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Www.gfoi.org GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 MRV & Capacity building status CAMBODIA Sar Sophyra Forestry Administration.

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Presentation on theme: "Www.gfoi.org GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 MRV & Capacity building status CAMBODIA Sar Sophyra Forestry Administration."— Presentation transcript:

1 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 MRV & Capacity building status CAMBODIA Sar Sophyra Forestry Administration

2 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 OUTLINE  General Information  National REDD+ Management Arrangements Stratification System  Status and design implementation MRV system for REDD  Key Challenges for the development and implementation of the monitoring system  Future supporting

3 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 Land Area: 181,035 Km 2 Cambodia is bordered with : – Thailand: north and west ( 800 km) – Lao PDR: north ( 541 km) – Vietnam: east and south ( 1,228 km) – Coastline: 440 km Climate: Tropical Zone and Two Seasons Population: ~15, million (as of 2014) Density: 85 persons/km 2 Capital City: Phnom Penh GDP Growth: ~ 7% (2014) 60% of population is based on agriculture I. General Information

4 Cambodia defines forest as follows (FAO):10% crown cover, a minimum area:0.5ha, and a minimum tree height: 5m LANDSAT TM Non Forest Evergreen Forest Semi-Evergreen Forest Deciduous Forest Other Forest 4

5 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014  Annual deforestation rate: 0.34% ( )  Annual deforestation rate: 0.5% ( )

6 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 Main Strategy: Support for effective management of Cambodia’s forest, in accordance with existing laws and policies :  Innovative Financing models  Improving Forest Law enforcement and governance  Local forest protection contracts  Valuing forest ecosystem services and promoting REDD+ Co- benefit  Adopting the nested approach to REDD+ implementation Designing and implementing effective strategies to address drivers from outside the forest sector  The driver of deforestation and forest degradation that causes land use change in Cambodia ( migration, Agro-industrial development, land concession, poor ESIA..etc)

7 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 II. National REDD+ Management Arrangements NATIONAL CLIMATE CHANGE COMMITTEE - Main Government Coordination mechanism for climate change CAMBODIA REDD+ TASKFORCE - Chair: FA - Deputy Chair: GDANCP - Includes FA, GDANCP, MLMUPC, FiA, MEF, MoI, MRD - Decisions made by consensus REDD+ ADVISORY GROUP - Key Development Partners & Experts TASKFORCE SECRETARIAT - Chair: FA - Vice-Chair: GDANCP - National Coordinator - Taskforce Secretary - Other supporting staff MRV/REL Technical Team Benefit-sharing Technical Team Consultation and Safeguards Technical Team REDD+ Demonstration Technical Team REDD+ CONSULTATION GROUP - NGOs and Civil Society - REDD+ Projects/ Private Sector - Academic Institutions (tbc)

8 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 III. Status and design implementation MRV system for REDD

9 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 Initiatives supporting implementation of the Cambodia

10 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 National MRV/REL The MRV technical teams was inform and advise the REDD+ taskforce on their respective areas ( ToR and work plan for the MRV TA team) Several meetings and workshops have been held including a GHG workshop and training in respective technical areas (eg. Remote sensing, GIS, use of tools, LCCS, allometric equations, and forest inventories in the testing size of difference method and stratification)  The key tools that MRV Cambodia will develop to support its national forest monitoring system area 1) Multipurpose National Forest Inventory 2) Satellite Land Monitoring System, and 3) GHG inventory for the reporting of emissions and removals from the land use, land use change and forestry sector.

11 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 Subsequent work is undertaken on the NFI Manual and Field Forms. The recorded data will preliminary consist of following ‘baskets’: Design Proposal of Multipurpose National Forest Inventory (NFI) The proposed NFI design covers all 5 carbon pools which have to be reported under the UNFCCC.

12 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 Systematic sampling Uplands: 6 km x 6 km Wetlands: 4 km x 4 km 2nd phase sampling Mangroves: 3 km x 3 km (at 2nd phase) Design Proposal of Multipurpose National Forest Inventory (NFI)

13 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 Training on plot measurement in Deciduous and Semi-evergreen forest (upland strata)

14 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 The Monitoring function will be supported by the development of a NFMS web portal A sample portal has been developed which can be refined with different layers of data when becoming available Design the Satellite Land Monitoring System (SLMS) to provide Activity data for REDD+ related activities Cambodia web portal sample only

15 Example of a layer displaying AGB plots and Ecological zones

16 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 CLASS name 1Evergreen Forest 2Pine forest 3Bamboo 4Forest regrowth 5Semi-Evergreen Forest 6Deciduous Forest 7Mangrove coastal 8Mangrove rear 9Flooded Forest 10Tree Plantation 11Rubber Plantation 12Palm oil Plantation 13Pine Plantation 14Crop generic (agricolture) 15Paddy rice 16Built up Area 17Village 18Grass 19Woodshrub 20Rock outcrop 21Sandy beach 22Water FOREST CROP WETLAND SETTELMENT S GRASS BARE  22 main classes with 13 forest cover classes have been defined with LCCS3 guide tool. All the 13 classes are consistent to the past forest assessment conducted by FA and.  A second stratification will be produced in order to defined the wetland classes.  Base line map in year 2014 and two historical data in year 2005 and 2010

17 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014  Cross cutting issue in term of REDD+ program (What is REL/MRV?) - Institutional arrangements: Two separate forest jurisdiction management areas (FA/MAFF and GDANCP/MoE) in term of REDD+, MRV as a whole. - Human resource capacity of National MRV team is not balancing or appropriate enough to implement REL/MRV work plan. 2. Harmonizes between difference work plan in various stakeholders agency (FA, GDANCP, JICA-CAMREDD, FAO-UNREDD and other forest research institute) 3. Limited technical manpower (GIS and RS image processing) 4. For field data collection does not have enough staffs to conduct the National Forest Inventory 5. Data availability, data storage 6. Financial support. 7. Technical capacities are not sufficient manpower to perform the inventory. Needs for trainings on quality control and quality assurance, database management, GHG inventory, etc. IV. Key challenges for the development and implementation of the monitoring system

18 GFOI Capacity Building Summit Armenia, Colombia – September 17 to 19, 2014 Can you identify the most immediate needs on capacity building for forest monitoring?  Deforestation and forest Degradation continue in Cambodia: forest fire, illegal logging, immigrant, forestland encroachment, and conversion.  Real time monitoring on forest cover change (technical support, accessing data )  Development of Cambodia database management information  How to identify driver of forest degradation  Compile existing RS data with current suitable data to establish the base map ( 2005, 2006, 2010 and 2014 )  Technical capacities are not sufficient manpower to perform the inventory. Needs for trainings on quality control and quality assurance, database management, GHG inventory, etc.  Integrate Remote Sensing data to support National forest Inventory.

19 SDCG-4, Caltech, CA, USA 4 th -6 th September 2013 Thank You For Your Attention Mrs. Sar Sophyra Contact address: FORESTRY ADMINISTRATION #40 Norodom BVLD, Daun Penh, Phnom Ppenh, CAMBODIA. 19


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