Presentation on theme: "UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia 1.The UN in Cambodia 2.What is a “Middle Income Country”? 3.Role of the UN system in middle-income countries 4.Q & A Roles of."— Presentation transcript:
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia 1.The UN in Cambodia 2.What is a “Middle Income Country”? 3.Role of the UN system in middle-income countries 4.Q & A Roles of UN in MICs_Ecole Royale Administration 25 February 2015
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia 1.The UN system http://www.un.org/en/aboutun/structure/org_chart.shtml
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia 1.The UN system in Cambodia UN RC / UNDP RR UN Secretary General UNDP Administrator Appointed by Report to UNDP Country Director UN Country Team UNDP Country Office Report to
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia 1.The UN system in Cambodia
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia 2. What is a “Middle Income Country”? The World Bank Classification: GNI per capita 1.Low income, $975 or less; 2.Lower middle income, $976 - $3,855; 3.Upper middle income, $3,856 - $11,905; 4.High income, $11,906 or more.
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia 2. What is a “Middle Income Country”? Diverse group by size, population and income level, 5 of the world’s 7 billion people. 73% of the world’s poor people. One-third of global GDP. Major engines of global growth.
BUT “Middle Income Trap” Inability to progress beyond the middle income level by strengthening knowledge-based and innovation intensive sectors of the economy. Weakness in economic governance institutions Lack of labor equipped with high-end skills
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia 3. Challenges: Unfinished development agenda a.Socio-economic inequalities b.Economic Governance c.Environmentally Sustainable Growth and Development. d.Democratic Governance
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia 3. Opportunities Make future growth inclusive. Increase productivity. Increase women’s participation in the labour force. Modernize development and governance institutions. Bring about strategic and policy changes. Develop financial resources. Demographic window of opportunities.
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia Peace building Project-oriented and technical in nature, and often structured in reference to the MDGs and guided by donor funding approaches and priorities. High-level engagement in policy advisory services.
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia Policy advice Advisory role and Convening role. Advocacy and Normative role. Strengthening capacity at national and sub- national level. Knowledge generation, bank and broker role. Partnerships - Increasing fiscal space. Facilitating South-South cooperation.
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia Reliable disaggregated data collection and analysis. Realize the demographic dividend. Assist in advancing environmental protection. human rights and Gender equality
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia Cambodia transition to MIC – support from the UN In Cambodia, the UN work on: 5 UNDAF outcomes (2011-2015): 1.Economic Growth and Sustainable Development 2.Health and Education 3.Gender equality 4.Governance 5.Social protection
UNITED NATIONS in Cambodia Cambodia transition to MIC – support from the UN Opportunity for UN cooperation in Cambodia in the transition to MIC (2016-2018): Realising the demographic dividend. Human Rights based approach to the analysis of democratic governance deficit, inequality, vulnerability and exclusion.