Nicolaus Copernicus was born on 19 February 1473, in the city of Thorn. Died on 24 May 1543 in Frombork.
What's the deal? Among the great polymaths of the Renaissance, Copernicus was a mathematician, astronomer, physician, quadrilingual polyglot, classical scholar, translator, artist, Catholic cleric, jurist, governor, military leader, diplomat and economist.
Nicolaus Copernicus… His heliocentric model, with the Sun at the center of the universe, demonstrated that the observed motions of celestial objects can be explained without putting Earth at rest in the center of the universe.
Copernicus Science Centre Copernicus Science Centre is a science museum standing on the bank of the Vistula River in Warsaw. It contains over 350 interactive exhibits that enable visitors to single- handedly carry out experiments and discover the laws of science for themselves. The Centre is the largest institution of its type in Poland and one of the most advanced in Europe. The first module of the museum was opened on 5 November 2010; the second module is scheduled to open in 2011.
Aleksander Wolszczan was born 29.04.1946, In Szczecinek
In september 1990 using the radio telescope in Arecibo discovered the first three planets outside our Solar System, orbiring the pulsar PSR 1257+12 in the Virgo constellation. Discovery was published on 9 th January 1992 in the journal “Nature”
In 1992, he awarded “Nagroda Fundacji na rzecz Nauki Polskiej” for the discovery of the first extrasolar planetary system.
Alexander Wolszczan was awarded as the author of one of the fifteen fundamental discoveries in physics.
In 1996 he was awarded the “Beatrice M. Tinsley Prize” from the American Astronomical Society.
11 th November 1997 he was awarded the “Commander’s Cross of the Order of the rebirth of Polish” for outstanding contributions to Polish Science.
Professor Maria Siemionow has received the Commander's Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland. Presented by Ambassador Robert Kupiecki, the Order of Merit was awarded to Professor Siemionow for her outstanding contribution to the development of microsurgery and transplantation medicine
Biography (7 November 1867- 4 July 1934) Maria Skłodowska-Curiewas a Polish-born French physicist and chemist famous for her work on radioactivity. She was a pioneer in the field of radioactivity and the first person honored with two Nobel Prizes-in physics and chemistry. She was also the first female professor at the University of Paris. She was born Maria Skłodowska in Warsaw (then in Vistula Land, Russian Empire; now in Poland) and lived there until she was twenty-four.
Biography In 1891 she followed her older sister Bronisława to study in Paris, where she obtained her higher degrees and conducted her subsequent scientific work. She founded the Curie Institutes in Paris and Warsaw. Her husband Pierre Curie shared her Nobel prize in physics. Her daughter Irène Joliot-Curie and son-in-law, Frédéric Joliot-Curie, also shared a Nobel prize. She was the sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize for Chemistry. Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, and she is the only woman to win the award in two different fields.
Maria Skłodowska-CurieWith her husband Pierre Currie
Merit Her achievements include the creation of a theory of radioactivity (a term she coined),technique for isolating radioactive isotopes and the discovery of two new elemens;polonium and radium.Under her direction,the world’s first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms(cancers)using radioactive isotopes.While an actively loyal French citizen, she never lost her sense of Polish identity. She named the first new chemical element that she discovered polonium(1898)for her native country and in 1932 she founded a Radium Institute in her home town.
AWARDS -Nobel Prize in Physics (1903) -Davy Medal (1903) -Matteucci Medal (1904) -Elliot Creasson Medal (1909) -Nobel Prize in Chemistry (1911) The lives of famous scientists are not always luxurious.The Curies reportedly used part of their award money to replace wallpaper in their Parisian home and install modern plumbing ino bathroom.
Maria Skłodowska- Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel prize and the first person to win two Nobel Prizes :
Museum of Maria Skłodowska-Curie in Warsaw Statue of Maria Skłodowska-Curie