Presentation on theme: "Cambodia Genocide. Perpetrators When: April 17, 1975 – January 7, 1979 Who: Khmer Rouge (Marxism/Maoism) Pol Pot (1925-1998) Secretary General Khmer Rouge."— Presentation transcript:
Perpetrators When: April 17, 1975 – January 7, 1979 Who: Khmer Rouge (Marxism/Maoism) Pol Pot (1925-1998) Secretary General Khmer Rouge Co-Founder Leader of genocide Khieu Samphan (1931-present) President Nuon Chea (1926-present) Prime Minister Ieng Sary (1925-2013) Minister of Foreign Affairs Khmer Rouge Co-Founder Kaing Guek Eav “Duch” (1942-present) Director of S-21
Victims Dead: ~2 million people (25% of the total population) Causes: Execution, torture, starvation, exhaustion, disease Targets: Intellectuals, educated people, professionals, monks, religious enthusiasts, Buddhists, Muslims, Christians, ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese, Thai, and Cambodians with Chinese, Vietnamese or Thai ancestry. Refugees: Several hundred thousand
Summary of Genocide - Timeline April 17, 1975: Khmer Rouge overthrows King Sihanouk. Phnom Penh’s 2.5 million residents are evacuated and sent to the countryside. 1975-1979: “Re-education” of the general population, encouraging a communal lifestyle. Those who had been exposed to the “outside world” or who refused “re-education” were killed. All others were sent to the rice fields. January 7, 1979: Under the leadership of Khmer Rouge defector, Hun Sen, Vietnamese troops take control of Phnom Penh and depose Pol Pot. 1979: A genocide court finds Pol Pot and Leng Sary guilty of genocide. Neither appear in court nor serve any sentence. 1975 1980 19761977 1978 1979
What’s Happened Since? May 1993: Hun Sen and Prince Norodom Ranariddh are elected Co-Prime Ministers during a UN supervised election. 1998: Civil war ends. Hun Sen becomes Prime Minister. 2001: Cambodia’s National Assembly creates a court to try serious crimes committed during the genocide. June 2007: Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia become functional and prepares to bring charges against Khmer Rouge leaders. 2007-Present: Only 3 Khmer Rouge leaders have been tried. Nuon Chea and Khieu Samphan were convicted of crimes against humanity. Kaing Guek Eav was convicted of war crimes and crimes against humanity. All were sentenced to life in prison.
Resources Human Rights Watch: hwww.hrw.org/asia/cambodiahwww.hrw.org/asia/cambodia Why the world should not forget Khmer Rouge and the killing fields of Cambodia: www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2014/08/07/why-the-world-should-not- forget-khmer-rouge-and-the-killing-fields-of-cambodia/ www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/worldviews/wp/2014/08/07/why-the-world-should-not- forget-khmer-rouge-and-the-killing-fields-of-cambodia/ Timeline: The History of Cambodia and the Khmer Rouge: www.pbs.org/pov/enemies/photo_gallery_timeline.php#.VN0fTvnF98E www.pbs.org/pov/enemies/photo_gallery_timeline.php#.VN0fTvnF98E “The Killing Fields” the movie: www.youtube.com/watch?v=92zK2w78J-c www.youtube.com/watch?v=92zK2w78J-c