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One Community, One Destiny

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1 One Community, One Destiny
ASEAN COMMUNITY One Community, One Destiny One Community One Identity One Vision YRDP Youth Alumni 30 April 2012 Developed and shared by Kem Ley, Research Consultant

2 OUTLINES ASEAN & Global Architecture ASEAN Overview ASEAN in Figures
ASEAN People Forum ASEAN & Youth ASEAN & Education ASEAN & Employment ASEAN & Human Rights Declaration Toward ASEAN Community References

3 ASEAN & Global Architecture

4 African Union 1960 ASEAN 1967 Soviet Union 1922 Arab League 1945
Global Architectures African Union 1960 ASEAN 1967 Soviet Union 1922 Arab League 1945 European Union 1952

5 Population by continents
Continent name Population (2011) Asia 4,140,336,501 Africa 994,527,534 Europe 738,523,843 North America 528,720,588 South America 385,742,554 Oceania 36,102,071 Antarctica 4,490

6 Population by Countries

7 Source: ASEAN Community in figures 2010

8 Moscow into bankruptcy
Mikhail Gorbachev Two Strategies 1. Freedom of speech: Policy of Glasnost 2. Economic Reform: Perstroika Found 1922 Soviet Union Failed in Dec1991 Come to power in 1985 Democratization Dramatic drop of oil price in Cold War Reagan Doctrine US Strategy in Soviet Unions' alliances Revolution in 1989 Eastern Europe Economic Growth stagnated Reasons: Wasteful use of natural Resources 1970 Joseph Stalin’s Leadership Cold War-Industrial Development-US/EU Moscow into bankruptcy Boris Yeltsin 15 Separate Countries

9 Israel & Palestine Conflict Three Gulf Wars Political Issues
Weaken Arab League Israel & Palestine Conflict Three Gulf Wars Political Issues 1959 First Petroleum Congress 1964 Established Arab League (Educational, Cultural and Scientific organization) 1942 UK promote Arab League to win WAR against Germany Arab League 1945 22 members 1959 Iraq War 1998 2003 2007 Arab League condemned 1944 agreed maong Egypt, Iraq, Lebanon, North Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Jordan & Palestine Voted to remove US-UK troop from Iraq 21-1 Kuwait Peace Summit in Riyadh 1958 , added Morocco a& Tunisia Arab condoned the crackdown of protectors in Libya and Series , Kuwait, Algeria South Yemen, Oman, Bahrain, Qatar, United Arab Emirates, Mauritania, Somalia, Palestine and Djibouti Official agreement on Economic, Cultural and Social Program

10 Single Currency Common Foreign Policy Single Market1992
1992 Free movement of goods, capital, services and people the removal of trade barriers in the form of import restrictions. harmonizing legislation and by introducing common European standards. 2002 12 members -17 members European Central Bank-Germany Interest Rate Budget Deficit Sovereign Debt Currency Stability Before member EU Standard of Democracy, Justice and Human Rights Well functioning market economy Implement existing EU Legislations EU 1952 European Coal and Steel Community 6 Countriees Croatia in 2013 Single Market1992 Single Currency Common Foreign Policy Permanent Precedent of EU Representation EU Promotion EU Law Enforcement EU Foreign Policy Founders 1. France 2. West Germany 3. Italy 4. Belgium 5. Netherlands 6. Luxembourg High Authority 1. Lasting Peach after WWII 2. Mutually interdependent 3. Trade 4. EU Military Alliance-NATO (ASEAN is not)

11 Political and economic integration Peace and security in Africa
African Union Found 1960 9 July 2002 Based in Ethiopia Political and economic integration Peace and security in Africa Promote democratic, governance and human rights Executive Council Permanent representative council Economic, social and cultural council Civil Society Consultation bodies

12 ASEAN Overview

13 ASEAN Community 2020 -9th ASEAN Summit in 2003
JARKATA ASEAN Declaration 5 Countries 8th Aug 1967 Brunei 7th Jan 1984 Vietnam 28th July 1995 Loa Myanmar 23rd July 1997 Cambodia 30th April 1999 ASEAN Community th ASEAN Summit in 2003 ASEAN Community th ASEAN Submit in 2007-Affirmed or CEBU Declaration Regional Cooperation Economic Social Cultural Technical Educational Other fields Regional Peace, Stability through justice and rule Of Law Adherences to principles of UN Charter Fundamental Principles-TAC (Treaty of Amity and Cooperation 1976 Mutual Respects Free from external interference Settlement of Differences or disputes by peaceful manners Renunciation of threat or use of force-Border Conflict Effective cooperation among themselves

