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MEDIEVAL ENGLAND 1100-1500 Chaucer & The Canterbury Tales.

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Presentation on theme: "MEDIEVAL ENGLAND 1100-1500 Chaucer & The Canterbury Tales."— Presentation transcript:


2 MEDIEVAL ENGLAND 1100-1500 Chaucer & The Canterbury Tales

3 MIDDLE ENGLISH Transitional Language –Overlap from Anglo-Saxon to full English –Included: French - language of courts Latin - legal and church English - common folk Literature –Drama/Morality Plays –Prose (CTs and Gawain) - Battles & Romance –Lyric poetry (sung), –Ballads (folk songs of stories)

4 GENERAL EVENTS 1337 – 100 Year war: Edward III (England) vs. Phillip VI (France) over who owned what land and where England wins most, but loses French possession 1348 – Black Death: 50% of population die 1361 – Bible Translated to English! 1381 – Peasant Revolt for better wages and class rights, Church power rising Richard II (14 yrs.) promises to fix feudal system, but lied

5 Feudal System –Set classes –Class tells about your life and actions –Very hard to move between classes

6 GEOFFREY CHAUCER (1343-1400) “Father of English poetry” Exposure to ALL classes lives: –Born in London into a merchant class but with new found wealth worked as a page to the Countess of Ulster –Also worked for King Richard II and King Henry IV –Hundred Years War: a soldier and diplomat since he spoke Latin, French, Italian as well –Promoted to a Government Official who worked with cloth importers –Moved to Kent from London to be Justice of the Peace –Influenced by Italian and French writing (Dante, Petrarch, Boccaccio) His vision: to write accessibly to all Middle English

7 CANTERBURY TALES (1387) Group of 30 pilgrims traveling to see the shrine of St. Thomas Becket in Canterbury Story Frame: each pilgrim tells 4 tales – 2 on the way, 2 on the way back = 120, (only 24 written) –Archbishop Thomas Becket was the most powerful of King Henry II’s subjects. They were great friends, but unfortunately the power went to his head and he began doing things without permission from the king. There was a lot of strain because of the rise in the church’s power verses the king’s. He was fined and dismissed, so he fled to France. He begged Henry to come back and once he was allowed, he didn’t abide by any of the stipulations. So, four knights hacked up Becket. People thought so highly of him, they took blood from the streets and performed miracles. Henry later showed pentance at his tomb.

8 CHARACTERIZATION DIRECT CHARACTERIZATION - –TELLS what a character’s personality is like –Ex. “He is a very courteous and thoughtful boy.” ( *We are TOLD this boy is courteous and thoughtful) INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION - –INFERS/REVEALS what a character’s personality is like by what he/she does or looks like. –Ex. “He bought me flowers when I didn’t feel well and held the door open for me when we left.” ( *From what he DOES we can assume he’s nice and courteous.)

9 MEDIEVAL ENGLAND 1100-1500 Chaucer & The Canterbury Tales

10 DGP - Sentence Parts 1 - All Phrases; 2 -Verbs; 3 - Subjects; 4 - D.O/P.A/P.N If you’re planning to go to college, this would be a good time to start looking for scholarships.

11 CHARACTERIZATION DIRECT CHARACTERIZATION - –Ex. “The nicer rules of conscience he ignores.” ( *What are we directly told about this man’s personality?) INDIRECT CHARACTERIZATION - –EX. “Many a draught of vintage (wine) red and yellow, he’d drawn at Bordeaux while the trader snored… h e sent his prisoners home; they walked the plank.” ( *What can we assume about this man’s personality from his actions?)

12 CHARACTERIZATION DIRECT or INDIRECT? –KNIGHT - He was a true and perfect gentle knight. –PRIORESS - She spoke daintily in French, extremely, after the school of Stratford-atte-Bowe. –PARSON - A holy-minded man of good renown there was…he was rich in holy thought and work. –MILLER - He was a master-hand at stealing grain. He felt it (grain) with his thumb and thus he knew its quality and took three times his due (pay)! –PARDONER -This pardoner had hair as yellow as wax… thinly they (pieces of hair) fell, like rat-tails, one by one.

