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Zonta International The Prevention of Burns Violence Against Women and Girls in Cambodia, Nepal and Uganda.

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Presentation on theme: "Zonta International The Prevention of Burns Violence Against Women and Girls in Cambodia, Nepal and Uganda."— Presentation transcript:

1 Zonta International The Prevention of Burns Violence Against Women and Girls in Cambodia, Nepal and Uganda

2 Zonta International Acid attacks are a pre- meditated form of violence, usually against women, involving throwing corrosive acid at victims that leaves survivors physically, socially and emotionally scarred. With very little money, anyone can buy and use acid as a weapon that can ruin another person’s life in just a few seconds. Premeditated Violence

3 Help End Acid Attacks Through Unifem, part of UN Women contribution to the United Nations Trust Fund, Zonta International has pledged $430,00 over two years to support a comprehensive strategy to end burns violence against women in Cambodia, Nepal and Uganda. All three countries experience widespread and frequently tolerated acid/burns violence. Zonta International

4 Acid violence and other forms of burning rarely kills but always destroy lives, both physically and psychologically. Survivors face social isolation and ostracism, further damaging their self- esteem and well-being, and seriously undermining their professional, economic and personal future. Depression and anxiety are common among acid burns injuries, especially when their attackers are free to attack again. Destruction of Lives

5 Zonta International It is most prevalent in countries Where regulatory monitoring and controls processes are weak or ambiguous Where the judiciary, police and lawyers lack sensitization about the appropriate laws to prosecute perpetrators Burns Violence is a Global Phenomenon

6 Gender Violence An estimated 80% of acid attack survivors worldwide are women and girls. Burns caused by acid and other corrosive or flammable materials in pre-meditated attacks often occur with little accurate reporting of the true number of women and girls affected. Acid attacks are more common in countries where the regulation of harmful substances is weak, where laws do not exist or are not implemented, and where there may be a degree of cultural acceptance. Zonta International

7 Meet Nila * Photo & Story Courtesy of ASTI Zonta International At the age of 19, Nila’s husband poured acid over her head as punishment for expressing to him her dream of continuing her education.

8 Bushra’s Story Busha was attacked twice by the same man because she turned down his marriage proposal. Zonta International * Photo & story courtesy of ASTI

9 Haseena Hussain Zonta International Haseena Hussain was attacked by her former boss when she did not accept his marriage proposal. Haseena is now an activist working to fight the surge of acid violence against women in India. * Picture & story courtesy of NPR

10 Cambodia, Nepal and Uganda Country % Living Below Poverty Level (2005) Living in Rural Area Women Literacy Rates Overall Literacy Rates Life Expectancy Women Life Expectancy Overall % Women Politicians Cambodia35%75%60%76%60599.3% Nepal55%70%35%57%56.566.77.4% Uganda52%80%59%74%495124.7% Zonta International *Source: UNIFEM

11 Zonta International Challenges in Cambodia Burns violence is widespread and tolerated by Cambodian society. Up to 40% of women in Cambodia are affected by domestic violence.

12 Zonta International Prevention of Domestic Violence Against Women Law, 2005 Bill on the Suppression of Human Trafficking and Sexual Exploitation, 2007 Law on Commune Election – which has a general provision on the right of women and men to be elected Penal code provision against “torture and barbarous acts” which lacks penalties for acid violence CEDAW Related Legislation in Cambodia *Source: Cambodian Women Report 2004vi

13 Zonta International NEPAL Victims of domestic violence in Nepal have little legal recourse.

14 Burns Violence in Nepal Burns violence cases often results in suicides Burns violence is the leading cause of death among women in Nepal aged 15-49 16% of all women’s deaths are suicides – half following burns violence. Zonta International

15 UGANDA Law enforcement officials need training to ensure perpetrators are punished. Acid violence offenses are not consistently enforced in Uganda.

16 Zonta International Relationship Conflict (35.5%) Business and Property Conflicts (14.2%) Innocent Bystander (10.5%) Theft (2.3%) Mistaken Identity (2%) Other (7.7%) Unknown (29%) Causes of Acid Attacks in Uganda

17 Zonta International The program is based on other successful initiatives in Bangladesh and Pakistan This approach reduces the incidence of acid attacks, and helps to change laws, societal attitudes and the method of treating survivors. Treating Survivors

18 Zonta International Reduce acid and other forms of burns violence Gain an understanding of its causes. Focus on these issues in Cambodia, Nepal and Uganda. The Goal

19 Awareness and Attitudes Gather statistics about regional occurrences of acid and other forms of burns violence Gain understanding of reasons for this violence Increase awareness of the number and after effects of burns violence Change attitudes within local communities Promote individual responsibility Adopt strategies to reduce incidence Zonta International

20 Recognition and Enforcement National recognition of the problem Enforcement of existing legislation and development of new legislation Reduce incidence of burns violence and deal with its repercussions A model to use in other countries where acid and other forms of burns violence are prevalent Proven methods to continue program in Nepal, Cambodia, and Uganda Zonta International

21 Cooperate Empower Advocate Encourage cooperation among community leaders, officials, organizations and victims Empower women to represent and take leadership in this process Set up community regulatory committees to study existing legislation and to advocate for legislation reform. Zonta International

22 Consult and Involve Analyze the incidence of burns violence per region Consult with acid burns survivors victims’ family members and neighbors local government representatives village leaders Involve all stakeholders in preventing acid burn behavior and violence, and to reintegrate victims into society Zonta International

23 Awareness and Understanding Sample 3,000 villagers, in neighborhoods with high numbers of burns violence, in each country Provide Awareness training for key personnel in ministries, police, judiciary, and media Spread awareness of incidence, causes and repercussions of burns violence, and successful prosecutions of perpetrators Promote greater understanding by women and girls of their rights and access to justice Zonta International

24 Sensitize professional authorities in each country about burns violence Gather accurate data about acid and burn attacks to guide policy makers and medical personnel. Work with religious leaders community elders counselors heads of organizations women’s groups acid vendors Zonta International Working Together

25 Victims’ Needs Women who have been attacked need legal support, medical and psychosocial rehabilitation services Sensitize health providers to meet the needs of women who have been attacked Provide information about services through media and local health service personnel Direct victims to health providers from basic medical camps to national burns treatment centers Zonta International

26 Despite the Hardships Suffered by Individuals and their Families, Survivors CAN and DO Rebuild their Lives Zonta International

27 Meet Peyara “ As time has passed & with the help of sympathetic people from this country & overseas, I have found strength & peace of mind. …I feel like my life has enhanced (sic) because of my contact with such great people from countries all over the world who visit me…Because of meeting these people, my views have expanded…I’ve received leadership training through the ASF…I now advocate on the acid violence issue.” Zonta International * Photo & Story Courtesy of ASTI

28 Zonta International Peyara’s Support With the support of her loving husband and the help of the Acid Survivors Foundation in Bangladesh, Peyara was given free physio-social rehabilitation, medical and legal support. Today Peyara stands tall and proud, with dignity and honor. * Courtesy of ASTI

29 Zonta’s Contribution Aid in the development of a comprehensive strategy to help end the horror of burns violence in Cambodia, Nepal, and Uganda Help end the psychological trauma, physical pain, and social isolation and ostracism for those at risk for burns violence Zonta International

30 Advocate for Change Jayalakshmi is an acid-attack survivor in Bangalore, India who appeared at city hall to call for better prevention and prosecution of acid violence offenders. Zonta International

31 Donate Generously to Prevent Burns Violence Against Women and Girls in Cambodia, Nepal and Uganda Zonta International

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