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Chapter 33, Section World Geography Chapter 33 Southeast Asia Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River,

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 33, Section World Geography Chapter 33 Southeast Asia Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 33, Section World Geography Chapter 33 Southeast Asia Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved.

2 Chapter 33, Section World Geography Copyright © 2003 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. All rights reserved. Section 1: Historical Influences on Southeast Asia Section 2: The Countries of Southeast Asia Chapter 33: Southeast Asia

3 Chapter 33, Section Historical Influences on Southeast Asia How has the migration of people into Southeast Asia over the centuries affected the culture of that region? How did Europeans change the economy, environment, and political boundaries of Southeast Asia? 1

4 Chapter 33, Section Migration Indian Influence Merchants from India brought Hindu and Buddhist monks with them. The culture of the region absorbed many aspects of Hinduism and Buddhism, but rejected others such as the caste system. Muslim Influence Traders from Arabia and India brought Islam to the region. Islam created strong ties between the peoples of Malaysia, Indonesia, the southern Philippines, and other Muslim lands. Chinese Influence The Chinese had little impact on the region, as the Chinese viewed their culture as superior, and considered foreigners to be barbarians, or people without manners or civilized customs. The Vietnamese were influenced by Chinese culture, but never lost their own cultural identity. 1

5 Chapter 33, Section Europeans Bring Change Europeans at first established trading posts, and then in the 1700s and 1800s began expanding their colonies deeper into Southeast Asia. The Europeans cleared forests and built plantations for cash crops and encouraged wealthy local landlords to grow rice for export, forcing many small farmers out of business. The Europeans sold factory-made goods to their colonies, undercutting local artisans and making the colonies dependent on industrialized countries for manufactured goods. The Europeans financed construction of inland roads and railroads to transport goods to port cities, which began growing rapidly. Growing port cities attracted people from China and India, and tensions sometimes developed between the immigrants and indigenous Southeast Asians. Colonies were carved out of Southeast Asia with little attention paid to existing ethnic boundaries. 1

6 Chapter 33, Section Section 1 Review Which country in Southeast Asia was most influenced by Chinese culture? a)Philippines b)Laos c)Indonesia d)Vietnam How did the Europeans affect the manufacture of goods in Southeast Asia? a)The Europeans industrialized the colonies by building factories. b)European merchants bought goods from local artisans to sell to Europe. c)Local artisans were undercut by cheap European factory-made goods. d)The Europeans had no effect on the economies of the region. Want to connect to the World Geography link for this section? Click Here!Click Here! 1

7 Chapter 33, Section Section 1 Review Which country in Southeast Asia was most influenced by Chinese culture? a)Philippines b)Laos c)Indonesia d)Vietnam How did the Europeans affect the manufacture of goods in Southeast Asia? a)The Europeans industrialized the colonies by building factories. b)European merchants bought goods from local artisans to sell to Europe. c)Local artisans were undercut by cheap European factory-made goods. d)The Europeans had no effect on the economies of the region. Want to connect to the World Geography link for this section? Click Here!Click Here! 1

8 Chapter 33, Section The Countries of Southeast Asia Why does Myanmar struggle with its national identity and Thailand does not? In what ways did years of conflict affect Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia? What keeps the diverse nations of Indonesia and the Philippines united? What natural resources support the economies of Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, and Papua New Guinea? 2

9 Chapter 33, Section Myanmar and Thailand Myanmar When the British took control in the late 1800s, they unified Burma politically but not culturally. When Burma gained independence in 1948, the country lacked unity, and various ethnic groups have fought the government since then. Myanmar’s economic growth has been slowed by warfare with ethnic insurgents and by its repressive military government Thailand Thailand preserved its independence by signing treaties with Western powers in the late 1800s. Since World War II, Thailand has had strong ties with the United States. The country depended heavily on agriculture until the 1960s, when Thailand began to diversify the economy. Tourism has become a major source of income, and Bangkok has become the transportation hub for the entire region. 2

10 Chapter 33, Section Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia After World War II, the region became involved in a series of wars, the first of which secured independence from France. The second war, between North and South Vietnam, drew in the United States, as well as Laos and Cambodia, and ended with Vietnam united under Communists. Communists also took control of Laos and Cambodia, and in all three countries the Communists killed huge numbers of non-Communists. In 1986, Vietnam began doi moi, a program designed to attract foreign investors, and during the 1990s the economy boomed. In 1995, the United States resumed diplomatic relations with Vietnam, and Vietnam joined ASEAN that same year. Laos and Cambodia have turned away from strict government-controlled economies, but have not attracted investment on the scale of Vietnam. 2

11 Chapter 33, Section Cultural heterogeneity challenges Indonesia and the Philippines Indonesia and the Philippines Indonesia Indonesia has more than 228 million people living on islands spread over 3,200 miles of ocean. A strong government, backed by the military, has used force to maintain unity. Oil resources have lifted Indonesia’s per capita income and provided money to spend on roads, airports, and schools. Indonesia experienced an economic slowdown in the late 1990s. The Philippines The Philippines were ruled by Spain, and then the United States, until independence in Under Spanish rule, the majority of Filipinos converted to Roman Catholicism, and intermarriage spread Spanish culture among ethnic groups. U.S. rule introduced a new educational system, the English language, and democratic institutions. 2

12 Chapter 33, Section Singapore, Malaysia, Brunei, and Papua New Guinea Singapore has a deep natural harbor, and is located in the center of an important trade route. Singapore is a thriving center of international trade and an important manufacturing center. Malaysia and Brunei are wealthy countries with large reserves of oil and natural gas. Oil income has allowed Brunei to modernize, and Malaysia has a diverse economy exporting machinery, raw materials, and oil. Papua New Guinea is an ethnically diverse country in which most people practice agriculture with traditional tools, yet modern machines are used to mine gold and copper ore. 2

13 Chapter 33, Section Section 2 Review How did Vietnam recover from years of war? a)Vietnam instituted a program to encourage foreign investment. b)Large deposits of oil and gas stimulated the economy. c)Tariffs were raised to promote the growth of local industry. d)Vietnam used farming collectives to export valuable cash crops. Which country’s economy is supported by oil revenues? a)Singapore b)Malaysia c)Papua New Guinea d)Thailand Want to connect to the World Geography link for this section? Click Here!Click Here! 2

14 Chapter 33, Section Section 2 Review How did Vietnam recover from years of war? a)Vietnam instituted a program to encourage foreign investment. b)Large deposits of oil and gas stimulated the economy. c)Tariffs were raised to promote the growth of local industry. d)Vietnam used farming collectives to export valuable cash crops. Which country’s economy is supported by oil revenues? a)Singapore b)Malaysia c)Papua New Guinea d)Thailand Want to connect to the World Geography link for this section? Click Here!Click Here! 2


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