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JICA’s Cooperation for Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Satoshi HAMANO Japan International Cooperation Agency Pakistan Office © yec.

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Presentation on theme: "JICA’s Cooperation for Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Satoshi HAMANO Japan International Cooperation Agency Pakistan Office © yec."— Presentation transcript:

1 JICA’s Cooperation for Urban Water Supply and Sanitation Satoshi HAMANO Japan International Cooperation Agency Pakistan Office © yec

2 contents 1.JICA’s Cooperation for Urban Water 2.Activities and future vision in Pakistan

3 1. JICA’s Cooperation for Urban Water (1) JICA’s Cooperation Schemes (2) Characteristic of JICA’s technical cooperation

4 ① Development of water supply and Sewage facilities Development of Master Plan (technical cooperation) Development of facilities and Provision of Machineries (Grant, or Loan) ② Sustainable operation and maintenance ② Sustainable operation and maintenance (technical cooperation) Promotion of operation/maintenance capacity of water supply utilities (WASA) in urban areas Strengthening the capacity of business management of WASA ① Water Treatment plant in Cambodia ② Japanese expert providing guidance on maintenance ③ Japanese expert providing guidance on enlightenment activities JICA’s Cooperation Schemes for Urban Water 4

5 ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● ● JICA has utilizes Japanese experience for technical cooperation. The situation in Japan -Water Supply Coverage ratio is 97.5% in Average NRW ratio of 1440 waterworks is 9.84% in Ratio of wastewater treatment is 88.1% in Engineers from over 60 water operators have worked with water operators in developing countries (1990~2006).JICA has Invited many trainees from developing countries to Japanese water operators every year. Characteristic of JICA’s technical cooperation ~Japanese Water Operators as partners~ Pipe connection Pump operation

6 2. Activities and future vision in Pakistan (1) JICA’s Projects for Water in Pakistan (2) Concept of JICA/WASA Lahore Model (3) JICA’s Strategy to Water Sector in Pakistan

7 JICA’s completed and on-going Projects for Water in Pakistan Abbottabad (GA) Constriction of Water Treatment Plant Lahore (GA and TC) - Provision of Pumps for drainage and Sewage -Institutional Reform Advisor (WASA Lahore Model) Faisalabad (GA and TC) - Provision of Pumps for drainage and Sewage - Expansion of Water Supply System - Institutional Reform Advisor Islamabad (GA and Loan) Constriction and Rehabilitation of Water Treatment Plant Karachi (TC and Loan) - Development of Master Plan - Constriction and Rehabilitation of Water Treatment Plant

8 Financial Health of WASAs Revenue Increase Expense Decrease Reduction of UFW/NRW and Increasing Tariff collection Reduction of O/M Cost Efficiency Improvement and Reduce Personnel Expense (1)For the propose of sustainable water supply, sewerage and drainage services, (2)Ensuring the autonomy and independency of Service Providers (WASAs), (3)Through assuring the financial health of Service Providers(by Revenue Increase and Expense Decrease) Water Tariff Revision

9 Revenue Increase Water Tariff Revision Reduction of UFW/NRW and Increasing tariff collection Improvement of Water Quality Improvement of Customer Service Rehabilitation and Replacement of Distribution network system Reduction of Illegal Connection and Uncollected revenue Improving Collection efficiency (Computerization of billing system/ Outsourcing to private sector etc.) Install Customer Meter Clarification of Rights and Responsibility In Relation with Customers Creating Customer Relation Office Preparation of PR Strategy and Awareness Campaign Increasing Willingness to Pay Establishment of Transparently Tariff Revision Mechanism Establishment of Municipal Water Commission Preparation of Road Map and Operational Guidelines for Tariff Revision Enactment of “Punjab Municipal Water Act” Analysis of Financial Statement Cash Flow Analysis Construction/Rehabilitation of Water Treatment Plant and Water Pipeline Introduction of Water Quality Monitoring Prevention measure for Leakage Introduction of Water Meter For regular Surveillance Introduction Leakage Control Program Conducting Door to Door Survey 6 Years Business Plan Enactment of “Punjab Municipal Water Act” Breakdown of Revenue Increase Strategy Preparing “Road Map and Operational Guidelines for Tariff Revision” Amendment of “WASA Regulation”

10 Financial Health of WASAs Expense Decrease Reduce O&M Cost Efficiency Improvement and Reduce Personnel Expense Rehabilitation and Replacement Of Facilities and Equipment Improvement of Operational Performance Making rehabilitation and Replacement Plan Budgeting necessary O&M Cost Enhancement of Operator ‘s skill Increasing the cost consciousness of WASA staffs Introducing O&M Monitoring and Audit Development of O&M Manual Providing appropriate Technical Training Improvement of Administrative Efficiency Staff Redeployment Reduce of Overlapping Work Improvement of Productivity Introducing the performance base Incentives Setting-up of performance measurement system Training of Staffs Negotiation on Electricity Tariff Energy Cost Saving TO introduce Energy Audit Mechanism WASA Academy Project 6 Years Business Plan Breakdown of Expense Decrease Strategy

