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Developed and shared by Kem Ley, Research Consultant 012 78 70 84 YRDP Youth Alumni 30 April 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Developed and shared by Kem Ley, Research Consultant 012 78 70 84 YRDP Youth Alumni 30 April 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Developed and shared by Kem Ley, Research Consultant 012 78 70 84 YRDP Youth Alumni 30 April 2012

2 OUTLINES 1)ASEAN & Global Architecture 2)ASEAN Overview 3)ASEAN in Figures 4)ASEAN People Forum 5)ASEAN & Youth 6)ASEAN & Education 7)ASEAN & Employment 8)ASEAN & Human Rights Declaration 9)Toward ASEAN Community 10)References

3 1)ASEAN & Global Architecture


5 Continent namePopulation (2011) Asia4,140,336,501 Africa994,527,534 Europe738,523,843 North America528,720,588 South America385,742,554 Oceania36,102,071 Antarctica4,490 Population by continents

6 Population by Countries

7 Source: ASEAN Community in figures 2010

8 Mikhail Gorbachev Boris Yeltsin Two Strategies 1. Freedom of speech: Policy of Glasnost 2. Economic Reform: Perstroika 15 Separate Countries Moscow into bankruptcy Reasons: Wasteful use of natural Resources 1970 Joseph Stalin’s Leadership Cold War-Industrial Development-US/EU

9  Official agreement on Economic, Cultural and Social Program  1959 First Petroleum Congress  1964 Established Arab League (Educational, Cultural and Scientific organization) 1942 UK promote Arab League to win WAR against Germany 1944 agreed maong Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, North Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Jordan & Palestine  1958, added Morocco a& Tunisia  1961-1977, Kuwait, Algeria South Yemen, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Mauritania, Somalia, Palestine and Djibouti Weaken Arab League  Israel & Palestine Conflict  Three Gulf Wars  Political Issues Arab League condemned Voted to remove US-UK troop from Iraq 21-1 Kuwait Peace Summit in Riyadh Arab condoned the crackdown of protectors in Libya and Series

10 Founders 1. France 2. West Germany 3. Italy 4. Belgium 5. Netherlands 6. Luxembourg High Authority 1. Lasting Peach after WWII 2. Mutually interdependent 3. Trade 4. EU Military Alliance-NATO (ASEAN is not) 1992 Free movement of goods, capital, services and people 1.the removal of trade barriers in the form of import restrictions. 2.harmonizing legislation and by introducing common European standards. 2002 1.12 members -17 members 2.European Central Bank-Germany  Interest Rate  Budget Deficit  Sovereign Debt  Currency Stability Before member EU 1.Standard of Democracy, Justice and Human Rights 2.Well functioning market economy 3.Implement existing EU Legislations Permanent Precedent of EU 1.Representation 2.EU Promotion 3.EU Law Enforcement 4.EU Foreign Policy

11  Executive Council  Permanent representative council  Economic, social and cultural council  Civil Society Consultation bodies

12 2)ASEAN Overview

13 Regional Cooperation 1.Economic 2.Social 3.Cultural 4.Technical 5.Educational 6.Other fields Regional Peace, Stability through justice and rule Of Law Adherences to principles of UN Charter Fundamental Principles-TAC (Treaty of Amity and Cooperation 1976 1.Mutual Respects 2.Free from external interference 3.Settlement of Differences or disputes by peaceful manners 4.Renunciation of threat or use of force-Border Conflict 5.Effective cooperation among themselves ASEAN Community 2020 -9 th ASEAN Summit in 2003 ASEAN Community 2015-12 th ASEAN Submit in 2007- Affirmed or CEBU Declaration 18 th ASEAN SUMMIT 2011 JARKATA

14 ASEAN 1)1967 BBK Declaration 2)1976 Concord Declaration 3)1976 Treaty of Amity

15 ASEAN Community 2009-2015 ASEAN CHARTER Agreed by 10 ASEAN members states

16 14 th Summit : Hua Hin Declaration on the Roadmap for an ASEAN CommunityASEAN Community

