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Core Agriculture Support Program, 2011-2020 (CASP Phase 2) GMS Working Group on Agriculture Dr. Thamana Lekprichakul Program Coordinator/Deputy WGA Manager.

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Presentation on theme: "Core Agriculture Support Program, 2011-2020 (CASP Phase 2) GMS Working Group on Agriculture Dr. Thamana Lekprichakul Program Coordinator/Deputy WGA Manager."— Presentation transcript:

1 Core Agriculture Support Program, (CASP Phase 2) GMS Working Group on Agriculture Dr. Thamana Lekprichakul Program Coordinator/Deputy WGA Manager ASEAN Feed & Rice Symposium, Bangkok, 9 April 2014

2 Outline of the Presentatio n 1.Core Agriculture Support Program Phase 2 2.CASP Regional Technical Assistance 3.Key Activities 4.Regional Investment Framework

3 Core Agriculture Support Program (CASP) ( )

4 Agricultural Research and Development Private Sector Involvement Institutional Mechanisms for Regional Cooperation Vision The Greater Mekong Subregion is recognized as the leading producer of safe food, using climate friendly agricultural practices and integrated into global markets through regional economic corridors. Pillar 3: Bioenergy & Biomass Management Pillar 1: Food Safety Trade Modernization Pillar 2: Climate Friendly Agriculture

5 Implementation Structure Working Group on Agriculture (WGA) (WGA Coordinators from GMS Countries) WGA CoChair Director, SEER ADB ADB Project Officer WGA Secretariat (WGA Manager and Administrative Staff) WGA National Secretariat Support Units s1s1 Implementing Partners International and National Consultants Development Partners Coordination and Advisory WGA National Secretariat Support Units National Secretariat Specialists (NSS)* WGA National Focal Points (Counterpart) Contact Points in Agencies/Ministries *NSS are TA-funded

6 Technical Assistance for CASP I & 2 Technical Assistance Amount (in US$M) Implementation Period >3 RETAs 6390 – Tranboundary Disease 6521 – Implementing CASP 1 >3June RETA 7833 (Biomass for Bioenergy & Food Security) 4July RETA 8163 (Implementing CASP 2) 14 +Sept

7 RETA 6521: Accelerating Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program RETA amount: $3.164 M (breakdown below) ADB : $1.5 M; PRC Fund: $0.25 M; IFAD :$0.20M(parallel) FAO : $0.714 M(in-kind); GMS : $0.250 M(in-kind) Implementation Period: Project Outputs : 1.Implementation of the Strategy for Biotechnology and Biosafety Initiated 2.Agriculture Information and Network Service Development and Use Promoted 3.Rural Renewable Energy 4.Cross-border Trade Facilitation

8 Minor change in scope in 2012 GMS Drought Management –Develop drought monitoring & warning system –Develop drought vulnerable maps –Cost-benefit analysis for economic loss due to drought –Capacity development –Knowledge products Project Status: for extension for 1 year RETA 6521: CASP 1 (cont.)

9 TA 6390: Transboundary Animal Disease Control for Poverty Reduction in the GMS ADB Approval: Feb 2007; TA total amount is $1.65 M Impact: to contribute to the larger goal of reducing poverty in poor livestock farming communities in the GMS, through better control of TAD, increased production of safer food, and enhanced opportunities for smallholders to access higher value markets, in order to sell their livestock and livestock products. Project Status: Requesting ADB to extended completion date to 2015 to carry forward the planned pilot activities on cross-border livestock tracability system and awareness raising materials

10 TA 7833: Capacity Building for the Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy & Food Security ADB Approval: June 2011 RETA Amount: $4 M Implementation Period: Impact: Improved access to clean bionergy and enhanced food security. Outcome: Enhanced capacity for efficient utilization of biomass for scale-up production of clean bioenergy and organic soil amendments. Project Status: TA is being implemented by a consulting firm

11 RETA 8163: Implementing Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II in the GMS Initial Budget: $7.5M from Sida with additional financing from various development partners i.e. –$5M NDF and $0.5 ADB for N-cycle –$1M Swiss Gov’t for ‘green water’ management Impact: agricultural sector that is more integrated and climate-friendly in the GMS. Outcome: enhanced market access for environmentally-friendly agricultural products produced by smallholders

12 TA 7833 Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the GMS -TA amount $4 million -Implementing Period

13 TA 7833 Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the GMS Output 1: Enhanced regional cooperation on bioenergy development that safeguards and fosters food security; Output2: Climate-friendly, gender-responsive biomass investment projects pilot tested; Output 3: Enhanced capacity for the efficient use of biomass; Output 4: Knowledge products developed and disseminated.

