 1760s, Parliament (Britain’s law makers) made new laws and restrictions that threatened the colonists’ freedom. King George III, the British monarch, began to tighten his control of the American colonies. First, King George issued the Proclamation of 1763, which forbade the colonists from settling beyond the Appalachian Mountains. This law angered the colonists. Then, King George sent 10,000 soldiers to the colonies to enforce the proclamation.
Tighter British Control Housing 10,000 troops proved to be expensive for Britain, so Parliament passed the Quartering Act, a law that required colonists to house all British soldiers. Britain was in debt and wanted the colonists to help pay part of the costs. In 1764, Parliament passed the Sugar Act, a law that placed a tax on sugar, molasses, and other products shipped to the colonies. The following year, Parliament passed the Stamp Act, a law that required all legal and commercial documents to carry an official stamp showing that a tax had been paid. All wills, contracts, newspapers and diplomas had to have the stamp. These new laws angered the colonists: Their anger focused on two complaints: 1.) Parliament had no right to tax the colonies—that was a job for the colonial assembly. 2.) No tax should be created without their consent.
Video Clips—Proclamation of 1763, Quartering Act, Sugar Act, Stamp Act Answer today’s KQ in your notebook—Why were the colonists disagreeing with the British Parliament? ANSWER—Parliament was enforcing new laws and restrictions that threatened the colonists’ freedom to self- govern. NEW KQ—How did the colonists react when Parliament took over the assemblies’ power to tax? Tape or glue notes onto same page
Social Studies Wednesday September 26, 2012—page 45 WARM UP—News Notes—page 45 WARM UP #2—What is a tax? Today’s KEY QUESTION—How did the colonists react when Parliament took over the assemblies’ power to tax? Tape or glue your handout notes onto page 46
Tighter British Control The Sugar and Stamp Acts enraged the colonists. Everywhere people were yelling: “No taxation without representation!” Patrick Henry, a member of Virginia’s House of Burgesses, demanded resistance. In 1765, delegates from the colonies formed the Stamp Act Congress in New York and drafted a petition to the king protesting the Stamp Act and declared that the right to tax the colonists belonged to the colonial assemblies and not Parliament. Meanwhile, some colonists formed secret societies, such as the Sons of Liberty, to oppose British polices.
Tighter British Control The colonists complaints against Parliament were bitter, load and sometimes violent, but the most effective protest took the form of a boycott, a widespread refusal to buy British goods. Parliament finally repealed the Stamp Act in 1766, but at the same time, Parliament passed the Declaratory Act, which stated that Parliament had supreme authority to govern the colonies. Although the colonists celebrated the repeal of the Stamp Act, the great argument between Parliament and the colonies had just begun.
Social Studies Answer the KQ for today—How did the colonists react when Parliament took over the assemblies’ power to tax? ANSWER—The colonists formed the Stamp Act Congress to protest Parliament’s power to tax the colonies. The colonists also boycotted British goods. 2 nd KQ for today—Why did the Townshend Acts anger the colonists?
Colonial Resistance Grows The purpose of the Declaratory Act was simply to reassert Parliament’s control over all colonial affairs. With the Stamp Act repealed, Britain still needed money, so Parliament passed the 1767 Townshend Acts, which placed taxes on numerous imports to the colonies such as glass, paper, paint, lead, and tea. In addition, the acts allowed British officers to issue writs of assistance, or search warrants, to enter homes and businesses to search for smuggled or illegal goods. News of the Townshend Acts sparked immediate protest throughout the colonies. People were furious that Parliament once again passed a tax without their consent. Colonists felt that only elected officials—rather than Parliament— should have the right to create laws and taxes in the colonies.
Social Studies Video Clip Answer today’s 2 nd KQ—Why did the Townshend Acts anger the colonists? ANSWER—They were passed without the colonists’ consent, and because they allowed British officials to search the colonists’ homes.