4Vision Pillar 1: Food Safety Trade Modernization Pillar 2: Climate The Greater Mekong Subregion is recognizedas the leading producer of safe food, usingclimate friendly agricultural practices and integratedinto global markets through regional economic corridors.Pillar 1:Food SafetyTradeModernizationPillar 2:ClimateFriendlyAgriculturePillar 3:Bioenergy &BiomassManagementAgricultural Research and DevelopmentPrivate Sector InvolvementInstitutional Mechanisms for Regional Cooperation
5Implementation Structure Working Group on Agriculture (WGA)(WGA Coordinators from GMS Countries)WGA CoChairDirector, SEERADBADB Project OfficerWGA Secretariat(WGA Manager and Administrative Staff)WGA National Secretariat Support Unitss1Implementing PartnersInternational and National ConsultantsDevelopmentPartnersCoordination and AdvisoryNational Secretariat Specialists (NSS)*WGA National Focal Points (Counterpart)Contact Points in Agencies/Ministries*NSS are TA-fundedImplementation Structure
6Technical Assistance for CASP I & 2 Amount(in US$M)Implementation Period>3 RETAs6390 – Tranboundary Disease6521 – Implementing CASP 1>3JuneRETA 7833(Biomass for Bioenergy & Food Security)4JulyRETA 8163(Implementing CASP 2)14 +Sept
7RETA 6521: Accelerating Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program RETA amount: $3.164 M (breakdown below)ADB : $1.5 M; PRC Fund: $0.25 M; IFAD :$0.20M(parallel)FAO : $0.714 M(in-kind); GMS : $0.250 M(in-kind)Implementation Period:Project Outputs :Implementation of the Strategy for Biotechnology and Biosafety InitiatedAgriculture Information and Network Service Development and Use PromotedRural Renewable EnergyCross-border Trade Facilitation
8RETA 6521: CASP 1 (cont.) Project Status: for extension for 1 year Minor change in scope in 2012GMS Drought ManagementDevelop drought monitoring & warning systemDevelop drought vulnerable mapsCost-benefit analysis for economic loss due to droughtCapacity developmentKnowledge productsProject Status: for extension for 1 year
9TA 6390: Transboundary Animal Disease Control for Poverty Reduction in the GMS ADB Approval: Feb 2007; TA total amount is $1.65 MImpact: to contribute to the larger goal of reducing poverty in poor livestock farming communities in the GMS, through better control of TAD, increased production of safer food, and enhanced opportunities for smallholders to access higher value markets, in order to sell their livestock and livestock products.Project Status: Requesting ADB to extended completion date to 2015 to carry forward the planned pilot activities on cross-border livestock tracability system and awareness raising materials
10TA 7833: Capacity Building for the Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy & Food Security ADB Approval: June 2011RETA Amount: $4 MImplementation Period:Impact: Improved access to clean bionergy and enhanced food security.Outcome: Enhanced capacity for efficient utilization of biomass for scale-up production of clean bioenergy and organic soil amendments.Project Status: TA is being implemented by a consulting firm
11RETA 8163: Implementing Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II in the GMS Initial Budget: $7.5M from Sida with additional financing from various development partners i.e.$5M NDF and $0.5 ADB for N-cycle$1M Swiss Gov’t for ‘green water’ managementImpact: agricultural sector that is more integrated and climate-friendly in the GMS.Outcome: enhanced market access for environmentally-friendly agricultural products produced by smallholders
12TA 7833 Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the GMS -TA amount $4 million-Implementing Period
13TA 7833 Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the GMS Output 1: Enhanced regional cooperation on bioenergy development that safeguards and fosters food security;Output2: Climate-friendly, gender-responsive biomass investment projects pilot tested;Output 3: Enhanced capacity for the efficient use of biomass;Output 4: Knowledge products developed and disseminated.
