Presentation on theme: "The Canterbury Tales Geoffrey Chaucer 1343-1400 Created by Ms. Miller."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Canterbury TalesGeoffrey ChaucerCreated by Ms. Miller
2 Geoffrey Chaucer Father of English poetry Spoke the Anglo-Norman composite called Middle English (the ancestor of Modern English).One of the first to write in English(French was the spoken language of the time)Considered to be the greatest English writer before Shakespeare.Most famous book:The Canterbury Tales
3 What is so great about The Canterbury Tales? In part, its greatness lies in Chaucer’s language.It also comes from the sheer strength of Chaucer’s spirit and personality.“In a dark, troubled age, as it seems to us, he was a comfortable optimist, serene, full of faith.”– John Gardner
4 The time periodAt least once in their lifetime, people made a pilgrimage (religious journey) to the shrine of St. Thomas á Becket in the city of CanterburyBecket had been the archbishop of CanterburyHe was murdered in his own cathedralChaucer uses this idea of a pilgrimage to help form his frame story.
5 The Canterbury Tales Chaucer’s most famous book He himself is a character in the book as a short, plump, slightly foolish pilgrim who commands no great respectThis book was still unfinished when he diedType: FictionFormat: Collection of stories within a frame story
6 The End of the Old Alliterative Anglo-Saxon World Chaucer used several metrical forms and some prose in The Canterbury Tales, but the dominant meter is based on ten syllables, with an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.Iambic pentameterAt a stroke we have abandoned the old, alliterative world of Anglo-Saxons and entered the modern world of Shakespeare, Wordsworth, and Robert Frost!
7 Quick QuizWhat is Iambic Pentameter?Provide an example.
8 Snapshot of an ageThe Canterbury Tales gives us a collection of good stories and a snapshot, a picture of life in the Middle Ages frozen in time.Chaucer places his characters on a pilgrimage, a religious journey made to a shrine of holy place.
9 Setting up the frameThe tales begin with a general Prologue, the first lines of which establish that this pilgrimage takes place in the spring, the time of a new life and awakening.Narrator: Poet-pilgrim, whom many consider to be Chaucer himselfGather at Tabard Inn, there he meets twenty-nine other pilgrims also bound for Canterbury.
10 Setting up the frameIt is the host of the Tabard who suggests to the pilgrims, as they sit around the fire after dinner, that they exchange tales to pass the time along the way to Canterbury.Frame Story- A story within a story. Chaucer uses the other story of the pilgrimage to unite his travelers; individual tales, but the tales themselves also have thematic unity.
11 Vocabulary Development page 140 AgilityEminentAccrueArbitrateBenignGuileObstinateFrugalDuress
12 Literary Focus: Characterization To create the portraits of his pilgrims, Chaucer uses the same methods of Characterization that writers still use today. He reveals his characters by telling usHow the character looks and dressesHow the character speaks and actsWhat the character speaks and actsWhat the character thinks and feelsHow others respond to the characterHe also tells us directly what the character’s nature is – virtuous, clever, and so on
13 Reading SkillsWith twenty-nine pilgrims to introduce in the Prologue, Chaucer could not develop any one character at great length. Instead, he had to provide a few well-chosen details that would make each character stand out vividly.As you read the descriptions of each pilgrim in the Prologue, jot down striking details of dress, appearance, and behavior that give you an immediate impression of that character is really like.
14 Our Cast of Characters Narrator At the inn Introduces all the people taking part in pilgrimage
15 Our Cast of CharactersKnightKind, chivalrous, just back from war, good warriorSquireKnight’s son, about 20, very artistic, very devoted to his father.
16 Our Cast of Characters Servant, proper Forrester, farmer YeomanNunServant, proper Forrester, farmerWears weapons, simply dressedYeoman: attendant, servant, or lesser official in royal or noble household.Flirts, speaks poor French (putting on Airs), not really classy (pretends to be)Clean eater, fat, tender hearted3 priests and another Nun are with herPrioress: A nun in charge of a priory or ranking next below the abbess of an abbey
17 Our Cast of Characters Hubert Drinker, faker, liar, flirt, beggar MonkFriarHunter, fat, likes to eatIndulgent, dainty horsesCares about moneyDisregards his job and rulesHubertDrinker, faker, liar, flirt, beggarOxymoron (Devout Friar)Coward (lily-livered)Limiter: Licensed to beg within certain bounds, limited to a certain district
18 Our Cast of Characters Boring, in debt, poorly dressed Merchant Oxford ClericBoring, in debt, poorly dressedPoor, student, moral, philosopher, thinCleric: clergyman or other person in religious orders.
19 Our Cast of Characters Doesn’t think much of him Sergeant at the LawFranklinDoesn’t think much of himSeems busier than he isNoseySelf-indulgent, loves food and wineOld, hospitableSheriff and in ParliamentFranklin: person of non-noble birth holding extensive property
20 Our Cast of Characters The Guildsmen The Cook Self-indulgent, loves food and wineOld, hospitableSheriff and in ParliamentFranklin: person of non- noble birth holding extensive propertyLower classTrying to act higher classIs good at his jobWith the sore on his knee, he isn’t very sanitary which makes his food taste bad
21 Our Cast of Characters Sailor Likes to drink SkipperDoctorSailorLikes to drinkRuthless, evil to prisonersMedicine based on Zodiac signsGreedy, meds for unneeded thingsApothecary: one that prepares and sells drugs and other medicines (a pharmacist)
22 Our Cast of CharactersThe Wife of BathParsonDeaf, well-dressed, gap teeth, voluptuous, busy-bodyHoly, poor, good priest, not judgmental, devoted, kind
23 Our Cast of Characters Christian, hard worker, kind PlowmanThe MillerChristian, hard worker, kindWill not take money unless he has toMuscular, strong, wart on nose, bar-flySteals grain, tells dirty stories, plays bag pipes
24 Our Cast of Characters Trading and money managing MancipleThe ReeveTrading and money managingIlliterate but intelligentEasily makes fools out of other manciplesWorks for collegeOld, bad-tempered, thinDoes job well, steals from employerDishonest
25 Our Cast of Characters Summons people to court The SummonerThe PardonerSummons people to courtFace covered in nasty sores, stinks because he eats onions and garlic, drunkOne job is to track down adulterersSells pardons for churchRat-tails, hair showsTrying to be better than he isVoice like a goat, bug eyes, feminine
26 Our Cast of Characters The Host Happy, serves as the guide Proposes that they all tell 4 stories2 on the way to shrine2 on the way backWinner gets feastWants to tell stories to offer entertainment on trip