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Core Agriculture Support Program, (CASP Phase 2)

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Presentation on theme: "Core Agriculture Support Program, (CASP Phase 2)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Core Agriculture Support Program, 2011-2020 (CASP Phase 2)
GMS Working Group on Agriculture Dr. Thamana Lekprichakul Program Coordinator/Deputy WGA Manager ASEAN Feed & Rice Symposium, Bangkok, 9 April 2014

2 Outline of the Presentation
Core Agriculture Support Program Phase 2 CASP Regional Technical Assistance Key Activities Regional Investment Framework

3 Core Agriculture Support Program (CASP)
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4 Vision Pillar 1: Food Safety Trade Modernization Pillar 2: Climate
The Greater Mekong Subregion is recognized as the leading producer of safe food, using climate friendly agricultural practices and integrated into global markets through regional economic corridors. Pillar 1: Food Safety Trade Modernization Pillar 2: Climate Friendly Agriculture Pillar 3: Bioenergy & Biomass Management Agricultural Research and Development Private Sector Involvement Institutional Mechanisms for Regional Cooperation

5 Implementation Structure
Working Group on Agriculture (WGA) (WGA Coordinators from GMS Countries) WGA CoChair Director, SEER ADB ADB Project Officer WGA Secretariat (WGA Manager and Administrative Staff) WGA National Secretariat Support Units s1 Implementing Partners International and National Consultants Development Partners Coordination and Advisory National Secretariat Specialists (NSS)* WGA National Focal Points (Counterpart) Contact Points in Agencies/Ministries *NSS are TA-funded Implementation Structure

6 Technical Assistance for CASP I & 2
Amount (in US$M) Implementation Period >3 RETAs 6390 – Tranboundary Disease 6521 – Implementing CASP 1 >3 June RETA 7833 (Biomass for Bioenergy & Food Security) 4 July RETA 8163 (Implementing CASP 2) 14 + Sept

7 RETA 6521: Accelerating Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program
RETA amount: $3.164 M (breakdown below) ADB : $1.5 M; PRC Fund: $0.25 M; IFAD :$0.20M(parallel) FAO : $0.714 M(in-kind); GMS : $0.250 M(in-kind) Implementation Period: Project Outputs : Implementation of the Strategy for Biotechnology and Biosafety Initiated Agriculture Information and Network Service Development and Use Promoted Rural Renewable Energy Cross-border Trade Facilitation

8 RETA 6521: CASP 1 (cont.) Project Status: for extension for 1 year
Minor change in scope in 2012 GMS Drought Management Develop drought monitoring & warning system Develop drought vulnerable maps Cost-benefit analysis for economic loss due to drought Capacity development Knowledge products Project Status: for extension for 1 year

9 TA 6390: Transboundary Animal Disease Control for Poverty Reduction in the GMS
ADB Approval: Feb 2007; TA total amount is $1.65 M Impact: to contribute to the larger goal of reducing poverty in poor livestock farming communities in the GMS, through better control of TAD, increased production of safer food, and enhanced opportunities for smallholders to access higher value markets, in order to sell their livestock and livestock products. Project Status: Requesting ADB to extended completion date to 2015 to carry forward the planned pilot activities on cross-border livestock tracability system and awareness raising materials

10 TA 7833: Capacity Building for the Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy & Food Security
ADB Approval: June 2011 RETA Amount: $4 M Implementation Period: Impact: Improved access to clean bionergy and enhanced food security. Outcome: Enhanced capacity for efficient utilization of biomass for scale-up production of clean bioenergy and organic soil amendments. Project Status: TA is being implemented by a consulting firm

11 RETA 8163: Implementing Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II in the GMS
Initial Budget: $7.5M from Sida with additional financing from various development partners i.e. $5M NDF and $0.5 ADB for N-cycle $1M Swiss Gov’t for ‘green water’ management Impact: agricultural sector that is more integrated and climate-friendly in the GMS. Outcome: enhanced market access for environmentally-friendly agricultural products produced by smallholders

12 TA 7833 Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the GMS
-TA amount $4 million -Implementing Period

13 TA 7833 Efficient Use of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security in the GMS
Output 1: Enhanced regional cooperation on bioenergy development that safeguards and fosters food security; Output2: Climate-friendly, gender-responsive biomass investment projects pilot tested; Output 3: Enhanced capacity for the efficient use of biomass; Output 4: Knowledge products developed and disseminated.