17 1)Ministerial Meetings  Information  Culture & Art  Education  Disaster Mgt  Environment  Health  Labor (Declaration on Promotion & Protection of all migrant workers/Families  Rural Dev. & Poverty Reduction  Social Welfare  Youth  Civil Service Matters 2)ASEAN University Network 3)Centers  Biodiversity Centre  Disaster Management Centre  Earth Quake Information Centre  Specialized Metrological Centre 1)Foreign Ministerial Meetings  Development Planning  Standing Committee 2)Nuclear Free Zoon Commission 3)Defense Ministers Meeting 4)Law Ministers meeting 5)Ministerial meeting on transnational Crime  Tran national Crime  Drug Matters  Immigration department  Consular Affairs 6)ASEAN Regional Forum 1)Economic Ministers Meeting-High Level Task Force on ASEAN Economic Integration 2)ASEAN Free Trade Area-AFTA Council 3)ASEAN Investment Area Council-AIA 4)ASEAN Finance Ministers Meeting  Central Bank  Customs 5)ASEAN Ministers Meetings On Agriculture & Forestry Energy Minerals Technology Transport Tourism Mekong Basin Devel. 6)Committee on Science and Technology 7)Telecommunication and Information 8)Telecommunication Gegulators Councils

18 KEY EVENTS OF ASEAN TIMELINEKEY EVENTS 1967Found in 8 August, Bangkok 1976A Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC), Principles of non interference in the internal affairs of member countries 1992AFTA (ASEAN Free Trade Area), Singapore Declaration 1994Peaceful Conflict Resolution Mechanisms 1993ASEAN Member state agreed on Vienna’s Declaration on Human Rights Promotion and Protection of Human Rights 2005ASEAN PEOPLE FORUM, Malaysia, 11 th ASEAN Summit 2007Acceleration of ASEAN Community 2015, CEBU Declaration 2008ASEAN Charter as Legal Framework or Rule based Organization 2009ASEAN inter governmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) 2012ASEAN Human Rights Declaration

19 3)ASEAN in Figures

20  Population: 578,498,000  Population Density: 134.9  Land Area (sqkm): 4,345,670  Live Expectancy (year): 61.0-80.7  Sex Ratio-M/F: 99.5  GDP per Capita : 3092.5 US$  GDP Growth at constant Price: 7.4%  Unemployment Rate: 1.0-7.9%  Infant Mortality Rate: 2.1-71.0%  Access to safe drinking water: 60-100%  Access to improved sanitation: 28-100%  NER-Secondary School: 34.1-89.1%  Adult Literacy Rate: 77.6-95.0%  Youth aged 15-29 : 159,613,000 or 28% Source: ASEAN Statistic 2011

21 GDP at current market Prices (US$ mn) Source: ASEAN Community in figures 2010



















40  Its the rights every mother and newborn child to survive pregnancy and childbirth and have a safe pregnancy, (Child Conventions, 1989, CEDAW, 1979, Int. Covenants of economic, social and cultural rights 1967)  MMR reflects a woman’s basic health status, her access to health care and quality of health care.  Worldwide, close to 600,000 women are estimated to die each year from complications, most of which can be prevented.


42 Source: World Fact Book, CIA, 2011

43 4)ASEAN People Forum

44 Article 1 of ASEAN Charter: 13: To promote a people oriented ASEAN in which all sectors of society are encouraged to participate in, and benefit from, the process of ASEAN integration and community building 2005-Malaysia 2006-Phillipines History of CSO-AFP Laos, Thai, Myanmar, Cambodia & Vietnam sent Government-backed CSO representatives but Indonesia and Philippines are not

45 Meaningful & Successful Engagement of CSOs 1.Common Platform with common goal 2. Collective Advocacy Efforts 3.Civil Society Leadership & Capacity in Policy Decision Making Process Engagement 4.Emphasize on the functions rather than forms of engagement 5.Continue (rather than one off ) engagement – Every stages instead of sporadic invitation 6.Creative use of new technology of Advocacy Continues engagement of Civil Society Organization is two ways of communication and meaningful involvement but one off or sporadic invitation is one way communication and lost following up of proposed Issues. Empowerment of Vulnerable Group Representatives and space creation for them

