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Review Part 11 Political Parties & Political Action.

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1 Review Part 11 Political Parties & Political Action

2 1) Which of the following defines a team of men (and women) banding together seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election? a. Political party b. Political opportunism c. Political constituency d. Political agenda e. Political policy

3 1) Which of the following defines a team of men (and women) banding together seeking to control the governing apparatus by gaining office in a duly constituted election? a. Political party b. Political opportunism c. Political constituency d. Political agenda e. Political policy

4 2) all of the following are characteristics of politics EXCEPT a. Individuals with similar ideas banding together to form political parties b. The means by which individuals and groups get involved c. Who gets what, when, how and why d. The passage of laws that serve to further minority rights e. The interrelationship of individuals and groups

5 2) all of the following are characteristics of politics EXCEPT a. Individuals with similar ideas banding together to form political parties b. The means by which individuals and groups get involved c. Who gets what, when, how and why d. The passage of laws that serve to further minority rights e. The interrelationship of individuals and groups

6 3) Relationships among which of the following exist in political parties? a. The party and the electorate b. The party and the individual c. The party and the government d. The party and the candidate e. The party and the courts

7 3) Relationships among which of the following exist in political parties? a. The party and the electorate b. The party and the individual c. The party and the government d. The party and the candidate e. The party and the courts

8 Explanation The relationship between the party and the courts, is an external relationship that goes beyond the organizations characteristics of party politics.

9 4) Which of the following translate inputs from the public into outputs from the policymakers? a. Linkage institutions b. Bureaucratic institutions c. Agenda setters d. Policy setters e. Policy coordinators

10 4) Which of the following translate inputs from the public into outputs from the policymakers? a. Linkage institutions b. Bureaucratic institutions c. Agenda setters d. Policy setters e. Policy coordinators

11 Explanation Because a political party is one of the linkage institutions, you should be able to apply the function of a political party to the statement describing the general meaning of a linkage institution.

12 5) Which of the following are considered linkage institutions? I. Congress II. Political Parties III. The media IV. The courts a. I onlyd. I, II, and III only b. I and II onlye. I, II, III and IV c. II and III only

13 5) Which of the following are considered linkage institutions? I. Congress II. Political Parties III. The media IV. The courts a. I onlyd. I, II, and III only b. I and II onlye. I, II, III and IV c. II and III only

14 6) Which of the following philosophies is reflected by the majority of the American electorate? a. A middle of the road philosophy b. Extremely liberal philosophy c. Extremely conservative point of view d. Radical philosophy e. Reactionary philosophy

15 6) Which of the following philosophies is reflected by the majority of the American electorate? a. A middle of the road philosophy b. Extremely liberal philosophy c. Extremely conservative point of view d. Radical philosophy e. Reactionary philosophy

16 7) In the long history of the American party system, successful parties rarely stray from a. Supporting big government b. A liberal point of view c. A conservative point of view d. The midpoint of public opinion e. A reactionary point of view

17 7) In the long history of the American party system, successful parties rarely stray from a. Supporting big government b. A liberal point of view c. A conservative point of view d. The midpoint of public opinion e. A reactionary point of view

18 8) Which of the following best describes the history of American political parties? a. America has had a one-party system with two branches b. America has always responded to a multi-party system c. America has had two parties that have consistently dominated the political arena d. America has always had a three-party system e. Third political parties have rarely had an impact on the two major parties

19 8) Which of the following best describes the history of American political parties? a. America has had a one-party system with two branches b. America has always responded to a multi-party system c. America has had two parties that have consistently dominated the political arena d. America has always had a three-party system e. Third political parties have rarely had an impact on the two major parties

20 Explanation This is a difficult question. Even though many political parties appear on the ballot, the United States has always been dominated by a two-party system. There have been times that a third party has been influential, but this has not been a consistent feature of the American party system. Choice D does not describe the overall nature of the two-party system.

21 9) Which of the following results after a critical election occurs? a. redistricting b. Party realignment c. Party dealignment d. gerrymandering e. Coalition division

22 9) Which of the following results after a critical election occurs? a. redistricting b. Party realignment c. Party dealignment d. gerrymandering e. Coalition division

23 Explanation You must know the difference between realignment and dealignment to answer this question. The hint in the question is the phrase critical election. This should evoke the image of the start of a party era, which occurs with party realignment.

24 10) Which of the following terms means that people are gradually moving away from both parties? a. Dealignment b. Realignment c. gerrymandering d. reevaluation e. Criticism

25 10) Which of the following terms means that people are gradually moving away from both parties? a. Dealignment b. Realignment c. gerrymandering d. reevaluation e. Criticism

26 Explanation Like question 9, you must know the difference between realignment and dealignment. The Clue here is that people are moving away from both parties. The other choices may be part of the political process but do not result from the situation described.