15TA 7833: Output 1 Review of National Policies International Best Practice Standards, Labelling and CertificationNational Working Groups on StandardsRegional Forums
16Working Group Priorities PriorityCAMLAOVIEOrganic RiceBiogas Digester StandardsBiofertilizer StandardsClimate friendly Rice
17TA 7833: Output 2Selected proposed technologies – Improved Cook Stoves, Bioslurry from biogas production, Biochar6 feasibility studies in Viet Nam and CambodiaA rapid assessment of biomass use option for Laos PDRReview of existing business models
18Feasibility Studies on Pilot Investments Demonstrating the Production and Use of BiocharScale-Up the Use of Biochar from Rice Husks in Climate-Friendly Rice ProductionScaling-Up Adoption of Improved Cook StovesScaling-Up Proven Biogas Technology and Efficient Bioslurry Management PracticesPilot Investment Project to Scale-Up Efficient Bioslurry Management Practices within the Viet Nam National Biogas ProgramRapid Appraisal for Efficient Utilization of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security
19Improved Cook StovesBusiness Model: aggregating demand and incentivize sales promotione.g., Viet Nam Women’s Union linked to producers of approved stoves, receive training and incentives to sell stoves.First sale campaign: 3days sales of 300 and 80 achieved in the two districts
20Bioslurry Biogas programs Limited use of slurry 5 to 30% Evaluate environmental impact of slurryCumulative effects are significantest. of 150,000 m3 per annum in 1 communeLimited use of slurry 5 to 30%Pilot systems to move slurry to home gardens or compostingBusiness model – production of slurry enriched compost by women and farmer group
21Biochar Upscaling Findings Safety issues identified in local production technologies, particularly from rice huskMove focus from“Production” to “use”demand focus“Soil Amendment” to part of “nutrient delivery”From public good “carbon” to private good “ agronomic benefit”
22Stores carbon in soil for > 1000 years Increases pHReduced greenhouse gasFluxes (CH4, N2O)Improves soil water retentionBIOCHARCationExchangeCapacity(with ageing)Adds nutrients / more efficient use of soil nutrientsImproves soil structureImproved microbialassociationsStores carbon in soil for > 1000 years
24Biochar Pilots Product Development Product Testing Public and private sector joint initiativeProvide product development grant funds for biofertiliser formulations and production including biocharProduct TestingResearch demonstrationsFarmer demonstration plots and farmer field schoolsRice and vegetablesWomens home garden training
25Laos PDR Business Model: Linking local entrepreneurs with biomass technologiesproduction of compostsproduction of bio fertiliserIntroduce biochar kilnsexample CambodiaIntroduce small scale bio-digestors
26Biochar Health and Safety tests Testing of locally available char resourcesCharacterisation tests – completedPresence of crystalline silica - awaiting final test results
27TA 7833: Output 3 TA 7833: Output 4 Capacity Building Study tours Courses on Biochar biofertilizerParticipation in regional eventsTA 7833: Output 4Technical knowledge productsBiomass Assessment for CLVBiobrief series
28TA 8163-REG: Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II
29TA 8163-REG: Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II Initial Budget: $7.5M from Sida with additional financing from various development partners i.e.$5M NDF and $0.5 ADB for N-cycleImpact: agricultural sector that is more integrated and climate-friendly in the GMS.Outcome: enhanced market access for environmentally-friendly agricultural products produced by smallholders.
