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The Cold War 1945-1990ish By Sam Irving BIG Idea: The U.S. and the Soviet Union emerged from WWII as the world’s two superpowers. Differences in politics.

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Presentation on theme: "The Cold War 1945-1990ish By Sam Irving BIG Idea: The U.S. and the Soviet Union emerged from WWII as the world’s two superpowers. Differences in politics."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Cold War ish By Sam Irving

3 BIG Idea: The U.S. and the Soviet Union emerged from WWII as the world’s two superpowers. Differences in politics led them to the cold war conflict. BIG Idea: The U.S. and the Soviet Union emerged from WWII as the world’s two superpowers. Differences in politics led them to the cold war conflict.

4 Why Cold? U.S. and Soviet Union competed for world influence without actual armed conflict. The possibility of nuclear war made “hot” war too dangerous.

5 How did the cold war divide Europe?

6 The Iron Curtain The U.S. promoted capitalist democracies in Western Europe. The U.S. promoted capitalist democracies in Western Europe. –NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization) Eastern European countries became controlled by the Soviet Union after WWII. Eastern European countries became controlled by the Soviet Union after WWII. –Warsaw Pact

7 Cold War Weapons Economics Diplomacy Espionage Threat of nuclear war Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev

8 Arms Race Arms Race –Intercontinental ballistic missiles on both sides by the 1950s. –Believed huge arsenals would prevent war. (Intimidation)

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10 The Marshall Plan Sent $13 billion in aid to rebuild war- torn Western Europe and increase U.S. influence in the region. –R–R–R–Reasoning: Communism thrives on economic problems. –B–B–B–By 1950s, Western European economies were prospering.

11 Western Europe Welfare State: a system in which the national government provides programs for the well-being of its citizens. Social Security, free education, national health care.Social Security, free education, national health care. A middle-way between communism and pure capitalism?A middle-way between communism and pure capitalism?

12 What’s happening here? Loss of global-power status led to rapid decolonization.

13 The Communist Bloc Economic focus on heavy industry and the military led to consumer goods shortages. Economic focus on heavy industry and the military led to consumer goods shortages. Soviets invaded eastern European countries that sought independence. Soviets invaded eastern European countries that sought independence. –Soviet-Afghan War  Soviets vs. the Taliban

14 Germany Divided West Germany prospered under the Marshall Plan. East Germany declined under Soviet control. In 1961 Soviet leader Khrushchev created the Berlin Wall separating East and West Berlin.

15 Assignment/Activity ELT: Give examples of how philosophical beliefs have influenced society. ELT: Give examples of how philosophical beliefs have influenced society. –How did cold war mentalities divided Europe and the world? “The Cold War” “The Cold War” –Guided Reading

16 What’s going on here?

17 The Cold War in Southeast Asia BIG Idea: During the cold war, southeast Asia became a battleground due to the U.S. domino theory and containment policy. BIG Idea: During the cold war, southeast Asia became a battleground due to the U.S. domino theory and containment policy.

18 The Domino Theory U.S. cold war belief that if one country went communist, surrounding countries would follow. U.S. cold war belief that if one country went communist, surrounding countries would follow.

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20 Containment U.S. policy of holding back the spread of communism through military engagement around the globe. U.S. policy of holding back the spread of communism through military engagement around the globe.

21 Truman Doctrine: sending American military aid to any nation “threatened” by communism.

22 The Korean War The entire Korean Peninsula was ruled by Japan from 1910 until the end of WWII (1945). The entire Korean Peninsula was ruled by Japan from 1910 until the end of WWII (1945). After WWII, the Soviets occupied the north down to the 38 th parallel, and the Americans occupied the south. After WWII, the Soviets occupied the north down to the 38 th parallel, and the Americans occupied the south.

