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Cambodian Genocide The Khmer Rouge Regime Chia-Yi Lin Tam Tran Alec Tarantula Emily G.

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Presentation on theme: "Cambodian Genocide The Khmer Rouge Regime Chia-Yi Lin Tam Tran Alec Tarantula Emily G."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cambodian Genocide The Khmer Rouge Regime Chia-Yi Lin Tam Tran Alec Tarantula Emily G.

2 1. Political leader: Pol Pot He and his army, called the Khmer Rouge, came to power in Cambodia in He and his army, called the Khmer Rouge, came to power in Cambodia in He was named prime minister of the new communist government in 1976 and began a program of violet reform. He was named prime minister of the new communist government in 1976 and began a program of violet reform. In hope of creating a society free of western influence, he abolished religion, institute, private property and evacuated cities. In hope of creating a society free of western influence, he abolished religion, institute, private property and evacuated cities. Under his regime, forced labor, execution and famine killed ~2 million Cambodians. Under his regime, forced labor, execution and famine killed ~2 million Cambodians.

3 2. Headlines from newspaper “ Never Again the Khmer Rouge ” “ Never Again the Khmer Rouge ” New York Times, Oct New York Times, Oct “ Difficult to prove genocide in Cambodia ’ s killing fields ” “ Difficult to prove genocide in Cambodia ’ s killing fields ” The Associated Press, September The Associated Press, September

4 3. Speech and quotes “ I watched many Cambodians friends being herded out of Phnom Penh. Most of them I never saw again. All of us felt like betrayers, like people who were protected and didn ’ t do enough to Phnom Penh when the Khmer Rouger marched in victorious in April save our friends. We felt shame. We still do. ” “ I watched many Cambodians friends being herded out of Phnom Penh. Most of them I never saw again. All of us felt like betrayers, like people who were protected and didn ’ t do enough to Phnom Penh when the Khmer Rouger marched in victorious in April save our friends. We felt shame. We still do. ” a foreign journalist in 17th 1975 “ a number of people, many of them survivors of the Holocaust and other genocides risk oversimplification, and may lessen or even absolute guilt - a concern that is accentuated when perpetrators assert that they were ‘ only obeying orders. ’ “ Alexander Laban Hinton, author of Why did they kill?

5 4. Map Of Cambodia

6 5. Cambodian food Crispy rice and duck Khmer sor soup Num pra pey ny Vegetable spring rolls Saich moan char trop amok Saiong jayk mian snoul

7 6. Language Language : Khmer (official) 95% Language : Khmer (official) 95% : French, English : French, English

8 7. Reporters and photojournalists Robert Bingham, Michael Perkins, Jeff Apostolou, Mark Norris, Don Riley, David Chandler, Sara Colm, Peter Maguire. Robert Bingham, Michael Perkins, Jeff Apostolou, Mark Norris, Don Riley, David Chandler, Sara Colm, Peter Maguire. “ The Photo Archive Group's work in Cambodia benefited from the generous help of numerous organizations and individuals, including Robert Bingham, Michael Perkins, Jeff Apostolou, Mark Norris, Don Riley, David Chandler, Sara Colm, Peter Maguire, The Indochina Media Memorial Fund, Calumet Holdings Inc., The Saunders Group, Light Impressions, The Lucius and Eva Eastman Fund ”

9 8. Role of the UN “ United Nations administrative tribunal helps those people who lived under Cambodian genocide to seek for their justice. ” “ United Nations administrative tribunal helps those people who lived under Cambodian genocide to seek for their justice. ” “ The United Nations Peace building Commission helps to ensure predictable financing for early recovery activities and sustained financial investment over the medium- to longer-term. ” “ The United Nations Peace building Commission helps to ensure predictable financing for early recovery activities and sustained financial investment over the medium- to longer-term. ”

10 9. Members of the UN “ Responding to the invitation of the Secretary-General, His Excellency Kofi Annan, a Cambodian delegation led by His Excellency Sok An Senior Minister in Charge of the Council of Ministers has come to New York and has engaged in seven meetings - one with the Secretary- General himself, and six with representatives of the United Nations Secretariat, led by His Excellency Hans Corell, Legal Counsel, preparing for a resumption of negotiations for Khmer Rouge Trials for these crimes, in accordance with the General Assembly Resolution 57/288 of 18 December ” “ Responding to the invitation of the Secretary-General, His Excellency Kofi Annan, a Cambodian delegation led by His Excellency Sok An Senior Minister in Charge of the Council of Ministers has come to New York and has engaged in seven meetings - one with the Secretary- General himself, and six with representatives of the United Nations Secretariat, led by His Excellency Hans Corell, Legal Counsel, preparing for a resumption of negotiations for Khmer Rouge Trials for these crimes, in accordance with the General Assembly Resolution 57/288 of 18 December ” Thomas Hammarberg is the representative for Cambodia and was the one able to get the Cambodian government to ask for help from the United Nations Thomas Hammarberg is the representative for Cambodia and was the one able to get the Cambodian government to ask for help from the United Nations