14 Cambodia – Rice Residues

15 TA 7833: Output 1 Review of National Policies
International Best Practice Standards, Labelling and Certification National Working Groups on Standards Regional Forums

16 Working Group Priorities
Priority CAM LAO VIE Organic Rice Biogas Digester Standards Biofertilizer Standards Climate friendly Rice

17 TA 7833: Output 2 Selected proposed technologies – Improved Cook Stoves, Bioslurry from biogas production, Biochar 6 feasibility studies in Viet Nam and Cambodia A rapid assessment of biomass use option for Laos PDR Review of existing business models

18 Feasibility Studies on Pilot Investments
Demonstrating the Production and Use of Biochar Scale-Up the Use of Biochar from Rice Husks in Climate-Friendly Rice Production Scaling-Up Adoption of Improved Cook Stoves Scaling-Up Proven Biogas Technology and Efficient Bioslurry Management PracticesPilot Investment Project to Scale-Up Efficient Bioslurry Management Practices within the Viet Nam National Biogas Program Rapid Appraisal for Efficient Utilization of Biomass for Bioenergy and Food Security

19 Improved Cook Stoves Business Model: aggregating demand and incentivize sales promotion e.g., Viet Nam Women’s Union linked to producers of approved stoves, receive training and incentives to sell stoves. First sale campaign: 3days sales of 300 and 80 achieved in the two districts

20 Bioslurry Biogas programs Limited use of slurry 5 to 30%
Evaluate environmental impact of slurry Cumulative effects are significant est. of 150,000 m3 per annum in 1 commune Limited use of slurry 5 to 30% Pilot systems to move slurry to home gardens or composting Business model – production of slurry enriched compost by women and farmer group

21 Biochar Upscaling Findings
Safety issues identified in local production technologies, particularly from rice husk Move focus from “Production” to “use” demand focus “Soil Amendment” to part of “nutrient delivery” From public good “carbon” to private good “ agronomic benefit”

22 Stores carbon in soil for > 1000 years
Increases pH Reduced greenhouse gas Fluxes (CH4, N2O) Improves soil water retention BIOCHAR Cation Exchange Capacity (with ageing) Adds nutrients / more efficient use of soil nutrients Improves soil structure Improved microbial associations Stores carbon in soil for > 1000 years


24 Biochar Pilots Product Development Product Testing
Public and private sector joint initiative Provide product development grant funds for biofertiliser formulations and production including biochar Product Testing Research demonstrations Farmer demonstration plots and farmer field schools Rice and vegetables Womens home garden training

25 Laos PDR Business Model: Linking local entrepreneurs with
biomass technologies production of composts production of bio fertiliser Introduce biochar kilns example Cambodia Introduce small scale bio-digestors

26 Biochar Health and Safety tests
Testing of locally available char resources Characterisation tests – completed Presence of crystalline silica - awaiting final test results

27 TA 7833: Output 3 TA 7833: Output 4 Capacity Building Study tours
Courses on Biochar biofertilizer Participation in regional events TA 7833: Output 4 Technical knowledge products Biomass Assessment for CLV Biobrief series

28 TA 8163-REG: Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II

29 TA 8163-REG: Implementation of Core Agriculture Support Program Phase II
Initial Budget: $7.5M from Sida with additional financing from various development partners i.e. $5M NDF and $0.5 ADB for N-cycle Impact: agricultural sector that is more integrated and climate-friendly in the GMS. Outcome: enhanced market access for environmentally-friendly agricultural products produced by smallholders.

