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1 USE OF RECYCLED DEMOLITION MATERIALS FOR FOOTPATHS AND SHARED PATHS Geotechnical laboratory testing results A/PROF ARUL ARULRAJAH – Swinburne University.

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Presentation on theme: "1 USE OF RECYCLED DEMOLITION MATERIALS FOR FOOTPATHS AND SHARED PATHS Geotechnical laboratory testing results A/PROF ARUL ARULRAJAH – Swinburne University."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 USE OF RECYCLED DEMOLITION MATERIALS FOR FOOTPATHS AND SHARED PATHS Geotechnical laboratory testing results A/PROF ARUL ARULRAJAH – Swinburne University of Tech, Melbourne,Australia

2 2 RESEARCH BACKGROUND

3 3 Swinburne research projects on Construction and Demolition (C&D) Materials 1.Recycled demolition materials in footpaths and shared paths, Funded by Municipal Association of Victoria, June December Crushed brick in pavement sub-base applications, Funded by Sustainability Victoria, August 2007-May Laboratory testing of crushed glass in pavement sub-base applications, Funded by Sustainability Victoria, June 2009-May Field testing of crushed glass in pavement sub-base applications. Funded by Recycling Industries (Alex Fraser); Visy Recycling; National Packaging Covenant, November 2009 to June 2011.

4 4 Construction and Demolition (C&D) Materials  32 million tonnes of solid waste is generated in Australia. Approximately 14 million tonnes comprises construction and demolition (C&D) waste, of which about 50% is recycled.  Recycled concrete, brick and glass are commonly obtained from household recycling, construction and demolition (C&D) activities.  Currently in Victoria, 1.4 million tonnes of crushed brick and 250,000 tonnes of crushed glass are stockpiled annually and these stockpiles are growing.

5 5 Recycled Demolition Materials  Traditional footpath materials are becoming scarce in some regions.  In some cases, the use of these materials is unsustainable from both an environmental and cost perspective.  This has led to this project to investigate the usage of recycled crushed glass, crushed brick in blends with crushed rock and crushed concrete in footpath sub- base applications.

6 6 Recycled Demolition Materials  These project seeks to reduce the demand for virgin materials and reduce the quantity of material deposited in landfill.  These projects have investigated the usage of – recycled crushed brick/crushed glass in blends up to: 50% with crushed rock and crushed concrete in footpath base and sub-base applications. 30% with crushed rock and crushed concrete in pavement sub- base applications

7 7 PREVIOUS SPECIFICATIONS FOR FOOTPATH AND SHARED PATHS Based on VicRoads Specifications (section 812 and 820)

8 8 Schematic diagram of a typical low volume road pavement cross-section Pavement Base (Class 1 & 2) Pavement Sub-base (Class 3) Asphalt Wearing Surface 25 mm mm mm

9 9 VicRoads 2009 specifications (Section 820) - Allowable foreign material content (%) Foreign Material TypeClass CC2Class CC3Class CC4 High density materials (previously glass, brick) 235 Crushed brick and glass (to be considered as an additive instead of a foreign material: as a result of research by Swinburne) 21525

10 10 VicRoads 2009 specifications (Section 820)- recycled crushed concrete pavement subbase Test Value TestClass CC2Class CC3Class CC4 Liquid Limit % (Max)35 40 Plastic Index (Max)61020 California Bearing ratio % (Min) Los Angeles Abrasion Loss (Max) Flakiness Index (Max)35--


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