46 CSO Statement on ASEANStatement on Human Rights, Democracy, Rights of Women, Children, Indigenous groups, Climate Change, good governance.. 2005, 120 People-Malaysia, 11 th Summit 1 st APF 1.Access to information 2.Participation in decision making 3.Civil and Political Rights 4.Environmental Sustainability 5.Women, Youth and Indigenous Empowerment 2006, 300 people, Philippines, 12 th Summit1.Democracy, Human Rights 2.Gender inequality 3.Exclusion of children and Youth 2007, 200 people, Singapore, 13 th Summit1.Human Rights, Democracy 2.Signing of ASEAN Charter 3.Effective Mechanisms 2009, 500 people, 15 th Summit, Thailand1.Human Rights and Democracy 2.Good Governance 3.Women, Children and Indigenous rights 2010, 700 people, Vietnam,1.Human Rights and Democracy 2.Rights of Vulnerable Group 3.Gender inequality 2011, 1300 people, Indonesia, 18 th Summit1.Rule of law 2.Human Rights and Democracy 3.Labor, Migrants…Youth, Sex Workers, Social Protection 2012, 1200 people, 20 th Summit, 8 th APF, Cambodia 1.Democracy and Human Rights Declaration 2.ASEAN CSO Body 3.Issus of Land Rights, Migrants, Gender, Disable, Human Rights, Democracy …

47 Information Consultation Dialogue Broad Collaborative Mechanisms Partnership Low Influence High Level of Participation

48 Process of the Political Decision Making Process

49 Agenda SettingDraftingDecisionImplementationMonitoringReformulation Information Consultation Dialogue Partnership

50 CSO Statement – ASEAN 2012

51 5)ASEAN & Youth

52 ASEAN & YOUTH NER:34-89%, Youth 160M/600 M or 37% 1 st AYF 2009, Thailand 2 nd AYF 2010, Vietnam 3 rd AYF 2011, Indonesia 4 th AYF 2012, Cambodia, 26-28 th Mar 2012, at Golden Stadium Hotel-youth participation in transforming ASEAN into People Centered Community Students: 3,190,109 Student at Rural : 2,582,944 PrimaryLower SecUpper Sec GER116 %58.5%32.9% NER95.2%35%20.6%

53 History of ASEAN Youth Forums 1-2 April 2012, Phnom Penh, Hotel Roles of Youth in ASEAN Community Building Topics: Youth Entrepreneurship and Youth Leadership 39 Youth from ASEAN Countries and 225 Youths from Public and Private Universities in PP  ASEAN Awareness  ASEAN Entrepreneurship Skills  ASEAN Youth Volunteerism  ASEAN Youth Leadership  12% of GDP should allocated for Basic and tertiary Eduaction-2011-VN Statements-ASEAN Youth Body 1.Low quality of education 2.High unemployment rates, 3.unsustainable environment caused by destructive development project, 4.Low quality of public health services.


55 ASEAN Community 2015 ASEAN AND YOUTH Flow of People  Workforce  Students  Exchange Program  Standard degree  University Network  Multi Cultural Skills  Professional Skills  Skill competitiveness  Employment Policy

56 6)ASEAN & Education

57 Roadmap 2009-2016 Knowledge based ASEAN Community or Society  Achieve Universal Access to Primary Education across ASEAN by 2015  Improve the quality and adaptability of education  Technical Skills, Vocational Training  Exchange Program  Review Scholarship Program  Use ICT to promote life long Learning including E-Learning  E-Learning  Internet Using  Promote early use of ICT at primary School  Develop ICT Expertise Centre  Promote Education Network at all levels  ASEAN University Network (26 members)-2010-2011 report  ASEAN Youth Development Program  Establish Science and technology Centre-Research  ASEAN Development and Education Forum  Youth Entrepreneurship Forum  Youth Leadership Forum

