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Integrating Southeast Asian Visual Art Into Your Classroom Paul Pass A Cultural Perspective on Southeast Asia August 10, 2013.

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Presentation on theme: "Integrating Southeast Asian Visual Art Into Your Classroom Paul Pass A Cultural Perspective on Southeast Asia August 10, 2013."— Presentation transcript:

1 Integrating Southeast Asian Visual Art Into Your Classroom Paul Pass A Cultural Perspective on Southeast Asia August 10, 2013

2 Who here is NOT interested in Southeast Asia?

3 Preaching to the choir…your job = getting others interested!

4 My presentation About me Asia Society Texas Center About Asia About Southeast Asia Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) & tools for looking Southeast Asian visual arts Projects for classroom Notable collections in United States Recommended resources

5 Paul Pass Asia Society Texas Center (2011 – present) World Affairs Council of Houston (2010 – 2011) Congressional and Embassy internships (2009) MA, Indiana University BA, Miami University Conducted over 55 presentations on Asia Asian art, culture, history, and politics generalist Studied Asia and Europe for past ten years

6 About Asia Society Texas Center NYC HQ: 1956 by John D. Rockefeller III Texas Center: 1979 by Barbara Bush and Roy Huffington Arts, culture, business, public policy, education programs Prepare Asians and Americans for a shared future One of 11 Asia Society offices around the world

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8 Asia Society offices Eleven offices around the world Asia Hong Kong (Mega-center) Manila Mumbai Seoul Shanghai Sydney USA Houston (Mega-center) Los Angeles New York (Global headquarters) San Francisco Washington DC

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10 How do I become more involved with Asia Society Texas Center? Visit us Tuesday to Sunday, 11 am to 6 pm Become a member Memberships start at less than $4/month Come to our programs Arts + culture, business + policy, education Bring your students Free individually-designed school tours

11 Weavers’ Stories from Island Southeast Asia November 7, 2013 – February 9, 2014

12 What is Asia? Cultural concept Ancient Greek and Roman definition based on rivers, seas, and mountains Boundaries Traditional regions: East, Central, South, Southeast Asia Society includes Iran, Oceania and Pacific Other definitions: Middle East (Southwest or Western Asia) and Russia east of Urals

13 Why care about Asia? 60% of global population Over 2.8 billion people in the world speak an Asian language Asian economies make up about 27% of global GDP China, India, and Japan are world’s second to fourth largest economies (PPP) Since 1980s, US trades more across Pacific than Atlantic Birthplace of Buddhism, Christianity, Confucianism, Daoism, Hinduism, Islam, Shinto, Sikhism, and many others

14 Southeast Asia Brunei Cambodia Indonesia Laos Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand Timor-Leste Vietnam

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16 Why study about Southeast Asia? Communist countries opening to outside world Confluence of almost all major religions Historical and contemporary crossroads between China and India (former partial name = Indochina) Indonesia as largest Muslim country in world Late 19th/20th centuries ties with US through Spanish-American + Vietnam Wars Singapore as Asian Tiger Tiger Cubs: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand

17 Major Southeast Asian Religions Listed with significant presences Buddhism Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam Christianity Brunei, Philippines, Timor-Leste, Vietnam Hinduism Indonesia (Bali), Malaysia, Singapore Islam Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Timor-Leste

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20 Selected characteristics of Southeast Asian art Emphasis on epic tales and mythical creatures Influence of trade on visual art in SE Asian history Links to Animism Playful Sinification of Vietnamese art Religious syncretism Traditional materials: palm leaf, sandstone, some limestone, volcanic rock, wood

21 What a piece of art tells us Answers question: who am I?/who are we? Ancestry and ethnic background Artist’s influences Clash or merging between two or more cultures Folklore, belief systems, religious influence Historical developments Interaction with physical environment through materials utilized Political leanings over time Styles across time and space Traditional versus modern versus contemporary

22 Art in your classroom: Visual Thinking Strategies (VTS) Think deeply, foster cognitive growth, apply knowledge Go beyond the first “four seconds” Observation: What do I see? Drawing conclusions: What does it mean? Inferences: Why do I say that? Arguing in evidence: Which clues support my observations? Elaboration: What more can I find? Revision: How else could I see this work? How does someone else see this work?

23 Looking at SE Asian traditional art What is it made of? Identify the materials When was it made? Which period or era Why was it made? Religious, cultural, Chinese, Indian, animist influences

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29 Southeast Asian modern and contemporary art Emerging, yet still behind East Asian and South Asian artwork in market Marc Bollansee: “Last frontier in contemporary art” Indonesia and Philippines as leaders Young artists embracing new technology Local socio-political situations shown in global context

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35 Comparative cultures project Sculptures of the Buddha Buddha #1Buddha #2Buddha #3 CountryIndiaMyanmarTibet When did Buddhism arrive? 5th century BCE1st century BCE7th century CE Type of Buddhism MahayanaTheravadaVajrayana/Esoteric Distinguishing characteristics Defined facial features, monastic robes Elongated fingers, soft facial features Cord across chest, vivid coloring InfluencesHindu aesthetics, possible Greco- Byzantine Possible Pala Indian, Cambodian Angkor Local Tibetan belief systems