14 Roadmap Strategic Plan ASEAN Statistics ASEAN 1967 BBK Declaration
1976 Concord Declaration 1976 Treaty of Amity ASEAN Constitution 1979Jakarta 10 Articles CHARTER 55 Chapters Detailed ASEAN Constitution ASEAN Organizational Structure 1. The General Assembly 2. The Governing Council 3. The secretariat-ASEAN Roadmap Strategic Plan ASEAN Statistics

15 ASEAN Charter ASEAN Community 2009-2015 ASEAN CHARTER
15 Dec 2008 Jakarta Legal Status Institutional Framework Norms, Rule and Values Clear Target Accountability & Compliance Agreed by 10 ASEAN members states

16 ASEAAN Summit ASEAN Summit ASEAN Declaration 5 Countries Brunei
8th Aug 1967 Brunei 7th Jan 1984 Vietnam 28th July 1995 Loa Myanmar 23rd July 1997 Cambodia 30th April 1999 ASEAAN Summit 1st 1976, Indonesia 2nd 1977, Malaysia 3rd 1987, Philippines 4th 1992, Singapore 5th 1995, Thailand 6th 1998, Vietnam 7th 2001, Brunei ASEAN Summit 8th 2002, Cambodia 9th 2003, Indonesia 10th 2004, Laos 11th 2005, Malaysia 12th 2007, Philippines 13th 2007, Singapore 14th 2009, Thailand 15th , 2009, Thailand 16th 2010, Vietnam 17th, Vietnam 18th ,2011 Indonesia 19th Indonesia 20th Cambodia 14th Summit : Hua Hin Declaration on the Roadmap for an ASEAN Community

17 ASEAN SUMMIT Political- Security Community Economic Community
Foreign Ministerial Meetings Development Planning Standing Committee Nuclear Free Zoon Commission Defense Ministers Meeting Law Ministers meeting Ministerial meeting on transnational Crime Tran national Crime Drug Matters Immigration department Consular Affairs ASEAN Regional Forum Economic Ministers Meeting-High Level Task Force on ASEAN Economic Integration ASEAN Free Trade Area-AFTA Council ASEAN Investment Area Council-AIA ASEAN Finance Ministers Meeting Central Bank Customs ASEAN Ministers Meetings On Agriculture & Forestry Energy Minerals Technology Transport Tourism Mekong Basin Devel. Committee on Science and Technology Telecommunication and Information Telecommunication Gegulators Councils Ministerial Meetings Information Culture & Art Education Disaster Mgt Environment Health Labor (Declaration on Promotion & Protection of all migrant workers/Families Rural Dev. & Poverty Reduction Social Welfare Youth Civil Service Matters ASEAN University Network Centers Biodiversity Centre Disaster Management Centre Earth Quake Information Centre Specialized Metrological Centre ASEAN SUMMIT Political- Security Community Economic Community Social Cultural Community

Found in 8 August , Bangkok 1976 A Treaty of Amity and Cooperation (TAC), Principles of non interference in the internal affairs of member countries 1992 AFTA (ASEAN Free Trade Area), Singapore Declaration 1994 Peaceful Conflict Resolution Mechanisms 1993 ASEAN Member state agreed on Vienna’s Declaration on Human Rights Promotion and Protection of Human Rights 2005 ASEAN PEOPLE FORUM , Malaysia, 11th ASEAN Summit 2007 Acceleration of ASEAN Community 2015, CEBU Declaration 2008 ASEAN Charter as Legal Framework or Rule based Organization 2009 ASEAN inter governmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR) 2012 ASEAN Human Rights Declaration

19 ASEAN in Figures

20 Live Expectancy (year) : 61.0-80.7 Sex Ratio-M/F : 99.5
Population : 578,498,000 Population Density : 134.9 Land Area (sqkm) : 4,345,670 Live Expectancy (year) : Sex Ratio-M/F : 99.5 GDP per Capita : US$ GDP Growth at constant Price : 7.4% Unemployment Rate : % Infant Mortality Rate : % Access to safe drinking water : % Access to improved sanitation : % NER-Secondary School : % Adult Literacy Rate : % Youth aged : 159,613,000 or 28% Source: ASEAN Statistic 2011

21 GDP at current market Prices (US$ mn)
Source: ASEAN Community in figures 2010



















40 Its the rights every mother and newborn child to survive pregnancy and childbirth and have a safe pregnancy, (Child Conventions, 1989, CEDAW, 1979, Int. Covenants of economic, social and cultural rights 1967) MMR reflects a woman’s basic health status, her access to health care and quality of health care. Worldwide, close to 600,000 women are estimated to die each year from complications, most of which can be prevented.