14 Cambodia – Rice Residues

15 TA 7833: Output 1 Review of National Policies International Best Practice Standards, Labelling and Certification National Working Groups on Standards Regional Forums

16 Working Group Priorities PriorityCAMLAOVIE Organic Rice Biogas Digester Standards Biofertilizer Standards Climate friendly Rice

17 TA 7833: Output 2 Selected proposed technologies – Improved Cook Stoves, Bioslurry from biogas production, Biochar 6 feasibility studies in Viet Nam and Cambodia A rapid assessment of biomass use option for Laos PDR Review of existing business models

18 Feasibility Studies on Pilot Investments Demonstrating the Production and Use of Biochar Scale-Up the Use of Biochar from Rice Husks in Climate- Friendly Rice Production Scaling-Up Adoption of Improved Cook Stoves Scaling-Up Proven Biogas Technology and Efficient Bioslurry Management PracticesPilot Investment Project to Scale-Up Efficient Bioslurry Management Practices within the Viet Nam National Biogas Program Rapid Appraisal for Efficient Utilization of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security

19 Improved Cook Stoves  Business Model: aggregating demand and incentivize sales promotion  e.g., Viet Nam Women’s Union linked to producers of approved stoves, receive training and incentives to sell stoves.  First sale campaign: 3days sales of 300 and 80 achieved in the two districts

20 Biogas programs –Evaluate environmental impact of slurry Cumulative effects are significant – est. of 150,000 m 3 per annum in 1 commune Limited use of slurry 5 to 30% Pilot systems to move slurry to home gardens or composting Business model – production of slurry enriched compost by women and farmer group Bioslurry

21 Biochar Upscaling Findings Safety issues identified in local production technologies, particularly from rice husk Move focus from –“Production” to “use” demand focus –“Soil Amendment” to part of “nutrient delivery” From public good “carbon” to private good “ agronomic benefit”

22 BIOCHAR Adds nutrients / more efficient use of soil nutrients Increases pH Improves soil water retention Stores carbon in soil for > 1000 years Improves soil structure Improved microbial associations Cation Exchange Capacity (with ageing) Reduced greenhouse gas Fluxes (CH 4, N 2 O)


24 Product Development Public and private sector joint initiative Provide product development grant funds for biofertiliser formulations and production including biochar Product Testing Research demonstrations Farmer demonstration plots and farmer field schools Rice and vegetables Womens home garden training Biochar Pilots

25 Laos PDR Business Model: Linking local entrepreneurs with biomass technologies  production of composts  production of bio fertiliser  Introduce biochar kilns example Cambodia  Introduce small scale bio-digestors

26 Biochar Health and Safety tests Testing of locally available char resources Characterisation tests – completed Presence of crystalline silica - awaiting final test results

27 Capacity Building Study tours Courses on Biochar biofertilizer Participation in regional events TA 7833: Output 3 Technical knowledge products Biomass Assessment for CLV Biobrief series TA 7833: Output 4

28 TA 8163-REG: Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II

29 Initial Budget: $7.5M from Sida with additional financing from various development partners i.e. –$5M NDF and $0.5 ADB for N-cycle Impact: agricultural sector that is more integrated and climate-friendly in the GMS. Outcome: enhanced market access for environmentally-friendly agricultural products produced by smallholders.

30 Outputs 1.Strengthened regional framework and capacity for agri-food quality management 2.Established e-trade on eco-friendly agri-food production for smallholders 3.Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture 4.Knowledge management and dissemination 5.Strengthened regional cooperation on agriculture

31 Additional financing approved in Nov 13: $5.0 m (NDF) and $0.5m (ADB) for Output 3 - gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture: (i)GMS-wide regional cooperation on harmonized policies, standards, and regulations on efficient use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer; (ii)pilot investment models to scale up efficient nitrogen fertilizer (in CAM, LAO, MYN); (iii)GMS-wide institutional capacity building on efficient nitrogen-cycle management and greenhouse gas mitigation RETA 8163: Additional Financing

32 Expected Outputs with By 2017: Road maps for regional policy framework and adoption of common carbon accounting standards to monitor and promote improvements in nitrogen- use efficiency 10% increase crop yield/unit of fertilizer applied in project sites

33 TA 8163-REG: Additional $1M from ADB Water Financing Partnership Facility for ‘green’ water management For ADB management approval by Q To finance additional activities under: –Output 3: Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture: rainwater harvesting, soil moisture management i.e. mulching, adding soil organic matter, and terracing (pilot projects on green water management in rainfed agriculture in CLM) –Output 4: Facilitated knowledge management and dissemination: Conduct of regional studies and policy supports on green water management

34 Regional Secretariat Office and National Secretariat Support Units established Regional Inception Meeting in March 2013 and National Inception Meetings conducted in Lao, MYA, THA, and VIE WGA Secretariat Operational Guideline approved. TA 8163-REG: Key Achievements