30 Outputs Strengthened regional framework and capacity for agri-food quality management Established e-trade on eco-friendly agri-food production for smallholders Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture Knowledge management and dissemination Strengthened regional cooperation on agriculture Output 1: Strengthened regional framework and capacity for agri-food quality management. Regional standards, food labeling systems along with mutual recognition of certification systems including community-based certifications (Participatory Guarantee System (PGS)) will be promoted. The use of ICT and modern value chain management systems, such as farm assurance and traceability systems, will be supported through pilot activities to extract lessons for wider implementation. Output 2: Established electronic trade of environmentally-friendly agri-food production of smallholders. Market studies for eco-friendly agri-produce, as well as consumer perception and access to safe agri-food will be conducted at the onset of and at the end of the project. A roadmap for e-trade operations, including cross-border trade administration system for agri-food products and e-trade modalities, will be piloted. Participation of producers in regional and international trade fairs will also be supported. Output 3: Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture. Innovative mechanisms for carbon financing, efficient use of water, and other environmental-friendly practices will be promoted through pilot activities in collaboration with private sector and civil society organizations. Multimedia products targeting illiterate women-farmers will be developed and disseminated. Based on results of pilot projects, studies on scaling up as regional investment will be undertaken. Output 4: Facilitated knowledge management and dissemination. Relevant regional studies will be conducted to facilitate planning at regional level. Knowledge products based on ongoing and past GMS RETAs will be produced and disseminated through regional platforms, including GMS AINS website and through mass media. Output 5: Strengthened regional cooperation on agriculture in the GMS. The capacity of the present WGA Secretariat will be enhanced through the establishment of the National Secretariat Support Unit (NSSU) in each GMS country. Results-based framework, as well as standard operating procedures for the WGA, will be institutionalized. WGA annual meetings will be organized and supports will be solicited for the full implementation of the CASP Phase II. These are systems for transparent and well-documented farm production process, e.g., Good Agriculture Practices. These will also serve as valuable baselines and measurements of progress. These include financial and economic analysis and scalability as public-private partnership projects. The TA builds technical and managerial capacities of government focal points (counterparts), reinforcing the sustainability of the WGA Secretariat. Baseline for indicators will be established at the start of TA. To the extent possible, gender disaggregated data will be collected and reflected in TA reports.

31 RETA 8163: Additional Financing
Additional financing approved in Nov 13: $5.0 m (NDF) and $0.5m (ADB) for Output 3 - gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture: GMS-wide regional cooperation on harmonized policies, standards, and regulations on efficient use of synthetic nitrogen fertilizer; pilot investment models to scale up efficient nitrogen fertilizer (in CAM, LAO, MYN); GMS-wide institutional capacity building on efficient nitrogen-cycle management and greenhouse gas mitigation

32 Expected Outputs with By 2017:
Road maps for regional policy framework and adoption of common carbon accounting standards to monitor and promote improvements in nitrogen-use efficiency 10% increase crop yield/unit of fertilizer applied in project sites

33 TA 8163-REG: Additional $1M from ADB Water Financing Partnership Facility for ‘green’ water management For ADB management approval by Q2 2014 To finance additional activities under: Output 3: Increased adoption of gender-responsive and climate-friendly agriculture: rainwater harvesting, soil moisture management i.e. mulching, adding soil organic matter, and terracing (pilot projects on green water management in rainfed agriculture in CLM) Output 4: Facilitated knowledge management and dissemination: Conduct of regional studies and policy supports on green water management

34 TA 8163-REG: Key Achievements
Regional Secretariat Office and National Secretariat Support Units established Regional Inception Meeting in March 2013 and National Inception Meetings conducted in Lao, MYA, THA, and VIE WGA Secretariat Operational Guideline approved.

35 TA 8163-REG: Key Achievements
Improved implementation arrangements: WGA Regional Secretariat became the Implementing Unit with impressed bank account for TA PIU can engage services provider directly TA administration manual prepared HQ-based TA project officer’s regular visits to TRM Fast tract disbursement strategies

36 TA 8163-REG: Key Achievements
WGA Retreat conducted in May 2013: Pipeline projects for GMS Regional Investment Framework(RIF) for Agriculture Sector discussed and endorsed WGA Secretariat Operational Guideline approved At the 19th GMS Ministerial Meeting in Dec 13 in Lao PDR, pipeline RIF projects for agriculture endorsed. 5 investment projects at $1.2 billion 8 technical assistance projects at $25.0 million

37 TA 8163-REG: Output 1 Strategy for the implementation of PGS developed
PGS is a community-based cerfication system for safe food for smallholder farmers. The goal is to identify and implement at least 12 pilot projects, two in each countries, to test new innovative business models to scale up PGS in the region. PGS regional workshop conducted

38 TA 8163-REG: Output 2 Capacity building for farmers on market access for domestic and export markets, starting with Lao and Thai farmers Initial consultations with the Foreign Economic Cooperation Center of the Ministry of Agriculture of the PRC on enhancing the AINS into e-trade forum (possible additional funding from PRC in 2014 to be further discussed)