42 Source: World Fact Book, CIA, 2011

43 ASEAN People Forum

44 2007 ASEAN Summit , Nov Signed ASEAN CHARTER-Article 14 Human Rights Body ASEAN Civil Society Conference Oct 50 participants Call for creation of Human Right Body SINGAPORE 2009 Thailand 800 participants A commitment to developing Human Rights Body Migrant Workers’ declaration-ASEAN Declaration on Promotion and Protection of Rights of Migrant Workers and their families Sept 2010, Vietnam , 700 Participants Deputy PM Vietnam 1. ASEAN Human Rights Mechanisms 2. Urge to develop policy on protection of rights of people especially women, children, ethnic minority and disable…) 2011-APF Indonesia 3-5 May 1,330 Participants Human Rights Concerns Greater Access to information-Right to information Policy 18th Summit 7 May 2011 2012-APF 1,200 Participants-4 WS were cancelled Cambodia 29-31 Mar Summit 3-4 April Transforming ASEAN into People Centre Community 1. Human Rights 2. Forced Eviction 3. Land Issues 4 .Migrant Workers 5. Democracy 6. Child Rights 7. Disable Rights 8. Climate Changes 9. ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT OF PEOPLE Four sensitive issues were cancelled such as land rights, mass eviction, environmental issues and Burma Loa delegates were prohibited Article 1 of ASEAN Charter: 13: To promote a people oriented ASEAN in which all sectors of society are encouraged to participate in, and benefit from, the process of ASEAN integration and community building History of CSO-AFP 2005-Malaysia 2006-Phillipines Laos, Thai, Myanmar, Cambodia & Vietnam sent Government-backed CSO representatives but Indonesia and Philippines are not

45 Meaningful & Successful Engagement of CSOs
Continues engagement of Civil Society Organization is two ways of communication and meaningful involvement but one off or sporadic invitation is one way communication and lost following up of proposed Issues. Empowerment of Vulnerable Group Representatives and space creation for them Internal CSO network Formal Participation Informal Participation Mechanisms Common Platform with common goal Collective Advocacy Efforts Civil Society Leadership & Capacity in Policy Decision Making Process Engagement Emphasize on the functions rather than forms of engagement Continue (rather than one off ) engagement –Every stages instead of sporadic invitation Creative use of new technology of Advocacy Meaningful & Successful Engagement of CSOs

46 CSO Statement on ASEAN Statement on Human Rights, Democracy, Rights of Women, Children, Indigenous groups, Climate Change, good governance.. 2005, 120 People-Malaysia, 11th Summit 1st APF Access to information Participation in decision making Civil and Political Rights Environmental Sustainability Women, Youth and Indigenous Empowerment 2006, 300 people, Philippines , 12th Summit Democracy, Human Rights Gender inequality Exclusion of children and Youth 2007, 200 people , Singapore, 13th Summit Human Rights, Democracy Signing of ASEAN Charter Effective Mechanisms 2009, 500 people, 15th Summit, Thailand Human Rights and Democracy Good Governance Women , Children and Indigenous rights 2010, 700 people, Vietnam, Rights of Vulnerable Group 2011, 1300 people, Indonesia, 18th Summit Rule of law Labor, Migrants…Youth, Sex Workers , Social Protection 2012, 1200 people, 20th Summit, 8th APF , Cambodia Democracy and Human Rights Declaration ASEAN CSO Body Issus of Land Rights, Migrants, Gender, Disable, Human Rights, Democracy …

47 Low Influence High Level of Participation Partnership Dialogue
Broad Collaborative Mechanisms Consultation Information Low Influence High

48 Process of the Political Decision Making Process
Reformulation Agenda Setting Drafting Decision Implementation Monitoring Process of the Political Decision Making Process