35 Improved implementation arrangements: WGA Regional Secretariat became the Implementing Unit with impressed bank account for TA PIU can engage services provider directly TA administration manual prepared HQ-based TA project officer’s regular visits to TRM Fast tract disbursement strategies

36 TA 8163-REG: Key Achievements WGA Retreat conducted in May 2013: –Pipeline projects for GMS Regional Investment Framework(RIF) for Agriculture Sector discussed and endorsed –WGA Secretariat Operational Guideline approved At the 19 th GMS Ministerial Meeting in Dec 13 in Lao PDR, pipeline RIF projects for agriculture endorsed. –5 investment projects at $1.2 billion –8 technical assistance projects at $25.0 million

37 TA 8163-REG: Output 1 Strategy for the implementation of PGS developed –PGS is a community-based cerfication system for safe food for smallholder farmers. –The goal is to identify and implement at least 12 pilot projects, two in each countries, to test new innovative business models to scale up PGS in the region. PGS regional workshop conducted

38 TA 8163-REG: Output 2 Capacity building for farmers on market access for domestic and export markets, starting with Lao and Thai farmers Initial consultations with the Foreign Economic Cooperation Center of the Ministry of Agriculture of the PRC on enhancing the AINS into e-trade forum ( possible additional funding from PRC in 2014 to be further discussed )

39 TA 8163-REG: Output 3 Consulting engaged to identify/implement PPP projects to enhance emerging value chains Government officials supported to attend Training Program on Chemical Management Strategies in Sweden, organized by a Swedish Chemicals Agency Jointly organized with the Phnom Penh Plan Human Resource Development under the theme “Enhancing Regional Competitiveness and Sustainability of Agriculture Sector” Co-financed training on contract farming organized by FAO Participated in awareness raising activities with GMS Environment Operations Center and ADB/FAO/WOCAN Regional High-level consultation on Gender, Food and Nutrition Security Priorities for the Asia Pacific region

40 TA 8163-REG: Output 4 Draft CASP 2 communication strategy Initiate development of GMS- WGA web site CASP 2 brochure; DVDs on climate-friendly agriculture, compost making technology, biochar application as soil amendment, post-harvest technology of fruits and vegetables.

41 TA 8163-REG: Output 5 WGA 10 and Joint Knowledge Event with WGE organized in Lao PDR WGA Manager replaced Recruitment of NSS staff in PRC and CAM is ongoing. Hired Program Coordinator, Knowledge Management Specialist, and Administrative Officer. Recruitment ongoing for Finance and Management Specialist, Procurement Specialist, Implementation Specialist…

42 Other ADB Projects contributing to CASP Phase II

43 Collaboration with ADBI Project Name: Agricultural Productivity and Natural Resource Management (AP and NRM) Participating Countries: CLMV Project Duration: Nov Mar 2016 Donors: include ADBI, ADB, ASEAN Secretariat Project Status: – training programs organized: in February 18-22, 2013 in partnership with Mekong Institute and New Zealand Aid Programme, and in Sept 2013 in Bangkok – Regional policy forum in Myanmar in May 2013

44 Investment: GMS Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation Loan/grant amount: $104 million CAM: Loan Nos 2970 & 8262, Grant 0330 LAO & VIE: Loan 2936, Grant 0316 & 0317 Implementation period: Board Approval: 12 Dec 2012 Project Description: Build Capacity of communities in lower Mekong basin against floods and droughts. Key outputs: stronger regional coordination for management of flood and drought events, upgraded water management infrastructure; and enhances capacity for community based F&D management Mekong river flooding W.E. Garrett

45 Investment: Trade Facilitation- Improved Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Handling in the GMS ADB Board Approval: CAM/LAO were approved on 26 June 2012; VIE was approved on 22 November Implementation Period: October 2012 – August 2017 (CAM/LAO); April 2013 – June 2018 (VIE) Loan amount: $25.87 million for CAM/LAO Grant amount: $11.0 million for Lao PDR Loan/Grant amount: $11.72 M for VIE The Project: The project will strengthen institutions and operational and management capacities in CAM, LAO and VIE for operating cost-effective SPS systems that facilitate trade and protect health.

46 RETA 8096: Improving Sanitary and Phytosanitary Handling in GMS Trade (piggy-backed to CAM/LAO/VIE loans and grant) Grant amount: $750,000 Implementation period: August 2012-August 2017 Impact and Outcome: The impact of the TA is that AFF products become safer, more efficiently produced, and traded in greater quantities. The outcome is effective and well- connected SPS management systems, which will contribute to enhanced intra-regional trade, export competitiveness and protection of health.

