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 Crossed the Bering Strait from Siberia  Prime coastal location drew large numbers  Lived in long houses  Great diversity between inland and coastal.

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Presentation on theme: " Crossed the Bering Strait from Siberia  Prime coastal location drew large numbers  Lived in long houses  Great diversity between inland and coastal."— Presentation transcript:

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3  Crossed the Bering Strait from Siberia  Prime coastal location drew large numbers  Lived in long houses  Great diversity between inland and coastal populations.

4  Britain and France came to British Columbia in search for the Northwest Passage › French driven from search when they lost their North American claim in a war.  Russia explored the area and found money in otter pelts of the area  Spain claimed the entire West Coast but failed to protect it properly.

5  Given a charter from Britain to catch and trade furs in British Columbia › Had to help colonize and populate area  Had trouble getting people  Gold Rush brought people in large numbers, population rose quickly

6  July 20 th, 1871 British Columbia joined the Canadian Confederation  At this time there were 17,000 European and 4,000 Chinese living there. › 10 men for every 1 woman some places › Mostly gold prospectors or railroad labor

7  Completion led to population explosion  In under 30 years from 1886 to 1914 the population increase by 10x  Chinese population increased › Treated poorly

8  British Columbia’s biggest city  3 rd largest city in Canada › Population of 2,116,581 in 2006

9 Estimated 2003 population4,146,600 Population change, 1996–20014.9% Percent Urban/Rural populations Urban84.7% Rural15.3% Foreign born population26.1% Population by ethnicity English1,144,335 Canadian939,460 Scottish748,905 Irish562,895 German500,675 Chinese373,830 French331,535 East Indian183,650 Dutch (Netherlands)180,635 Ukrainian178,880 North American Indian175,085 Métis45,445

10 CityPopulation, 2001 Vancouver (metro area) 1,829,854 Victoria (metro area)288,346 Abbotsford129,475 Kelowna108,330 Nanaimo77,845 Kamloops67,952 Prince George66,239 White Rock66,157 Chilliwack51,713 Vernon39,995 Penticton34,686

11 A diverse and unique landscape What mountains are in this region? What rivers flow through this region? The passes that make this province unique…

12  From N – S = 1200 Kilometers  From E – W = 1050 Kilometers British Columbia includes two major physiographic divisions of North America: the Cordillera and the Great Plains

13  Can be divided further  Consists of 3 main systems › Coast Mountains › Interior Uplands › Rocky Mountain system

14  Dominate the Western Coast  Fraser Valley  High and extremely rugged  3050 M high  Fraser and Skeena Rivers run through it  Most utilized land is located in the coastal trench

15  Include: › Lower Fraser Valley › Eastern lowlands of Vancouver Island  “The Coastal Trench is a broad rift valley which is part of a complex rift system extending from the Gulf of California to Alaska”

16  Diversified  “underlain with volcanic rocks, with some outcroppings of sedimentary and metamorphic”  Fraser Plateau  Severely affected by glaciations › River valleys are entrenched as much as 1220m below the plateau level which stands tall at 1830m

17  Broken up into 3 subgroups › Northwest orientation › Start at the 49 th parallel

18  Southeastern BC  Influenced by glaciation › 3 systems separated by deep trenches › Characterized by the deep U-shaped valley’s

19  Complex network  North of the Columbian Range  Contains several smaller groups of mountains

20 Mt. Robson The Rocky Mountain Trench and the Liard Plain separate the Rocky Mountains from the other two mountain groups 3050 m tall in the South 1525 m tall in the North Several passes in this region that are important for British Columbia

21  Crowsnest  Kicking Horse  The Yellowhead

22  Although this area is wonderfully mountainous it has several major rivers running through it’s passes and valleys  Fraser River  Skeena River  Stikine River

23 7 Different Regions of Fun What is the climate of the interior? What makes Vancouver unique Precipitation and weather patterns for the region

24  The climate of British Columbia is as extensive and diverse as its topography.  Influenced by topography  Coastal region -130-180 cm of rain a year  Interior continental climate  Other parts are desert like with very hot summers followed by very cold winters

25  North of the Rocky Mountains  Long cold winters  Short warm summers  Relatively high number of sunshine hours  Wide range of seasonal temperatures  Maximum precipitation summer months

26  Extensively cold winters › Average temperature of -13˚c  Cool summers › Average temperature of 19˚c  Light precipitation all months of the year

27  Drier, continental climate  Summers are warm and dry  Winters are cooler › But less moist

28  Valley’s are semi-arid  Warm summers  Cold Winters

29  Area of heavy precipitation  Mild temperatures  Long frost-free periods  Coast Mountain peaks receive intense amounts of snowfall each year  Vancouver is in this area

30  Boasts greatest weather and climate in all of Canada  Vancouver Island receives most rainfall annually  Vancouver is in rainshadow of Vancouver Island › This is the reason for Vancouver’s beautiful climate

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32  BC is bountiful in resources  The most valuable natural resources in BC are the vast quantities of timber and mineral resources that are scattered throughout the region.  BC contains a diverse range of agricultural products and animals

