22. Explain why the region’s waterways are important to its people. Chapter 29:1 Objectives3. Summarize how rich natural resources affect Southeast Asia’s economy.2. Explain why the region’s waterways are important to its people.1. Describe how tectonic plates and activity from volcanoes and earthquakes formed Southeast Asia.
3Terms to Knowcordillerasarchipelagoinsularflorafauna
4Building Geography Literacy Although the Philippines includes over 7000 islands, the archipelago’s total area is only 115,831 square miles, about the size of Arizona.The islands that make up the Philippines together have a coastline that measures 22,554 miles.The two large islands of Luzon and Mindanao account for about 66% of the country’s land area.
6I. Peninsulas & IslandsThe collision of 3 tectonic plates millions of years ago produced the peninsulas and islands of Southeast Asia.Straddling the Equator, Southeast Asia has mountainous terrain with a predominately tropical climate.
7A. Mainland Southeast Asia About ½ of Southeast Asia’s 11 countries are located on the mainland.Malaysia is both a mainland and an island country.Laos is the only landlocked country in the region.
8Mainland Nations Malaysia Laos Thailand Vietnam Cambodia Myanmar (Burma)
9B. Island Southeast Asia Island nations areBrunei,East Timor,MalaysiaSingapore,Philippines,Indonesia.
10Indonesia is the largest island country. It is made up of more than 13,500 islands that span 3000 miles and two oceans, the Indian and the Pacific.Singapore consists of one large island and 50 smaller ones.The Philippines is made up of more than 7000 islands 11 of which are home to 95% of the population.
11Discussion QuestionWhy do you think so many of the region’s islands are not settled?
12Some of them are active volcanoes, forming part of the Ring of Fire. II. Physical FeaturesA. MountainsSoutheast Asia’s many mountains create geographical and political boundaries.Some of them are active volcanoes, forming part of the Ring of Fire.Over time, mineral-rich volcanic material has broken down to provide farmers with rich, fertile soil.
13B. Volcanoes of Indonesia & Philippines Java, Indonesia, one of the Ring of Fire’s most active areas.Java is home to 17 of Indonesia’s 100 active volcanoes.1883 eruption of Krakatau was catastrophic.1991, Mt. Pinatubo, Philippines, erupted burying the surrounding area under a foot of mineral-rich volcanic ash.
14Southeast Asians rely on waterways for RiversSoutheast Asians rely on waterways forTransportation,Communication,Food.
17Major Rivers are Irrawaddy, Myanmar, The Chao Phraya, Thailand; The Red River, Vietnam.Mekong River, Vietnam & Cambodia.
18Discussion QuestionCompare and contrast the physical features of these islands with those of other islands you have studied, such as Great Britain, various Mediterranean islands, or Hawaii.
19III. Natural ResourcesA. Energy Sources:S.E. Asia has a plentiful supply of coal, oil and natural gas.Indonesia is a leading producer of oil and a member of OPEC.Malaysia, Vietnam, the Philippines and Brunei also have fossil fuel resources.
20Indonesia mines nickel and iron. B. Minerals & GemsIndonesia mines nickel and iron.Philippines mines copper.Malaysia mines tin.Sapphires, rubies & pearls in S.E. Asia.Myanmar has minerals and gems.
21C. Flora & Fauna Thailand is a leading exporter of orchids. Malaysia has much of the world’s rubber.Indonesia supplies plywood.
28Discussion Question What are the major natural resources? Name the different ways that Southeast Asian’s take care of their everyday needs?
29Chapter 29:2 Objectives1. Identify the weather pattern that influences Southeast Asia’s climate.2. List the region’s main climate types.3. State the main type of natural vegetation found in Southeast Asia.
39C. Tropical Savanna Climate Parts of the Indochina Peninsula and the islands of Indonesia have a tropical savanna climateAlternating wet and dry seasonsTree-covered grasslands
40D. Humid Subtropical Climate With a cool dry season lasting from November to April.Northern MyanmarVietnamMost of LaosPart of Thailand
41Discussion QuestionWhat geographical factor accounts for the fairly constant year-round temperatures in Southeast Asia?Answer: the region is near the Equator, where there is little seasonal variation in the amount of sunlight or day length.
42II. Highlands Climate Region Highlands climate predominate in mountainous areas of and temperatures are coolerMyanmarNew GuineaBorneo
43Discussion QuestionWhy did Singapore replace much of its original habitat?