2 Nixon and Vietnam 1968—Richard Nixon elected President Elected as the “peace candidate”Promised “Vietnamization” of the WarContinuing to fund South VietnamBut leaving most fighting to VietnameseBy 1972, only 60,000 US troops leftBut…..
3 Cambodia Neighbor of Vietnam Had been peaceful Nixon claimed that Vietcong trained there1969—”secret bombings” of Cambodia begin1970—full scale invasionResult: War spreads, Cambodia dissolves
4 Cambodia Peaceful country collapses after US attack Pol Pot & the Khmer Rouge take control in 1975Genocide kills millionsThe “Killing Fields”Pol Pot
5 Anti-War Movement in Nixon Years Invasion of Cambodia spurs mass protest300,000 attend DC protest in 1970Jackson State and Kent State UniversitiesStudent protesters killed by National GuardCongress Revokes Gulf of Tonkin Resolution in 1970Pentagon Papers Published in 1971Proof that US Government was lying about Vietnam
7 Kent State Massacre, (May 4, 1970) 4 protesting students killed by National GuardMost Americans supported the SoldiersThe War was unpopular, but the anti-war movement was even more unpopularRiots and protests spread to other campusesMany shut down
13 Public Opinion and the War By 1964—little oppositionBy 1967—lots of student oppositionBy 1970—majority of population opposedEspecially among working classTheir sons were dying
14 Final Stages November, 1972 December of 1972 January 1973 April 1975 Nixon wins landslide reelectionClaims to have “secret peace plan”December of 1972Christmas bombingsMost massive attack on N. VietnamStill no surrenderJanuary 1973US withdraws after cease fireApril 1975North Vietnam conquers South Vietnam
16 Results of the Vietnam War Vietnam unified under communist controlUS loses2,000,000 Vietnamese deaths?55,000 American deathsVietnamese society & economy destroyedDestruction of Cambodia$150 billion cost to USHurts economy & kills the “Great Society”Humiliation for US
17 “North Vietnam’s leaders had deserved to win “North Vietnam’s leaders had deserved to win. South Vietnam’s leaders had deserved to lose. And America’s leaders, for thirty years, had failed the people of the North, the people of the South, and the people of the United States.”--The final paragraph of A.J. Langguth’s“Our Vietnam”
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