33  The BC economy is based primarily on its vast forests,  65% of its total land area  The provincial government 95%  The province's woods offer a vast selection of timber varieties that may be broken down and made into paper pulp and various other materials

34  Needle leaf and broad leaf trees  Cut from the coastal forests  Shipped out for export to foreign countries  In 2002, BC exported C$13.9 billion in forestry products, mainly softwood lumber (46 percent) and wood pulp (19 percent and that number has increased since then

35  Contributed to the BC economy since the arrival of Europeans to the New World  Coal and Gold mining have provided the drive for economic expansion since the 18 th century  Mines are located throughout BC and include many open-pit coal mines. › Located in southeastern and northeastern corners  Open-pit copper mines › southwest of Kamloops city located in south central BC

36 Mining of coal is a huge industry of British Columbia

37  Copper, Gold Zinc  Sulfur and Asbestos › Others include magnetite, white calcium carbonate, limestone, silica, dimension stone, gypsum, sulphur, construction aggregate and crushed rock. Commodities produced in lesser quantities include jade (nephrite), magnetite, dolomite, barite, volcanic cinder, pumice, flagstone, clay, tufa, fuller's earth and zeolites

38  BC is known for their fishing industry  Over 80 species of finfish and shellfish are harvested and marketed by the province's fishing and related industries, which are largely based on Vancouver Island  BC pacific coast is littered with over 500 fish farms and in 2003 their fish export was valued at C$996.2 million,

39  Most important species found in BC  Farmed and naturally harvested  Aquaculture farms on the coast of British Columbia and Vancouver Island › 500 people produce 45,000 tons Atlantic salmon a year.

40  Significant amount of livestock  Substantial grower of many fruits and vegetables.  The valleys of the southern interior, › Okanagan Valley,  Cultivation of tree fruits and grapes and for their wine industry.  Berries and vegetables › Lower Fraser Valley (has a cooler, wetter climate)

41  Peace River region › accounts for 85% of the province's grain production. › Alfalfa, barley, oats, forage seed, and other hay and fodder crops are the most important field crops

42 This map shows the areas of the province which are abundant in agricultural resources

43 What are the mainstays of BC’s economy? How are they weathering the recession? What is expected for the future?

44  Originally BC relied heavily on natural resources like:  Gold  Furs __________  Mining  Fishing  Logging  Agriculture

45 *Connected to the rest of Canada by the Canada Pacific Railway *Allowed for industrialization and urbanization *Industry sprung up around existing natural resources: -Paper and pulp mills -Salmon Packing Plants -Lumber institutions

46 BC boasts a budding service sector catering to tourism Luxury HotelsFine DiningCruises

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49  450 Million board feet  55 Million board feet 395 million decrease One decade later

50  20% of construction jobs gone since September  1/3 of the national unemployment tally  $165 million $35 million

51  Why tourism is such a big industry: › http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpokAdwh35o http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CpokAdwh35o  Europe and South America is rising  Can’t account for decrease in American tourists

52  Natural gas royalties and oil sales  Mining revenues

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54  http://btdbowman.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/money-2.jpg http://btdbowman.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/money-2.jpg  http://www.britishcolumbiagold.com/_templates/10/source/british_columbia_gold.jpg http://www.britishcolumbiagold.com/_templates/10/source/british_columbia_gold.jpg  http://www.railcan.ca/documents/news/1301/2006_09_22_RCP_WTA.jpg http://www.railcan.ca/documents/news/1301/2006_09_22_RCP_WTA.jpg  http://www.hickerphoto.com/data/media/10/log-barge_9449.jpg http://www.hickerphoto.com/data/media/10/log-barge_9449.jpg  http://www.bnbfinder.com/innImages/Abigail_s_Hotel_Victoria_British_Columbia_36603.jpg http://www.bnbfinder.com/innImages/Abigail_s_Hotel_Victoria_British_Columbia_36603.jpg  http://www.fraserriverlodge.com/media2/images/290/lodge/fine_dining.jpg http://www.fraserriverlodge.com/media2/images/290/lodge/fine_dining.jpg  http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3152/2817908155_d3a22dd890.jpg?v=0 http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3152/2817908155_d3a22dd890.jpg?v=0  http://www.myfox8.com/media/photo/2009-02/44915558.jpg http://www.myfox8.com/media/photo/2009-02/44915558.jpg  http://earthtrends.wri.org/images/pine_beetle_dist.jpg http://earthtrends.wri.org/images/pine_beetle_dist.jpg  http://andymeintscontracting.com/selfloader.jpg http://andymeintscontracting.com/selfloader.jpg  http://www.biology-blog.com/images/blogs/11-2007/sockeye-salmon-race.jpg http://www.biology-blog.com/images/blogs/11-2007/sockeye-salmon-race.jpg  http://media.canada.com/1ceaa7d7-3889-4f4c-9003-991895e62419/sun0516%20stadium.jpg http://media.canada.com/1ceaa7d7-3889-4f4c-9003-991895e62419/sun0516%20stadium.jpg  http://www.donsalva.com/blog/wp- content/uploads/2009/03/winterolympicgames_2010_vancouver_canada.png http://www.donsalva.com/blog/wp- content/uploads/2009/03/winterolympicgames_2010_vancouver_canada.png  http://www3.sympatico.ca/goweezer/canada/canpics/crestBC.jpg http://www3.sympatico.ca/goweezer/canada/canpics/crestBC.jpg  http://www.scvhistory.com/gif/lw2162a.jpg http://www.scvhistory.com/gif/lw2162a.jpg  http://www.paraisophilippines.com/img/abrabridge.jpg http://www.paraisophilippines.com/img/abrabridge.jpg  http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_C9zOzLEte2o/SK1xufEqzzI/AAAAAAAAAz0/LAwDTdmZOG4/s400/ba guio-minesview1.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_C9zOzLEte2o/SK1xufEqzzI/AAAAAAAAAz0/LAwDTdmZOG4/s400/ba guio-minesview1.jpg 