13 -(DIR) “followed chivalry, truth, honor, generousness, and courtesy” -(IND) “He was not gaily dressed. He wore a frustian tunic, stained and dark with smudges where his armor had left mark”

14 1.Merchant (280) & Oxford Cleric (295) 2.Sergeant (319) & Franklin (341) 3.Guildsmen (371) & Summoner (641) 4.Cook (389) & Doctor (421) 5. Parson (488) & Plowman (541) 6. Miller (561) & Manciple (585) 7. Skipper (398) & Pardoner (689) 8. Wife of Bath (455) & Reeve (605) PG. 9

15 THE PROLOGUE UPPER CLASS: Knight, Squire, Yeoman, Monk, Friar, Prioress TODAY: Politics (Leaders), Fame (Celebrities), Fortune (Rich) MIDDLE CLASS: Merchant, Guildsman, Franklin, Clerk, Doctor, Sergeant of Law, Physician, Wife TODAY: Working Class, Average-Everyday People with a comfortable income - Professionals LOWER CLASS: Parson, Plowman, Miller, Manciple, Reeve, Summoner, Pardoner, Host TODAY: Low income or NO income THEME: There is an infinite variety of humans in all walks of life. Times may change, but people don’t.

16 THE PROLOGUE REVIEW Things you need to know: –Intro to Canterbury Tales by Geoffrey Chaucer –Framing –Direct/Indirect Characterization –Theme –You will be given descriptions of several pilgrims that you will analyze.

17 “Greed is a fat demon with a small mouth and whatever you feed it is never enough.” Janwillem Van De Wetering Class discussion:

18 TODAY : Read “The Pardoner’s Tale” SILENTLY Practice “Talking to the Text” (taking notes on the story) & answer the given questions Finish for homework for MONDAY if you don’t finish!

19 Talking to the Text!

20 TODAY : Read “The Pardoner’s Tale” SILENTLY Practice “Talking to the Text” (taking notes on the story) & answer the given questions Finish for homework for MONDAY if you don’t finish!

21 WITH YOUR GROUP: Read “The Pardoner’s Tale” SILENTLY “Talk to the Text”/Take notes on the story When you are finished, come up with a story map for the tale including rising action and falling action in detail Climax Denouement Exposition ( characters/setting) Conflict Rising Action Falling Action

22 REMINDERS: THEME: opinionated sentence about a work’s reoccurring topics from the author’s perspective –BEOWULF EXAMPLE TOPIC: Bravery THEME: Bravery will always overcome evil. STORY MAP: Climax Denouement Exposition ( characters/setting) Conflict Rising Action Falling Action

23 Pardoner’s Literary Poster 1)Title 2)Story Map (plot points and characters) 3)Theme (general message/moral from author’s perspective) and modern connections to it 4)What is the irony of this tale? 5)The old man bears a curious doom. What must he find in order to die, and why can’t he find it? More importantly, who is the old man? Explain. This will be collected! You will have 15 minutes ONLY to create a poster including AT LEAST the following:

24 NUN’S PRIESTS’ TALE –Fable: a genre in which animals act like human beings and where a moral/lesson is to be learned –Mock Heroic: using the language of heroes to describe ordinary people –Describe epic battles and compare characters to great warriors/heroic figures (literary/historical) when they’re just barnyard animals. –Authorities: using famous/well-known outside sources to support your answer/reasoning Ex. ???

25 NUN’S PRIEST’S TALE Do you believe that dreams can be prophetic? (Pg. 112)

26 NUN’S PRIEST’S TALE Characterize Chanticleer, Lady P, & the Fox. Authorities The “stalker” and getting Chanticleer The Chase Morals Mock Heroic

27 NUN’S PRIEST’S TALE What does it mean to be romantic or in love?


29 COURTLY LOVE Pervasiveness of Courtly Love: man becomes the servant of the lady he loves. True love can only exist outside of marriage. It must be idealized and spiritual. Love is a torment or a disease. 1) Proper place in nobility 2) Ritualistic – wooing the woman (gifts, poems) 3) Secretive – exclude the rest of the world 4) Adulterous – extramarital (escape from dull routines) 5) Literary – spawned real life imitators General Ideas: Tales of Knights and ladies incorporating courtly love: knights rescuing maidens, embarking on quests, and forming bonds with other knights and rulers. Knight’s Tale, The Wife of Bath, Miller’s Tale ridicules it

30 CHASE DREAMS –Stems from anxiety in your life. Your instinct in real life would be to run away or avoid issues. The “chaser” may also represent characteristics about yourself that you don’t like and want to flee. TEETH DREAMS –This could mean you’re worried about your looks, fear of rejection, powerlessness, lack self-confidence, or worry of being embarrassed about a situation. NAKED DREAMS –Shows your feelings of vulnerability. You may be: ashamed of something and worried someone knows, you’re trying to be someone your not or trying to impress someone, unprepared for something.

31 FLYING DREAMS –If it’s a good thing - you’re on top of a difficult situation and feel a personal sense of power. –If it’s not a good thing - you’re struggling to stay on course or lack control of a situation or afraid of challenges FALLING DREAMS –It’s an indication of your insecurities, instabilities, and anxieties. You may feel out of control, have a sense of failure or inferiority or a loss of self-esteem.


33 Personal Prologue Entry Kingdomality Profile

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