49 Information Consultation Dialogue Agenda Setting Drafting Decision
Implementation Monitoring Reformulation Information Consultation Dialogue Partnership

50 CSO Statement –ASEAN 2012 Human Rights Declaration Land Rights Rights
MSM Rights Child Rights Disable Rights Indigenous Rights Migrant Workers Youth and reproductive Rights Quality of Education Burma Democracy and Election Peace Buiilding Climate Changes Rivers and Hydropower Extractive Industries Loss of Forest CSO Statement –ASEAN 2012

51 ASEAN & Youth

52 ASEAN & YOUTH NER:34-89%, Youth 160M/600 M or 37%
1st AYF 2009, Thailand 2nd AYF 2010, Vietnam 3rd AYF 2011, Indonesia 4th AYF 2012, Cambodia, 26-28th Mar 2012, at Golden Stadium Hotel-youth participation in transforming ASEAN into People Centered Community Students: 3,190,109 Student at Rural : 2,582,944 Primary Lower Sec Upper Sec GER 116 % 58.5% 32.9% NER 95.2% 35% %

53 History of ASEAN Youth Forums
1-2 April 2012, Phnom Penh, Hotel Roles of Youth in ASEAN Community Building Topics: Youth Entrepreneurship and Youth Leadership 39 Youth from ASEAN Countries and 225 Youths from Public and Private Universities in PP ASEAN Awareness ASEAN Entrepreneurship Skills ASEAN Youth Volunteerism ASEAN Youth Leadership 12% of GDP should allocated for Basic and tertiary Eduaction-2011-VN Statements-ASEAN Youth Body Low quality of education High unemployment rates, unsustainable environment caused by destructive development project, Low quality of public health services.

ASEAN Community 2015 EDUCATION-FUTURE EMPLOYMENT Degree Program in the region Graduate Professional Skills Inter Cultural Skills English

55 Skill competitiveness Employment Policy
Once in every two years meeting 15th ASEAN Youth Day Meeting-AMMY VI25 June 2009-Youth Volunteerism 1. Leadership dev. 2. Entrepreneurship 3. ASEAN Awareness - Youth Exchange Program-6,000 engaged till 2012 - ASEAN +CHINA Youth entrepreneurship Association Third Forum 15 Dec 2009, VN -ASEAN-CHINA YOUTH CAMP 2010 16th ASEAN Youth Day Meeting VI AMMY 25 June 200 Vision powered by Action 2015 Common Themes 1. Leadership development 3. ASEAN Awareness Raising - Youth Forum and Festival 2011 Leadership, Entrepreneurship and Education toward ASEAN C 2015 - ASEAN-CHINA Entrepreneurship Exchange Program -Japan East Asia Network of Exchange for students and Youth -Asia Exchange Association- Asia Korea Frontiers Forum Bring the next generation of youth leaders or dialogue relation on business, environment and Tourist 2015, ASEAN&YOUTH ASEAN Community 2015 ASEAN AND YOUTH Flow of People Workforce Students Exchange Program Standard degree University Network Multi Cultural Skills Professional Skills Skill competitiveness Employment Policy

56 ASEAN & Education

57 Roadmap 2009-2016 Knowledge based ASEAN Community or Society
Achieve Universal Access to Primary Education across ASEAN by 2015 Improve the quality and adaptability of education Technical Skills, Vocational Training Exchange Program Review Scholarship Program Use ICT to promote life long Learning including E-Learning E-Learning Internet Using Promote early use of ICT at primary School Develop ICT Expertise Centre Promote Education Network at all levels ASEAN University Network (26 members) report ASEAN Youth Development Program Establish Science and technology Centre-Research ASEAN Development and Education Forum Youth Entrepreneurship Forum Youth Leadership Forum

58 Special Events on ASEAN EDUCATION
Joint Statement-28th Jan 2010, Cebu, Phillipine Date Events 24 Oct 2009, Thai Hua Hin Declaration on Education Cooperation 15th Summit, Thailand 28 Jan 2010, Phill 5th ASED-ASEAN Ministers Meeting 28 Jan 2010 Phill 45th SEAMEO Council Conference Early 2011 Five Year Work-Plan ASEAN Roadmap to ASEAN Community 2015 18-19 Mar 2010, BBK Adhoc Technical Working Group Meeting on Education ASEAN Credit Transfer System (ACTS) in AUN Member Universities this year. 2010, Indonesia 4th ASEAN Primary School Sport Olympiad (APSSO) in 2010. August 2011 10th ASEAN Exchange Programme 31st Jan -3rd Feb 2011 46th SEAMEO Council Conference in Indonesia 2012

