Presentation on theme: "International College Student Exchange Program 2009 between ASEAN and Republic of Korea Daejeon University."— Presentation transcript:
International College Student Exchange Program 2009 between ASEAN and Republic of Korea Daejeon University
Presenters PAK VOLEAK VAN SEREYBOTH Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia Computer Science
Outline 1. Overview of Cambodia. Overview. Economic Overview 2. ICT Industry in Cambodia. Telecommunication ( Computer, Phone, Internet). Information 3. Manpower. Statistic of BA and MBA. Statistic of Field Study. Statistic of Researcher ( Private and Public ) 4. Fund. National Budget. FDI 5 Sub System. Education. Economic (Export-Import Policy). IPR
Country Profile Capital city Phnom Penh Official languages:Khmer or Cambodian Government:Constitutional monarchy, Parliamentary representative democracy King:HM Norodom Sihamoni Prime Minister:Hun Sen Area:181,035 km2 (88th) 69,898 sq mi 2.5%(water) Population:2008 estimate14,241,640 (67th) 2008 census13,388,910 GDP (PPP)2008 estimate Total$28.239 billion Per capita$2,066 GDP (nominal)2008 estimate Total$11.182 billion Per capita$818 HDI (2007)0.598 (medium) (131st) CurrencyRiel (KHR)
Statistic GDP$12.61 billion (2007 est.) GDP growth9.1% (2007 est.) GDP per capita$1,800 (2007 est.) GDP by sectoragriculture (31%), industry (26%), services (43%) (2007) InflationInflation (CPI)CPI5% (2006 est.) Population below Poverty Line35% (2004 est.) Labour force8.6 million (2008 est.) Labour force by occupationagriculture: 75% (2004 est.) Unemployment3.5% (2007 est.) Main industriestourism, garments, rice milling, fishing, wood, and wood production, rubber, cement, gemmining, textile
External Exports$3.331 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.) Export goodsclothing, timber, rubber, rice, fish, tobacco, footwear Main export partnersUS 48.6%, Hong Kong 24.4%, Germany 5.6%, Canada 4.6% (2005) Imports$4.477 billion f.o.b. (2006 est.) Import goodspetroleum products, cigarettes, gold, construction materials, machinery, motor vehicles, pharmaceutical products Main import partnersHong Kong 16.1%, China 13.6%, France 12.1%, Thailand 11.2%, Taiwan 10.2%, South Korea 7.5%, Vietnam 7.1%, Singapore 4.9%, Japan 4.1% (2005) Gross External Debt$ 3.664 billion (2006 est.)
Public Finance Revenues$915.5 million (2007 est.) Expenses$1.101 billion Economic aid$504 million pledged in grants and concessional loans for 2005 by international donors
National Policy The Rectangular Strategy: Policy-Based to become a “Government of Growth, Employment, Equity, and Efficiency”. Rehabilitation and Construction of Physical Infrastructure..development of “ICT”. RS vision shared for: WSIS, ASEAN Community, … and Country commitment with the WTO. MPTC drafted Telecommunications Law and submitted to Council of Ministers since 13.11.2005 and the Council of Minister submitted to the National Assembly since 20.04.2006 (Nowadays, the NA is under discussion). Under preparation of Telecommunications competition policy Under preparation of interconnection.
National Regulations Under preparation of Radio Regulations. Under preparation of sub-decree of moving postal service to Public Enterprise. Under drafting of Sub-decree of interconnection Regulation. Plan to establish Telecommunications Regulatory body after Telecommunication Laws enacted. Finish Drafted USO Sub-decree. Telecommunications Tariff Reviewing. Telecommunications Numbering Plan Reviewing.
