Presentation on theme: "HKL’s Financial Infrastructure Evolution to Grow Micro & Small Business Holders in Cambodia By Hout Ieng Tong, President & CEO Presented on NORFUND 2014."— Presentation transcript:
HKL’s Financial Infrastructure Evolution to Grow Micro & Small Business Holders in Cambodia By Hout Ieng Tong, President & CEO Presented on NORFUND 2014 Summer Conference August 2014
Thank You! + T : ( 855) F : ( 855) E : + W : No 606, Street 271, Sangkat Phsar Doeum Thkov Khan Chamkamorn, Phnom Penh, Cambodia PO Box 2044, Phnom Penh 3 This is Cambodia… 3
Total Land Area181,035 Km2 Total Population ( 2012)14.86 Millions Population Density81 per km2 Population Growth ( )1.50% Population in urban area ( 2011)20% Income CategoryLow Income GDP (2013) billions Telephone Lines (2012)3.93 per 100 population Cellular Subscriptions (2012) per 100 population Internet users (2012)4.94 per 100 population Cambodia World Heritage Phnom PenhPreah Vihear Temple Apsara Dance Khmer Shadow Theater And So Is THIS
5 GDP’S GROWTH TREND… Source: IMF & ADB The predicted growth rate of 7% is good as it will help Cambodia to reduce the poverty rate by at least 1% annually. The nation's poverty rate had fallen to 19% in The agricultural sector is the main driver of Cambodian economy. Agriculture accounts for 27.5% of Cambodian GDP and represents the primary source of income for 80% of the population. It gives work to 70% of the kingdom’s labour force.
-Loan in bank was USD 7.3 billions in 2013; average annual loan growth rate is around 30%. -Bank received deposit of USD 7.5 billions in 2013, average annual deposit growth rate is around 18%. -29 Micro finance Institutions ( MFIs) and 7 Micro finance Deposit taking Institutions (MDIs) are operating in 25 provinces and cities of the Kingdom. -MFIs’ loan was USD 1.3 billions in 2013; average annual loan growth rate is around 45%. -MFIs’ deposit was USD 437 millions in 2013, average annual deposit growth rate is around 120%. -MFI’s Non performing loan ratio is 0.59% in 2013 ( slightly increase to 0.62% in first quarter of 2014) The Cambodia Financial Sector… 120% Growth in MFIs 45%
7 HKL’s Key Achievement & Strategy
HKL’s Profile and Highlight -HKL is MFI and MDI licensed operating in Cambodia country wide, providing financial services to the low income people. -Loan portfolio reaches USD Million 194 with number of Active Borrowers of 91,992 clients. Non performing loan rate is 0.04%. -Large proportion of loan is micro loan ( 95% are micro & small business holders) ; HKL’s borrowers mainly are female ( taking lead in loan access), with major purpose in agriculture and trade ( & commerce). Reference data is June 2014
9 -Agriculture represents the primary source of income for 80% of the population that is why HKL retains focus.
10 -Well-maintained superior loan portfolio quality in general, except 2010 was resulted from hiccup event driven by global crisis impact in 2009.
Geographic outreach HKL's Geographic Outreach2008' Province 43%100% Districts 55%96% Communes 37%93% Villages 19%66%
12 -Declining in portfolio yield is due to the competitive market rate and the larger loan size provided to existing clients under “We Grow With Clients” commitment. -Heavy investment in technology for both cored banking and mobile banking has claimed HKL to be less profitable in 2014 compared to 2013.
How does HKL get these achievement?
