Presentation on theme: "Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries"— Presentation transcript:
1Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries The UN in CambodiaWhat is a “Middle Income Country”?Role of the UN system in middle-income countriesQ & ARoles of UN in MICs_Ecole Royale Administration25 February 2015
3Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries The UN system in CambodiaUN Secretary GeneralUNDP AdministratorAppointed byReport toReport toUN RC / UNDP RRReport toUN Country TeamUNDP Country DirectorUNDP Country Office
4Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries The UN system in Cambodia
5Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries 2. What is a “Middle Income Country”?The World Bank Classification: GNI per capitaLow income, $975 or less;Lower middle income, $976 - $3,855;Upper middle income, $3,856 - $11,905;High income, $11,906 or more.
6Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries 2. What is a “Middle Income Country”?Diverse group by size, population and income level,5 of the world’s 7 billion people.73% of the world’s poor people.One-third of global GDP.Major engines of global growth.
10Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries BUT “Middle Income Trap”Inability to progress beyond the middle income level by strengthening knowledge-based and innovation intensive sectors of the economy.Weakness in economic governance institutionsLack of labor equipped with high-end skills
11Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries 3. Challenges: Unfinished development agendaSocio-economic inequalitiesEconomic GovernanceEnvironmentally Sustainable Growth and Development.Democratic Governance
12Role of the UN system in Middle Income Countries 3. OpportunitiesMake future growth inclusive.Increase productivity.Increase women’s participation in the labour force.Modernize development and governance institutions.Bring about strategic and policy changes.Develop financial resources.Demographic window of opportunities.
134. Role of the UN system in MICs Peace buildingProject-oriented and technical in nature, and often structured in reference to the MDGs and guided by donor funding approaches and priorities.High-level engagement in policy advisory services.
144. Role of the UN system in MICs (Cont’d) Policy adviceAdvisory role and Convening role.Advocacy and Normative role.Strengthening capacity at national and sub-national level.Knowledge generation, bank and broker role.Partnerships - Increasing fiscal space.Facilitating South-South cooperation.
154. Role of the UN system in MICs (Cont’d) Reliable disaggregated data collection and analysis.Realize the demographic dividend.Assist in advancing environmental protection.human rights and Gender equality
16Cambodia transition to MIC – support from the UN In Cambodia, the UN work on:5 UNDAF outcomes ( ):Economic Growth and Sustainable DevelopmentHealth and EducationGender equalityGovernanceSocial protection
17Realising the demographic dividend. Cambodia transition to MIC – support from the UNOpportunity for UN cooperation in Cambodia in the transition to MIC ( ):Realising the demographic dividend.Human Rights based approach to the analysis of democratic governance deficit, inequality, vulnerability and exclusion.