58 Special Events on ASEAN EDUCATION Joint Statement-28 th Jan 2010, Cebu, Phillipine DateEvents 24 Oct 2009, ThaiHua Hin Declaration on Education Cooperation 24 Oct 2009, Thai15 th Summit, Thailand 28 Jan 2010, Phill5 th ASED-ASEAN Ministers Meeting 28 Jan 2010 Phill45 th SEAMEO Council Conference Early 2011Five Year Work-Plan 2009-2015ASEAN Roadmap to ASEAN Community 2015 18-19 Mar 2010, BBKAdhoc Technical Working Group Meeting on Education ASEAN Credit Transfer System (ACTS) in AUN Member Universities this year. 2010, Indonesia4th ASEAN Primary School Sport Olympiad (APSSO) in 2010. August 201110 th ASEAN Exchange Programme 31 st Jan -3 rd Feb 201146 th SEAMEO Council Conference in Indonesia 2012

59 ASEAN UNIVERSITY NETWORK_AUN Founders: 13 Universities ASEAN Charter 26 Members Cambodia 1.Royal University of Phnom Penh 2.Royal University of Law and Economic  Board of Trustee (one from each Country members)  Secretary General  Secretariat of AUN  Office, BBK, Chualarlongkhan  Dialogue Partners (Canada, USA, China, Australia, India, Japan, New eland, UNDP, Russia,  ASEAN Sub-committe who in charge of AUN

60 Results to date Knowledge based ASEAN Community or Society  Hua Hin declaration to achieve Education in region (15 th Summit 24 Oct 2009  Five Year work plan on Education (2011-2015) in early 2011  SEAMEO-Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization  Toward the development of Common Curriculum Framework on ASEAN Education at primary and Secondary School  10 th ASEAN Student Exchange Program in BBK, 10 Dec 2010)  2 nd ASEAN School Linkage Program (June 2009, KLL)  University Student Level Forum (13-19 Nov 2009, Japan), 118 Students, 30 Universities  University Networks (26 Leading Universities)-ASEAN Credit Transfer System  ASEAN Entrepreneurship Skills Forums  ASEAN Youth Leadership Forum

61 Learn from Good Practices in EU such as Mutual Recognition Process and Student Mobility Programme Education is a cross cutting issues in the three pillars of ASEAN Community


63 RECOMMENDATIONS  ASEAN Standard Education and Enforcement Mechanisms  Feedback Mechanisms for Cambodia Youth and General Population  Awareness raising on ASEAN Education and Development  Standard Curriculum at Primary, Secondary School, University and Non Formal Education for Youth OUT OF SCHOOL  Scholarship program for CLMV  Education Project Funds for CLMV  Education Accreditation System  Education Reform  English Language at primary and Secondary School  Inter cultural Skills Training  Professional Skills Training

64 7)ASEAN & Employment


66 Source: ILO Report 2011

67  Global Vulnerable Employment Rate is 50.1%  The share of workers living with families below 2US$ a day-poverty is estimated at around 39%  Global Poverty Rate is 20.7%  Asia Unemployment rate is 5.1% and Vulnerable Employment rate us 78.5%

68 Source: World Fact Book, CIA, 2011

69 CSES 2009, MoP Employed : All persons who worked at least one hour during the reference period, the past seven days, or had a job/economic activity from which they were temporary absent are employed. Unpaid family workers are included in employed. Cambodia Employment Status Cambodia Total Household :2,841,897

70 Cambodia Employment Status  ASEAN Employment rate -1.0-7.9%  Cambodia Unemployment Rate is 1.68% (Census 2008)  Primary ( Agriculture): 72.3%  Secondary (Industry): 8.5%  Tertiary (Service): 19.2%  % of Migrant : 26.5% ( Census)  Income ( CSES 2009)  Self Employment :70%  Wage and Salary: 27%  Transfer Service: 2%  Other :1%  Expenditure (CESE 2009)  Food: 49%  Housing, Water, Electricity, Fuel: 19%  Health : 10%

71 Sample of Cambodian Employment through SME, Economic Census 2011 Core IndicatorsFindings 2011 # of Establishments(182,439 New establishments), Street business: 43,653) 505,134 Cambodia Owners98.9% 1 person engaged (%)44% 2 persons engaged (%)34.9% 5 persons engaged and over39,537 10 persons engaged and over13,170 100 persons engaged and over787 1000 persons engaged and over119 Total # of person engaged 1,676,263 Male650,179 Female (56.1%) 1,026,084 Tenure of business plan (owned)68.9% Tenure of business plan (Rented) 24%

