Presentation on theme: "Benefits to National Malaria Programs from Regional Support:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Benefits to National Malaria Programs from Regional Support: The Cambodia caseDr Char Meng Chuor CNM DirectorRegional Malaria Financing Task Force (RFMTF) Meeting Hong Kong, 12 May, 2014
2 Forest cover map 57% Malaria Map Country background malaria epidemiologic status181,135 Spkm14,7 million inhabitants22.9% live below poverty line3.1 million household withForest cover map 57%71% has forest or hunting activitiesMalaria mortality/100,000:2000: 5.2 2010: 1.72011: < (MDG (2015:0.78)2013: 0.08Reported Malaria Case treated by Public health facilities per 1000:2000: 11.0 2010: 4.22011: 4.0 = MDG (2015:4.0)2013: 1.5Group specific incidence rate: in creased risk among male adultMalaria Map
3 Three major challenges are Pf. Resistancenot just a treat to Cambodia but = Global treatHot spot resistance: We know it is in NW but not sure about the rest of the countryCore issue: Migrant & or MobileNot just victim but also carry Pf./Vx more effective than mosquitoVivax in G6Pd liver
4 Government leading process Integration of malaria program integrated to the health system in the context of government decentralization policies
5 Government resource share to health and malaria program Gov. expenditure on health has increased 4-fold over the last 10 years. Its % share of health budget is already among the highest in the world
6 Externally assisted projects: Money “actual” amount, building networks, outcome… A 3-fold decrease in prev every 3 yrs in the W region, mostly ARCE provinces compared to a less than 2-fold decrease in the E regionReduction in malaria prevalenceResearch projects (AFRIMS, BMGF, CHAI, ITM, MC, MSF, NIH, MORU, NAMRU2, UBS, US-CDC, WHO) were vital for CNM policy decision).
7 Four pillars on private Sector (Medical and selected non-medical sectors) Regulation: Ban on monotherapy, anti-malaria drug registration licensed to CNM onlysocial marketing of RDT/ACT and insecticides (PSI)Non-medical-sector: Mosquito net loans, taxi drivers….Private health providers (MoU) on supplies, training, diagnostic and treatment, report and referring severe case to public health facilities
8 Challenges with additional government financing for malaria program ? Competing priorities within Government and within heath sectorHealth expenditure share of Government Expenditure was 12%: among the highest compared to other low/middle income countriesAnnual Operational Plan 2014: Of US$384 million total budget CDC get US$64.7 million including malaria (US$21.9 million) while Non-CDC get US$2.65 only. Number of death related with non-CDC is much higher than other diseases (Incl. external aids)
11 Lessons learned"Cambodia’s effort to eliminate eventually point the way toward a goal that’s shared by many of us in the global health |...| A lot more work needs to be done in the years to come. But I left Cambodia thinking that if we can be successful there, it will be a giant step toward the long-term goal of wiping out malaria everywhere."Overall, key factors of successes :High-level political will and support;Universal bed net coverage (1 net per person in all malaria risk areas);Community-based Early Diagnosis and Treatment (Village Malaria Workers);Health Facilities well stocked with diagnostics and drugs.
12 Pre-elimination/elimination e.g. We are making consensus on what exactly additional programmatic activities in pre-elimination and how these will be managed with flexible funding modality. See sample matrix belowInterventionsControl phase e.g.Pre-elimination/elimination e.g.Prevention and BCC:Relies on net distribution campaignIRS based on available resourceCampaign + & continuous net coverage and regular monitoring/supervision of appropriate net useSystematic IRS and repellent distribution and use monitoringDiagnosis and treatmentPassive case detection and treatmentNo PrimaquineAggressive/active case detection (ACD) and systematic DOTPrimaquine deployment and useSpecial screening among prioritized vulnerable groups (e.g. Pregnant women)Explore feasibility of targeted MDASurveillance systemPilot surveillance on malaria casesSystematic surveillance of all individual detected cases and comprehensive responseSurveillance on local malaria vectors “Foci transmission”Financing ++ As available and as possible mobilization and unpredictable ++++ Confirmed funding from relevant and specific stakeholders with very flexible approach
13 What activities should be addressed regionally "Resistance to artemisinin […] has now emerged or spread across Southeast Asia. Radical measures in Southeast Asia will be necessary to prevent resistance to artemisinins and their partner drugs spreading to the Indian sub-continent and then to Africa“ (MORU. Article Submitted for publication 5 April 2014).Whether or not this quotation is accepted by all, I would to suggest:Explore support to South-South partnership arrangement in CDC and pharmaceutical markets e.g. MBDS, incentivize private sector to keep prices of commodities down and to promote/offer vector control services and diagnosis before treatment…Support of expansion of monitoring: Regular tracking of molecular markers (K13) to support policy decision (Drug policy…), Joint ACT Watch…Intervention on migrant workers mobility and expand the coverage and access to malaria prevention & treatment, where possible linkage with K13.Iincentivise the private sector and keep prices of commodities down and to promote vector control services and diagnosis before treatment;Resource mobilisation for the regions based on a credible financial gap analysis and exploring how to raise resources;Advocacy or participation in harmonization of various regional initiative in fight against malaria in collaboration with SEARO & WPRO;Possibly, a reserve fund for rescue supplies in case of stock-out;
14 What issues should a regional financing task force examine to assist Cambodia national program Funding support to re-estimation of Financial Needs and Identification of Financial Gaps, and in resources mobilization for the pre-elimination phase ( ) of the National Strategic Plan for Elimination of Cambodia ;Pilot local elimination in selected district to complement with the existing initiative (AFRIMS/BMGF, URC/PMI, MORU)Ensure close involvement in the already established joint partnership working group led by CNM, involving members from all development partners including government and non- government sectorPilot model of joint programmatic intervention based on VMWs network: Malaria, Dengue, NTD, MCH, HIV…)Continue support to Dengue, NTDs and other public health treat such as AF…Support to Independently assesse all key interventions to ensure effective prioritisation and maximize costSupport to intervention on private sector both medical and non-medical.Support to pharmaceutical management based at Department of Food and Drug (MOH)