Presentation on theme: "The ethic of care in families"— Presentation transcript:
1The ethic of care in families Thinking about and working with the ethic of care
2What is the ethic of care? It has its origins in diverse disciplines such as psychology and moral philosophyIn recent decades it has been taken on board by political theorists and feminists in particular when thinking about social policyIt is underdeveloped in social work but has been applied to thinking about practices in families and social work practices
3What is the ethics of care? It celebrates our interdependence as human beings - we all need care at different points of the life cycle and in different waysIt argues for a different value system in society so that care is recognised and supported properlyIt seeks to render care visible and links it to citizenshipIn families it is interested in everyday practices and meanings and seeks to understand these rather than to dismiss or judge themThus it is critical of contemporary social work practices that seek to assign meanings
4It is concerned to render care visible and the ethic of care that is visible in the most deprived families and communities but is also being used to understand why care might be difficult or compromisedWhy might this happen for children and young people?Research suggests the following:Poverty and inequalityDomestic violence, drug and alcohol issues and mental health
5Poverty and inequality These are linked but not the samePoverty does not cause bad parenting but makes good parenting harderKey issues are lack of social support and cumulative traumaInequality – huge research evidence on how more unequal societies are societies with greater social problems and where trust is less evident between different groups – less social solidarity – affects everyone including social workers and families- SHAME
6Those who come into the child protection system are from the most deprived parts of the society Eight times more likely to be in care if you come from one area than from a richer area (Bywaters et al, forthcoming)Thus as Aboriginal and first national people have pointed out, there are very important issues of social justice to be addressed
7The ‘toxic trio’ Domestic violence Mental health Drug and alcohol issuesHowever, we need to understand these from the bottom up rather see them as categories of risk simplyThat serves to obscure the people and their practices and the meanings they attach to them
8Social work practices with families Much of our practices are very authoritarian and short –term – not holisticThey are very gendered – focus is on mothersExample – Jenny’s story of domestic violenceRisk is individualised
9Alternatives Family Group Conferences These come from the MAORI traditionTheir concern was that too many of their children were being lost from their communitiesSocial work practices did not work with their traditions and strengthsThese are now used across the world –Lots of evidence about process and effectivenessOne finding is that men do attend more than traditional processes
10Alternatives Domestic violence Family Group Conferences are used here with whole familyProjects with men: Caring DadsStrength to ChangeLack of integration .....
11AlternativesFamily Drug and Alcohol Treatment Courts in London and Milton KeynesJudge led, multi-disciplinary and within the timescales for the childEvaluation very positive – especially good findings about men
12Alternatives Signs of Safety Motivational Interviewing Parents Support and Advocacy Services
13What is happening?Some recognition that practice starts from a deficit position and is too risk saturatedThus trust and engagement are too difficultWe need a different paradigm rooted not just in techniques but in respect and a recognition of the difficulties of caring in an unequal society and that our services can compound stigma and shame and become part of the problem
16ReferencesBywaters, P (forthcoming) 'Inequalities in child welfare: towards a new policy, research and action agenda', British Journal of Social Work.Cosser, J., Brandon, M. and Jordon, P. (2011) Don’t Make Assumptions: Children’s Experiences of the Child Protection System and Messages for Change, London: Office of the Children’s Commissioner.Featherstone, B. (2009) Contemporary Fathering: Theory, Policy and Practice, Bristol: The Policy Press.Featherstone, B., Fraser C., Ashley, C. and Ledward P. (2011) ‘Advocacy for parents and carers involved with children’s services: making a difference to working in partnership? Child and Family Social Work, vol 16, no 3, pp
17Featherstone, B. and Fraser, C Featherstone, B. and Fraser, C. (2012) ‘“I’m just a mother: they’re all professionals”: Advocacy for Parents as an Aid to Parental Engagement’, Child and Family Social Work, vol 17, no 2, ppFrost, P. and Hoggett, P. (2008) ‘Human Agency and Social Suffering’, Critical Social Policy, vol 28, no 4, ppGilbert, N., Parton, N. and Skiveness, M. (2011) ‘Changing Patterns of Responses and Emerging Orientations’ in N. Gilbert, N. Parton and M. Skiveness (eds) Child Protection Systems: International Trends and Orientations, Oxford University Press: Oxford.
18Hooper, C-A. , Gorin, S. , Cabral, C. and Dyson, C Hooper, C-A., Gorin, S., Cabral, C. and Dyson, C. (2007) Living with Hardship 24/7: The diverse experiences of families in poverty in England, London: The Frank Buttle Trust.Lonne, B., Parton, N., Thomson, J. and Harries, M. (2009) Reforming Child Protection, London: RoutledgeWilkinson, R. and Pickett, K. (2009) The Spirit Level: Why more equal societies always do better, London: Penguin.