Solicitous – showing care or concern Garnished – decorated; trimmed Absolution – act of freeing someone of a sin or criminal charge
Commission – act of giving authority to an individual Sanguine – confident; cheerful Avouches – asserts positively; affirms Prevarication – evasion of truth
Capital – wealth in the form of money or property Timorous – timid Derision – contempt or ridicule Maxim – general truth or rule of conduct, expressed in a brief form Stringent – strict Cant – insincere or meaningless talk
Presents direct statements about a character such as Chaucer’s statement that the Knight “followed chivalry,/Truth, honor…”
Uses actions, thoughts, and dialogue to reveal a character’s personality. By saying “he was not gaily dressed,” for instance, Chaucer suggests that the knight is not vain and perhaps takes the pilgrimage seriously enough to rush to join it straight from battle.
Uses the pilgrimage as a device to frame the stories told by individual characters
Naïve and observant (naïve means that he believes what he is told) This allows the reader to read between the lines and make up our own minds about each character.
Is one of amused tolerance. In other words, he puts up with her because she’s not really harming anyone
Someone who gives easy penances for sins. The bigger the sin, the more money you had to pay and the less guilty you would feel. If the Friars were rich, you knew they charged a lot of sinners money for forgiveness