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37 Fiction writing project Develop critical thinking skills through narrative based on piece of art Prompt 1 (complex piece): Student places his/herself in piece and creates story using visual cues OR develops poem Prompt 2 (complex piece): Student imagines what happened before OR after Prompt 3 (two simple pieces): Student uses two pieces’ images as characters in story

38 Art and photography project 1. Choose traditional SE Asian devotional artwork 2. Choose contemporary SE Asian religious news image 3. Use VTS to compare and contrast the old and new 4. Use for other global regions as desired

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40 Notable Southeast Asian art collections in United States Asian Art Museum (San Francisco) Cleveland Museum of Art Freer and Sackler Galleries (Washington, DC) Honolulu Museum of Art Los Angeles County Museum of Art Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York) Museum of Fine Arts, Boston Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (Kansas City) Norton Simon Museum (Pasadena, CA) Seattle Asian Art Museum

41 Recommended resources on SE Asia Art Radar Journal Asian Art Museum education page Asian Education Foundation Contemporary Art in Asia: Traditions/Tensions Education about Asia magazine Freer and Sackler Galleries Guggenheim No Country exhibition Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Interweaving Cultures: Islam in Southeast Asia Modern and Contemporary Southeast Asian Art: An Anthology Orientations Magazine Southeast Asia: Crossroads of the World Southeast Asian Contemporary Art Now Teaching Asian Art: Content, Context, and Pedagogy

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46 Thanks Vehishta Kaikobad Linh Anh Moreau Pamela Vining and TAGE team

47 Questions?

48 Why study Southeast Asian art??? Angkor Wat Borobudur Pagan Empire Shwedagon TBC with details + photos

49 Comparative cultures project Start with cultures already familiar to students Step 1: American to European Statue of Liberty

50 Comparative cultures project Step 2: European to Asian

51 Comparative cultures project Step 3: East/South Asian to SE Asian

52 General info: connecting Asian art to European Hagia Sophia Al Ahambra (Asia’s connections to Europe) Sequencing and webbing to create a narrative School projects Develop story from piece of art Develop story from putting student into piece

53 Looking activity (ASNY sheet) TBC

54 Applying context to TEKS Human Geography World Cultures World Geography World History

55 Visual and performing arts in Geography classrooms Human geography Dances, music, and visual art inform us about culture and people’s interaction with environment #2 TBA Physical geography Information about physical environment from folk dances + materials used in visual art #2 TBA

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57 Southeast Asian Religions Largest faith by country Islam BruneiIndonesia Malaysia Roman Catholicism PhilippinesTimor-Leste Mahayana Buddhism SingaporeVietnam Theravada Buddhism CambodiaLaos MyanmarThailand

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60 Why study Southeast Asian art? EDIT ME!!! POSSIBLY BORROW THINGS FROM “WHY STUDY SE ASIA?” Angkor Wat Borobudur Pagan Empire Shwedagon TBC with details + photos asia-art-history-art-today/ asia-art-history-art-today/

61 Different faces of Buddha Early icons of Buddha Foot, lion, umbrella Greco-Byzantine influence  face and personification of Buddha Gandharan Burmese Cambodian Indian Thai Tibetan

62 Looking exercise… what do you see?

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64 Previous object This hierarchic majestic figure wears a precisely pleated skirt whose downturned upper edge creates a prominent fold over the belt with dangling tassels visible below. This convention is typical of the tenth-century Angkor style. Three incised lines below her breast and along her neck express the ideal of ample beauty. While she lacks identifying attributes, the cylindrical shape of her hairstyle and the jeweled diadem on her forehead indicate that she is a goddess. The absence of a Buddha in her headdress suggests she is a Hindu deity, most likely Uma, consort of the god Shiva. The Goddess Uma 10 centrury, Angkor period Sandstone Koh Ker, Cambodia Freer Sackler Washington DC Gift of Arthur M. Sackler S

65 Bringing art into the curriculum why good for many subjects – see MFAH resources! school-groups/ school-groups/ guided-visits/ guided-visits/

66 Bringing into classroom MAKE INTO PROJECT!!! Traditional devotional art in SE Asia compared with SE Asian news images focused on religion (helps students connect past to present), also can use this with Europe old and new, so good for focusing on areas around world in geography classrooms (applicability to many other areas other than just SE Asia) Trade route collages (what traded and when, materials used to create art, etc.) Maps with prominent cultural and political sites

67 Southeast Asia importance continued Late 19th/20th centuries ties with US through Spanish-American + Vietnam Wars Maritime trade still important Provides insight into both Chinese and Indian cultures (former name = Indochina) Singapore as Asian Tiger Tiger Cubs: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Thailand

68 Southeast Asian Religions Listed with significant presences Buddhism Brunei, Cambodia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam Christianity Brunei, Philippines, Timor-Leste, Vietnam Hinduism Bali, Malaysia, Singapore Islam Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Timor-Leste

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