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Prof. Dr. Supachai Yavaprabhas ASEM Conference : Quality Assurance and Recognition in Higher Education: Challenges and Prospects on Regional Cooperation.

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Presentation on theme: "Prof. Dr. Supachai Yavaprabhas ASEM Conference : Quality Assurance and Recognition in Higher Education: Challenges and Prospects on Regional Cooperation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prof. Dr. Supachai Yavaprabhas ASEM Conference : Quality Assurance and Recognition in Higher Education: Challenges and Prospects on Regional Cooperation and Cross Border Collaboration in Higher Education Recognition in Higher Education in South- East Asia : Current Situation, Challenges, and Prospects December Mediterranean Beach Hotel Limassol, Cyprus

2 Outline 1. Facts about HE Landscape in ASEAN region? 2. Recognition in higher education : Current situation 3. Recognition in higher education : Challenges 4. Recognition in higher education : Prospects

3 3 ASEAN and the World

4 ASEAN-CER = ASEAN Closer Economic Relations (Australia / New Zealand)

5 ASEAN ASEAN is a region of diversity

6 Population Size Religion Political System Economic

7 ASEAN Countries Area: 4,523,000 km 2 Countries: 10 Regional GDP per capita: $1,584

8 ASEAN Countries From Small countries such as Brunei and Singapore to a very large countries like the Philippines and Indonesia

9 ASEAN Countries From Landlocked countries like Laos to a country of more than 17,500 islands like Indonesia

10 ASEAN Countries From Military Dictatorship to Presidential Democracy, Constitutional Monarchy, Parliamentary System. From Unitary State to Federation System

11 ASEAN Countries From Buddhist countries like Myanmar, Lao PDR, Thailand, and Cambodia to Muslim Countries like Brunei, Indonesia, and Malaysia and to big Christian Country like the Philippines, as well as those mixed religions like Singapore and Vietnam

12 ASEAN Countries From the very poor country to the very rich country in the world

13 ASEAN Countries Total population is 584 million. Total student population is 12 million with Indonesia as a biggest-3+ million, the Philippines-2.6 million, and Thailand-2.0 million.

14 ASEAN Countries Total number of HEIS is more than 5,000. 3,000+ HEIs in Indonesia, 1,800+ HEIS in the Philippines and 580 HEIs in Malaysia.

15 ASEAN Countries Literacy rate is more than 90% in most countries, except Lao PDR and Cambodia

16 ASEAN : Higher Education Landscape In the region, Higher Education systems range from very centralised and highly regulated by the Ministry, to the highly autonomous, and also a mix of both within one country

17 ASEAN : Student Population Total population is 584 million. Total student population is 12+ million with Indonesia as a biggest 3+ million, the Philippines 2.6 million, Thailand 2.0 million, and Malaysia 1.8 million

18 Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a region of diversity in different aspects including higher education system

19 Geographic spread and diversity of HEIS Ensuring equitable access for all students Lack of qualified faculty staff Limited experience of quality assurance processes Limited research expertise Geographic spread and diversity of HEIS Ensuring equitable access for all students Lack of qualified faculty staff Limited experience of quality assurance processes Limited research expertise Common Challenges in Higher Education in ASEAN

20 Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organisation

21 SEAMEO 19 specialist institutions :-To enhance regional understanding, cooperation, and networks SEAMEO Centres

22 Open and Distant Learning SEAMEO SEAMOLEC Open and Distant Learning SEAMEO SEAMOLEC Science SEAMEO QITEP Science SEAMEO QITEP Language SEAMEO QITEP Mathematics SEAMEO QITEP Tropical Biology SEAMEO BIOTROP

23 Science and Mathematics SEAMEO RECSAM Science and Mathematics SEAMEO RECSAM History and Tradition of SEA SEAMEO CHAT Education Training SEAMEO RETRAC Language SEAMEO RELC Vocational and Technical Education SEAMEO VOCTECH

24 Higher Education Development SEAMEO RIHED Higher Education Development SEAMEO RIHED Agriculture and Development SEAMEO SEARCA Cultural Development SEAMEO SPAFA Education Innovation SEAMEO INNOTECH

25 ‘To assist member countries in promoting efficiency and effectiveness in higher education policy planning and development.’ SEAMEO RIHED’s MISSION

26 Outline 1. Facts about HE Landscape in ASEAN region? 2. Recognition in Higher Education : Current situation 3. Recognition in higher education : Challenges 4. Recognition in higher education : Prospects

27 If recognition means………….. An acceptance by national authority, of demonstration of compliance with requirements-generally a substantial equivalence It’s more on case by case basis Public Service Authority / HE Authority It’s more on case by case basis Public Service Authority / HE Authority

28 If recognition means………….. An agreement between two organizations to recognize each other’s processes or programmes It’s also on case by case basis :-University to University agreement /Programme to programme arrangement