39 TA 8163-REG: Output 3 Consulting engaged to identify/implement PPP projects to enhance emerging value chains Government officials supported to attend Training Program on Chemical Management Strategies in Sweden, organized by a Swedish Chemicals Agency Jointly organized with the Phnom Penh Plan Human Resource Development under the theme “Enhancing Regional Competitiveness and Sustainability of Agriculture Sector” Co-financed training on contract farming organized by FAO Participated in awareness raising activities with GMS Environment Operations Center and ADB/FAO/WOCAN Regional High-level consultation on Gender, Food and Nutrition Security Priorities for the Asia Pacific region

40 TA 8163-REG: Output 4 Draft CASP 2 communication strategy
Initiate development of GMS-WGA web site CASP 2 brochure; DVDs on climate-friendly agriculture, compost making technology, biochar application as soil amendment, post-harvest technology of fruits and vegetables.

41 TA 8163-REG: Output 5 WGA 10 and Joint Knowledge Event with WGE organized in Lao PDR WGA Manager replaced Recruitment of NSS staff in PRC and CAM is ongoing. Hired Program Coordinator, Knowledge Management Specialist, and Administrative Officer. Recruitment ongoing for Finance and Management Specialist, Procurement Specialist, Implementation Specialist…

42 Other ADB Projects contributing to CASP Phase II

43 Collaboration with ADBI
Project Name: Agricultural Productivity and Natural Resource Management (AP and NRM) Participating Countries: CLMV Project Duration: Nov Mar 2016 Donors: include ADBI, ADB, ASEAN Secretariat Project Status: training programs organized: in February 18-22, 2013 in partnership with Mekong Institute and New Zealand Aid Programme, and in Sept 2013 in Bangkok Regional policy forum in Myanmar in May 2013

44 Investment: GMS Flood and Drought Risk Management and Mitigation
Loan/grant amount: $104 million CAM: Loan Nos 2970 & 8262, Grant 0330 LAO & VIE: Loan 2936, Grant 0316 & 0317 Implementation period: Board Approval: 12 Dec 2012 Project Description: Build Capacity of communities in lower Mekong basin against floods and droughts. Key outputs: stronger regional coordination for management of flood and drought events, upgraded water management infrastructure; and enhances capacity for community based F&D management Mekong river flooding W.E. Garrett

45 Investment: Trade Facilitation- Improved Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Handling in the GMS
ADB Board Approval: CAM/LAO were approved on 26 June 2012; VIE was approved on 22 November 2012. Implementation Period: October 2012 – August 2017 (CAM/LAO); April 2013 – June 2018 (VIE) Loan amount: $25.87 million for CAM/LAO Grant amount: $11.0 million for Lao PDR Loan/Grant amount: $11.72 M for VIE The Project: The project will strengthen institutions and operational and management capacities in CAM, LAO and VIE for operating cost-effective SPS systems that facilitate trade and protect health.

46 RETA 8096: Improving  Sanitary and Phytosanitary Handling in GMS Trade (piggy-backed to CAM/LAO/VIE loans and grant) Grant amount: $750,000 Implementation period: August 2012-August 2017 Impact and Outcome: The impact of the TA is that AFF products become safer, more efficiently produced, and traded in greater quantities. The outcome is effective and well-connected SPS management systems, which will contribute to enhanced intra-regional trade, export competitiveness and protection of health.

47 Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction (JFPR): Capacity Enhancement of SPS Handling Arrangement to Improve Trade Facilitation TA will focus on promoting Customs interface with SPS agencies, and SPS capacity development to promote regional cooperation and harmonization Project Outcome: Enhanced SPS management system to cooperate with customs administrations in promoting trade in GMS Processing Period: Concept Clearance: 02 Jul 2013 Fact-finding: 19 Aug 2013 to 10 Sep 2013

48 Investment: Low Carbon Agricultural Support Project (VIE)
Loan amount: $74 million, approved Dec 2012 Implementation period : Project Description: Activities are parts of climate change (CC) mitigation and adaptation measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emission in VIE. Enhance climate smart agriculture development and practices focused on strengthening Low Carbon Agriculture (LCA) policies and institutions; Establishing infrastructure support for agri-waste management; Enhancing LCA technology and development transfer.