30OutputsStrengthened regional framework and capacity for agri-food quality managementEstablished e-trade on eco-friendly agri-food production for smallholdersIncreased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agricultureKnowledge management and disseminationStrengthened regional cooperation on agricultureOutput 1: Strengthened regional framework and capacity for agri-food quality management. Regional standards, food labeling systems along with mutual recognition of certification systems including community-based certifications (Participatory Guarantee System (PGS)) will be promoted. The use of ICT and modern value chain management systems, such as farm assurance and traceability systems, will be supported through pilot activities to extract lessons for wider implementation.Output 2: Established electronic trade of environmentally-friendly agri-food production of smallholders. Market studies for eco-friendly agri-produce, as well as consumer perception and access to safe agri-food will be conducted at the onset of and at the end of the project. A roadmap for e-trade operations, including cross-border trade administration system for agri-food products and e-trade modalities, will be piloted. Participation of producers in regional and international trade fairs will also be supported.Output 3: Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture. Innovative mechanisms for carbon financing, efficient use of water, and other environmental-friendly practices will be promoted through pilot activities in collaboration with private sector and civil society organizations. Multimedia products targeting illiterate women-farmers will be developed and disseminated. Based on results of pilot projects, studies on scaling up as regional investment will be undertaken.Output 4: Facilitated knowledge management and dissemination. Relevant regional studies will be conducted to facilitate planning at regional level. Knowledge products based on ongoing and past GMS RETAs will be produced and disseminated through regional platforms, including GMS AINS website and through mass media.Output 5: Strengthened regional cooperation on agriculture in the GMS. The capacity of the present WGA Secretariat will be enhanced through the establishment of the National Secretariat Support Unit (NSSU) in each GMS country. Results-based framework, as well as standard operating procedures for the WGA, will be institutionalized. WGA annual meetings will be organized and supports will be solicited for the full implementation of the CASP Phase II.These are systems for transparent and well-documented farm production process, e.g., Good Agriculture Practices.These will also serve as valuable baselines and measurements of progress.These include financial and economic analysis and scalability as public-private partnership projects.The TA builds technical and managerial capacities of government focal points (counterparts), reinforcing the sustainability of the WGA Secretariat.Baseline for indicators will be established at the start of TA. To the extent possible, gender disaggregated data will be collected and reflected in TA reports.
31RETA 8163: Additional Financing Additional financing approved in Nov 13:$5.0 m (NDF) and $0.5m (ADB) for Output 3 - gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture:GMS-wide regional cooperation on harmonized policies, standards, and regulations on efficient use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer;pilot investment models to scale up efficient nitrogen fertilizer (in CAM, LAO, MYN);GMS-wide institutional capacity building on efficient nitrogen-cycle management and greenhouse gas mitigation
32Expected Outputs with By 2017: Road maps for regional policy framework and adoption of common carbon accounting standards to monitor and promote improvements in nitrogen-use efficiency10% increase crop yield/unit of fertilizer applied in project sites
33TA 8163-REG: Additional $1M from ADB Water Financing Partnership Facility for ‘green’ water managementFor ADB management approval by Q2 2014To finance additional activities under:Output 3: Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture: rainwater harvesting, soil moisture management i.e. mulching, adding soil organic matter, and terracing (pilot projects on green water management in rainfed agriculture in CLM)Output 4: Facilitated knowledge management and dissemination: Conduct of regional studies and policy supports on green water management
34TA 8163-REG: Key Achievements Regional Secretariat Office and National Secretariat Support Units establishedRegional Inception Meeting in March 2013 and National Inception Meetings conducted in Lao, MYA, THA, and VIEWGA Secretariat Operational Guideline approved.
35TA 8163-REG: Key Achievements Improved implementation arrangements:WGA Regional Secretariat became the Implementing Unit with impressed bank account for TAPIU can engage services provider directlyTA administration manual preparedHQ-based TA project officer’s regular visits to TRMFast tract disbursement strategies
36TA 8163-REG: Key Achievements WGA Retreat conducted in May 2013:Pipeline projects for GMS Regional Investment Framework(RIF) for Agriculture Sector discussed and endorsedWGA Secretariat Operational Guideline approvedAt the 19th GMS Ministerial Meeting in Dec 13 in Lao PDR, pipeline RIF projects for agriculture endorsed.5 investment projects at $1.2 billion8 technical assistance projects at $25.0 million
37TA 8163-REG: Output 1 Strategy for the implementation of PGS developed PGS is a community-based cerfication system for safe food for smallholder farmers.The goal is to identify and implement at least 12 pilot projects, two in each countries, to test new innovative business models to scale up PGS in the region.PGS regional workshop conducted
38TA 8163-REG: Output 2Capacity building for farmers on market access for domestic and export markets, starting with Lao and Thai farmersInitial consultations with the Foreign Economic Cooperation Center of the Ministry of Agriculture of the PRC on enhancing the AINS into e-trade forum (possible additional funding from PRC in 2014 to be further discussed)
39TA 8163-REG: Output 3Consulting engaged to identify/implement PPP projects to enhance emerging value chainsGovernment officials supported to attend Training Program on Chemical Management Strategies in Sweden, organized by a Swedish Chemicals AgencyJointly organized with the Phnom Penh Plan Human Resource Development under the theme “Enhancing Regional Competitiveness and Sustainability of Agriculture Sector”Co-financed training on contract farming organized by FAOParticipated in awareness raising activities with GMS Environment Operations Center and ADB/FAO/WOCAN Regional High-level consultation on Gender, Food and Nutrition Security Priorities for the Asia Pacific region
40TA 8163-REG: Output 4 Draft CASP 2 communication strategy Initiate development of GMS-WGA web siteCASP 2 brochure; DVDs on climate-friendly agriculture, compost making technology, biochar application as soil amendment, post-harvest technology of fruits and vegetables.
