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CAMBODIAN GENOCIDE HOPE PROJECT Darcie Stanton and Deanna Harris 'To spare you is no profit, to destroy you is no loss.‘ -Khmer Rouge Slogan.

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Presentation on theme: "CAMBODIAN GENOCIDE HOPE PROJECT Darcie Stanton and Deanna Harris 'To spare you is no profit, to destroy you is no loss.‘ -Khmer Rouge Slogan."— Presentation transcript:

1 CAMBODIAN GENOCIDE HOPE PROJECT Darcie Stanton and Deanna Harris 'To spare you is no profit, to destroy you is no loss.‘ -Khmer Rouge Slogan

2 Where is Cambodia? = Cambodia = Vietnam - South East Asia - Less than half the size of California and twice the size of Scotland.

3 Background  US bombing in Vietnam affected Cambodia  In 1970 American backed Lon Nol took over from Prince Sihanouk  Destroyed the government  People wanted change  In 1975 Khmer Rouge took over from Lon Nol

4 Khmer Rouge  Guerilla army  Followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea  Based on the ideas of Vietnamese People Party  Led by Pol Pot  Assissted by Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, Son Sen, and Khieu Samphan  Took over Cambodia  Wanted a Communist peasant farming society

5 Victims  Foreigners  Intellectuals, professionals from any field  Old, very young, Disabled, Ill  Minority groups  Religious people  Children  “It was possible for people to be shot simply for knowing a foreign language, wearing glasses, laughing, or crying.”  Took pictures

6 Strategies  All of Cambodia's cities were forcibly evacuated and put into labour camps  Ten to fifteen families lived together with a chairman at the head of each group.  Would work for up to 16 hours a day  Every tenth day was a day of rest. There were also three days off during the Khmer New Year festival.  Starvation ("Hunger is the most effective disease.”)  In the villages, unsupervised gatherings of more than two people were forbidden.

7 Strategies  Up to 20,000 people were tortured into giving false confessions at Tuol Sleng, a school in Phnom Penh which had been converted into a jail.  Prisoners were chained to the floor lying down and had to ask permission to sit up  Many methods of torture used

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9 Torture Methods  Beat them with anything could find- didnt use ammunition  Electric shock  Pulled off fingernails and poured alcohol on them  Dunked them head first into water  Waterboard

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11 Resolution  1978 Vietnam invaded Kampuchea took over  Economy was completely ruined  Mass graves discovered in 1995  In 1998 VOA reported about the tribunal  Pol Pot heard and died that night  Wife claimed it was heart failure  Body cremated  SUICIDE????????

12 Memorials  Tuol Sleng  Nicknamed the S-21  Used to be the prison/torture centre  Now is a museum

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18 Memorials  Cheoung Ek  Killing fields  buried  Home to a memorial

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23 Conclusion  1.7 million out of 8 million  21% of population  1 million from starvation and disease  Half a million slaughtered


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