49 RETA 7493: Addressing Pre- and Post-harvest Challenges of Rice Supply Chain
RETA Amount: $ 2 million for CAM, PHI, THA, VIE Project Outputs: Reduce pre-harvest losses through field resistance screening method and germplasm country strategies reduced postharvest losses through technology and mgt options, agri-extension/advice and post-harvest networks Project Status: germplasm & field resistance screening methods and successful dissemination of pre-harvest methods & banning of pest control meds in THA and VIE Post harvest work with NARS

50 RETA 7495: Support for the ASEAN+3 Integrated Food Security Framework
RETA amount: $2 million (JSF) Project Components: Establish ASEAN Plus Three Emergency Rice Reserve Action plan for expanded and stable rice trade Promote usage of ASEAN Food Security Information System (AFSIS) Project Status: APTERR rules and procedures for endorsement in Feb 2013 Pilot ASEAN Rice Trade Forum endorsed by ASEAN+3 as a regular activity AFSIS to become a permanent mechanism by 2013

51 Strategic Research for Sustainable Food & Nutrition Security in Asia (1)
RETA amount: $1.4M for CAM, LAO, PHI, THA, VIE Board Approval: Dec 2011 Project Outputs : Adopt eco-based management methods to reduce rice pest outbreaks, and viable postharvest rice technologies Develop innovations and partnership investments for water-saving technologies and safe food supply chains; Develop demand-driven and results-based strategic action plan for ARD of Asian DMCs Project Status: On Pre-harvest: Focused on upscaling TA activities (multimedia campaigns and education entertainment TV series-Ecological Engineering TV)

52 Strategic Research for Sustainable Food & Nutrition Security in Asia (2)
Project Status: On Pre-harvest (con’t): Engaged governments of THA and VIE in project advocacy Presented at 34th ASEAN Senior Officials’ Meeting and World Bank's Forum for Agri-risk Management on Rice in Asia.  Approved parallel funding for two projects initiated by the TA Project Status: On Post-harvest: Established business plans and models for hermetic storage systems for seed producers (PHI), combine harvesting services (CAM), and drying services (CAM & PHI) and established link between rice producers and local supply chains for hermetic storage systems  Conducted skills and capacity building in three countries. Ongoing research on mycotoxin contamination in rice grains

53 RETA 7996: Innovative Financing for Agri-Food Value Chains (AFVC)
RETA amount: $1.5M for Cambodia Project Outputs : policy report for inclusive and sustainable AFVC financing to BAN and CAM, innovative AFVC finance business models for smallholder farms and SMAEs application of a knowledge platform on innovative AFVC financing by selected DMCs. Project Status: International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) engaged for Q 1 and 3; individual consultants for Q 2 Planning workshop on April 2013 in Beijing

54 CAM: Climate Resilient Rice Commercialization Sector Development Program
Impact: Increased net incomes of stakeholders along the rice value chain Board approval: June 2013 (3 loans, 2 grants) $87.4M Project Outcome: Enhanced production of quality rice in Cambodia while preserving the natural resource base

55 MYA: Enhancing Rural Livelihoods and Incomes
Japan Fund for Poverty Reduction grant of $12M approved in Dec 2013 Impact: Improved agricultural productivity and enhanced livelihoods contributing to reduced rural poverty in Ayeyarwady Delta Region, the Central Dry Zone, Kayin State, and the Shan State Plateau Outcome: Improved essential social and productive rural infrastructure in the project-assisted villages

56 GMS East-West Economic Corridor Agriculture Infrastructure Sector Project (formerly Rural Access Improvement Project Along the EWEC) $60M loan for LAO approved in Sept 2013 Impact: Increased household incomes in the project areas Outcome: Increased agricultural productivity in the project areas Description of Project Outputs: Improved agriculture infrastructure Increased capacity of farmers to manage and use agriculture infrastructure efficiently Efficient project management

57 Sustainable Natural Resource Management and Productivity Enhancement Project
Approved $20 M grant in Feb 2009 for Lao Impact: More efficient and sustainable natural resource management and improved sector productivity. Outcome: Enhanced institutional capacity at provincial and national levels to manage natural resource utilization in a sustainable manner. Description of Project Outputs: 1. Capacity building for ANR Sector management; 2. Investment in Resource Management and Productivity Enhancement; 3. Efficient project management

58 Thank you very much

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