55  https://www.terragalleria.com/images/canada/cabc30473.jpeg https://www.terragalleria.com/images/canada/cabc30473.jpeg   http://pro.corbis.com/images/MX003599.jpg?size=67&uid=%7B7F8B9C00-CDAB-4B2A-B938- 2624D6C27DA6%7D http://pro.corbis.com/images/MX003599.jpg?size=67&uid=%7B7F8B9C00-CDAB-4B2A-B938- 2624D6C27DA6%7D  http://www.cornforthimages.com/galleries/Wildlife/Fish/Salmon/Sockeye%20Salmon_Roderi ck-Haig-Brown%20Provincial%20Park,%20British%20Columbia.jpg http://www.cornforthimages.com/galleries/Wildlife/Fish/Salmon/Sockeye%20Salmon_Roderi ck-Haig-Brown%20Provincial%20Park,%20British%20Columbia.jpg  http://library.thinkquest.org/17531/fossiltitle.jpg http://library.thinkquest.org/17531/fossiltitle.jpg  http://photos.igougo.com/images/p125790-Panorama- Columbia_Rocky_Mountains_in_British_Columbia.jpg http://photos.igougo.com/images/p125790-Panorama- Columbia_Rocky_Mountains_in_British_Columbia.jpg  http://www.canadaparabrasileiros.com/imagens/fotos_paginas/bc02.jpg http://www.canadaparabrasileiros.com/imagens/fotos_paginas/bc02.jpg   http://cache.virtualtourist.com/3362893-Mount_Robson_Prov_Park_BC_Canada- Rocky_Mountains.jpg http://cache.virtualtourist.com/3362893-Mount_Robson_Prov_Park_BC_Canada- Rocky_Mountains.jpg  http://www.railtravelcenter.com/Canadian%20on%20Yellowhead%20Pass.jpg http://www.railtravelcenter.com/Canadian%20on%20Yellowhead%20Pass.jpg  http://www.aquatic.uoguelph.ca/rivers/imgs2/frasmapb.gif http://www.aquatic.uoguelph.ca/rivers/imgs2/frasmapb.gif  http://www.cbc.ca/gfx/images/news/photos/2008/07/24/bc-080724-darkwoods-ncc- 584.jpg http://www.cbc.ca/gfx/images/news/photos/2008/07/24/bc-080724-darkwoods-ncc- 584.jpg  http://www.em.gov.bc.ca/mining/GeolSurv/IndustrialMinerals/default.htm http://www.em.gov.bc.ca/mining/GeolSurv/IndustrialMinerals/default.htm  http://www.marineharvestcanada.com/ http://www.marineharvestcanada.com/  http://www.travelcanadabc.com/images/slideshows/slideshow1/Hiker-with-views-of- Blackco.jpg http://www.travelcanadabc.com/images/slideshows/slideshow1/Hiker-with-views-of- Blackco.jpg  http://z.about.com/d/govancouver/1/0/d/2/-/-/Victoria-Parliament.jpg http://z.about.com/d/govancouver/1/0/d/2/-/-/Victoria-Parliament.jpg  http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/2064/PreviewComp/SuperStock_2064-924.jpg http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/2064/PreviewComp/SuperStock_2064-924.jpg  http://danzukowski.blogs.com/videos/images/bc_rail_exeter_4.jpg http://danzukowski.blogs.com/videos/images/bc_rail_exeter_4.jpg  http://www.seairseaplanes.com/media/client_images/flying_over_vancouver.jpg http://www.seairseaplanes.com/media/client_images/flying_over_vancouver.jpg  http://www.britishcolumbiahuntingguides.com/uploads/1000001711/100000005375551/0m8f 0h4a0j6w7x3s2w1a8k1w3z3u7l0b.jpg http://www.britishcolumbiahuntingguides.com/uploads/1000001711/100000005375551/0m8f 0h4a0j6w7x3s2w1a8k1w3z3u7l0b.jpg  http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_6Bf3V- RKSMI/SdFdqYGvqVI/AAAAAAAANXw/CrdJk4VXHJU/s400/IMG_3980.JPG http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_6Bf3V- RKSMI/SdFdqYGvqVI/AAAAAAAANXw/CrdJk4VXHJU/s400/IMG_3980.JPG


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