27 11) All the following choices reflect major changes that have occurred to the party system since Roosevelt’s New Deal EXCEPT I. Party loyalty has declined II. Those who do belong to a party are more likely to belong to the party that matches their ideology III. Party organizations have become more energetic and effective IV. Party loyalty has increased a. I onlyc. III and IV only b. II and III onlyd. I, II, III, and IV

28 11) All the following choices reflect major changes that have occurred to the party system since Roosevelt’s New Deal EXCEPT I. Party loyalty has declined II. Those who do belong to a party are more likely to belong to the party that matches their ideology III. Party organizations have become more energetic and effective IV. Party loyalty has increased a. I onlyc. III and IV only b. II and III onlyd. I, II, III, and IV

29 12) Which characteristic reflects party politics in the 1990s? a. Southern liberals and Southern conservatives alike vote with the Republican party b. The Republican Party’s base in the Northeast c. Conservative Southerners shy away from the Republican label d. The Democrat’s Solid South no longer exists in national elections e. The Religious Right favors Democratic candidates

30 12) Which characteristic reflects party politics in the 1990s? a. Southern liberals and Southern conservatives alike vote with the Republican party b. The Republican Party’s base in the Northeast c. Conservative Southerners shy away from the Republican label d. The Democrat’s Solid South no longer exists in national elections e. The Religious Right favors Democratic candidates

31 13) Which of the following molds the values a person develops? a. Personal ideology b. Party identification c. Political socialization d. Party dealignment e. Party realignment

32 13) Which of the following molds the values a person develops? a. Personal ideology b. Party identification c. Political socialization d. Party dealignment e. Party realignment

33 14) Which of the following determines the party platform? a. The national convention b. The presidential candidate c. The party bosses d. The local party e. The state party

34 14) Which of the following determines the party platform? a. The national convention b. The presidential candidate c. The party bosses d. The local party e. The state party

35 15) Which of the following reforms took place as a result of the McGovern-Frasier Commission? a. The elimination of “pseudo” delegates b. The development of “shadow” delegates c. The creation of special interest delegates d. The use of caucus delegates e. The incorporation of minority delegates

36 15) Which of the following reforms took place as a result of the McGovern-Frasier Commission? a. The elimination of “pseudo” delegates b. The development of “shadow” delegates c. The creation of special interest delegates d. The use of caucus delegates e. The incorporation of minority delegates

37 Explanation The McGovern-Fraiser Commission was formed after the debacle that took place at the 1968 Democratic convention in Chicago where Mayor Daly almost single-handedly prevented minority delegate representation.

38 16) Which of the following time periods reflects a change from the dominance of the Republicans as the nation’s majority party? a. The Great Depression b. The Roaring Twenties c. World War I d. World War II e. The cold war

39 16) Which of the following time periods reflects a change from the dominance of the Republicans as the nation’s majority party? a. The Great Depression b. The Roaring Twenties c. World War I d. World War II e. The cold war

40 17) Which of the following events signaled the beginning of Republican Party ascendancy for more than 60 years? a. Mexican-American War b. Civil War c. Reconstruction d. Prohibition e. Spanish-American War

41 17) Which of the following events signaled the beginning of Republican Party ascendancy for more than 60 years? a. Mexican-American War b. Civil War c. Reconstruction d. Prohibition e. Spanish-American War

42 18) In which of the following institutions have the Republicans consistently been the minority party from 1968 to 1994? a. House of Representatives b. Senate c. Elected judgeships d. State legislators e. Presidency

43 18) In which of the following institutions have the Republicans consistently been the minority party from 1968 to 1994? a. House of Representatives b. Senate c. Elected judgeships d. State legislators e. Presidency

44 19) All the following actions represent the conventional manner people usually participate in the political process EXCEPT a. Registering to vote b. Participating in civil disobedience to achieve political goals c. Joining a specific political party d. Attending political meetings e. Voting in elections

45 19) All the following actions represent the conventional manner people usually participate in the political process EXCEPT a. Registering to vote b. Participating in civil disobedience to achieve political goals c. Joining a specific political party d. Attending political meetings e. Voting in elections

46 20) Which of the following has been suggested to increase party identification? I. The party should present clearly defined programs II. The party should present candidates who are committed to the party’s positions III. The party should rely more on special interest groups IV. The party should exercise no control over candidates elected to office a. I onlyd. II and III b. I and II onlye. I, II, III and IV c. III and IV

47 20) Which of the following has been suggested to increase party identification? I. The party should present clearly defined programs II. The party should present candidates who are committed to the party’s positions III. The party should rely more on special interest groups IV. The party should exercise no control over candidates elected to office a. I onlyd. II and III b. I and II onlye. I, II, III and IV c. III and IV

48 The End


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