Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

 Crossed the Bering Strait from Siberia  Prime coastal location drew large numbers  Lived in long houses  Great diversity between inland and coastal.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: " Crossed the Bering Strait from Siberia  Prime coastal location drew large numbers  Lived in long houses  Great diversity between inland and coastal."— Presentation transcript:

1

2

3  Crossed the Bering Strait from Siberia  Prime coastal location drew large numbers  Lived in long houses  Great diversity between inland and coastal populations.

4  Britain and France came to British Columbia in search for the Northwest Passage › French driven from search when they lost their North American claim in a war.  Russia explored the area and found money in otter pelts of the area  Spain claimed the entire West Coast but failed to protect it properly.

5  Given a charter from Britain to catch and trade furs in British Columbia › Had to help colonize and populate area  Had trouble getting people  Gold Rush brought people in large numbers, population rose quickly

6  July 20 th, 1871 British Columbia joined the Canadian Confederation  At this time there were 17,000 European and 4,000 Chinese living there. › 10 men for every 1 woman some places › Mostly gold prospectors or railroad labor

7  Completion led to population explosion  In under 30 years from 1886 to 1914 the population increase by 10x  Chinese population increased › Treated poorly

8  British Columbia’s biggest city  3 rd largest city in Canada › Population of 2,116,581 in 2006

9 Estimated 2003 population4,146,600 Population change, 1996–20014.9% Percent Urban/Rural populations Urban84.7% Rural15.3% Foreign born population26.1% Population by ethnicity English1,144,335 Canadian939,460 Scottish748,905 Irish562,895 German500,675 Chinese373,830 French331,535 East Indian183,650 Dutch (Netherlands)180,635 Ukrainian178,880 North American Indian175,085 Métis45,445

10 CityPopulation, 2001 Vancouver (metro area) 1,829,854 Victoria (metro area)288,346 Abbotsford129,475 Kelowna108,330 Nanaimo77,845 Kamloops67,952 Prince George66,239 White Rock66,157 Chilliwack51,713 Vernon39,995 Penticton34,686

11 A diverse and unique landscape What mountains are in this region? What rivers flow through this region? The passes that make this province unique…

12  From N – S = 1200 Kilometers  From E – W = 1050 Kilometers British Columbia includes two major physiographic divisions of North America: the Cordillera and the Great Plains

13  Can be divided further  Consists of 3 main systems › Coast Mountains › Interior Uplands › Rocky Mountain system

14  Dominate the Western Coast  Fraser Valley  High and extremely rugged  3050 M high  Fraser and Skeena Rivers run through it  Most utilized land is located in the coastal trench

15  Include: › Lower Fraser Valley › Eastern lowlands of Vancouver Island  “The Coastal Trench is a broad rift valley which is part of a complex rift system extending from the Gulf of California to Alaska”

16  Diversified  “underlain with volcanic rocks, with some outcroppings of sedimentary and metamorphic”  Fraser Plateau  Severely affected by glaciations › River valleys are entrenched as much as 1220m below the plateau level which stands tall at 1830m

17  Broken up into 3 subgroups › Northwest orientation › Start at the 49 th parallel

18  Southeastern BC  Influenced by glaciation › 3 systems separated by deep trenches › Characterized by the deep U-shaped valley’s

19  Complex network  North of the Columbian Range  Contains several smaller groups of mountains

20 Mt. Robson The Rocky Mountain Trench and the Liard Plain separate the Rocky Mountains from the other two mountain groups 3050 m tall in the South 1525 m tall in the North Several passes in this region that are important for British Columbia

21  Crowsnest  Kicking Horse  The Yellowhead

22  Although this area is wonderfully mountainous it has several major rivers running through it’s passes and valleys  Fraser River  Skeena River  Stikine River

23 7 Different Regions of Fun What is the climate of the interior? What makes Vancouver unique Precipitation and weather patterns for the region