1995 1999 2012 26 Members Cambodia Royal University of Phnom Penh Royal University of Law and Economic Founders: 13 Universities ASEAN Charter Board of Trustee (one from each Country members) Secretary General Secretariat of AUN Office, BBK, Chualarlongkhan Dialogue Partners (Canada, USA, China, Australia, India, Japan, New eland, UNDP, Russia, ASEAN Sub-committe who in charge of AUN

60 Results to date Knowledge based ASEAN Community or Society
Hua Hin declaration to achieve Education in region (15th Summit 24 Oct 2009 Five Year work plan on Education ( ) in early 2011 SEAMEO-Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organization Toward the development of Common Curriculum Framework on ASEAN Education at primary and Secondary School 10th ASEAN Student Exchange Program in BBK, 10 Dec 2010) 2nd ASEAN School Linkage Program (June 2009, KLL) University Student Level Forum (13-19 Nov 2009, Japan), 118 Students, 30 Universities University Networks (26 Leading Universities)-ASEAN Credit Transfer System ASEAN Entrepreneurship Skills Forums ASEAN Youth Leadership Forum

61 Learn from Good Practices in EU such as
ASEAN Education Declaration Hua Hin Declaration, 24th Oct 2009, 15th ASEAN Summit Declaration in to action-Readiness for ASEAN Community 2015 Free Trade Policy in Education Educational Mutual Recognition All Professional Area Educational Standard Necessary capacity and Skills ASEAN knowledge, Information and Good Attitude to Public Education is a cross cutting issues in the three pillars of ASEAN Community Learn from Good Practices in EU such as Mutual Recognition Process and Student Mobility Programme

ASEAN Community 2015 EDUCATION-FUTURE EMPLOYMENT Degree Program in the region Graduate Professional Skills Inter Cultural Skills English

63 ASEAN Standard Education and Enforcement Mechanisms
RECOMMENDATIONS ASEAN Standard Education and Enforcement Mechanisms Feedback Mechanisms for Cambodia Youth and General Population Awareness raising on ASEAN Education and Development Standard Curriculum at Primary, Secondary School, University and Non Formal Education for Youth OUT OF SCHOOL Scholarship program for CLMV Education Project Funds for CLMV Education Accreditation System Education Reform English Language at primary and Secondary School Inter cultural Skills Training Professional Skills Training

64 ASEAN & Employment


66 Source: ILO Report 2011

67 Global Vulnerable Employment Rate is 50.1%
The share of workers living with families below 2US$ a day-poverty is estimated at around 39% Global Poverty Rate is 20.7% Asia Unemployment rate is 5.1% and Vulnerable Employment rate us 78.5% Source: ILO Report 2011

68 Source: World Fact Book, CIA, 2011

69 Cambodia Employment Status
Employed : All persons who worked at least one hour during the reference period, the past seven days, or had a job/economic activity from which they were temporary absent are employed. Unpaid family workers are included in employed. Working age Pop15-64 8,864,000-66% In the Labor Force 7,480,000-56% Employed 7,469, % Unemployed 11,000 Not in the labor force 1,384,000 Cambodia Total Household :2,841,897 CSES 2009, MoP

70 Cambodia Employment Status
ASEAN Employment rate % Cambodia Unemployment Rate is 1.68% (Census 2008) Primary ( Agriculture): 72.3% Secondary (Industry): 8.5% Tertiary (Service): 19.2% % of Migrant : 26.5% ( Census) Income ( CSES 2009) Self Employment :70% Wage and Salary: 27% Transfer Service: 2% Other :1% Expenditure (CESE 2009) Food: 49% Housing, Water, Electricity, Fuel: 19% Health : 10%

71 Sample of Cambodian Employment through SME, Economic Census 2011
Core Indicators Findings 2011 # of Establishments(182,439 New establishments), Street business: 43,653) 505,134 Cambodia Owners 98.9% 1 person engaged (%) 44% 2 persons engaged (%) 34.9% 5 persons engaged and over 39,537 10 persons engaged and over 13,170 100 persons engaged and over 787 1000 persons engaged and over 119 Total # of person engaged 1,676,263 Male 650,179 Female (56.1%) 1,026,084 Tenure of business plan (owned) 68.9% Tenure of business plan (Rented) 24%