41TA 8163-REG: Output 5WGA 10 and Joint Knowledge Event with WGE organized in Lao PDRWGA Manager replacedRecruitment of NSS staff in PRC and CAM is ongoing.Hired Program Coordinator, Knowledge Management Specialist, and Administrative Officer. Recruitment ongoing for Finance and Management Specialist, Procurement Specialist, Implementation Specialist…
42Other ADB Projects contributing to CASP Phase II
43Collaboration with ADBI Project Name: Agricultural Productivity and Natural Resource Management (AP and NRM)Participating Countries: CLMVProject Duration: Nov Mar 2016Donors: include ADBI, ADB, ASEAN SecretariatProject Status:training programs organized: in February 18-22, 2013 in partnership with Mekong Institute and New Zealand Aid Programme, and in Sept 2013 in BangkokRegional policy forum in Myanmar in May 2013
44Investment: GMS Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation Loan/grant amount: $104 millionCAM: Loan Nos 2970 & 8262, Grant 0330LAO & VIE: Loan 2936, Grant 0316 & 0317Implementation period:Board Approval: 12 Dec 2012Project Description: Build Capacity of communities in lower Mekong basin against floods and droughts.Key outputs: stronger regional coordination for management of flood and drought events, upgraded water management infrastructure; and enhances capacity for community based F&D managementMekong river flooding W.E. Garrett
45Investment: Trade Facilitation- Improved Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Handling in the GMS ADB Board Approval: CAM/LAO were approved on 26 June 2012; VIE was approved on 22 November 2012.Implementation Period: October 2012 – August 2017 (CAM/LAO); April 2013 – June 2018 (VIE)Loan amount: $25.87 million for CAM/LAOGrant amount: $11.0 million for Lao PDRLoan/Grant amount: $11.72 M for VIEThe Project:The project will strengthen institutions and operational and management capacities in CAM, LAO and VIE for operating cost-effective SPS systems that facilitate trade and protect health.
46RETA 8096: Improving Sanitary and Phytosanitary Handling in GMS Trade (piggy-backed to CAM/LAO/VIE loans and grant)Grant amount: $750,000Implementation period: August 2012-August 2017Impact and Outcome:The impact of the TA is that AFF products become safer, more efficiently produced, and traded in greater quantities. The outcome is effective and well-connected SPS management systems, which will contribute to enhanced intra-regional trade, export competitiveness and protection of health.
47Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR): Capacity Enhancement of SPS Handling Arrangement to Improve Trade FacilitationTA will focus on promoting Customs interface with SPS agencies, and SPS capacity development to promote regional cooperation and harmonizationProject Outcome: Enhanced SPS management system to cooperate with customs administrations in promoting trade in GMSProcessing Period:Concept Clearance: 02 Jul 2013Fact-finding: 19 Aug 2013 to 10 Sep 2013
48Investment: Low Carbon Agricultural Support Project (VIE) Loan amount: $74 million, approved Dec 2012Implementation period :Project Description:Activities are parts of climate change (CC) mitigation and adaptation measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in VIE.Enhance climate smart agriculture development and practices focused on strengthening Low Carbon Agriculture (LCA) policies and institutions;Establishing infrastructure support for agri-waste management;Enhancing LCA technology and development transfer.