47 Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR): Capacity Enhancement of SPS Handling Arrangement to Improve Trade Facilitation TA will focus on promoting Customs interface with SPS agencies, and SPS capacity development to promote regional cooperation and harmonization Project Outcome: Enhanced SPS management system to cooperate with customs administrations in promoting trade in GMS Processing Period: Concept Clearance: 02 Jul 2013 Fact-finding: 19 Aug 2013 to 10 Sep 2013

48 Investment: Low Carbon Agricultural Support Project (VIE) Loan amount: $74 million, approved Dec 2012 Implementation period : Project Description:  Activities are parts of climate change (CC) mitigation and adaptation measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in VIE.  Enhance climate smart agriculture development and practices focused on strengthening Low Carbon Agriculture (LCA) policies and institutions;  Establishing infrastructure support for agri- waste management;  Enhancing LCA technology and development transfer.

49 RETA 7493: Addressing Pre- and Post- harvest Challenges of Rice Supply Chain RETA Amount: $ 2 million for CAM, PHI, THA, VIE Project Outputs: 1.Reduce pre-harvest losses through field resistance screening method and germplasm country strategies 2.reduced postharvest losses through technology and mgt options, agri-extension/advice and post-harvest networks ●Project Status:  germplasm & field resistance screening methods and successful dissemination of pre-harvest methods & banning of pest control meds in THA and VIE  Post harvest work with NARS

50 RETA 7495: Support for the ASEAN+3 Integrated Food Security Framework RETA amount: $2 million (JSF) Project Components:  Establish ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice Reserve  Action plan for expanded and stable rice trade  Promote usage of ASEAN Food Security Information System (AFSIS) Project Status:  APTERR rules and procedures for endorsement in Feb 2013  Pilot ASEAN Rice Trade Forum endorsed by ASEAN+3 as a regular activity  AFSIS to become a permanent mechanism by 2013

51 Strategic Research for Sustainable Food & Nutrition Security in Asia (1) RETA amount: $1.4M for CAM, LAO, PHI, THA, VIE Board Approval: Dec 2011 Project Outputs : 1.Adopt eco-based management methods to reduce rice pest outbreaks, and viable postharvest rice technologies 2.Develop innovations and partnership investments for water- saving technologies and safe food supply chains; 3.Develop demand-driven and results-based strategic action plan for ARD of Asian DMCs Project Status: On Pre-harvest: Focused on upscaling TA activities (multimedia campaigns and education entertainment TV series-Ecological Engineering TV)

52 Strategic Research for Sustainable Food & Nutrition Security in Asia (2) Project Status: On Pre-harvest (con’t): Engaged governments of THA and VIE in project advocacy Presented at 34 th ASEAN Senior Officials’ Meeting and World Bank's Forum for Agri-risk Management on Rice in Asia. Approved parallel funding for two projects initiated by the TA Project Status: On Post-harvest: Established business plans and models for hermetic storage systems for seed producers (PHI), combine harvesting services (CAM), and drying services (CAM & PHI) and established link between rice producers and local supply chains for hermetic storage systems Conducted skills and capacity building in three countries. Ongoing research on mycotoxin contamination in rice grains

53 RETA 7996: Innovative Financing for Agri- Food Value Chains (AFVC) RETA amount: $1.5M for Cambodia Project Outputs : 1.policy report for inclusive and sustainable AFVC financing to BAN and CAM, 2.innovative AFVC finance business models for smallholder farms and SMAEs 3.application of a knowledge platform on innovative AFVC financing by selected DMCs. Project Status:  International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) engaged for Q 1 and 3; individual consultants for Q 2  Planning workshop on April 2013 in Beijing

54 CAM: Climate Resilient Rice Commercialization Sector Development Program Impact: Increased net incomes of stakeholders along the rice value chain Board approval: June 2013 (3 loans, 2 grants) $87.4M Project Outcome: Enhanced production of quality rice in Cambodia while preserving the natural resource base

55 MYA: Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction grant of $12M approved in Dec 2013 Impact: Improved agricultural productivity and enhanced livelihoods contributing to reduced rural poverty in Ayeyarwady Delta Region, the Central Dry Zone, Kayin State, and the Shan State Plateau Outcome: Improved essential social and productive rural infrastructure in the project-assisted villages

56 GMS East-West Economic Corridor Agriculture Infrastructure Sector Project (formerly Rural Access Improvement Project Along the EWEC) $60M loan for LAO approved in Sept 2013 Impact: Increased household incomes in the project areas Outcome: Increased agricultural productivity in the project areas Description of Project Outputs: Improved agriculture infrastructure Increased capacity of farmers to manage and use agriculture infrastructure efficiently Efficient project management

57 Sustainable Natural Resource Management and Productivity Enhancement Project Approved $20 M grant in Feb 2009 for Lao Impact: More efficient and sustainable natural resource management and improved sector productivity. Outcome: Enhanced institutional capacity at provincial and national levels to manage natural resource utilization in a sustainable manner. Description of Project Outputs: 1. Capacity building for ANR Sector management; 2. Investment in Resource Management and Productivity Enhancement; 3. Efficient project management

58 Thank you very much

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