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24 North Korea, aided by Communist China, invaded South Korea. The U.S. fought for the South. North Korea, aided by Communist China, invaded South Korea. The U.S. fought for the South. War ended in stalemate leaving Korea divided at the 38 th parallel. War ended in stalemate leaving Korea divided at the 38 th parallel. North Korea became a communist dictatorship. North Korea became a communist dictatorship. –Militaristic –Isolated from the world

25 Vietnam War Vietnamese communists, under popular leader Ho Chi Minh, ousted French colonial rule after WWII. Vietnamese communists, under popular leader Ho Chi Minh, ousted French colonial rule after WWII. –Soviet Union & Communist China supported Minh. –U.S. supported the French.

26 Ho Chi Minh

27 Two sides agreed to a Communist North Vietnam and a pro-Western South Vietnam. Two sides agreed to a Communist North Vietnam and a pro-Western South Vietnam.

28 Ngo Dinh Diem: South Vietnamese Leader

29 Buddhist Monk protesting repressive, non-democratic (U.S. supported) South Vietnamese leadership.

30 U.S. supported unpopular leaders in the South. U.S. supported unpopular leaders in the South. –South Vietnamese guerillas, the Viet Cong, fought with north Vietnamese communists to unite all of Vietnam under Minh. President Johnson greatly increased U.S. involvement in President Johnson greatly increased U.S. involvement in –Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

31 A Viet Cong Prisoner

32 Viet Cong Tunnel System

33 Ho Chi Minh Trail

34 President Nixon secretly began bombing Cambodia in 1969.

35 What are these planes doing?

36 Agent Orange Destruction

37 Victims of agent orange

38 How do you think televised coverage of the Vietnam war affected support at home?

39 Four anti-war protestors are killed at Kent State in Ohio, 1970.

40 Antiwar demonstrator burning his draft card

41 Opposition at home led the U.S. to withdraw and Vietnam was united under the communists in Opposition at home led the U.S. to withdraw and Vietnam was united under the communists in 1975.

42 Effects of the Vietnam War 2 million dead (58,000 Americans) 2 million dead (58,000 Americans) American image damaged around the world. American image damaged around the world. Domino theory was disproven as divisions developed between the Soviet Union and Communist China. Domino theory was disproven as divisions developed between the Soviet Union and Communist China.

43 Assignment/Activity No Homework!!! No Homework!!!

44 Works Cited Adams, Eddie. Saigon Execution. Associated Press. Web. 10 May Arms Race Private collection. Web. 2 May Bonniespots. Dominoes. Private collection. Web. 8 May Captured Viet Cong National Archives and Records Administration. Web. 8 May Cat with Machine Gun. Private collection. Web. 2 May Cold War Divisions. Private collection. Web. 2 May Cold War Flags Private collection. Web. 2 May Decolonization of Africa. Private collection. Web. 2 May

45 Domino Globe Private collection. Web. 2 May Domino Theory. Private collection. Web. 2 May Eastern Bloc Private collection. Web. 2 May Es, Hubert V. Saigon Evacuation. Private collection. Web. 10 May Ho Chi Minh. Private collection. Web. 2 May Ho Chi Minh Trail Private collection. Web. 8 May How Communism Works Private collection. Web. 2 May Kent State Shooting Private collection. Web. 8 May Khrushchev Shoe. Private collection. Web. 2 May Kim Jon Il. Private collection. Web. 2 May Michigan J. Frog. Private collection. Web. 2 May

46 Ngo Dinh Diem with Eisenhower. Private collection. Web. 2 May Richard M. Nixon bowling at the White House bowling alley National Archives and Records Administration. Web. 10 May Spy vs Spy. Private collection. Web. 29 Apr Thich Quang Duc Private collection. Web. 2 May Trapped Cat. Private collection. Web. 8 May Truman. Private collection. Web. 2 May Victims of Agent Orange. Private collection. Web. 10 May Western Europe Private collection. Web. 2 May White, Matthew. Korean War Private collection. Web. 2 May


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