72 Sample of Mining and Economic Land Concession as of 2011, World Fact book, CIA
Core Indicators Status Cambodia Total Surface Areas 17,650,913 Mining and Economic Land Concession (22%) 3,936,481 Mining Concession 1,900,311 Economic Land Concession 2,035,170

73 Source: ASEAN Community in figures 2010

74 GDP at current market Prices (US$ mn)
Source: ASEAN Community in figures 2010


76 Recommendations Eliminate the informal payment for Investors , Entrepreneur and all businessman National Employment Policy and Research/M&E System Review mining and Economic Land Concession for Employment Conditions SME Support Policy and Exemption System Manage MFI with full packages-Technical Skills, Marketing Skills and Financial Management Skills Increased salary and benefits for Public Officials Develop and Enforcement Minimum Wage Policy Civil Servants Factory Workers Hotel, Restaurant Workers Domestic Workers Construction Workers Others

77 ASEAN & Human Rights Declaration

78 Background of ASEAN Human Right Body
World Conference on Human Rights in Vienna, Austria June 1993 171 Countries and all ASEAN state members Vienna Declaration-framework for the promotion and protection of Human Rights ASEAN's commitment to and respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms as set out in the Vienna ASEAN Charter Article 14: In conformity with the purposes and principles of the ASEAN Charter related to the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms , ASEAN shall establish an Human Right Body. This ASEAN Human Rights Body shall operate in accordance with terms of reference to be determined by the ASEAN Foreign Ministers Meeting

79 ASEAN 2012

80 PHNOM PENH AGENDA ASEAN Charter as Rule Based Organization
TIMELINE KEY STANDPOINTS 3 April 2012 ASEAN Charter as Rule Based Organization Roadmap toward realization of ASEAN Community 2015 DoC 2002 and CoC initiative 2012 ( DoC : Declaration on conducts of parties) Conclusion of ASEAN Human Rights Declaration ASEAN Economic Research Institute Effective implementation of Master Plan on ASEAN Connectivity Implementation of ASEAN Declaration on the promotion and protection of the rights of migrant workers in the region ASEAN agreement on disaster mgt and Emergency Response ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the rights of women and children

TIMELINE Key Notes 3 April 2012 People centred, People oriented and Rule based Organization DoC, CoC based on International Law and 1982 UN convention on the law of the sea ASEAN Human Rights Body and HR Declaration ASEAN Common Visa for Non ASEAN Nationals Social Welfare and skills program development for elderly, disable people, youth, women, children, vulnerable and disadvantaged group 6. Others indicated in Phnom Penh Agendas

82 Executive Body Legislative Body Private Sector Civil Society Youth

83 RECOMMENDATIONS Amend ASEAN Constitution and Charter toward High International Standard of Democracy and Human Rights-UN Human Rights Declaration ASEAN Strategic Plan, Blueprint with core indicators and measurement in transparent and accountable ways ( Target for achievement in Fair and Transparent ASEAN Human Rights Body-ASEAN Declaration on Human Rights ASEAN Civil Society Body Obligation in ratification on the promotion and protection of all migrant workers and their families ASEAN Common Policy and Guideline based on UN Conventions-CEDAW, Child Rights, Migrant Workers… ASEAN Military Alliances as model of NATO ASEAN Permanent Precedent Representation Promotion Law Enforcement Foreign Policy

84 Bibliographies ASEAN, 2011, ASEAN statistic Leaflet, selected core indicators, ASEAN Foreign Investment Statistic, Database as of 6 July 2011; Country Submission Ministry of Planning and Ministry of Health , Royal Government of Cambodia, 2010, Cambodia Health Demographic Survey, Ministry of Planning. Royal Government of Cambodia, 2009, Cambodia Socio Economic Survey, , , Ministry of Planning, RGC, 2008, Cambodia Demographic Census 2008 Ministry of Planning, RGC, 2011 Cambodia Economic Census , March 2011 ASEAN 2010, ASEAN Community in figures 2010 Google Analysis and Reports ASEAN Phnom Penh Agenda, 2012 ASEAN Phnom Penh Declaration, 2012

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