11 Step 1 Analysis of the Status Quo and Making Reform Strategy (Completed in 2011) Step2 Establishment of Sub committees(S/C) and preparing Module Projects (Completed in 2012) Step 3 Implementation of Module Project (Under Implementation) Step 3 Implementation of Module Project (Under Implementation) JICA’s Technical Cooperation  Making 6 Years Business Plan (Mid-Tem Business Plan): May 20 th, 2011 approved by LDA  Setting Performance Monitoring Indictor and Establishment Performance Monitoring Cell (Total 42 Indicators, including 28 indicators recommended by WSP)  Drafting Road Map and Operational Guidelines for Tariff Revision  Amendment of “WASA Regulations”  Making 6 Years Business Plan (Mid-Tem Business Plan): May 20 th, 2011 approved by LDA  Setting Performance Monitoring Indictor and Establishment Performance Monitoring Cell (Total 42 Indicators, including 28 indicators recommended by WSP)  Drafting Road Map and Operational Guidelines for Tariff Revision  Amendment of “WASA Regulations”  SC 1: Reduction of NRW and Water Pilferage (ex. Apparent Loss Reduction, Meter Installation & Replacement, NRW reduction, Customer Support Improvement etc.)  SC 2: Improvement of O&M efficiency and Energy Saving (ex. Energy Audit and Establish Energy Management Cell, Negotiation with LESCO, Regular Inspection for O&M etc.)  SC 3: Admin Efficiency Improvement and Staff Redeployment (ex. Financial Efficiency Improvement, Efficient Outsourcing etc.)  SC 1: Reduction of NRW and Water Pilferage (ex. Apparent Loss Reduction, Meter Installation & Replacement, NRW reduction, Customer Support Improvement etc.)  SC 2: Improvement of O&M efficiency and Energy Saving (ex. Energy Audit and Establish Energy Management Cell, Negotiation with LESCO, Regular Inspection for O&M etc.)  SC 3: Admin Efficiency Improvement and Staff Redeployment (ex. Financial Efficiency Improvement, Efficient Outsourcing etc.) EX. (Actual Achievement)  Detected illegal/misuse connection, Rs.56 million added in WASA Revenue yearly  Billing ratio is 94% (79.1% in 2008)  Energy Management Cell saved energy cost Rs.575 million in 17 months(JAN MAY 2013). EX. (Actual Achievement)  Detected illegal/misuse connection, Rs.56 million added in WASA Revenue yearly  Billing ratio is 94% (79.1% in 2008)  Energy Management Cell saved energy cost Rs.575 million in 17 months(JAN MAY 2013).  Enactment of Punjab Municipal Water Act  Establishment of Municipal Water Commission  Tariff Revision  Capacity Development of WASA Staff (WASA Academy and P-WOPs)  Enactment of Punjab Municipal Water Act  Establishment of Municipal Water Commission  Tariff Revision  Capacity Development of WASA Staff (WASA Academy and P-WOPs)

12 JICA’s Strategy to Water Sector in Pakistan WASA Academy and P-WOPs with technical support of Japanese Waterworks Future Achievement - Sharing WASA Lahore model and Japanese experience with WASAs, and Improvement of the Water Supply and Sanitation situation in Pakistan - Creation of the Relationship between Pakistan WASAs/P-WOPs and Japanese Waterworks/Waterworks Association

13 Thank you

14 ~ A Successful model of “JICA’s Cooperation” 1.Preparation of a master plan on water supply in Phnom Penh city (JICA, 1993) 2.Improvement of water infrastructure Japan: Phum Prek WTP, DNI in “7th January” and Toul Kork districts AFD: Chamcarmon WTP, DNI in Don Penh district WB: Chroy Cang War WTP, DNI in Toul Kork and Chamcarmon districts ADB: DNI in Chamcarmon district 3.Capacity Development (JICA, 1998~2006) COMPREHENSIVE ASSISTANCE OF JICA FOR RECOVERING WATER SUPPLY CAPACITY DAMAGED DURING THE CIVIL WAR DNI: Distribution Network Improvement Service coverage 25%  90% Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority (Cambodia) WTP: Water Treatment Plant

15 ~ A Successful model of “JICA’s Cooperation” ACHIEVEMENT Service coverage25%90% Service hours (per day)10hrs24hrs Non-Revenue Water ratio72%8% Collection ratio48%99.9% ● Extension (Second and Third phase: 2007~2017 ) From Phnom Penh to 8 other local operators Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority (Cambodia) Expansion in Cambodia


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