ICT Development and Future Plan Toward Digital Network - Expanding the commercial in Telecom market - Expanding the Nationwide Optical Fiber Network - Preparing the Universal Service Obligation (USO) and Refer to meeting 7th TELMIN Siem Reap Declaration “ICT Reaching out to the Rural” and 8th TELMIN Bali Declaration “High Speed Connection to Bridge ASEAN Digital Divide” Next Generation Network (NGN) - A technology where single network is capable of transporting all information and services (voice, data, video). - An effective way to deal with future telecom market that demands much more capacities and high end user services in an efficient way.
ICT Development and Future Plan (cont’) Some Success Stories in ICT - Established a National ICT Policy (2006) - ICT in education policy formulated by Ministry of Education &Sport - Established an e-Gov (projected by NiDA*, supported by Korea) - Free-Open Source Softwares and Khmer Script Unicode are established and widely use - Cambodia has just prepared the CAM-CERT** ( Projected by NiDA) - Installed an e-Health and e-Education pilot project for rural area in Kandal Province (projected by MPTC support by Japan) * NiDA, National ICT Development Authority * CAM-CERT, CAMbodia Computer Emergency Respond Team
Hardware Supplier PTC Computer Technologies T.O Computer Deam Computer Int’l Pte Ltd Pacific Systems Mekong Research Consultant Company Yako Discovery(Cambodia) Soho Company PSC Computer Center Co Ltd Anana Computer Co Ltd Narita Distribution Cambodia Co Ltd MULTICOM TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Software Business Resolve(Cambodia) Co Ltd LRS Henderson(Cambodia) Co Ltd Professional IT Group Co Ltd Blue IT Co Ltd A1 Angkor Co Ltd Mapring Co Ltd CNIS Co Ltd Microsoft MDP Cambodia Intel Cambodia Ltd First Cambodia Co Ltd Com Solution Co Ltd E Net Solution Co Ltd Net I Solutions Co Ltd Narita distribution Cambodia Co Ltd K Digital Solution Co Ltd PTC Computer Technologies Deam Computer Int’l Pte Ltd King Soft Development Co Ltd Conical Hat Software(Cambodia) Ltd Soft searching T.O Computer Filida Co Ltd Aruna Technology Ltd MD POS Co.,Ltd IT City Magazine Khmer Dev PSC Computer Center Co.,Ltd Anana Computer Co,Ltd Net-Com AG Cambodia Neeka Ltd(Thakral) 3Tech Cambodia
3Man Power Field of first university degree All fieldAll S&E fields Physical/ biological sciences Mathema tics/ compute r science Agricultu ral sciences Social/ behaviora l sciences Engineer ing Non- S&E 8,5441,7511291,0701652091786,793 Degree in percent S&ENatural sciences Engineering 20.516.02.1 First university degrees, by selected region and country/economy: 2004 or most recent year
3. Science Park National Information Communication Technology Development Authority (NiDA) National Committee of Science and Technology (NCOST) Engineering Institute of Cambodia (EIC)
. NiDa Year Established : 2000 Mission ◦ Formulate IT Promotion and Development Policy for the short, medium and long term ◦ In Charge of ICT policy implementation to ensure maximum economic growth ◦ Monitor and audit all IT related projects in the Kingdom of Cambodia Activities/Project: ◦ Hosting of ICT and E-learning ◦ Raising awareness of ICT and E-Learning ◦ Provision of Cisco Networking Academy Program (CNAP) ◦ Provision of free ICT services (Monitor, Printer, UPS repairing, LAN, etc) ◦ E-Government ◦ Networking ◦ Government Administration Information System (GAIS) Project
. NCOST Leader by : Ministry of Industry Mine and Energy Responsibility: ◦ Collect data from other organization on R&D ◦ Science, Technology and Innovation ◦ Capacity building ◦ Human Resource Development
.EIC Mission ◦ Promoting science, art and the profession of engineers for the well being of country. ◦ To provide training and make scientific research. ◦ To provide a professional organization for all national Engineers and Technicians. ◦ To protect and further the interest of society and the engineering profession. Activities/Project ◦ Training Program Structure Analysis by Robot office Program, Foundation Design by Plaxis 3D foundation program ◦ Workshop On Industrial System Designers/Consultants and Building Architects, Plumbing, Fire Sprinklers, Piping and Engineers ◦ Seminar On “Technologies for Bridge Maintenance and Management”
.Analysis The Royal Government of Cambodia should public the information about its national budget separated by sector. Cambodia needs more FDI inflow to develop the country, especially Science and Technology. Even though, Cambodia has three science and technology institutes, the human resource is not enough for the R&D activities, so Cambodia needs more expert from other countries. Royal Government should find more fund related to R&D and provide enough material for R&D activities.
