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29. Peacebuilding I From Theory to Practice. 29. Peacebuilding I: From Theory to Practice Learning Objectives – Identify the conceptual principles of.

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Presentation on theme: "29. Peacebuilding I From Theory to Practice. 29. Peacebuilding I: From Theory to Practice Learning Objectives – Identify the conceptual principles of."— Presentation transcript:

1 29. Peacebuilding I From Theory to Practice

2 29. Peacebuilding I: From Theory to Practice Learning Objectives – Identify the conceptual principles of peacebuilding – Understand the origins and evolution of peacebuilding – Familiar with conceptual problems and criticisms

3 29.1. The Peacebuilding Concept Intellectual Origins

4 29.1. The Peacebuilding Concept Johan Galtung: “…the practical implementation of peaceful social change through socio-economic reconstruction and development.”

5 29.1. The Peacebuilding Concept Trends – Erosion of the norm of nonintervention – Interests – Values

6 29.2. Early Innovations Namibia (1978) El Salvador (1989) Angola (1991) Western Sahara (1991)

7 29.2. Early Innovations “Transitional Authority” in Cambodia

8 United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) Paris Peace Accords (1991) UNTAC created Feb Authority delegated under Supreme National Council of Cambodians State-building

9 United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) Supervise ceasefire Supervise end of foreign military assistance and withdrawal of foreign forces Regroup, canton, and disarm armed groups Ensure respect for human rights Organize and conduct free and fair elections Resettle Refugees (360,000) UNTAC assumed control of foreign affairs, defence, security, finance, and communications

10 29.2. Conceptual Problems and Criticisms Based on political and economic liberalization Legitimacy Security Measuring Success


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