Presentation on theme: "Cambodia’s Profile in Power Sector The First Mekong Energy and Ecology Training May 11-30, 2009, Thailand TONN KUNTHEL, BY HOUR & PHALLUY."— Presentation transcript:
Cambodia’s Profile in Power Sector The First Mekong Energy and Ecology Training May 11-30, 2009, Thailand TONN KUNTHEL, BY HOUR & PHALLUY
General Information Cambodia is situated in the Lower Mekong region, with an area of 181,035 square Kilometers 84% of population in rural areas lacking of electricity and 16.41% of total households have access to electricity National strategy by 2020, all villages will be able to access electricity Potential of hydropower is high, more than 10,000MW (Source: EAC 2008)
Generation of Electricity More than 95% of electric power generation is from diesel power plant. 13 fuel power plants generate electricity to provinces (Sihanouk, Siem Reap, Takeo, Kampot, BMC, PreyVeng, Stung Treng, Pursat, Kg. Cham, R.Kiri, Kg. Chhnang) Electric power import from Thailand to BMC, Siem Reap, BTB) Electric power import from Vietnam to Kg. Cham, Svay Reang, Kampot, Kandal, Kratie)
GDP GROWTH Cambodia economic growth was only about 5.2 percent in 2008, which was down from a growth rate of 10.2 percent in The global crisis impacts on Cambodia during the last quarter of 2008, especially on the garment industry, tourism and construction.
Electricité Du Cambodge (EDC)
Graphic of Peak Demand (EDC)
PEAK DEMAND FROM EAC, 2007 Peak demand supplied by the Phnom Penh system was MW. Peak demand forecast was MW
EDC’s Installed Capacity and Output (MW)
Customers YearTotal , , , , , , ,660
Electricity Cost In Phnom Penh, electricity can cost up to $0.18 per KWh, Provincial centers electricity costs average around $0.30 per KWh, In remote locations that are served by small- scale IPPs, prices can be far higher – example in some districts outside Battambang town the cost is reportedly $0.75 to $1.25 per KWh.
Installed Capacity in 2007
Installed Capacity by kind 2007 HYDRO : Hydropower DO : Diesel Oil HFO : Heavy Fuel Oil Data from EAC : Hydropower GWh (3.68%), Diesel/HFO 1, GWh (95.93%), Wood/Biomass GWh (0.39%)
Power Generation by Sources 2007
Percentage Generation by Sources in 2007
Average Daily Load Curve from 2004 to 2007
STRUCTURE OF CAMBODIA’S POWER SECTOR Policy; Planning; Development; Technical standard Tariff; license; Review the Planned Investments, finances and performance; Enforce the regulations, rules and commercial standards. Notes: PEU-Public (or joint with Private) Electricity Utility; IPP-Independent Power Producer; PEC-Private Electricity Company; EDC-Electricité du Cambodge. Cambodia's Electricity Business Royal Government of Cambodia Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy Electricity Authority of Cambodia EDCPEU PEC IPP
Structure of Electricity Production Royal Government of Cambodia -To issue regulations -To issue licenses to Electric Power Service Providers -To review Cost and Approve Tariffs -To resolve disputes -To regulate, impose penalty Electricity Authority of Cambodia Ministry of Industry, Mines and Energy (MIME) -Energy policy -Electric power strategies -Power Development Plan -Technical Safety, Environmental Standards -Other Duties Electric Power Users Electric Power Suppliers EDCPEU PEC IPP
POWER SECTOR DEVELOPMENT POLICY Providing an adequate supply of electricity throughout at reasonable and affordable price, Ensuring reliability and secure electricity supply which facilitate investment in Cambodia and development of the national economy, Encouraging exploration and environmentally and socially acceptable of energy resources needed for supply all sectors of the Cambodian economy, Encouraging efficient use of energy and to minimize environmental effects resulting from energy supply and use.
GENERATION PLANNING Year Power, MW8081,0151,9153,867 Energy, GWh1,5501,8953,5008,300 Electricity generation in Cambodia is projected to grow from 329 MW and 1,548 GWh in year 2006 to 1,539 MW and 8,176 GWh in year To meet the future demand, The Royal Government has developed Power Development Plan for a period of