HOUSE BILL 883 Signed by Governor 5/15/14 Ways and Means/Education, Health, and Environmental Affairs Introduced by Delegates: A. Miller, Arora, Barkley, Barve, Bobo, Boteler, Carr, Cullison, Dumais, Fraser– Hidalgo, Frick, George, Gutierrez, Guzzone, Hucker, A. Kelly, McMillan, Pena–Melnyk, S. Robinson, F. Turner, and A. Washington A. Washington, and Cardin
MD House of Delegates HB 883 Requires the Office of Public Health Services in the Department of Health and Mental Hygiene to conduct a certain study of safe and healthy school hours for Maryland public schools, consult with certain persons, make recommendations relating to alternative school day starting times generally relating to a study of safe and healthy school hours for public schools in Maryland.
In conducting the study required under subsection (a) of this section, the Office of Public Health Services shall: review the science on the sleep needs of children and adolescents, including effects of sleep deprivation on academic performance and benefits of sufficient sleep; review and study how other school systems have implemented alternative school day starting times and how various activities in those school systems were impacted and scheduled around the changes; consult with the following persons:
State Board of Education Maryland boards of education Association of Boards of Education Public School Superintendents Association of Maryland Maryland State Education Association Maryland Association of School Principals State Department of Education A mental health professional who specializes in young adult and adolescent health issues The School Psychologists Association; A pediatrician who has expertise in adolescent health care
The Maryland Chapter of the American Academy of Pediatrics A doctor who specializes in child and adolescent sleep disorders The Maryland Sleep Society The Maryland Department of Transportation Start School Later The Maryland PTA A student enrolled in a Maryland public high school An athletic director or a coach employed by a Maryland public middle or high school who has expertise in after–school sports activities One representative of the Maryland School Psychologist Association; and
HOUSE BILL 883 Make recommendations regarding whether public schools in the State should establish a policy regarding a school starting time of 8:00 a.m. or later. On or before December 31, 2014, the Task Force the Office of Public
Montgomery County History 1993: First Concerted Effort on Bell Times – For $800k savings at the expense of sleep Standardized school day by level Began most high schools earlier – Most 15–20 minutes earlier – One 25, one 30, one 50 minutes earlier (one 5 min. later) Standardized Bell Times First Established High 7:25 a.m.–2:10 p.m. Middle7:55 a.m.–2:40 p.m. Elementary 18:50 a.m.–3:05 p.m. Elementary 29:15 a.m.–3:30 p.m.
History 4 1997: Studies emerge on the harmful effects of sleep deprivation on teenagers from: – Brown University – Stanford University – University of California
Studies Revealed Inability to change sleep desire/patterns 13–25 year olds need 9.25 hours of sleep Average high school student gets 7.25 hours Onset of sleepiness occurs around 11:00 p.m. Naturally resist sleep before 11:00 p.m. Cannot artificially change circadian rhythm This science has not changed and is well reconfirmed and documented
Benefit Claims Improved academic performance Reduced irritability Improved decision-making Reduced incidences of depression Reduced incidences of traffic accidents Improved health and quality of life Other Social benefits – Reduced teen pregnancy – Reduced after-school teen crime
Around the Area Loudon now: All high schools 9:00 a.m.– 3:48 p.m. Arlington: Switched middle school and high school and delayed 2001 Fairfax: RFP for vendor implementation Anne Arundel ? Howard ? Garrett?
Elsewhere Edina Minnesota, early 90’s Few places found that also implemented No consistent outcomes academically Not many schools changed throughout the US
Stakeholder Concerns Impact to after-school activities – Sports – Jobs—financial support for some families – Day care Balancing the needs of high school students on middle and elementary students Cost vs. Performance Gains Performance Gains vs. Other Benefits
Answers Complex Involves many stakeholder groups/interests Likely to have budgetary impact
Survey: What is the impact to your system? How many have schools (any level) that start before 8:00 a.m.? How many have only high schools that start before 8:00 a.m.? What would the impact be to your organization? Discussion