11 10. International communities’ response The process of justice for the genocide in Cambodia started on June 21, 1997, when the Cambodian co-prime ministers asked the United Nations to step in and help organize the trials for those involved in the Khmer Rouge. The process of justice for the genocide in Cambodia started on June 21, 1997, when the Cambodian co-prime ministers asked the United Nations to step in and help organize the trials for those involved in the Khmer Rouge. In 1998 a group of experts was formed to examine the evidence, the law and different options of how to proceed with the trials of the Khmer Rouge. This group worked from July 1998 until February 1999 looking at three different things: evaluating the evidences and the crime, apprehending people responsible, the different option for bringing people to justice. In 1998 a group of experts was formed to examine the evidence, the law and different options of how to proceed with the trials of the Khmer Rouge. This group worked from July 1998 until February 1999 looking at three different things: evaluating the evidences and the crime, apprehending people responsible, the different option for bringing people to justice.

12 Symbolic emblem SR-21, a former school was turned into a torture factory during the Cambodia genocide. Thousands of people who were sent here would be given a number tag, as a symbol of recognition. Those people would later be tortured or executed. SR-21, a former school was turned into a torture factory during the Cambodia genocide. Thousands of people who were sent here would be given a number tag, as a symbol of recognition. Those people would later be tortured or executed. A total of 14,000 Cambodians were jailed here and only 10 of them survived. A total of 14,000 Cambodians were jailed here and only 10 of them survived. Photos of prisoners with number tags on.

13 Summary By 1979, the Khmer Rouge regime had killed around 2 million people, which is about 30% of the population. The Khmer Rouge was head by Saloth Sar, better known as Pol Pot. On April 17 th 1975 the Khmer Rouge, a communist group led by Pol Pot, took power in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia. By 1979, the Khmer Rouge regime had killed around 2 million people, which is about 30% of the population. The Khmer Rouge was head by Saloth Sar, better known as Pol Pot. On April 17 th 1975 the Khmer Rouge, a communist group led by Pol Pot, took power in Phnom Penh, the capital of Cambodia. The Khmer Rouge turned back the clock on Cambodia to more uncivilized times. Institutions such as stores, banks, hospitals, schools, religion and family were all banned. City dwellers were all forced to the countryside and to work in labor camps. The citizens worked 12 to 14 hour days inside the labor camps. The Khmer Rouge turned back the clock on Cambodia to more uncivilized times. Institutions such as stores, banks, hospitals, schools, religion and family were all banned. City dwellers were all forced to the countryside and to work in labor camps. The citizens worked 12 to 14 hour days inside the labor camps. The Khmer Rouge targeted Buddhist monks, Western – educated intellectuals, educated people in general, people who had contact with Western countries, people who appeared to be intelligent (for example, individuals with glasses), the cripple, the lame and ethnic minorities like ethnic Laotians and Vietnams. The Khmer Rouge targeted Buddhist monks, Western – educated intellectuals, educated people in general, people who had contact with Western countries, people who appeared to be intelligent (for example, individuals with glasses), the cripple, the lame and ethnic minorities like ethnic Laotians and Vietnams.

14 BibliographyBibliography Burie, Vongko. “ Then UN should be held accountable in a major part of the genocide in Cambodia ”. Cambodian Information Center, on the web 28 Oct Oct Burie, Vongko. “ Then UN should be held accountable in a major part of the genocide in Cambodia ”. Cambodian Information Center, on the web 28 Oct Oct Thul Chan,Park. “ commune Chiefs: Where Was the UN from ?. The Cambodia Daily. On the web 28 Jun. Oct Thul Chan,Park. “ commune Chiefs: Where Was the UN from ?. The Cambodia Daily. On the web 28 Jun. Oct Maguire, Peter. Facing Death in Cambodia, Colombia University Press, New York, 2005 Maguire, Peter. Facing Death in Cambodia, Colombia University Press, New York, 2005 Etcheson, Craig. After the Killing Fields, Praeger Publishing, Westport CT, 2005 Etcheson, Craig. After the Killing Fields, Praeger Publishing, Westport CT, 2005


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