49RETA 7493: Addressing Pre- and Post-harvest Challenges of Rice Supply Chain RETA Amount: $ 2 million for CAM, PHI, THA, VIEProject Outputs:Reduce pre-harvest losses through field resistance screening method and germplasm country strategiesreduced postharvest losses through technology and mgt options, agri-extension/advice and post-harvest networksProject Status:germplasm & field resistance screening methods and successful dissemination of pre-harvest methods & banning of pest control meds in THA and VIEPost harvest work with NARS
50RETA 7495: Support for the ASEAN+3 Integrated Food Security Framework RETA amount: $2 million (JSF)Project Components:Establish ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice ReserveAction plan for expanded and stable rice tradePromote usage of ASEAN Food Security Information System (AFSIS)Project Status:APTERR rules and procedures for endorsement in Feb 2013Pilot ASEAN Rice Trade Forum endorsed by ASEAN+3 as a regular activityAFSIS to become a permanent mechanism by 2013
51Strategic Research for Sustainable Food & Nutrition Security in Asia (1) RETA amount: $1.4M for CAM, LAO, PHI, THA, VIEBoard Approval: Dec 2011Project Outputs :Adopt eco-based management methods to reduce rice pest outbreaks, and viable postharvest rice technologiesDevelop innovations and partnership investments for water-saving technologies and safe food supply chains;Develop demand-driven and results-based strategic action plan for ARD of Asian DMCsProject Status: On Pre-harvest:Focused on upscaling TA activities (multimedia campaigns and education entertainment TV series-Ecological Engineering TV)
52Strategic Research for Sustainable Food & Nutrition Security in Asia (2) Project Status: On Pre-harvest (con’t):Engaged governments of THA and VIE in project advocacyPresented at 34th ASEAN Senior Officials’ Meeting and World Bank's Forum for Agri-risk Management on Rice in Asia. Approved parallel funding for two projects initiated by the TAProject Status: On Post-harvest:Established business plans and models for hermetic storage systems for seed producers (PHI), combine harvesting services (CAM), and drying services (CAM & PHI) and established link between rice producers and local supply chains for hermetic storage systems Conducted skills and capacity building in three countries.Ongoing research on mycotoxin contamination in rice grains
53RETA 7996: Innovative Financing for Agri-Food Value Chains (AFVC) RETA amount: $1.5M for CambodiaProject Outputs :policy report for inclusive and sustainable AFVC financing to BAN and CAM,innovative AFVC finance business models for smallholder farms and SMAEsapplication of a knowledge platform on innovative AFVC financing by selected DMCs.Project Status:International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) engaged for Q 1 and 3; individual consultants for Q 2Planning workshop on April 2013 in Beijing
54CAM: Climate Resilient Rice Commercialization Sector Development Program Impact: Increased net incomes of stakeholders along the rice value chainBoard approval: June 2013 (3 loans, 2 grants) $87.4MProject Outcome: Enhanced production of quality rice in Cambodia while preserving the natural resource base
55MYA: Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction grant of $12M approved in Dec 2013Impact: Improved agricultural productivity and enhanced livelihoods contributing to reduced rural poverty in Ayeyarwady Delta Region, the Central Dry Zone, Kayin State, and the Shan State PlateauOutcome: Improved essential social and productive rural infrastructure in the project-assisted villages
56GMS East-West Economic Corridor Agriculture Infrastructure Sector Project (formerly Rural Access Improvement Project Along the EWEC)$60M loan for LAO approved in Sept 2013Impact: Increased household incomes in the project areasOutcome: Increased agricultural productivity in the project areasDescription of Project Outputs: Improved agriculture infrastructure Increased capacity of farmers to manage and use agriculture infrastructure efficiently Efficient project management
57Sustainable Natural Resource Management and Productivity Enhancement Project Approved $20 M grant in Feb 2009 for LaoImpact: More efficient and sustainable natural resource management and improved sector productivity.Outcome: Enhanced institutional capacity at provincial and national levels to manage natural resource utilization in a sustainable manner.Description of Project Outputs: 1. Capacity building for ANR Sector management; 2. Investment in Resource Management and Productivity Enhancement; 3. Efficient project management