Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

H.E. Dr. Mean Chhivun Dr. Saphonn Vonthanak Dr. Heng Sopheab The Long Run Costs and Financing of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia 1 H.E Ros Seilava Dr. Chhea Chhorvann.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "H.E. Dr. Mean Chhivun Dr. Saphonn Vonthanak Dr. Heng Sopheab The Long Run Costs and Financing of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia 1 H.E Ros Seilava Dr. Chhea Chhorvann."— Presentation transcript:

1 H.E. Dr. Mean Chhivun Dr. Saphonn Vonthanak Dr. Heng Sopheab The Long Run Costs and Financing of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia 1 H.E Ros Seilava Dr. Chhea Chhorvann Mr. Ung Luyna

2 Acknowledgement 2 The Steering Committee Chaired by National AIDS Authority & Co-chaired by NCHADS Members of the steering committee are representative from; UNAIDS, WHO, CDC-GAP, FHI, USAID, KHANA, CPN+, Ministry of Health, Ministry of Economy & Finance, Ministry of Planning, Chamber of Commerce, Council for the Development of Cambodia. The Technical Team (Epidemiologists and Economists) Technical support from the Results for Development Institute (Professor Richard Skolnik, Dr. Steven Forsythe, and Dr. Robert Hecht)

3 Process 3 1. HIV/AIDS Projections for different intervention scenarios 2. The costing for each scenario 3. “Fiscal Space” analysis for financing the long term costs 4. Projections of resource availability and needs

4 Methods HIV/AIDS projections Secondary epidemiologic data Goals model HIV/AIDS Costing Spectrum AIDS impact model Resource Needs Model HIV/AIDS program financing Secondary data Medium term macroeconomic dataset of MEF ODA database from CDC National AIDS spending assessment report (NASA) Primary data (interviews) Development partners, Private sector and Government institutions 4

5 Different Scenarios for Cambodia Current Coverage: In this scenario, the current levels of coverage for prevention, care, treatment and mitigation services remain at current levels. Best Coverage: This scenario assumes that Cambodia achieves universal access to key prevention, care and treatment, and support services by 2015 and continues at that level to Structural Change: This scenario focuses on interventions that can reduce vulnerability to HIV/AIDS and produce a more sustainable response. This includes programs to increase the coverage of mass media, access to primary education and empowering women. 5

6 Different Scenarios for Cambodia Hard Choice 1 ( Targeted Interventions Only) Because of limited resources, it is assumed under this scenario that Cambodia focuses on scaling up only the prevention programs for the most at risk populations, such as sex workers, men having sex with men, and injecting drug users. Other interventions are assumed to remain at current coverage levels. 6

7 Different Scenarios for Cambodia Hard Choice 2 ( Targeted Interventions plus Linked Response) This scenario is similar to Hard Choice. However, the Hard Choice 2 scenario includes an additional component: the Linked Response Program. The Linked Response Program is a model which currently is being expanded and which aims to improve the linkages of maternal and child services to the HIV Continuum of Care for pregnant women at the operational district level. Worst Case: The Worst Case scenario was developed to examine what would happen if some of the current interventions were scaled down. It is assumed in this scenario that care and treatment will remain at current levels of coverage but prevention programs are scaled-back. 7

8 Scenarios for Cambodia 8 Different scenarios Prevention Program Care and Treatment Program Structural change High risk groups Low risk groups Linked response Others Current coverage Structural change Best coverage Hard choice 1 Hard choice2

9 9

10 Projected Numbers of New HIV Cases (1) 10

11 Projected Numbers of New HIV Cases (2) 11

12 12

13 Projected Cost of HIV/AIDS 13 Millions of 2009 Dollars

14 HIV/AIDS program financing 14

15 Share of HIV/AIDS to Health and Social Spending of the Government *Note that the two line has different denominator, the blue line has social spending as denominator and the red line has health spending as denominator

16 Total of HIV/AIDS Expense in Cambodia

17 Projections of Resource Availability and Needs Assumptions in the base case scenario GDP will grow at 7% per annum Public expenditure as a percentage of GDP will be 15% Social spending is 30% of public expenditures HIV/AIDS spending will be 1.5% of social spending through 2031 Donor funding would gradually decline from 90% of all HIV/AIDS funds to 50% by 2020 (baseline) 17

18 Resources Needs for HIV/AIDS under Hard Choice 2 Compared to Projected Resources under the Baseline Financing Scenario (US$ million)

19 19 Resource Needs for Hard Choice 2 Compared to Projected Resources Available under the Pessimistic Financing Scenario (US$ million) Pessimistic Financing Scenario: Donor funding would decline from 90% of all HIV/AIDS funds to 50% by 2015

20 20 Resource needs for Hard Choice 2 Compared to Projected Resources Available under the Optimistic Financing Scenario (US$ million) Optimistic Financing Scenario: Donor funding would decline slowly from 90% of all HIV/AIDS funds to 50% by 2025

21 Resource Needs for Hard Choice 2 Compared to Projected Resources Available under the Baseline Financing Scenario of External funding and Gradual Increase of Government Spending on HIV/AIDS as a % of Social Spending from 1.5% to 2.5% by

22 Conclusion The current HIV/AIDS programs in Cambodia is likely to lead to further declines in HIV prevalence and incidence over the next two decades. HIV/AIDS resource requirements will continue to increase over the next two decades. Difference in price tags is substantial and Cambodia will need to focus on getting the best value for money form its HIV/AIDS program, by focusing HIV/AIDS investments on those areas that are most cost-effective. 22

23 Conclusion The Cambodian HIV/AIDS program is very dependent on external financing. Over the longer term, Cambodia should be able to meet the costs of its HIV/AIDS program through increasing fiscal space for HIV/AIDS that will come with economic growth. However, if development partners withdraw financing from the HIV/AIDS program too quickly, Cambodia could face substantial difficulty in making up the deficit in the short- term. 23

24 Implications (1) Cambodia will have to focus investments on HIV/AIDS in those areas that are most cost-effective Despite important successes against HIV/AIDS in Cambodia, there remains room for improving program efficiency. for example, improving adherence to drug treatment and the quality of treatment; improving procurement and the logistics management of drugs, reagents, and consumables; and reducing unnecessary spending for administration and technical assistance. Cambodia will need to better manage the flow of external resources to its HIV/AIDS program; it will also need to significantly increase its own allocation to HIV/AIDS

25 Implication (2) This will require that the Cambodian government improve its long-range planning with its development partners, to minimize any impact associated with the withdrawal of external funds. Cambodia continue to periodically assess the cost-effectiveness of different possible interventions in HIV/AIDS program, so that it can better set priorities and mobilize resources accordingly. The failure to achieve these goals could put at risk Cambodia’s remarkable progress to date against HIV/AIDS. 25

26 26


Download ppt "H.E. Dr. Mean Chhivun Dr. Saphonn Vonthanak Dr. Heng Sopheab The Long Run Costs and Financing of HIV/AIDS in Cambodia 1 H.E Ros Seilava Dr. Chhea Chhorvann."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google