HKL’s Operational Strategy.. Leading in tailor-made financial services Staff capacity building & Development Client Protection Principle Market demand & Penetration Innovative products development
15 HKL’s Infrastructure Evolution To reach Micro and Small business holders
Where has HKL been so far? Started as security project in Pursat 1994 Registered as NGO named “Hattha Kaksekar NGO 1996 Registered as limited company “HKL”” 2001 Micro banking system 2006 Permanent license as MFI 2007 MDI license 2010 Core banking system 2011 ATM official launch 2012 Mobile banking products 2013 Product innovation- tailor made service 2014 From the project… To the reliable MDI to be trusted by public in saving collection…
HKL’s infrastructure evolution… Head Office at Pursat provinces from the start to 2004; while served as Pursat branch Head Office has been moved to Phnom Penh in February 2004, and lately to this current Head Office Building, located on large and busy street of Phnom Penh, where almost 250 staff members are working. Operational Office, also attached to the building, serves as the key functional service points.
Office Network BRANCH NETWORK 2014 From 45 offices in 10 provinces & cities in 2008 to 135 operational offices in 25 provinces and cities of Cambodia With 49 ATM machines in 2014
Evolution of HKL’s financial products Micro Banker System Off line & Stand along MIS system General Loan General Loan with various business purpose Compulsory savings Local Money Transfer Public Saving Collect Deposits from public MDI license Core Banking System ATM Incept Mobile Banking Go live ATM service Specific loan Green Loan Student Loan Mobile Banking SMS notification More specific product Innovation SME loan Mobile Banking (USSD & Mobile App)
Tailor-made Products offered.. General Green Loan Student SME -Loan purposes: (1) trade/ commerce, (2) agriculture, (3) service, (4) construction, (5) transportation, (6) household/family and (7) production. -Flexible repayment method & offer in 3 currencies -For environmental purposes: biogas, solar energy, water basin, water filter, toilet Etc. -Offer with lower interest rate -Flexible repayment method & offer in 3 currencies -Support students during their academic years in university -Loan term up to to 7 years -Favorable interest rate & free 3 months interest -Loan provision to Small & Medium Enterprise ( biz loan for biz set up, and expansion) -Larger loan size ; longer term; in 3 currencies
Voluntary Saving Fixed Deposit Saving & Deposit Recurring Saving - Open for public -Customers can deposit and withdraw money any time -Marketable interest earned -In the form of Planned saving, Kid saving & Retirement -Customer is required to deposit certain amount of money in a specific time which agreed by the clients and HKL. -Highest interest rate up to 11% per annum. -In the form of Capitalized Deposit, High Income, High Return & Charity Deposit -Higher interest rate than voluntary saving -Deposit term up to 1 year Tailor-made Products offered..
Local Money Transfer ATM Mobile Banking Customers can transfer their money to relatives, friends, and other business partners with very speedy delivery and reliable services. -Equipped with state-of-art technology by the world class ATM producer and switch. -Function: Cash withdrawal, Cash deposit, Cardless deposit, Fund Transfer, Remittance, Mobile Top-up, Bill Payment & Account Enquiry -SMS notification, USSD Baking, Mobile Apps. -Function: SMS alert, Fund Transfer, Remittance, Mobile Top-up, Bill Payment & Account Enquiry Tailor-made Products offered..
Opportunities & What Next Innovate products with technology driven to target those unbanked clientele in rural areas through mobile and agent banking. Cost of setting up physical office to serve unbanked clientele with low density in rural area are costly Orient fee-based incomes services, such as Utility Payments, Mobile Top up, Local Wire Transfer, Payroll Incomes from other products rather than loans are relatively low, but market proven more rooms to source that incomes Agent banking enables HKL to collect small deposits from rural & unbanked people, which will then contribute lower cost of funding and sustainable savings in the long run. Highly penetration of savings collections mostly in capital cities, while rural areas remains low
What Challenges do we have?
License fee Capital increase Regulation High cost for staff development Lack of experienced HR Human resource Competition Investment cost Many MFIs, MDIs and Banks Unfair competition Capital High operating cost Lower return Raise saving deposit Inject more capital
Thank You! + T : ( 855) F : ( 855) E : + W : No 606, Street 271, Sangkat Phsar Doeum Thkov Khan Chamkamorn, Phnom Penh, Cambodia PO Box 2044, Phnom Penh 3