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Global Agricultural Research Partnerships: Response to challenges to the sector Olanrewaju Smith Executive Secretary GFAR.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Agricultural Research Partnerships: Response to challenges to the sector Olanrewaju Smith Executive Secretary GFAR."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Agricultural Research Partnerships: Response to challenges to the sector Olanrewaju Smith Executive Secretary GFAR

2 Paradigm shifts in the sector Ensure Food Security Maintain Environmental Integrity Contribute to poverty alleviation Compete in an open integrated market

3 Current Trends of the Challenges MDG #1 Ensure FOOD SECURITY Reduce number of hungry people by half 1990-922015 80 million40 million

4 Global Incidence of undernourishment Geographic Entity Incidence of under nourishment % PopulationMillion People 1997-99201520301997-9920152030 Developing Countries17116776610443 Sub-Saharan Africa342315194205183 Near East & North Africa975323734 Latin America & Caribbean 1164544025 South Asia24126303195119 East Asia116419313582 Source: FAO 2003a

5 Current trends of the challenges Reduce extreme Poverty 1.2 billion live on < $1/day 40% in Sub-Saharan Africa 40% in South Asia

6 Source: UNDP 2005 “the Millennium Project” Major trends in the MDGs, by region

7 Current trends of the challenges MDG # 7: Maintain Environmental Integrity Land degradation Water resources depletion Biodiversity losses Loss of forest cover

8 Estimated Forest Cover and Forest Cover Change between 1990 and 2000 Region Forest Area 2000Area Change (1990-2000) Total forest% of land area 000 ha%000 ha/yr World3,869,45529.6-9,391 Africa649,86621.8-5,262 Asia547,79317.8-364 Europe*1,039,25146.0881 Southern America885,61850.5-3,711 Source: FAO 2000. The global Forest Resources Assessment 2000, Rome: FAO * Europe includes the former Soviet republics of Belarus, Moldova, Russian Federation, and Ukraine

9 Current trends of the challenges Globalization Induced Economic Growth $ 165 billion/yr global income 75% of it in industrialized countries Growth of Trade deficit in dev countries  subsidy promoted imports  Tariff induced export slump

10 Responses to the challenges Alarming trends Need to confront and reverse them How well is the sector responding

11 Status of responses to challenges ChallengesRating of responses Food securityInconsistent and faltering Poverty alleviation Small gains Environmental sustainability Loosing the battle Economic growth and competitivity Short lived, limited to few countries and unsustained

12 Policies that enhance research and development responses FactorEnhancing policies Technology and knowledge creation Human capital development, public support to agricultural research, improved management and organization of research institutions, improved access to knowledge (ICT) Adoption and utilization of Research results Infrastructure, credit, social adjustment programs, price policies, improved input and produce markets Risk and uncertainty Political stability, clear policies on IPR, other regulatory measures. Adapted from Roseboon 2003

13 Focus on research Comprehensive production systems Value adding technologies Important productivity gains

14 Possible agricultural productivity gains in developing countries IndicatorsSSAWANASouth Asia LACHigh Income countries % of arable land irrigated 3.828.739.311.611.0 Cereal production (kg/capita/yr) 128 224259746 Cereal yield (kg/ha)9861963230827954002 Livestock productivity (kg/ha) 128147121198248 Fertilizer use (kg/ha) 96910985125 Source: FAO 2003b

15 NARS and global system contribution Primary responsibility of NARS Need to collaborate on SR/R basis Room for Inter-regional collaboration Entry point of GFAR

16 GFAR Mission To mobilize the scientific community and all other stakeholders involved in agricultural research for development, and support their efforts to alleviate poverty, increase food security and promote sustainable utilization of natural resources

17 GFAR Stakeholders Farmers` Organizations Non-Government Organizations NARS through their SR/RF Advanced Research Institutions International Agric. Research Centres, The agri-business private sector A group of donors

18 FORAGRO Forum of the Americas for Agricultural Research and Technological Development FARA Forum for Agricultural Resch. in Africa APAARI Asia-Pacific Assoc. Of Agricult. Res. Inst. AARINENA AARINENA Assoc. of Agricultural Res. Inst. Near East and North Africa EFARD European Forum on Agríc. R&D

19 Global.RAIS Develop and/or strengthen Regional Agricultural Information Systems (RAIS) Linked to each other, to EGFAR and to the outside world To facilitate information exchange and knowledge sharing

20 Current status of Information Communication Services in various RF Information and Communication Services AARINENA RAIS APARISCAC RAIS FARA RAIS FORAGRO INFOTEC Science and Technology Info NoneFull text search and Retrieval None Full text search and retrieval, on line upload by users Technical Information NascentNascent, (success stories) Nascent (Agro web) NoneMarket place for technologies Research data management None GIS e-mail, e- discussion and related Tools (directories, indexes) None e-discussion, weekly bulletin, directories available

21 Current Information Communication Technology status in Asia-Pacific NARS NARSRural Infrastructure S&T Information (library, automation and networking Extension / Outreach Info. System (policy, public &private sector using ICT to reach farmers) Skills (Users, developers, managers, language) Malaysia Developed India Emerging Developed Philippines Emerging Developed Thailand EmergingDeveloped Emerging Indonesia PoorEmergingDevelopedEmerging Sri Lanka PoorDevelopedEmerging Laos Poor Cambodia Poor

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