29 If recognition means………….. A formal acknowledgement of an individual’s professional status and right to practice a profession It’s also a profession to profession agreement /G to G agreement / or an ASEAN Agreement It’s also a profession to profession agreement /G to G agreement / or an ASEAN Agreement

30 Outline 1. Facts about HE Landscape in ASEAN region? 2. Recognition in Higher Education : Current situation 3. Recognition in Higher Education : Challenges 4. Recognition in Higher Education : Prospects

31 Visible and transparent information on higher education system, degree system, QA system and CTS are essential. HE and Degree System QF and Quality Assurance System Credit Transfer System KSFS for “Recognition” of “Degree” : M-I-T Experience

32 "Pilot" project on regional student exchange with credits being transferred called M-I-T Initiative has been perceived in 2009 and being launched in 2010 Internal and External QA in each country M-I-T Pilot Project Regional Harmonization in SEA Hospitality and Tourism Agriculture Food Science and Technology International Business Language /Culture

33 33 Complete Complete but not yet unifiedPartialIn development development Not developed Or no information Australia Hong KongFijiBhutanBanglagesh New Zealand Philippines India BruneiCambodia Malaysia MaldivesChina Japan Singapore Pakistan Laos Sri LankaSamoaMacau Thailand Mongolia Indonesia South Korea VietNam Source : DEEWR. (March,2008) p.16 Status of NQFs in the Asia-Pacific Region

34 Adapted from NQF RQF HQF SQF FQF PQF QRECOGNITIONQRECOGNITION LEARNINGOUTComeLEARNINGOUTCome

35 QA:-AQAN has been formulated and gradually established SEAMEO RIHED and the Malaysian Qualifications Agency (MQA) have been coordinating to establish the ASEAN Quality Assurance Network (AQAN) from early 2008.

36 AQAN Board Meeting

37 SEA Credit Transfer System: What to do together? SEAMEO RIHED : Southeast Asia Forum UTCS International Conference, 2010 Shangri-La Hotel, Bangkok June 2010

38 Indicate each country stage of National CTS aiming to measure the readiness to cooperate at regional level Stage of National CTS Beginning StageImplementing Stage CambodiaIndonesia MyanmarMalaysia Lao PDRThe Philippines Thailand

39 Overlapping of UCTS and ACTS Overlapping of UCTS and ACTS Bilateral Agreement on CTS preferred Bilateral Agreement on CTS preferred Possibility to bridge the existing CTS in the region Possibility to bridge the existing CTS in the region

40 40 1. To use for transfer credits in higher education program Agreed Criteria for Transfer of study Credit 3. Grade is not lower than C or 2.00 score level or equivalent for Bachelor degree 2. To Transfer credits for courses or groups of courses in higher education program or equivalent

41 41 6. Will not be included in the calculation for the cumulative grade point average. (optional) Agreed on 30 th July 2010 Agreed Criteria for Transfer of study Credit 4. Contents covering not less than three fourths of individual courses or groups of courses to be equated with 5. Not more than one third of the total credits of the study program into which to transfer

42 Degree Systems: Current Nature of Higher Education Diploma Supplements A new idea in Southeast Asia Limited understanding of HEDS No specific policies No broad implementation

43 Potential for Future Development Vietnam interested as part of internationalisation strategy Also acknowledges benefits of fitting qualifications into global labour market Malaysia considers it a HEI rather than government responsibility Myanmar believes that current transcript provides adequate information

44 Diploma Supplements: Specific Issues Faced Awareness of the notion and role of HEDS Commitment of Institutions to put HEDS in development plans Diversity of universities in the region, in government run HEI’s would be quite simple... Compatability with existing academic systems and transcripts

45 ProfessorsStudents QualityAssessmentQualityAssessment SCREENSCREEN PublicationsPublicationsImpactFactorsDatabaseACIDatabaseACI INDEXINDEX ASEAN ASEAN Quality of Higher Education Quality of Graduate Mutual Assessment (Recognition) Systems CITATIONCITATION ResearchersResearchers AssociationAssociation Selected Clusters Quality of Research ASEAN Citation Index ASEAN

46 Outline 1. Facts about HE Landscape in ASEAN region? 2. Recognition in Higher Education : Current situation 3. Recognition in Higher Education : Challenges 4. Recognition in Higher Education : Prospects

47 Expansion of M-I-T and LEARN! Promote ASEAN Citation Index Proceed on CTS Strengthen AQAN Toward RQF UG 4. Recognition in Higher Education : Prospects HEDS

48 Recognition : The Prospects Academic Recognition Academic Recognition Employment recognition Professional Recognition

49 ASEAN 2015 : SEA of Knowledge Where graduates of any nations can be employed in other countries within the region

50 50 THANK YOU


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