72 Sample of Mining and Economic Land Concession as of 2011, World Fact book, CIA Core IndicatorsStatus Cambodia Total Surface Areas 17,650,913 Mining and Economic Land Concession (22%)3,936,481 Mining Concession1,900,311 Economic Land Concession2,035,170

73 Source: ASEAN Community in figures 2010

74 GDP at current market Prices (US$ mn) Source: ASEAN Community in figures 2010


76 Recommendations  Eliminate the informal payment for Investors, Entrepreneur and all businessman  National Employment Policy and Research/M&E System  Review mining and Economic Land Concession for Employment Conditions  SME Support Policy and Exemption System  Manage MFI with full packages-Technical Skills, Marketing Skills and Financial Management Skills  Increased salary and benefits for Public Officials  Develop and Enforcement Minimum Wage Policy Civil Servants  Factory Workers  Hotel, Restaurant Workers  Domestic Workers  Construction Workers  Others

77 8)ASEAN & Human Rights Declaration

78 Background of ASEAN Human Right Body 1.World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, Austria June 1993  171 Countries and all ASEAN state members  Vienna Declaration-framework for the promotion and protection of Human Rights  ASEAN's commitment to and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms as set out in the Vienna 2.ASEAN Charter  Article 14: In conformity with the purposes and principles of the ASEAN Charter related to the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, ASEAN shall establish an Human Right Body.  This ASEAN Human Rights Body shall operate in accordance with terms of reference to be determined by the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting

79 9)ASEAN 2012

80 PHNOM PENH AGENDA TIMELINEKEY STANDPOINTS 3 April 2012 1)ASEAN Charter as Rule Based Organization 2)Roadmap 2009-2015 toward realization of ASEAN Community 2015 3)DoC 2002 and CoC initiative 2012 ( DoC : Declaration on conducts of parties) 4)Conclusion of ASEAN Human Rights Declaration 5)ASEAN Economic Research Institute 6)Effective implementation of Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity 7)Implementation of ASEAN Declaration on the promotion and protection of the rights of migrant workers in the region 8)ASEAN agreement on disaster mgt and Emergency Response 9)ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the rights of women and children

81 PHNOM PENH DECLARATION TIMELINEKey Notes 3 April 2012 1)People centred, People oriented and Rule based Organization 2)DoC, CoC based on International Law and 1982 UN convention on the law of the sea 3) ASEAN Human Rights Body and HR Declaration 4)ASEAN Common Visa for Non ASEAN Nationals 5)Social Welfare and skills program development for elderly, disable people, youth, women, children, vulnerable and disadvantaged group 6. Others indicated in Phnom Penh Agendas

82 Executive Body Legislative Body Civil Society Youth Private Sector

83 RECOMMENDATIONS  Amend ASEAN Constitution and Charter toward High International Standard of Democracy and Human Rights-UN Human Rights Declaration  ASEAN Strategic Plan, Blueprint with core indicators and measurement in transparent and accountable ways ( Target for achievement in 2015-2020.  Fair and Transparent ASEAN Human Rights Body-ASEAN Declaration on Human Rights  ASEAN Civil Society Body  Obligation in ratification on the promotion and protection of all migrant workers and their families  ASEAN Common Policy and Guideline based on UN Conventions-CEDAW, Child Rights, Migrant Workers…  ASEAN Military Alliances as model of NATO  ASEAN Permanent Precedent  Representation  Promotion  Law Enforcement  Foreign Policy

84 Bibliographies  ASEAN, 2011, ASEAN statistic Leaflet, selected core indicators, ASEAN Foreign Investment Statistic, Database as of 6 July 2011; Country Submission  Ministry of Planning and Ministry of Health, Royal Government of Cambodia, 2010, Cambodia Health Demographic Survey,  Ministry of Planning. Royal Government of Cambodia, 2009, Cambodia Socio Economic Survey,,,  Ministry of Planning, RGC, 2008, Cambodia Demographic Census 2008  Ministry of Planning, RGC, 2011 Cambodia Economic Census, March 2011  ASEAN 2010, ASEAN Community in figures 2010  Google Analysis and Reports  ASEAN Phnom Penh Agenda, 2012  ASEAN Phnom Penh Declaration, 2012

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