Presentation on theme: "CAMBODIAN GENOCIDE HOPE PROJECT Darcie Stanton and Deanna Harris 'To spare you is no profit, to destroy you is no loss.‘ -Khmer Rouge Slogan."— Presentation transcript:
CAMBODIAN GENOCIDE HOPE PROJECT Darcie Stanton and Deanna Harris 'To spare you is no profit, to destroy you is no loss.‘ -Khmer Rouge Slogan
Where is Cambodia? = Cambodia = Vietnam - South East Asia - Less than half the size of California and twice the size of Scotland.
Background US bombing in Vietnam affected Cambodia In 1970 American backed Lon Nol took over from Prince Sihanouk Destroyed the government People wanted change In 1975 Khmer Rouge took over from Lon Nol
Khmer Rouge Guerilla army Followers of the Communist Party of Kampuchea Based on the ideas of Vietnamese People Party Led by Pol Pot Assissted by Nuon Chea, Ieng Sary, Son Sen, and Khieu Samphan Took over Cambodia Wanted a Communist peasant farming society
Victims Foreigners Intellectuals, professionals from any field Old, very young, Disabled, Ill Minority groups Religious people Children “It was possible for people to be shot simply for knowing a foreign language, wearing glasses, laughing, or crying.” Took pictures
Strategies All of Cambodia's cities were forcibly evacuated and put into labour camps Ten to fifteen families lived together with a chairman at the head of each group. Would work for up to 16 hours a day Every tenth day was a day of rest. There were also three days off during the Khmer New Year festival. Starvation ("Hunger is the most effective disease.”) In the villages, unsupervised gatherings of more than two people were forbidden.
Strategies Up to 20,000 people were tortured into giving false confessions at Tuol Sleng, a school in Phnom Penh which had been converted into a jail. Prisoners were chained to the floor lying down and had to ask permission to sit up Many methods of torture used
Torture Methods Beat them with anything could find- didnt use ammunition Electric shock Pulled off fingernails and poured alcohol on them Dunked them head first into water Waterboard
Resolution 1978 Vietnam invaded Kampuchea took over Economy was completely ruined Mass graves discovered in 1995 In 1998 VOA reported about the tribunal Pol Pot heard and died that night Wife claimed it was heart failure Body cremated SUICIDE????????
Memorials Tuol Sleng Nicknamed the S-21 Used to be the prison/torture centre Now is a museum
Memorials Cheoung Ek Killing fields buried Home to a memorial
Conclusion 1.7 million out of 8 million 21% of population 1 million from starvation and disease Half a million slaughtered