1. Education Policy Policy of ICT in Education ◦ The first area: Providing access to ICT for all teachers and students, especially at secondary schools. ◦ The second area: Emphasizing the role and function of ICT in education as a teaching and learning tool in different subjects, and as a subject by itself. ◦ The third area: Promoting education for all regardless of age, gender, ethnicity, disability, or location through distance education and self learning, especially for deprived children, youth, and adults who lack access to basic education, literacy, and skill training. ◦ The fourth area: Emphasize using ICT to increase productivity, efficiency, and effectiveness of education management through the use of information management system.
2. Education Program Program created by Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport(MoEYS) ◦ Education Strategic Plan (ESP) 2004-08, MoEYS refers to the role of ICT in improving quality and access to education in Cambodia. ◦ ICT Developments in Teacher Training. ◦ ICT in Higher Education. ◦ Non-Formal Education and Distance Learning. ◦ ICT Readiness in Schools ◦ National Scholarship Program for ICT course
2. Course Program Program provided by donor countries : ◦ Singapore: provides courses by CISCO Academy to train students in networking systems and certifications. ◦ South Korea: provided training classes through its newly established Cambodia-Korea Internet Plaza to civil servants and NiDA staff on Office Application and EAS (Electronic Approval System) and other ICT skills. ◦ Germany: provides IT consultancy which includes: E-readiness, Internet Technology, Internet Security, E-Learning, Project management, Business Information. ◦ India and Sri Lanka : support various short term courses on ICT. ◦ Thailand, as part of the IAI programs for CLMV, supports different classes in ICT and the SchoolNet project.
Economic Investment Policy: ◦ Govt. agency dealing with FDI Cambodian Investment Board, Council for the Development of Cambodia (CDC) ◦ 100% foreign ownership is allowed in all sectors/industries. ◦ Tax Incentives: A tax holiday period determined according to the formula: “trigger period + 3 years + n priority years”. A standard 20% corporate tax rate for all new projects (domestic and foreign-invested firms) The 9% corporate tax rate applicable to foreign invested enterprises. 100% exemption from export tax
Economic Investment Policy (con’t): ◦ Tax on repatriation of profits and expatriates income: 100% repatriation of capital and dividends is allowed Profit repatriation subject to 1% withholding tax ◦ Protection of foreign investment (i) Guarantee against nationalization (ii) International convention for settlement of industrial disputes
. IPR As a member of ASEAN, Cambodia automatically accessed to all Asian's Framework Agreements, which also include the ASEAN Framework Agreement on the Intellectual Property Cooperation on April 30, 1999. In 2002, Cambodia adopted the Law Concerning Marks, Trade Names and Acts of Unfair Competition. Creating some IPR laws such as: ◦ Law on Copyrights and Related Rights ◦ Law on Patents, Industrial Designs, and Utility Models
. IPR (Cont’) Authorities which are responsible for the protection of IP right holders: ◦ Ministry of Commerce ◦ Ministry of the Ministry of Industry Mines and Energy ◦ Ministry of Culture and Fine Arts ◦ Customs authority ◦ Cambodia Import-Export Inspection and Fraud Suppression Department (Camcontrol) ◦ Economic Police ◦ Court (Municipal/ Provincial), Court of Appeal, and Supreme Court ◦ The Public Prosecutors
Conclusion Cambodia really need further develop in ICT and education to reach the MDG Thank you so much for attention